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Author (up) Crutchik, D.; Frison, N.; Eusebi, A.L.; Fatone, F. url  doi
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  Title Biorefinery of cellulosic primary sludge towards targeted Short Chain Fatty Acids, phosphorus and methane recovery Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication Abbreviated Journal Water Res.  
  Volume 136 Issue Pages 112-119  
  Keywords Acidogenic fermentation; Cellulosic primary sludge; Propionate; Resource recovery; Struvite; Anaerobic digestion; Biological water treatment; Chains; Fermentation; Methane; Molecular biology; Phosphorus; Recovery; Wastewater treatment; Acidogenic fermentation; Primary sludge; Propionate; Resource recovery; Struvites; Fatty acids; cellulose; methane; phosphorus; polyhydroxyalkanoic acid; propionic acid; short chain fatty acid; struvite; anaerobic digestion; Article; batch fermentation; chemical oxygen demand; degradation; hydrolysis; pH; priority journal; Propionibacterium acidipropionici; response surface method; sludge; temperature; waste water treatment plant; Cellulose Derivatives; Fermentation; Sludge; Toilet Papers; Waste Waters; Water Treatment; Propionibacterium  
  Abstract Cellulose from used toilet paper is a major untapped resource embedded in municipal wastewater which recovery and valorization to valuable products can be optimized. Cellulosic primary sludge (CPS) can be separated by upstream dynamic sieving and anaerobically digested to recover methane as much as 4.02 m3/capita·year. On the other hand, optimal acidogenic fermenting conditions of CPS allows the production of targeted short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) as much as 2.92 kg COD/capita·year. Here propionate content can be more than 30% and can optimize the enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) processes or the higher valuable co-polymer of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs). In this work, first a full set of batch assays were used at three different temperatures (37, 55 and 70 °C) and three different initial pH (8, 9 and 10) to identify the best conditions for optimizing both the total SCFAs and propionate content from CPS fermentation. Then, the optimal conditions were applied in long term to a Sequencing Batch Fermentation Reactor where the highest propionate production (100-120 mg COD/g TVSfed·d) was obtained at 37 °C and adjusting the feeding pH at 8. This was attributed to the higher hydrolysis efficiency of the cellulosic materials (up to 44%), which increased the selective growth of Propionibacterium acidopropionici in the fermentation broth up to 34%. At the same time, around 88% of the phosphorus released during the acidogenic fermentation was recovered as much as 0.15 kg of struvite per capita·year. Finally, the potential market value was preliminary estimated for the recovered materials that can triple over the conventional scenario of biogas recovery in existing municipal wastewater treatment plants. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd  
  Address Department of Science and Engineering of Materials, Environment and City Planning, Faculty of Engineering, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Ltd Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 00431354 (Issn) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 839  
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