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Author (up) Crutchik, D.; Rodrigues, S.; Ruddle, D.; Garrido, J.M. pdf  doi
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  Title Evaluation of a low-cost magnesium product for phosphorus recovery by struvite crystallization Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication Journal Of Chemical Technology And Biotechnology Abbreviated Journal J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol.  
  Volume 93 Issue 4 Pages 1012-1021  
  Keywords continuous stirred tank reactor; fluidized bed reactor; industrial magnesium hydroxide; phosphorus recovery; struvite  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: The development of a cost-effective process of struvite crystallization requires the selection of appropriate sources of alkali and magnesium. In this study, the effectiveness of two industrial grade products, MgO and Mg(OH)(2), as magnesium and alkali sources to recover phosphorus as struvite were investigated and compared in a first set of experiments. Subsequently, the use of industrial Mg(OH)(2) was compared in two different struvite crystallization systems, an upflow fluidized bed reactor (FBR) and a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) coupled to a settler tank. RESULTS: At the same operational conditions, the consumption of MgO was higher than Mg(OH)(2) consumption. Moreover, industrial Mg(OH)(2) consumption for FBR and the CSTR operation was 1.6 and 1.1 1 mol Mg added mol(-1) P precipitated, respectively. This difference was caused by the high mixing intensity and the higher contact time between the Mg(OH)(2) slurry and the influent in the CSTR, favouring the conversion. CONCLUSIONS: Both industrial grade magnesium products are promising options for struvite crystallization. However, Mg(OH)(2) was more effective than the starting material, MgO, to recover phosphorus. Struvite crystallization by adding an industrial grade Mg(OH)(2) could be economically viable with regard to alternative physico-chemical P removal processes using metal salts, increasing the attractiveness of this P recovery process. (C) 2017 Society of Chemical Industry.  
  Address [Crutchik, Dafne] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Engn & Sci, Diagonal Las Torres 2640, Santiago, Chile, Email: dafne.crutchik@uai.cl  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Wiley Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0268-2575 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000426859900010 Approved no  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 847  
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