
Anabalon, A., & Astefanesei, D. (2013). On attractor mechanism of AdS(4) black holes. Phys. Lett. B, 727(45), 568–572.
Abstract: We construct a general family of exact nonextremal 4dimensional black holes in AdS gravity with U(1) gauge fields nonminimally coupled to a dilaton and a nontrivial dilaton potential. These black holes can have spherical, toroidal, and hyperbolic horizon topologies. We use the entropy function formalism to obtain the near horizon data in the extremal limit. Due to the nontrivial selfinteraction of the scalar field, the zero temperature black holes can have a finite horizon area even if only the electric field is turned on. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



Anabalon, A., & Astefanesei, D. (2014). Black holes in omegadeformed gauged N=8 supergravity. Phys. Lett. B, 732, 137–141.
Abstract: Motivated by the recently found 4dimensional omegadeformed gauged supergravity, we investigate the black hole solutions within the single scalar field consistent truncations of this theory. We construct black hole solutions that have spherical, toroidal, and hyperbolic horizon topologies. The scalar field is regular everywhere outside the curvature singularity and the stressenergy tensor satisfies the null energy condition. When the parameter CO does not vanish, there is a degeneracy in the spectrum of black hole solutions for boundary conditions that preserve the asymptotic Antide Sitter symmetries. These boundary conditions correspond to multitrace deformations in the dual field theory. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.



Anabalon, A., & Batista, C. (2016). A class of integrable metrics. Phys. Rev. D, 93(6), 13 pp.
Abstract: In four dimensions, the most general metric admitting two commuting Killing vectors and a ranktwo Killing tensor can be parametrized by ten arbitrary functions of a single variable. We show that picking a special vierbein, reducing the system to eight functions, implies the existence of two geodesic and sharefree, null congruences, generated by two principal null directions of the Weyl tensor. Thus, if the spacetime is an Einstein manifold, the GoldbergSachs theorem implies it is Petrov type D, and by explicit construction, is in the Carter class. Hence, our analysis provides a straightforward connection between the most general integrable structure and the Carter family of spacetimes.



Anabalon, A., & Cisterna, A. (2012). Asymptotically (anti) de Sitter black holes and wormholes with a selfinteracting scalar field in four dimensions. Phys. Rev. D, 85(8), 6 pp.
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to report on the existence of a wide variety of exact solutions, ranging from black holes to wormholes, when a conformally coupled scalar field with a selfinteracting potential containing a linear, a cubic and a quartic self interaction is taken as a source of the energymomentum tensor, in the Einstein theory with a cosmological constant. Among all the solutions there are two particularly interesting. On the one hand, the spherically symmetric black holes when the cosmological constant is positive; they are shown to be everywhere regular, namely, there is no singularity neither inside nor outside the event horizon. On the other hand, there are spherically symmetric and topological wormholes that connect two asymptotically (anti) de Sitter regions with a different value for the cosmological constant. The regular black holes and the wormholes are supported by everywhere regular scalar field configurations.



Anabalon, A., & Deruelle, N. (2013). Mechanical stability of asymptotically flat black holes with minimally coupled scalar hair. Phys. Rev. D, 88(6), 9 pp.
Abstract: We show that the asymptotically flat hairy black holes, solutions of the Einstein field equations minimally coupled to a scalar field, previously discovered by one of us, present mode instability against linear radial perturbations. It is also shown that the number of unstable modes is finite and their frequencies can be made arbitrarily small.



Anabalon, A., & Oliva, J. (2012). Exact hairy black holes and their modification to the universal law of gravitation. Phys. Rev. D, 86(10), 5 pp.
Abstract: In this paper two things are done. First, it is pointed out the existence of exact asymptotically flat, spherically symmetric black holes when a selfinteracting, minimally coupled scalar field is the source of the Einstein equations in four dimensions. The scalar field potential is recently found to be compatible with the hairy generalization of the PlebanskiDemianski solution of general relativity. This paper describes the spherically symmetric solutions that smoothly connect the Schwarzschild black hole with its hairy counterpart. The geometry and scalar field are everywhere regular except at the usual Schwarzschildlike singularity inside the black hole. The scalar field energy momentum tensor satisfies the nullenergy condition in the static region of spacetime. The first law holds when the parameters of the scalar field potential are fixed under thermodynamical variation. Second, it is shown that an extra, dimensionless parameter, present in the hairy solution, allows to modify the gravitational field of a spherically symmetric black hole in a remarkable way. When the dimensionless parameter is increased, the scalar field generates a flat gravitational potential that, however, asymptotically matches the Schwarzschild gravitational field. Finally, it is shown that a positive cosmological constant can render the scalar field potential convex if the parameters are within a specific rank.



Anabalon, A., Astefanesei, D., & Choque, D. (2015). On the thermodynamics of hairy black holes. Phys. Lett. B, 743, 154–159.
Abstract: We investigate the thermodynamics of a general class of exact 4dimensional asymptotically Antide Sitter hairy black hole solutions and show that, for a fixed temperature, there are small and large hairy black holes similar to the SchwarzschildAdS black hole. The large black holes have positive specific heat and so they can be in equilibrium with a thermal bath of radiation at the Hawking temperature. The relevant thermodynamic quantities are computed by using the Hamiltonian formalism and counterterm method. We explicitly show that there are first order phase transitions similar to the HawkingPage phase transition. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.



Anabalon, A., Astefanesei, D., & Choque, D. (2016). Hairy AdS solitons. Phys. Lett. B, 762, 80–85.
Abstract: We construct exact hairy AdS soliton solutions in Einsteindilaton gravity theory. We examine their thermodynamic properties and discuss the role of these solutions for the existence of first order phase transitions for hairy black holes. The negative energy density associated to hairy AdS solitons can be interpreted as the Casimir energy that is generated in the dual filed theory when the fermions are antiperiodic on the compact coordinate. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier B.V.



Anabalon, A., Astefanesei, D., Choque, D., & Martinez, C. (2016). Trace anomaly and counterterms in designer gravity. J. High Energy Phys., (3), 29 pp.
Abstract: We construct concrete counterterms of the BalasubramanianKraus type for Einsteinscalar theories with designer gravity boundary conditions in AdS(4), so that the total action is fi nite onshell and satisfy a well de fi ned variational principle. We focus on scalar fi elds with the conformal mass m(2) = 2l(2) and show that the holographic mass matches the Hamiltonian mass for any boundary conditions. We compute the trace anomaly of the dual fi eld theory in the generic case, as well as when there exist logarithmic branches of nonlinear origin. As expected, the anomaly vanishes for the boundary conditions that are AdS invariant. When the anomaly does not vanish, the dual stress tensor describes a thermal gas with an equation of state related to the boundary conditions of the scalar fi eld. In the case of a vanishing anomaly, we recover the dual theory of a massless thermal gas. As an application of the formalism, we consider a general family of exact hairy black hole solutions that, for some particular values of the parameters in the moduli potential, contains solutions of fourdimensional gauged N = 8 supergravity and its omegadeformation. Using the AdS/CFT duality dictionary, they correspond to triple trace deformations of the dual fi eld theory.



Anabalon, A., Astefanesei, D., & Mann, R. (2013). Exact asymptotically flat charged hairy black holes with a dilaton potential. J. High Energy Phys., (10), 22 pp.
Abstract: We find broad classes of exact 4dimensional asymptotically flat black hole solutions in EinsteinMaxwell theories with a nonminimally coupled dilaton and its nontrivial potential. We consider a few interesting limits, in particular, a regular generalization of the dilatonic ReissnerNordstrom solution and, also, smooth deformations of supersymmetric black holes. Further examples are provided for more general dilaton potentials. We discuss the thermodynamical properties and show that the first law is satisfied. In the nonextremal case the entropy depends, as expected, on the asymptotic value of the dilaton. In the extremal limit, the entropy is determined purely in terms of charges and is independent of the asymptotic value of the dilaton. The attractor mechanism can be used as a criterion for the existence of the regular solutions. Since there is a 'competition' between the effective potential and dilaton potential, we also obtain regular extremal black hole solutions with just one U(1) gauge field turned on.



Anabalon, A., Astefanesei, D., & Mann, R. (2017). Holographic equation of state in fluid/gravity duality. Phys. Lett. B, 770, 272–277.
Abstract: We establish a precise relation between mixed boundary conditions for scalar fields in asymptotically anti de Sitter spacetimes and the equation of state of the dual fluid. We provide a detailed derivation of the relation in the case of five bulkdimensions for scalar fields saturating the BreitenlohnerFreedman bound. As a concrete example, we discuss the five dimensional scalartensor theories describing dark energy in four dimensions. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier B.V.



Anabalon, A., Astefanesei, D., & Martinez, C. (2015). Mass of asymptotically antide Sitter hairy spacetimes. Phys. Rev. D, 91(4), 6 pp.
Abstract: In the standard asymptotic expansion of fourdimensional static asymptotically flat spacetimes, the coefficient of the first subleading term of the lapse function can be identified with the mass of the spacetime. Using the Hamiltonian formalism we show that, in asymptotically locally antide Sitter spacetimes endowed with a scalar field, the mass can read off in the same way only when the boundary conditions are compatible with the asymptotic realization of the antide Sitter symmetry. Since the mass is determined only by the spatial metric and the scalar field, the above effect appears by considering not only the constraints, but also the dynamic field equations, which relate the spatial metric with the lapse function. In particular, this result implies that some prescriptions for computing the mass of a hairy spacetime are not suitable when the scalar field breaks the asymptotic antide Sitter invariance.



Anabalon, A., Astefanesei, D., & Oliva, J. (2015). Hairy black hole stability in AdS, quantum mechanics on the halfline and holography. J. High Energy Phys., (10), 15 pp.
Abstract: We consider the linear stability of 4dimensional hairy black holes with mixed boundary conditions in Antide Sitter spacetinie. We focus on the mass of scalar fields around the maximally supersymmetric vacuum of the gauged N = 8 supergravity in four dimensions, m(2) = 2l(2). It is shown that the Schrodinger operator on the halfline, governing the S2, H2 or R2 invariant mode around the hairy black hole, allows for nontrivial selfadjoint extensions and each of them corresponds to a class of mixed boundary conditions in the gravitational theory. Discarding the selfadjoint extensions with a negative mode impose a restriction on these boundary conditions. The restriction is given in terms of an integral of the potential in the Schrodinger operator resembling the estimate of Simon for Schrodinger operators on the real line. In the context of AdS/CFT duality, our result has a natural interpretation in terms of the field theory dual effective potential.



Anabalon, A., Bicak, J., & Saavedra, J. (2014). Hairy black holes: Stability under oddparity perturbations and existence of slowly rotating solutions. Phys. Rev. D, 90(12), 6 pp.
Abstract: We show that, independently of the scalar field potential and of specific asymptotic properties of the spacetime (asymptotically flat, de Sitter or antide Sitter), any static, spherically symmetric or planar, black hole solution of the Einstein theory minimally coupled to a real scalar field with a general potential is mode stable under linear oddparity perturbations. To this end, we generalize the ReggeWheeler equation for a generic selfinteracting scalar field, and show that the potential of the relevant Schrodinger operator can be mapped, by the socalled Sdeformation, to a semipositively defined potential. With these results at hand we study the existence of slowly rotating configurations. The frame dragging effect is compared with the corresponding effect in the case of a Kerr black hole.



Anabalon, A., Canfora, F., Giacomini, A., & Oliva, J. (2011). Black holes with gravitational hair in higher dimensions. Phys. Rev. D, 84(8), 10 pp.
Abstract: A new class of vacuum black holes for the most general gravity theory leading to second order field equations in the metric in even dimensions is presented. These spacetimes are locally antide Sitter in the asymptotic region, and are characterized by a continuous parameter that does not enter in the conserve charges, nor it can be reabsorbed by a coordinate transformation: it is therefore a purely gravitational hair. The black holes are constructed as a warped product of a twodimensional spacetime, which resembles the rt plane of the BanadosTeitelboimZanelli black hole, times a warp factor multiplying the metric of a D – 2dimensional Euclidean base manifold, which is restricted by a scalar equation. It is shown that all the Noether charges vanish. Furthermore, this is consistent with the Euclidean action approach: even though the black hole has a finite temperature, both the entropy and the mass vanish. Interesting examples of base manifolds are given in eight dimensions which are products of Thurston geometries, giving then a nontrivial topology to the black hole horizon. The possibility of introducing a torsional hair for these solutions is also discussed.



Anabalon, A., Canfora, F., Giacomini, A., & Oliva, J. (2011). Gribov ambiguity in asymptotically AdS threedimensional gravity. Phys. Rev. D, 83(6), 7 pp.
Abstract: In this paper the zero modes of the de Donder gauge FaddeevPopov operator for threedimensional gravity with negative cosmological constant are analyzed. It is found that the AdS(3) vacuum produces (infinitely many) normalizable smooth zero modes of the FaddeevPopov operator. On the other hand, it is found that the BanadosTeitelboimZanelli black hole (including the zero mass black hole) does not generate zero modes. This differs from the usual Gribov problem in QCD where, close to the maximally symmetric vacuum, the FaddeevPopov determinant is positive definite while "far enough'' from the vacuum it can vanish. This suggests that the zero mass BanadosTeitelboimZanelli black hole could be a suitable ground state of threedimensional gravity with negative cosmological constant. Because of the kinematic origin of this result, it also applies for other covariant gravity theories in three dimensions with AdS(3) as maximally symmetric solution, such as new massive gravity and topologically massive gravity. The relevance of these results for supersymmetry breaking is pointed out.



Anabalon, A., Canfora, F., Giacomini, A., & Oliva, J. (2012). Black holes with primary hair in gauged N=8 supergravity. J. High Energy Phys., (6), 12 pp.
Abstract: In this paper, we analyze the static solutions for the U(1)(4) consistent truncation of the maximally supersymmetric gauged supergravity in four dimensions. Using a new parametrization of the known solutions it is shown that for fixed charges there exist three Possible black hole configurations according to the pattern of symmetry breaking of the (scalars sector of the) Lagrangian. Namely a black hole without scalar fields, a black hole with a primary hair and a black hole with a secondary hair respectively. This is the first, exact, example of a black hole with a primary scalar hair, where both the black hole and the scalar fields are regular on and outside the horizon. The configurations with secondary and primary hair can be interpreted as a spontaneous symmetry breaking of discrete permutation and reflection symmetries of the action. It is shown that there exist a triple point in the thermodynamic phase space where the three solution coexist. The corresponding phase transitions are discussed and the free energies are written explicitly as function of the thermodynamic coordinates in the uncharged case. In the charged case the free energies of the primary hair and the hairless black hole are also given as functions of the thermodynamic coordinates.



Anabalon, A., Cisterna, A., & Oliva, J. (2014). Asymptotically locally AdS and flat black holes in Horndeski theory. Phys. Rev. D, 89(8), 9 pp.
Abstract: In this paper we construct asymptotically locally AdS and flat black holes in the presence of a scalar field whose kinetic term is constructed out from a linear combination of the metric and the Einstein tensor. The field equations as well as the energymomentum tensor are second order in the metric and the field, therefore the theory belongs to the ones defined by Horndeski. We show that in the presence of a cosmological term in the action, it is possible to have a real scalar field in the region outside the event horizon. The solutions are characterized by a single integration constant, the scalar field vanishes at the horizon and it contributes to the effective cosmological constant at infinity. We extend these results to the topological case. The solution is disconnected from the maximally symmetric AdS background, however, within this family there exists a gravitational soliton which is everywhere regular. This soliton is therefore used as a background to define a finite Euclidean action and to obtain the thermodynamics of the black holes. For a certain region in the space of parameters, the thermodynamic analysis reveals a critical temperature at which a HawkingPage phase transition between the black hole and the soliton occurs. We extend the solution to arbitrary dimensions greater than 4 and show that the presence of a cosmological term in the action allows one to consider the case in which the standard kinetic term for the scalar it is not present. In such a scenario, the solution reduces to an asymptotically flat black hole.



Anabalon, A., Deruelle, N., & Julie, F. L. (2016). EinsteinKatz action,variational principle, Noether charges and the thermodynamics of AdSblack holes. J. High Energy Phys., (8), 15 pp.
Abstract: In this paper we describe 4dimensional gravity coupled to scalar and Maxwell fields by the EinsteinKatz action, that is, the covariant version of the “GammaGamma – GammaGamma” part of the Hilbert action supplemented by the divergence of a generalized “Katz vector”. We consider static solutions of Einstein's equations, parametrized by some integration constants, which describe an ensemble of asymptotically AdS black holes. Instead of the usual Dirichlet boundary conditions, which aim at singling out a specific solution within the ensemble, we impose that the variation of the action vanishes on shell for the broadest possible class of solutions. We will see that, when a longrange scalar “hair” is present, only subfamilies of the solutions can obey that criterion. The KatzBicakLyndenBell (“KBL”) superpotential built on this (generalized) vector will then give straightforwardly the Noether charges associated with the spacetime symmetries (that is, in the static case, the mass). Computing the action on shell, we will see next that the solutions which obey the imposed variational principle, and with Noether charges given by the KBL superpotential, satisfy the Gibbs relation, the Katz vectors playing the role of “counterterms”. Finally, we show on the specific example of dyonic black holes that the subclass selected by our variational principle satisfies the first law of thermodynamics when their mass is de fined by the KBL superpotential.



Anabalon, A., Deruelle, N., Tempo, D., & Troncoso, R. (2011). Remarks On The MyersPerry And EinsteinGaussBonnet Rotating Solutions. Int. J. Mod. Phys. D, 20(5), 639–647.
Abstract: The Kerrtype solutions of the fivedimensional Einstein and EinsteinGaussBonnet equations look pretty similar when written in KerrSchild form. However the MyersPerry spacetime is circular whereas the rotating solution of the EinsteinGaussBonnet theory is not. We explore some consequences of this difference in particular regarding the (non) existence of BoyerLindquisttype coordinates and the extension of the manifold.

