Acena, A., Anabalon, A., Astefanesei, D., & Mann, R. (2014). Hairy planar black holes in higher dimensions. J. High Energy Phys., (1), 21 pp.
Abstract: We construct exact hairy planar black holes in Ddimensional AdS gravity. These solutions are regular except at the singularity and have stressenergy that satisfies the null energy condition. We present a detailed analysis of their thermodynamical properties and show that the first law is satisfied. We also discuss these solutions in the context of AdS/CFT duality and construct the associated cfunction.

Acuna, V., Ferreira, C. E., Freire, A. S., & Moreno, E. (2014). Solving the maximum edge biclique packing problem on unbalanced bipartite graphs. Discret Appl. Math., 164, 2–12.
Abstract: A biclique is a complete bipartite graph. Given an (L, R)bipartite graph G = (V, E) and a positive integer k, the maximum edge biclique packing (num') problem consists in finding a set of at most k bicliques, subgraphs of G, such that the bicliques are vertex disjoint with respect to a subset of vertices S, where S E {V, L, R}, and the number of edges inside the bicliques is maximized. The maximum edge biclique (mEs) problem is a special case of the MEBP problem in which k = 1. Several applications of the MEB problem have been studied and, in this paper, we describe applications of the MEBP problem in metabolic networks and product bundling. In these applications the input graphs are very unbalanced (i.e., IRI is considerably greater than ILI), thus we consider carefully this property in our models. We introduce a new formulation for the MEB problem and a branchandprice scheme, using the classical branch rule by Ryan and Foster, for the MEBP problem. Finally, we present computational experiments with instances that come from the described applications and also with randomly generated instances. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Aiyangar, A. K., Vivanco, J., Au, A. G., Anderson, P. A., Smith, E. L., & Ploeg, H. L. (2014). Dependence of Anisotropy of Human Lumbar Vertebral Trabecular Bone on Quantitative Computed TomographyBased Apparent Density. J. Biomech. Eng.Trans. ASME, 136(9), 10 pp.
Abstract: Most studies investigating human lumbar vertebral trabecular bone (HVTB) mechanical propertydensity relationships have presented results for the superiorinferior (SI), or “ onaxis” direction. Equivalent, directly measured data from mechanical testing in the transverse (TR) direction are sparse and quantitative computed tomography (QCT) densitydependent variations in the anisotropy ratio of HVTB have not been adequately studied. The current study aimed to investigate the dependence of HVTB mechanical anisotropy ratio on QCT density by quantifying the empirical relationships between QCTbased apparent density of HVTB and its apparent compressive mechanical propertieselastic modulus (Eapp), yield strength (sigma(y)), and yield strain (epsilon(y))in the SI and TR directions for future clinical QCTbased continuum finite element modeling of HVTB. A total of 51 cylindrical cores (33 axial and 18 transverse) were extracted from four L1 human lumbar cadaveric vertebrae. Intact vertebrae were scanned in a clinical resolution computed tomography (CT) scanner prior to specimen extraction to obtain QCT density, rho(CT). Additionally, physically measured apparent density, computed as ash weight over wet, bulk volume, rho(app), showed significant correlation with rho(CT) [rho(CT) = 1.0568 x rho(app), r = 0.86]. Specimens were compression tested at room temperature using the Zetos bone loading and bioreactor system. Apparent elastic modulus (Eapp) and yield strength (sigma(y)) were linearly related to the rho(CT) in the axial direction [ESI = 1493.8 x (rho(CT)), r = 0.77, p < 0.01; sigma(Y,SI) = 6.9 x (rho(CT)) = 0.13, r = 0.76, p < 0.01] while a powerlaw relation provided the best fit in the transverse direction [ETR 3349.1 x (rho(CT))(1.94), r = 0.89, p < 0.01; sigma(Y,TR) 18.81 x (rho(CT)) 1.83, r = 0.83, p < 0.01]. No significant correlation was found between epsilon(y) and rho(CT) in either direction. Eapp and sigma(y) in the axial direction were larger compared to the transverse direction by a factor of 3.2 and 2.3, respectively, on average. Furthermore, the degree of anisotropy decreased with increasing density. Comparatively, epsilon(y) exhibited only a mild, but statistically significant anisotropy: transverse strains were larger than those in the axial direction by 30%, on average. Ability to map apparent mechanical properties in the transverse direction, in addition to the axial direction, from CTbased densitometric measures allows incorporation of transverse properties in finite element models based on clinical CT data, partially offsetting the inability of continuum models to accurately represent trabecular architectural variations.

Anabalon, A., & Astefanesei, D. (2014). Black holes in omegadeformed gauged N=8 supergravity. Phys. Lett. B, 732, 137–141.
Abstract: Motivated by the recently found 4dimensional omegadeformed gauged supergravity, we investigate the black hole solutions within the single scalar field consistent truncations of this theory. We construct black hole solutions that have spherical, toroidal, and hyperbolic horizon topologies. The scalar field is regular everywhere outside the curvature singularity and the stressenergy tensor satisfies the null energy condition. When the parameter CO does not vanish, there is a degeneracy in the spectrum of black hole solutions for boundary conditions that preserve the asymptotic Antide Sitter symmetries. These boundary conditions correspond to multitrace deformations in the dual field theory. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Anabalon, A., Bicak, J., & Saavedra, J. (2014). Hairy black holes: Stability under oddparity perturbations and existence of slowly rotating solutions. Phys. Rev. D, 90(12), 6 pp.
Abstract: We show that, independently of the scalar field potential and of specific asymptotic properties of the spacetime (asymptotically flat, de Sitter or antide Sitter), any static, spherically symmetric or planar, black hole solution of the Einstein theory minimally coupled to a real scalar field with a general potential is mode stable under linear oddparity perturbations. To this end, we generalize the ReggeWheeler equation for a generic selfinteracting scalar field, and show that the potential of the relevant Schrodinger operator can be mapped, by the socalled Sdeformation, to a semipositively defined potential. With these results at hand we study the existence of slowly rotating configurations. The frame dragging effect is compared with the corresponding effect in the case of a Kerr black hole.

Anabalon, A., Cisterna, A., & Oliva, J. (2014). Asymptotically locally AdS and flat black holes in Horndeski theory. Phys. Rev. D, 89(8), 9 pp.
Abstract: In this paper we construct asymptotically locally AdS and flat black holes in the presence of a scalar field whose kinetic term is constructed out from a linear combination of the metric and the Einstein tensor. The field equations as well as the energymomentum tensor are second order in the metric and the field, therefore the theory belongs to the ones defined by Horndeski. We show that in the presence of a cosmological term in the action, it is possible to have a real scalar field in the region outside the event horizon. The solutions are characterized by a single integration constant, the scalar field vanishes at the horizon and it contributes to the effective cosmological constant at infinity. We extend these results to the topological case. The solution is disconnected from the maximally symmetric AdS background, however, within this family there exists a gravitational soliton which is everywhere regular. This soliton is therefore used as a background to define a finite Euclidean action and to obtain the thermodynamics of the black holes. For a certain region in the space of parameters, the thermodynamic analysis reveals a critical temperature at which a HawkingPage phase transition between the black hole and the soliton occurs. We extend the solution to arbitrary dimensions greater than 4 and show that the presence of a cosmological term in the action allows one to consider the case in which the standard kinetic term for the scalar it is not present. In such a scenario, the solution reduces to an asymptotically flat black hole.

Barrera, J., & Ycart, B. (2014). Bounds for left and right window cutoffs. ALEALatin Am. J. Probab. Math. Stat., 11(2), 445–458.
Abstract: The location and width of the time window in which a sequence of processes converges to equilibrum are given under conditions of exponential convergence. The location depends on the side: the leftwindow and rightwindow cutoffs may have different locations. Bounds on the distance to equilibrium are given for both sides. Examples prove that the bounds are tight.

Barria, A. M., Lardies, M. A., Beckerman, A. P., & Bacigalupe, L. D. (2014). Latitude or biogeographic breaks? Determinants of phenotypic (co)variation in fitnessrelated traits in Betaeus truncatus along the Chilean coast. Mar. Biol., 161(1), 111–118.
Abstract: Ectothermal organisms distributed along environmental gradients in a wide geographical distribution display extensive phenotypic variation. This is particularly pervasive along latitudinal clines, which are linked to gradual changes in environmental factors. Widespread species may also be distributed among biogeographic breaks, which in contrast to smooth clines, often show abrupt changes in phenotypic traits. In species with widespread latitudinal distribution that also encompass important biogeographical breaks, it is not clear which of those factors prevails on shaping the phenotypic variation or if some traits are particularly more sensitive to one or the other. To evaluate this, we measured 4 fitnessrelated traits in 6 populations of the intertidal snapping shrimp Betaeus truncatus, as its distribution along Chile expands over 40A degrees in latitude and three major biogeographical provinces. Here, we statistically evaluated the role of both, latitude and biogeographic breaks, on mean population values of fitnessrelated traits but also on the variances and covariances (i.e., Pmatrix) between them. Overall, our results (1) indicate that latitude is more important than breaks in shaping the phenotypic variation of most of these fitnessrelated traits, (2) show that the differences in the variancecovariance relationship among traits between the extremes of the gradient arises from gradual increases in variance and rather sharp changes in covariance at midlatitudes and (3) show that at present, it is difficult to unambiguously determine whether natural selection or plasticity is responsible for the observed pattern in means, variances and covariances and only further work might disentangle these possibilities.

Berkovits, N., & Chandia, O. (2014). Simplified pure spinor b ghost in a curved heterotic superstring background. J. High Energy Phys., (6), 12 pp.
Abstract: Using the RNSlike fermionic vector variables introduced in arXiv:1305.0693, the pure spinor b ghost in a curved heterotic superstring background is easily constructed. This construction simplifies and completes the b ghost construction in a curved background of arXiv:1311.7012.

Besson, S., & Dumais, J. (2014). Stochasticity in the symmetric division of plant cells: when the exceptions are the rule. Front. Plant Sci., 5, 4 pp.

Bitran, E., Rivera, P., & Villena, M. J. (2014). Water management problems in the Copiapo Basin, Chile: markets, severe scarcity and the regulator. Water Policy, 16(5), 844–863.
Abstract: This research focuses on the determination of the factors that led to the failure of water management in the Copiapo Basin in Chile. Interestingly, the existence of full private ownership and free tradability of water rights has not prevented the overexploitation of groundwater resources. In the paper, firstly, water regulation and the role of the regulator in Chile are briefly discussed. Secondly, the evolution of water resources in the Copiapo region is characterized and analyzed, and the granting of water use rights in the basin in the last 30 years is concisely described. Thirdly, we examine and analyze prices and quantities traded in the water market of the Copiapo region. We will argue that this crisis is a consequence first of failure in regulatory implementation and second of an extremely rigid regulatory framework that leaves limited room for adjustment to changing conditions, especially regarding the emergence of new information concerning water availability. We believe this investigation is not only relevant for this case in particular, but also for other regions and countries where water markets are in place.

Braun, S., Asenjo, F. A., & Mahajan, S. M. (2014). Comment on “SpinGradientDriven Light Amplification in a Quantum Plasma” Reply. Phys. Rev. Lett., 112(12), 1 pp.

Canessa, E., & Chaigneau, S. (2014). The dynamics of social agreement according to Conceptual Agreement Theory. Qual. Quant., 48(6), 3289–3309.
Abstract: Many social phenomena can be viewed as processes in which individuals in social groups develop agreement (e.g., public opinion, the spreading of rumor, the formation of social and linguistic conventions). Conceptual Agreement Theory (CAT) models social agreement as a simplified communicational event in which an Observer and Actor exchange ideas about a concept , and where uses that information to infer whether 's conceptual state is the same as its own (i.e., to infer agreement). Agreement may be true (when infers that is thinking and this is in fact the case, event ) or illusory (when infers that is thinking and this is not the case, event ). In CAT, concepts that afford or become more salient in the minds of members of social groups. Results from an agentbased model (ABM) and probabilistic model that implement CAT show that, as our conceptual analyses suggested would be the case, the simulated social system selects concepts according to their usefulness to agents in promoting agreement among them (Experiment 1). Furthermore, the ABM exhibits more complex dynamics where similar minded agents cluster and are able to retain useful concepts even when a different group of agents discards them (Experiment 2). We discuss the relevance of CAT and the current findings for analyzing different social communication events, and suggest ways in which CAT could be put to empirical test.

Canfora, F., Gomez, A., Sorella, S. P., & Vercauteren, D. (2014). Study of YangMills.ChernSimons theory in presence of the Gribov horizon. Ann. Phys., 345, 166–177.
Abstract: The twopoint gauge correlation function in YangMillsChernSimons theory in three dimensional Euclidean space is analysed by taking into account the nonperturbative effects of the Gribov horizon. In this way, we are able to describe the confinement and deconfinement regimes, which naturally depend on the topological mass and on the gauge coupling constant of the theory. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Chandia, O. (2014). The nonminimal heterotic pure spinor string in a curved background. J. High Energy Phys., (3), 16 pp.
Abstract: We study the nonminimal pure spinor string in a curved background. We find that the minimal BRST invariance implies the existence of a nontrivial stressenergy tensor for the minimal and nonminimal variables in the heterotic curved background. We find constraint equations for the b ghost. We construct the b ghost as a solution of these constraints.

Chandia, O., Bevilaqua, L. I., & Vallilo, B. C. (2014). AdS pure spinor superstring in constant backgrounds. J. High Energy Phys., (6), 16 pp.
Abstract: In this paper we study the pure spinor formulation of the superstring in AdS(5) x S5 around point particle solutions of the classical equations of motion. As a particular example we quantize the pure spinor string in the BMN background.

Chuaqui, M., Hamada, H., Hernandez, R., & Kohr, G. (2014). Pluriharmonic mappings and linearly connected domains in Cn. Isr. J. Math., 200(1), 489–506.
Abstract: In this paper we obtain certain sufficient conditions for the univalence of pluriharmonic mappings defined in the unit ball of Cn . The results are generalizations of conditions of Chuaqui and Hernandez that relate the univalence of planar harmonic mappings with linearly connected domains, and show how such domains can play a role in questions regarding injectivity in higher dimensions. In addition, we extend recent work of Hernandez and Martin on a shear type construction for planar harmonic mappings, by adapting the concept of stable univalence to pluriharmonic mappings of the unit ball into Cn .

Comisso, L., & Asenjo, F. A. (2014). ThermalInertial Effects on Magnetic Reconnection in Relativistic Pair Plasmas. Phys. Rev. Lett., 113(4), 5 pp.
Abstract: The magnetic reconnection process is studied in relativistic pair plasmas when the thermal and inertial properties of the magnetohydrodynamical fluid are included. We find that in both SweetParker and Petschek relativistic scenarios there is an increase of the reconnection rate owing to the thermalinertial effects, both satisfying causality. To characterize the new effects we define a thermalinertial number which is independent of the relativistic Lundquist number, implying that reconnection can be achieved even for vanishing resistivity as a result of only thermalinertial effects. The current model has fundamental importance for relativistic collisionless reconnection, as it constitutes the simplest way to get reconnection rates faster than those accessible with the sole resistivity.

Contreras, G. M. (2014). Stochastic volatility models at rho = +/ 1 as second class constrained Hamiltonian systems. Physica A, 405, 289–302.
Abstract: The stochastic volatility models used in the financial world are characterized, in the continuoustime case, by a set of two coupled stochastic differential equations for the underlying asset price S and volatility sigma. In addition, the correlations of the two Brownian movements that drive the stochastic dynamics are measured by the correlation parameter rho (1 <= rho <= 1). This stochastic system is equivalent to the FokkerPlanck equation for the transition probability density of the random variables S and sigma. Solutions for the transition probability density of the Heston stochastic volatility model (Heston, 1993) were explored in Dragulescu and Yakovenko (2002), where the fundamental quantities such as the transition density itself, depend on rho in such a manner that these are divergent for the extreme limit rho = +/ 1. The same divergent behavior appears in Hagan et al. (2002), where the probability density of the SABR model was analyzed. In an option pricing context, the propagator of the bidimensional BlackScholes equation was obtained in Lemmens et al. (2008) in terms of the path integrals, and in this case, the propagator diverges again for the extreme values rho = +/ 1. This paper shows that these similar divergent behaviors are due to a universal property of the stochastic volatility models in the continuum: all of them are second class constrained systems for the most extreme correlated limit rho = +/ 1. In this way, the stochastic dynamics of the rho = +/ 1 cases are different of the rho (1 <= rho <= 1) case, and it cannot be obtained as a continuous limit from the rho not equal +/ 1 regimen. This conclusion is achieved by considering the FokkerPlanck equation or the bidimensional BlackScholes equation as a Euclidean quantum Schrodinger equation. Then, the analysis of the underlying classical mechanics of the quantum model, implies that stochastic volatility models at rho = +/ 1 correspond to a constrained system. To study the dynamics in an appropriate form, Dirac's method for constrained systems (Dirac, 1958, 1967) must be employed, and Dirac's analysis reveals that the constraints are second class. In order to obtain the transition probability density or the option price correctly, one must evaluate the propagator as a constrained Hamiltonian pathintegral (Henneaux and Teitelboim, 1992), in a similar way to the high energy gauge theory models. In fact, for all stochastic volatility models, after integrating over momentum variables, one obtains an effective Euclidean Lagrangian path integral over the volatility alone. The role of the second class constraints is determining the underlying asset price S completely in terms of volatility, so it plays no role in the path integral. In order to examine the effect of the constraints on the dynamics for both extreme limits, the probability density function is evaluated by using semiclassical arguments, in an analogous manner to that developed in Hagan et al. (2002), for the SABR model. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Contreras, M., & Hojman, S. A. (2014). Option pricing, stochastic volatility, singular dynamics and constrained path integrals. Physica A, 393, 391–403.
Abstract: Stochastic volatility models have been widely studied and used in the financial world. The Heston model (Heston, 1993) [7] is one of the best known models to deal with this issue. These stochastic volatility models are characterized by the fact that they explicitly depend on a correlation parameter p which relates the two Brownian motions that drive the stochastic dynamics associated to the volatility and the underlying asset. Solutions to the Heston model in the context of option pricing, using a path integral approach, are found in Lemmens et al. (2008) [21] while in Baaquie (2007,1997) [12,13] propagators for different stochastic volatility models are constructed. In all previous cases, the propagator is not defined for extreme cases rho = +/ 1. It is therefore necessary to obtain a solution for these extreme cases and also to understand the origin of the divergence of the propagator. In this paper we study in detail a general class of stochastic volatility models for extreme values rho = +/ 1 and show that in these two cases, the associated classical dynamics corresponds to a system with second class constraints, which must be dealt with using Dirac's method for constrained systems (Dirac, 1958,1967) [22,23] in order to properly obtain the propagator in the form of a Euclidean Hamiltonian path integral (Henneaux and Teitelboim, 1992) [25]. After integrating over momenta, one gets an Euclidean Lagrangian path integral without constraints, which in the case of the Heston model corresponds to a path integral of a repulsive radial harmonic oscillator. In all the cases studied, the price of the underlying asset is completely determined by one of the second class constraints in terms of volatility and plays no active role in the path integral. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
