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Author Asenjo, F.A.; Comisso, L.
Title Generalized Magnetofluid Connections in Relativistic Magnetohydrodynamics Type
Year 2015 Publication Physical Review Letters Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. Lett.
Volume 114 Issue 11 Pages 5 pp
Keywords
Abstract The concept of magnetic connections is extended to nonideal relativistic magnetohydrodynamical plasmas. Adopting a general set of equations for relativistic magnetohydrodynamics including thermal-inertial, thermal electromotive, Hall, and current-inertia effects, we derive a new covariant connection equation showing the existence of generalized magnetofluid connections that are preserved during the dissipationless plasma dynamics. These connections are intimately linked to a general antisymmetric tensor that unifies the electromagnetic and fluid fields, allowing the extension of the magnetic connection notion to a much broader concept.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0031-9007 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000351507400011 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 478
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Author Asenjo, F.A.; Comisso, L.
Title Relativistic Magnetic Reconnection in Kerr Spacetime Type
Year 2017 Publication Physical Review Letters Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. Lett.
Volume 118 Issue 5 Pages 5 pp
Keywords
Abstract The magnetic reconnection process is analyzed for relativistic magnetohydrodynamical plasmas around rotating black holes. A simple generalization of the Sweet-Parker model is used as a first approximation to the problem. The reconnection rate, as well as other important properties of the reconnection layer, has been calculated taking into account the effect of spacetime curvature. Azimuthal and radial current sheet configurations in the equatorial plane of the black hole have been studied, and the case of small black hole rotation rate has been analyzed. For the azimuthal configuration, it is found that the black hole rotation decreases the reconnection rate. On the other hand, in the radial configuration, it is the gravitational force created by the black hole mass that decreases the reconnection rate. These results establish a fundamental interaction between gravity and magnetic reconnection in astrophysical contexts.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0031-9007 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000396415100005 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 702
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Author Baudin, K.; Fusaro, A.; Krupa, K.; Garnier, J.; Rica, S.; Millot, G.; Picozzi, A.
Title Classical Rayleigh-Jeans Condensation of Light Waves: Observation and Thermodynamic Characterization Type
Year 2020 Publication Physical Review Letters Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. Lett.
Volume 125 Issue 24 Pages 244101
Keywords
Abstract Theoretical studies on wave turbulence predict that a purely classical system of random waves can exhibit a process of condensation, which originates in the singularity of the Rayleigh-Jeans equilibrium distribution. We report the experimental observation of the transition to condensation of classical optical waves propagating in a multimode fiber, i.e., in a conservative Hamiltonian system without thermal heat bath. In contrast to conventional self-organization processes featured by the nonequilibrium formation of nonlinear coherent structures (solitons, vortices, ...), here the self-organization originates in the equilibrium Rayleigh-Jeans statistics of classical waves. The experimental results show that the chemical potential reaches the lowest energy level at the transition to condensation, which leads to the macroscopic population of the fundamental mode of the optical fiber. The near-field and far-field measurements of the condensate fraction across the transition to condensation are in quantitative agreement with the Rayleigh-Jeans theory. The thermodynamics of classical wave condensation reveals that the heat capacity takes a constant value in the condensed state and tends to vanish above the transition in the normal state. Our experiments provide the first demonstration of a coherent phenomenon of self-organization that is exclusively driven by optical thermalization toward the Rayleigh-Jeans equilibrium.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0031-9007 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1318
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Author Braun, S.; Asenjo, F.A.; Mahajan, S.M.
Title Comment on “Spin-Gradient-Driven Light Amplification in a Quantum Plasma” Reply Type
Year 2014 Publication Physical Review Letters Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. Lett.
Volume 112 Issue 12 Pages 1 pp
Keywords
Abstract
Address [Braun, S.; Asenjo, F. A.; Mahajan, S. M.] Univ Texas AustinStudies, Inst Fus Studies, Austin, TX 78712 USA, Email: faz@physics.utexas.edu;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0031-9007 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000333921000007 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 471
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Author Comisso, L.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Thermal-Inertial Effects on Magnetic Reconnection in Relativistic Pair Plasmas Type
Year 2014 Publication Physical Review Letters Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. Lett.
Volume 113 Issue 4 Pages 5 pp
Keywords
Abstract The magnetic reconnection process is studied in relativistic pair plasmas when the thermal and inertial properties of the magnetohydrodynamical fluid are included. We find that in both Sweet-Parker and Petschek relativistic scenarios there is an increase of the reconnection rate owing to the thermal-inertial effects, both satisfying causality. To characterize the new effects we define a thermal-inertial number which is independent of the relativistic Lundquist number, implying that reconnection can be achieved even for vanishing resistivity as a result of only thermal-inertial effects. The current model has fundamental importance for relativistic collisionless reconnection, as it constitutes the simplest way to get reconnection rates faster than those accessible with the sole resistivity.
Address [Comisso, Luca] Politecn Torino, Dipartimento Energia, I-10129 Turin, Italy, Email: luca.comisso@polito.it;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0031-9007 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000339620300007 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 393
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Author Concha, A.; Aguayo, D.; Mellado, P.
Title Designing Hysteresis with Dipolar Chains Type
Year 2018 Publication Physical Review Letters Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. Lett.
Volume 120 Issue 15 Pages 5 pp
Keywords
Abstract Materials that have hysteretic response to an external field are essential in modern information storage and processing technologies. A myriad of magnetization curves of several natural and artificial materials have previously been measured and each has found a particular mechanism that accounts for it. However, a phenomenological model that captures all the hysteresis loops and at the same time provides a simple way to design the magnetic response of a material while remaining minimal is missing. Here, we propose and experimentally demonstrate an elementary method to engineer hysteresis loops in metamaterials built out of dipolar chains. We show that by tuning the interactions of the system and its geometry we can shape the hysteresis loop which allows for the design of the softness of a magnetic material at will. Additionally, this mechanism allows for the control of the number of loops aimed to realize multiple-valued logic technologies. Our findings pave the way for the rational design of hysteretical responses in a variety of physical systems such as dipolar cold atoms, ferroelectrics, or artificial magnetic lattices, among others.
Address [Concha, Andres; Aguayo, David; Mellado, Paula] Condensed Matter I Lab, Diagonal Torres 2640,Bldg D, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: aconcha93@gmail.com;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0031-9007 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000429637100008 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 845
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Author Mason, P.; Josserand, C.; Rica, S.
Title Activated Nucleation of Vortices in a Dipole-Blockaded Supersolid Condensate Type
Year 2012 Publication Physical Review Letters Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. Lett.
Volume 109 Issue 4 Pages 5 pp
Keywords
Abstract We investigate theoretically and numerically a model of a supersolid in a dipole-blockaded Bose-Einstein condensate. The dependence of the superfluid fraction with an imposed thermal bath and a uniform boost velocity on the condensate is considered. Specifically, we observe a critical velocity for the nucleation of vortices in our system that is strongly linked to a steplike decrease in the superfluid fraction. We are able to use a scaling argument based on the energy required to activate a vortex, relating the critical temperature to the critical velocity, and find that this relationship is in good agreement with the numerical simulations carried out on the nonlocal Gross-Pitaevskii equation.
Address [Mason, Peter] Univ Durham, Dept Phys, Durham DH1 3LE, England
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0031-9007 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000306651900008 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 229
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Author Mellado, P.; Concha, A.; Rica, S.
Title Magnetoelectric Effect in Dipolar Clusters Type
Year 2020 Publication PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. Lett.
Volume 125 Issue 23 Pages 237602
Keywords Magnetoelectric effect; Physical Systems; Clusters; Condensed Matter & Materials Physics
Abstract We combine the anisotropy of magnetic interactions and the point symmetry of finite solids in the study of dipolar clusters as new basic units for multiferroics metamaterials. The Hamiltonian of magnetic dipoles with an easy axis at the vertices of polygons and polyhedra, maps exactly into a Hamiltonian with symmetric and antisymmetric exchange couplings. The last one gives rise to a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya contribution responsible for the magnetic modes of the systems and their symmetry groups, which coincide with those of a particle in a crystal field with spin-orbit interaction. We find that the clusters carry spin current and that they manifest the magnetoelectric effect. We expect our results to pave the way for the rational design of magnetoelectric devices at room temperature
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0031-9007 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1277
Permanent link to this record