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Author Dawson, RI.; Huang, CLX.; Brahm, R.; Collins, KA.; Hobson, MJ.; Jordan, A.; Dong, JY.; Korth, J.; Trifonov, T.; Abe, L.; Agabi, A.; Bruni, I.; Butler, RP.; Barbieri, M.; Collins, KI.; Conti, DM.; Crane, JD.; Crouzet, N.; Dransfield, G.; Evans, P.; Espinoza, N.; Gan, TJ.; Guillot, T.; Henning, T.; Lissauer, JJ.; Jensen, ELN.; Sainte, WM.; Mekarnia, D.; Myers, G.; Nandakumar, S.; Relles, HM.; Sarkis, P.; Torres, P.; Shectman, S.; Schmider, FX.; Shporer, A.; Stockdale, C.; Teske, J.; Triaud, AHMJ.; Wang, SX.; Ziegler, C.; Ricker, G.; Vanderspek, R.; Latham, DW.; Seager, S.; Winn, J.; Jenkins, JM.; Bouma, LG.; Burt, JA.; Charbonneau, D.; Levine, AM.; McDermott, S.; McLean, B.; Rose, ME.; Vanderburg, A.; Wohler, B. doi  openurl
  Title Precise Transit and Radial-velocity Characterization of a Resonant Pair: The Warm Jupiter TOI-216c and Eccentric Warm Neptune TOI-216b Type
  Year 2021 Publication Astronomical Journal Abbreviated Journal Astron. J.  
  Volume 161 Issue 4 Pages 161  
  Keywords  
  Abstract TOI-216 hosts a pair of warm, large exoplanets discovered by the TESS mission. These planets were found to be in or near the 2:1 resonance, and both of them exhibit transit timing variations (TTVs). Precise characterization of the planets' masses and radii, orbital properties, and resonant behavior can test theories for the origins of planets orbiting close to their stars. Previous characterization of the system using the first six sectors of TESS data suffered from a degeneracy between planet mass and orbital eccentricity. Radial-velocity measurements using HARPS, FEROS, and the Planet Finder Spectrograph break that degeneracy, and an expanded TTV baseline from TESS and an ongoing ground-based transit observing campaign increase the precision of the mass and eccentricity measurements. We determine that TOI-216c is a warm Jupiter, TOI-216b is an eccentric warm Neptune, and that they librate in 2:1 resonance with a moderate libration amplitude of deg, a small but significant free eccentricity of for TOI-216b, and a small but significant mutual inclination of 12-39 (95% confidence interval). The libration amplitude, free eccentricity, and mutual inclination imply a disturbance of TOI-216b before or after resonance capture, perhaps by an undetected third planet.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0004-6256 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000625759900001 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1363  
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Author Grieves, N.; Bouchy, F.; Lendl, M.; Carmichael, T.; Mireles, I.; Shporer, A.; McLeod, K.K.; Collins, K.A .; Brahm, R.; Stassun, K.G.; Gill, S.; Bouma, L.G.; Guillot, T.; Cointepas, M.; Dos Santos, L.A.; Casewell, S.L.; Jenkins, J.M.; Henning, T.; Nielsen, L.D. Psaridi, A.; Udry, S.; Segransan, D.; Eastman, J.D.; Zhou, G.; Abe, L.; Agabi, A.; Bakos, G.; Charbonneau, D.; Collins, K.I.; Colon, K.D.; Crouzet, N.; Dransfield, G.; Evans, P.; Goeke, R.F.; Hart, R:, Irwin, J.M.; Jensen, E.L.N.; Jordan, A.; Kielkopf, J.F.; Latham, D.W.; Marie-Sainte, W:, Mekarnia, D.; Nelson, P.; Quinn, S.N.; Radford, D.J.; Rodriguez, D.R.; Rowden, P.; Schmider, F.X.; Schwarz, R.P.; Smith, J.C.; Stockdale, C.; Suarez, O.; Tan, T.G.; Triaud, A.H.M.J.; Waalkes, W.; Wingham, G. doi  openurl
  Title Populating the brown dwarf and stellar boundary: Five stars with transiting companions near the hydrogen-burning mass limit Type
  Year 2021 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.  
  Volume 652 Issue Pages  
  Keywords brown dwarfs; stars; low-mass; binaries: eclipsing  
  Abstract We report the discovery of five transiting companions near the hydrogen-burning mass limit in close orbits around main sequence stars originally identified by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) as TESS objects of interest (TOIs): TOI-148, TOI-587, TOI-681, TOI-746, and TOI-1213. Using TESS and ground-based photometry as well as radial velocities from the CORALIE, CHIRON, TRES, and FEROS spectrographs, we found the companions have orbital periods between 4.8 and 27.2 days, masses between 77 and 98 M-Jup , and radii between 0.81 and 1.66 R-Jup . These targets have masses near the uncertain lower limit of hydrogen core fusion (similar to 73-96 M-Jup ), which separates brown dwarfs and low-mass stars. We constrained young ages for TOI-587 (0.2 +/- 0.1 Gyr) and TOI-681 (0.17 +/- 0.03 Gyr) and found them to have relatively larger radii compared to other transiting companions of a similar mass. Conversely we estimated older ages for TOI-148 and TOI-746 and found them to have relatively smaller companion radii. With an effective temperature of 9800 +/- 200 K, TOI-587 is the hottest known main-sequence star to host a transiting brown dwarf or very low-mass star. We found evidence of spin-orbit synchronization for TOI-148 and TOI-746 as well as tidal circularization for TOI-148. These companions add to the population of brown dwarfs and very low-mass stars with well measured parameters ideal to test formation models of these rare objects, the origin of the brown dwarf desert, and the distinction between brown dwarfs and hydrogen-burning main sequence stars.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0004-6361 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000686774100006 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1461  
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Author Kaye, L.; Vissapragada, S.; Gunther, M.N.; Aigrain, S.; Mikal-Evans, T.; Jensen, E.L.N.; Parviainen, H.; Pozuelos, F.J.; Abe, L.; Acton, J.S.; Agabi, A.; Alves, D.R.; Anderson, D.R.; Armstrong, D.J.; Barkaoui, K.; Barragan, O.; Benneke, B.; Boyd, P.T.; Brahm, R.; Bruni, I.; Bryant, E.M.; Burleigh, M.R.; Casewell, S.L.; Ciardi, D.; Cloutier, R.; Collins, K.A.; Collins, K.I.; Conti, D.M.; Crossfield, I.J.M.; Crouzet, N.; Daylan, T.; Dragomir, D.; Dransfield, G.; Fabrycky, D.; Fausnaugh, M.; Gan, T.J.; Gill, S.; Gillon, M.; Goad, M.R.; Gorjian, V.; Greklek-McKeon, M.; Guerrero, N.; Guillot, T.; Jehin, E.; Jenkins, J.S.; Lendl, M.; Kamler, J.; Kane, S.R.; Kielkopf, J.F.; Kunimoto, M.; Marie-Sainte, W.; McCormac, J.; Mekarnia, D.; Morales, F.Y.; Moyano, M.; Palle, E.; Parmentier, V; Relles, H.M.; Schmider, F.X.; Schwarz, R.P.; Seager, S.; Smith, A.M.S.; Tan, T.G.; Taylor, J.; Triaud, A.H.M.J.; Twicken, J.D.; Udry, S.; Vines, J.I.; Wang, G.; Wheatley, P.J.; Winn, J.N. doi  openurl
  Title Transit timings variations in the three-planet system: TOI-270 Type
  Year 2022 Publication Monthly Notices Of The Royal Astronomical Society Abbreviated Journal Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc.  
  Volume 510 Issue 4 Pages 5464-5485  
  Keywords planets and satellites: composition; planets and satellites: formation; planets and satellites: fundamental parameters  
  Abstract We present ground- and space-based photometric observations of TOI-270 (L231-32), a system of three transiting planets consisting of one super-Earth and two sub-Neptunes discovered by TESS around a bright (K-mag = 8.25) M3V dwarf. The planets orbit near low-order mean-motion resonances (5:3 and 2:1) and are thus expected to exhibit large transit timing variations (TTVs). Following an extensive observing campaign using eight different observatories between 2018 and 2020, we now report a clear detection of TTVs for planets c and d, with amplitudes of similar to 10 min and a super-period of similar to 3 yr, as well as significantly refined estimates of the radii and mean orbital periods of all three planets. Dynamical modelling of the TTVs alone puts strong constraints on the mass ratio of planets c and d and on their eccentricities. When incorporating recently published constraints from radial velocity observations, we obtain masses of M-b = 1.48 +/- 0.18 M-circle plus, M-c = 6.20 +/- 0.31 M-circle plus, and M-d = 4.20 +/- 0.16 M-circle plus for planets b, c, and d, respectively. We also detect small but significant eccentricities for all three planets : e(b) = 0.0167 +/- 0.0084, e(c) = 0.0044 +/- 0.0006, and e(d) = 0.0066 +/- 0.0020. Our findings imply an Earth-like rocky composition for the inner planet, and Earth-like cores with an additional He/H2O atmosphere for the outer two. TOI-270 is now one of the best constrained systems of small transiting planets, and it remains an excellent target for atmospheric characterization.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0035-8711 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000764893900001 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1552  
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