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Author Asenjo, F.A.; Comisso, L.
Title Magnetic connections in curved spacetime Type
Year 2017 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 96 Issue 12 Pages 7 pp
Keywords
Abstract The ideal magnetohydrodynamic theorem on the conservation of the magnetic connections between plasma elements is generalized to relativistic plasmas in curved spacetime. The connections between plasma elements, which are established by a covariant connection equation, display a particularly complex structure in curved spacetime. Nevertheless, it is shown that these connections can be interpreted in terms of magnetic field lines alone by adopting a 3 + 1 foliation of spacetime.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000417759400002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 785
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Author Asenjo, F.A.; Comisso, L.
Title Gravitational electromotive force in magnetic reconnection around Schwarzschild black holes Type
Year 2019 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 99 Issue 6 Pages 7 pp
Keywords
Abstract We analytically explore the effects of the gravitational electromotive force on magnetic reconnection around Schwarzschild black holes through a generalized general-relativistic magnetohydrodynamic model that retains two-fluid effects. It is shown that the gravitational electromotive force can couple to collisionless two-fluid effects and drive magnetic reconnection. This is allowed by the departure from quasineutrality in curved spacetime, which is explicitly manifested as the emergence of an effective resistivity in Ohm's law. The departure from quasineutrality is owed to different gravitational pulls experienced by separate parts of the current layer. This produces an enhancement of the reconnecion rate due to purely gravitational effects.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000462917900001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 993
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Author Asenjo, F.A.; Mahajan, S.M.
Title Resonant interaction between dispersive gravitational waves and scalar massive particles Type
Year 2020 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 101 Issue 6 Pages 4 pp
Keywords
Abstract The Klein-Gordon equation is solved in the curved background spacetime created by a dispersive gravitational wave. Unlike solutions of perturbed Einstein equations in vacuum, dispersive gravitational waves do not travel exactly at the speed of light. As a consequence, the gravitational wave can resonantly exchange energy with scalar massive particles. Some details of the resonant interaction are displayed in a calculation demonstrating how relativistic particles (modeled by the Klein-Gordon equation), feeding on such gravitational waves, may be driven to extreme energies.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000518819200001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1160
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Author Comisso, L.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Generalized magnetofluid connections in a curved spacetime Type
Year 2020 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 102 Issue 2 Pages 8 pp
Keywords
Abstract The ideal magnetohydrodynamic theorem on the conservation of the magnetic connections between plasma elements is extended to nonideal relativistic plasmas in curved spacetime. The existence of generalized magnetofluid connections that are preserved by the plasma dynamics is formalized by means of a covariant connection equation that includes different nonideal effects. These generalized connections are constituted by 2-dimensional hypersurfaces, which are linked to an antisymmetric tensor field that unifies the electromagnetic and fluid fields. They can be interpreted in terms of generalized magnetofluid vorticity field lines by considering a 3 + 1 foliation of spacetime and a time resetting projection that compensates for the loss of simultaneity between spatially separated events. The worldshects of the generalized magnetofluid vorticity field lines play a fundamental role in the plasma dynamics by prohibiting evolutions that do not preserve the magnetofluid connectivity.
Address [Comisso, Luca] Columbia Univ, Dept Astron, New York, NY 10027 USA, Email: luca.comisso@columbia.edu;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000552579500002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1212
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Author Ekman, R.; Asenjo, F.A.; Zamanian, J.
Title Relativistic kinetic equation for spin-1/2 particles in the long-scale-length approximation Type
Year 2017 Publication Physical Review E Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. E
Volume 96 Issue 2 Pages 8 pp
Keywords
Abstract In this paper, we derive a fully relativistic kinetic theory for spin-1/2 particles and its coupling to Maxwell's equations, valid in the long-scale-length limit, where the fields vary on a scale much longer than the localization of the particles; we work to first order in (h) over bar. Our starting point is a Foldy-Wouthuysen (FW) transformation, applicable to this regime, of the Dirac Hamiltonian. We derive the corresponding evolution equation for the Wigner quasidistribution in an external electromagnetic field. Using a Lagrangian method we find expressions for the charge and current densities, expressed as free and bound parts. It is furthermore found that the velocity is nontrivially related to the momentum variable, with the difference depending on the spin and the external electromagnetic fields. This fact that has previously been discussed as “hidden momentum” and is due to that the FW transformation maps pointlike particles to particle clouds for which the prescription of minimal coupling is incorrect, as they have multipole moments. We express energy and momentum conservation for the system of particles and the electromagnetic field, and discuss our results in the context of the Abraham-Minkowski dilemma.
Address [Ekman, R.; Zamanian, J.] Umea Univ, Dept Phys, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0045 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000408118100012 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 759
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Author Asenjo, F.A.; Mahajan, S.M.
Title Diamagnetic field states in cosmological plasmas Type
Year 2019 Publication Physical Review E Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. E
Volume 99 Issue 5 Pages 7 pp
Keywords
Abstract Using a generally covariant electrovortic (magnetofluid) formalism for relativistic plasmas, the dynamical evolution of a generalized vorticity (a combination of the magnetic and kinematic parts) is studied in a cosmological context. We derive macroscopic vorticity and magnetic field structures that can emerge in spatial equilibrium configurations of the relativistic plasma. These fields, however, evolve in time. These magnetic and velocity fields, self-consistently sustained in a plasma with arbitrary thermodynamics, constitute a diamagnetic state in the expanding universe. In particular, we explore a special class of magnetic and velocity field structures supported by a plasma in which the generalized vorticity vanishes. We derive a highly interesting characteristic of such “superconductor-like” fields in a cosmological plasmas in the radiation era in the early universe. In that case, the fields grow proportional to the scale factor, establishing a deep connection between the expanding universe and the primordial magnetic fields.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0045 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000467737500016 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 999
Permanent link to this record