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Author Asenjo, F.A.; Moya, P.S.
Title The contribution of magnetic monopoles to the ponderomotive force Type
Year 2019 Publication Journal Of Physics A-Mathematical And Theoretical Abbreviated Journal J. Phys. A-Math. Theor.
Volume 52 Issue 25 Pages 13 pp
Keywords plasma waves; magnetic monopoles; ponderomotive force
Abstract When magnetic monopoles are assumed to exist in plasma dynamics, the propagation of electromagnetic waves is modified as Maxwell equations acquire a symmetrical structure due to the existence of electric and magnetic charge and current densities. This work presents a theoretical exploration on how far we can push the limits of a plasma theory under the presence of magnetic monopoles. In particular, we study the modification of ponderomotive forces in a plasma composed by electric and magnetic charges. We show that the general ponderomotive force on this plasma depends non-trivially on the magnetic monopoles, through the slow temporal and spatial variations of the electromagnetic field amplitudes. The magnetic charges introduce corrections even if the plasma is unmagnetized. Also, it is shown that the magnetic monopoles also experience a ponderomotive force due to the electrons. This force is in the direction of propagation of the electromagnetic waves.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Iop Publishing Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 1751-8113 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000469448000001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1029
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Author Rubio, C.A.; Asenjo, F.A.; Hojman, S.A.
Title Quantum Cosmologies Under Geometrical Unification of Gravity and Dark Energy Type
Year 2019 Publication Symmetry-Basel Abbreviated Journal Symmetry
Volume 11 Issue 7 Pages
Keywords
Abstract A Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Universe was studied with a dark energy component represented by a quintessence field. The Lagrangian for this system, hereafter called the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker-quintessence (FRWq) system, was presented. It was shown that the classical Lagrangian reproduces the usual two (second order) dynamical equations for the radius of the Universe and for the quintessence scalar field, as well as a (first order) constraint equation. Our approach naturally unified gravity and dark energy, as it was obtained that the Lagrangian and the equations of motion are those of a relativistic particle moving on a two-dimensional, conformally flat spacetime. The conformal metric factor was related to the dark energy scalar field potential. We proceeded to quantize the system in three different schemes. First, we assumed the Universe was a spinless particle (as it is common in literature), obtaining a quantum theory for a Universe described by the Klein-Gordon equation. Second, we pushed the quantization scheme further, assuming the Universe as a Dirac particle, and therefore constructing its corresponding Dirac and Majorana theories. With the different theories, we calculated the expected values for the scale factor of the Universe. They depend on the type of quantization scheme used. The differences between the Dirac and Majorana schemes are highlighted here. The implications of the different quantization procedures are discussed. Finally, the possible consequences for a multiverse theory of the Dirac and Majorana quantized Universe are briefly considered.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2073-8994 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000481979000025 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1048
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Author Asenjo, F.A.; Hojman, S.A.
Title Accelerating solutions to diffusion equation Type
Year 2021 Publication European Physical Journal Plus Abbreviated Journal Eur. Phys. J. Plus.
Volume 136 Issue 6 Pages 677
Keywords NONLINEAR DIFFUSIONSIMILARITY SOLUTIONS
Abstract We report accelerating diffusive solutions to the diffusion equation with a constant diffusion tensor. The maximum values of the diffusion density evolve in an accelerating fashion described by Airy functions. We show the diffusive accelerating behavior for one-dimensional systems, as well as for a general three-dimensional case. We also construct a modulated modified form of the diffusion solution that retains the accelerating features.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2190-5444 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000664659600001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1433
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Author Asenjo, F.A.; Hojman, S.A.
Title Light-like propagation of self-interacting Klein-Gordon fields in cosmology Type
Year 2022 Publication European Physical Journal Plus Abbreviated Journal Eur. Phys. J. Plus.
Volume 137 Issue 1 Pages 20
Keywords
Abstract It is showed that complex scalar fields with a self-interaction potential may propagate along null geodesics on isotropic flat Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker universes with different time-dependent scale factors. This effect appears for certain kinds of self-interactions only, for different forms of potentials, and even for the massive case.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2190-5444 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000730210100003 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1501
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Author Hojmann, S.A.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Quantum particles that behave as free classical particles Type
Year 2020 Publication PHYSICAL REVIEW A Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. A
Volume 102 Issue 5 Pages 052211
Keywords Wave; Generation
Abstract The existence of nonvanishing Bohm potentials, in the Madelung-Bohm version of the Schrödinger equation, allows for the construction of particular solutions for states of quantum particles interacting with nontrivial external potentials that propagate as free classical particles. Such solutions are constructed with phases which satisfy the classical Hamilton-Jacobi for free particles and whose probability densities propagate with constant velocity, as free classical particles do.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2469-9926 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1269
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Author Hojman, S.A.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Supersymmetric Majorana quantum cosmologies Type
Year 2015 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 92 Issue 8 Pages 7 pp
Keywords
Abstract The Einstein equations for an isotropic and homogeneous Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe in the presence of a quintessence scalar field are shown to be described in a compact way, formally identical to the dynamics of a relativistic particle moving on a two-dimensional spacetime. The correct Lagrangian for the system is presented and used to construct a spinor quantum cosmology theory using Breit's prescription. The theory is supersymmetric when written in the Majorana representation. The spinor field components interact through a potential that correlates the spacetime metric and the quintessence. An exact supersymmetric solution for k = 0 case is exhibited. This quantum cosmology model may be interpreted as a theory of interacting universes.
Address [Hojman, Sergio A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Dept Ciencias, Fac Artes Liberales, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: sergio.hojman@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000362901900005 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 544
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Author Hojman, S.A.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Comment on “Highly relativistic spin-gravity coupling for fermions” Type
Year 2016 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 93 Issue 2 Pages 4 pp
Keywords
Abstract We exhibit difficulties of different sorts which appear when using the Mathisson-Papapetrou equations, in particular in the description of highly relativistic particles presented in R. Plyatsko and M. Fenyk [Phys. Rev. D 91, 064033 (2015)]. We compare some results of this theory and of the aforementioned work with the ones obtained using a Lagrangian formulation for massive spinning particles and show that the issues mentioned in the preceding sentence do not appear in the Lagrangian treatment.
Address [Hojman, Sergio A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Artes Liberales, Dept Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: sergio.hojman@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000369327900012 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 640
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Author Asenjo, F.A.; Hojman, S.A.
Title Birefringent light propagation on anisotropic cosmological backgrounds Type
Year 2017 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 96 Issue 4 Pages 12 pp
Keywords
Abstract Exact electromagnetic wave solutions to Maxwell equations on anisotropic Bianchi I cosmological spacetime backgrounds are studied. The waves evolving on Bianchi I spacetimes exhibit birefringence (associated with linear polarization) and dispersion. The particular case of a vacuum-dominated anisotropic Universe, which reproduces a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Universe (for late times)-while, for earlier times, it matches a Kasner Universe-is studied. The electromagnetic waves do not, in general, follow null geodesics. This produces a modification of the cosmological redshift, which is then dependent on light polarization, its dispersion, and its non-null geodesic behavior. New results presented here may help to tackle some issues related to the “horizon” problem.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.; Hojman, Sergio A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, UAI Phys Ctr, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000407716200007 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 756
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Author Comisso, L.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Collisionless magnetic reconnection in curved spacetime and the effect of black hole rotation Type
Year 2018 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 97 Issue 4 Pages 9 pp
Keywords
Abstract Magnetic reconnection in curved spacetime is studied by adopting a general-relativistic magneto-hydrodynamic model that retains collisionless effects for both electron-ion and pair plasmas. A simple generalization of the standard Sweet-Parker model allows us to obtain the first-order effects of the gravitational field of a rotating black hole. It is shown that the black hole rotation acts to increase the length of azimuthal reconnection layers, thus leading to a decrease of the reconnection rate. However, when coupled to collisionless thermal-inertial effects, the net reconnection rate is enhanced with respect to what would happen in a purely collisional plasma due to a broadening of the reconnection layer. These findings identify an underlying interaction between gravity and collisionless magnetic reconnection in the vicinity of compact objects.
Address [Comisso, Luca] Princeton Univ, Dept Astrophys Sci, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA, Email: lcomisso@princeton.edu;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000424748300002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 819
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Author Asenjo, F.A.; Comisso, L.
Title Magnetic connections in curved spacetime Type
Year 2017 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 96 Issue 12 Pages 7 pp
Keywords
Abstract The ideal magnetohydrodynamic theorem on the conservation of the magnetic connections between plasma elements is generalized to relativistic plasmas in curved spacetime. The connections between plasma elements, which are established by a covariant connection equation, display a particularly complex structure in curved spacetime. Nevertheless, it is shown that these connections can be interpreted in terms of magnetic field lines alone by adopting a 3 + 1 foliation of spacetime.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000417759400002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 785
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Author Asenjo, F.A.; Comisso, L.
Title Gravitational electromotive force in magnetic reconnection around Schwarzschild black holes Type
Year 2019 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 99 Issue 6 Pages 7 pp
Keywords
Abstract We analytically explore the effects of the gravitational electromotive force on magnetic reconnection around Schwarzschild black holes through a generalized general-relativistic magnetohydrodynamic model that retains two-fluid effects. It is shown that the gravitational electromotive force can couple to collisionless two-fluid effects and drive magnetic reconnection. This is allowed by the departure from quasineutrality in curved spacetime, which is explicitly manifested as the emergence of an effective resistivity in Ohm's law. The departure from quasineutrality is owed to different gravitational pulls experienced by separate parts of the current layer. This produces an enhancement of the reconnecion rate due to purely gravitational effects.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000462917900001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 993
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Author Asenjo, F.A.; Mahajan, S.M.
Title Resonant interaction between dispersive gravitational waves and scalar massive particles Type
Year 2020 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 101 Issue 6 Pages 4 pp
Keywords
Abstract The Klein-Gordon equation is solved in the curved background spacetime created by a dispersive gravitational wave. Unlike solutions of perturbed Einstein equations in vacuum, dispersive gravitational waves do not travel exactly at the speed of light. As a consequence, the gravitational wave can resonantly exchange energy with scalar massive particles. Some details of the resonant interaction are displayed in a calculation demonstrating how relativistic particles (modeled by the Klein-Gordon equation), feeding on such gravitational waves, may be driven to extreme energies.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000518819200001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1160
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Author Comisso, L.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Generalized magnetofluid connections in a curved spacetime Type
Year 2020 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 102 Issue 2 Pages 8 pp
Keywords
Abstract The ideal magnetohydrodynamic theorem on the conservation of the magnetic connections between plasma elements is extended to nonideal relativistic plasmas in curved spacetime. The existence of generalized magnetofluid connections that are preserved by the plasma dynamics is formalized by means of a covariant connection equation that includes different nonideal effects. These generalized connections are constituted by 2-dimensional hypersurfaces, which are linked to an antisymmetric tensor field that unifies the electromagnetic and fluid fields. They can be interpreted in terms of generalized magnetofluid vorticity field lines by considering a 3 + 1 foliation of spacetime and a time resetting projection that compensates for the loss of simultaneity between spatially separated events. The worldshects of the generalized magnetofluid vorticity field lines play a fundamental role in the plasma dynamics by prohibiting evolutions that do not preserve the magnetofluid connectivity.
Address [Comisso, Luca] Columbia Univ, Dept Astron, New York, NY 10027 USA, Email: luca.comisso@columbia.edu;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000552579500002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1212
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Author Comisso, L.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Magnetic reconnection as a mechanism for energy extraction from rotating black holes Type
Year 2021 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D.
Volume 103 Issue 2 Pages 023014
Keywords BLANDFORD-ZNAJEK MECHANISM; NEAR-INFRARED FLARES; SIMULATIONS; JETS; DRIVEN
Abstract Spinning black holes store rotational energy that can be extracted. When a black hole is immersed in an externally supplied magnetic field, reconnection of magnetic field lines within the ergosphere can generate negative energy (relative to infinity) particles that fall into the black hole event horizon while the other accelerated particles escape stealing energy from the black hole. We show analytically that energy extraction via magnetic reconnection is possible when the black hole spin is high (dimensionless spin a similar to 1) and the plasma is strongly magnetized (plasma magnetization sigma(0) > 1/3). The parameter space region where energy extraction is allowed depends on the plasma magnetization and the orientation of the reconnecting magnetic field lines. For sigma(0) >> 1, the asymptotic negative energy at infinity per enthalpy of the decelerated plasma that is swallowed by a maximally rotating black hole is found to be epsilon(infinity)(-) similar or equal to – root sigma(0)/3. The accelerated plasma that escapes to infinity and takes away black hole energy asymptotes the energy at infinity per enthalpy epsilon(infinity)(+) similar or equal to root 3 sigma(0).. We show that the maximum power extracted from the black hole by the escaping plasma is P-extr(max) similar to 0.1M(2) root sigma(0)w(0) (here, M is the black hole mass and w(0) is the plasma enthalpy density) for the collisionless plasma regime and one order of magnitude lower for the collisional regime. Energy extraction causes a significant spindown of the black hole when a similar to 1. The maximum efficiency of the plasma energization process via magnetic reconnection in the ergosphere is found to be eta(max) similar or equal to 3/2. Since fast magnetic reconnection in the ergosphere should occur intermittently in the scenario proposed here, the associated emission within a few gravitational radii from the black hole is expected to display a bursty nature.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000607513600001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1323
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Author Ekman, R.; Asenjo, F.A.; Zamanian, J.
Title Relativistic kinetic equation for spin-1/2 particles in the long-scale-length approximation Type
Year 2017 Publication Physical Review E Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. E
Volume 96 Issue 2 Pages 8 pp
Keywords
Abstract In this paper, we derive a fully relativistic kinetic theory for spin-1/2 particles and its coupling to Maxwell's equations, valid in the long-scale-length limit, where the fields vary on a scale much longer than the localization of the particles; we work to first order in (h) over bar. Our starting point is a Foldy-Wouthuysen (FW) transformation, applicable to this regime, of the Dirac Hamiltonian. We derive the corresponding evolution equation for the Wigner quasidistribution in an external electromagnetic field. Using a Lagrangian method we find expressions for the charge and current densities, expressed as free and bound parts. It is furthermore found that the velocity is nontrivially related to the momentum variable, with the difference depending on the spin and the external electromagnetic fields. This fact that has previously been discussed as “hidden momentum” and is due to that the FW transformation maps pointlike particles to particle clouds for which the prescription of minimal coupling is incorrect, as they have multipole moments. We express energy and momentum conservation for the system of particles and the electromagnetic field, and discuss our results in the context of the Abraham-Minkowski dilemma.
Address [Ekman, R.; Zamanian, J.] Umea Univ, Dept Phys, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0045 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000408118100012 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 759
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Author Asenjo, F.A.; Mahajan, S.M.
Title Diamagnetic field states in cosmological plasmas Type
Year 2019 Publication Physical Review E Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. E
Volume 99 Issue 5 Pages 7 pp
Keywords
Abstract Using a generally covariant electrovortic (magnetofluid) formalism for relativistic plasmas, the dynamical evolution of a generalized vorticity (a combination of the magnetic and kinematic parts) is studied in a cosmological context. We derive macroscopic vorticity and magnetic field structures that can emerge in spatial equilibrium configurations of the relativistic plasma. These fields, however, evolve in time. These magnetic and velocity fields, self-consistently sustained in a plasma with arbitrary thermodynamics, constitute a diamagnetic state in the expanding universe. In particular, we explore a special class of magnetic and velocity field structures supported by a plasma in which the generalized vorticity vanishes. We derive a highly interesting characteristic of such “superconductor-like” fields in a cosmological plasmas in the radiation era in the early universe. In that case, the fields grow proportional to the scale factor, establishing a deep connection between the expanding universe and the primordial magnetic fields.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN (up) 2470-0045 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000467737500016 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 999
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