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Author Rubio, C.A.; Asenjo, F.A.; Hojman, S.A.
Title Quantum Cosmologies Under Geometrical Unification of Gravity and Dark Energy Type
Year 2019 Publication (down) Symmetry-Basel Abbreviated Journal Symmetry
Volume 11 Issue 7 Pages
Keywords
Abstract A Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Universe was studied with a dark energy component represented by a quintessence field. The Lagrangian for this system, hereafter called the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker-quintessence (FRWq) system, was presented. It was shown that the classical Lagrangian reproduces the usual two (second order) dynamical equations for the radius of the Universe and for the quintessence scalar field, as well as a (first order) constraint equation. Our approach naturally unified gravity and dark energy, as it was obtained that the Lagrangian and the equations of motion are those of a relativistic particle moving on a two-dimensional, conformally flat spacetime. The conformal metric factor was related to the dark energy scalar field potential. We proceeded to quantize the system in three different schemes. First, we assumed the Universe was a spinless particle (as it is common in literature), obtaining a quantum theory for a Universe described by the Klein-Gordon equation. Second, we pushed the quantization scheme further, assuming the Universe as a Dirac particle, and therefore constructing its corresponding Dirac and Majorana theories. With the different theories, we calculated the expected values for the scale factor of the Universe. They depend on the type of quantization scheme used. The differences between the Dirac and Majorana schemes are highlighted here. The implications of the different quantization procedures are discussed. Finally, the possible consequences for a multiverse theory of the Dirac and Majorana quantized Universe are briefly considered.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2073-8994 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000481979000025 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1048
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Author Caerols, H.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Estimating the Moon-to-Earth Radius Ratio with a Smartphone, a Telescope, and an Eclipse Type
Year 2020 Publication (down) Physics Teacher Abbreviated Journal Phys. Teach.
Volume 58 Issue 7 Pages 497-501
Keywords
Abstract From ancient times, the different features of planets and moons have created a huge interest. Aristarchus was one of the first to study the relative relations among Earth, Moon, and Sun. This interest has remained until today, and therefore it is always relevant to make this knowledge more appealing to the younger generations. Nowadays, smartphone technology has become an important tool to teach physics, and this gives us a huge opportunity to bring science closer to students in a simpler manner. In this work, we show how simple photographs of a partial lunar eclipse are sufficiently good to estimate the ratio between the Moon and Earth radii. After taking the photographs, the procedure for the calculation is straightforward and it can be reproduced easily in a one–hour class
Address [Caerols, Hugo; Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Assn Physics Teachers Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0031-921x ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000576343700015 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1234
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Author Asenjo, F.A.; Comisso, L.; Mahajan, S.M.
Title Generalized magnetofluid connections in pair plasmas Type
Year 2015 Publication (down) Physics Of Plasmas Abbreviated Journal Phys. Plasmas
Volume 22 Issue 12 Pages 4 pp
Keywords
Abstract We extend the magnetic connection theorem of ideal magnetohydrodynamics to nonideal relativistic pair plasmas. Adopting a generalized Ohm's law, we prove the existence of generalized magnetofluid connections that are preserved by the plasma dynamics. We show that these connections are related to a general antisymmetric tensor that unifies the electromagnetic and fluid fields. The generalized magnetofluid connections set important constraints on the plasma dynamics by forbidding transitions between configurations with different magnetofluid connectivity. An approximated solution is explicitly shown where the corrections due to current inertial effects are found. (C) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Inst Physics Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1070-664x ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000367460400019 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 573
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Author Mahajan, S.M.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title A statistical model for relativistic quantum fluids interacting with an intense electromagnetic wave Type
Year 2016 Publication (down) Physics Of Plasmas Abbreviated Journal Phys. Plasmas
Volume 23 Issue 5 Pages 12 pp
Keywords
Abstract A statistical model for relativistic quantum fluids interacting with an arbitrary amplitude circularly polarized electromagnetic wave is developed in two steps. First, the energy spectrum and the wave function for a quantum particle (Klein Gordon and Dirac) embedded in the electromagnetic wave are calculated by solving the appropriate eigenvalue problem. The energy spectrum is anisotropic in the momentum K and reflects the electromagnetic field through the renormalization of the rest mass m to M = root m(2) + q(2)Q(2). Based on this energy spectrum of this quantum particle plus field combination (QPF), a statistical mechanics model of the quantum fluid made up of these weakly interacting QPF is developed. Preliminary investigations of the formalism yield highly interesting results-a new scale for temperature, and fundamental modification of the dispersion relation of the electromagnetic wave. It is expected that this formulation could, inter alia, uniquely advance our understanding of laboratory as well as astrophysical systems where one encounters arbitrarily large electromagnetic fields. (C) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC.
Address [Mahajan, Swadesh M.] Univ Texas Austin, Inst Fus Studies, Austin, TX 78712 USA, Email: mahajan@mail.utexas.edu;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Inst Physics Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1070-664x ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000378427900152 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 638
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Author Mahajan, S.M.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title General connected and reconnected fields in plasmas Type
Year 2018 Publication (down) Physics Of Plasmas Abbreviated Journal Phys. Plasmas
Volume 25 Issue 2 Pages 7 pp
Keywords
Abstract For plasma dynamics, more encompassing than the magnetohydrodynamical (MHD) approximation, the foundational concepts of “magnetic reconnection” may require deep revisions because, in the larger dynamics, magnetic field is no longer connected to the fluid lines; it is replaced by more general fields (one for each plasma specie) that are weighted combination of the electromagnetic and the thermal-vortical fields. We study the two-fluid plasma dynamics plasma expressed in two different sets of variables: the two-fluid (2F) description in terms of individual fluid velocities, and the one-fluid (1F) variables comprising the plasma bulk motion and plasma current. In the 2F description, a Connection Theorem is readily established; we show that, for each specie, there exists a Generalized (Magnetofluid/Electro-Vortic) field that is frozen-in the fluid and consequently remains, forever, connected to the flow. This field is an expression of the unification of the electromagnetic, and fluid forces (kinematic and thermal) for each specie. Since the magnetic field, by itself, is not connected in the first place, its reconnection is never forbidden and does not require any external agency (like resistivity). In fact, a magnetic field reconnection (local destruction) must be interpreted simply as a consequence of the preservation of the dynamical structure of the unified field. In the 1F plasma description, however, it is shown that there is no exact physically meaningful Connection Theorem; a general and exact field does not exist, which remains connected to the bulk plasma flow. It is also shown that the helicity conservation and the existence of a Connected field follow from the same dynamical structure; the dynamics must be expressible as an ideal Ohm's law with a physical velocity. This new perspective, emerging from the analysis of the post MHD physics, must force us to reexamine the meaning as well as our understanding of magnetic reconnection. Published by AIP Publishing.
Address [Mahajan, Swadesh M.] Univ Texas Austin, Inst Fus Studies, Austin, TX 78712 USA, Email: mahajan@mail.utexas.edu;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Inst Physics Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1070-664x ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000426584700020 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1038
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Author Hojman, S.A.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Dual wavefunctions in two-dimensional quantum mechanics Type
Year 2020 Publication (down) Physics Letters A Abbreviated Journal Phys. Lett. A
Volume 384 Issue 13 Pages 5 pp
Keywords Schrodinger equation; Dual solution; Bohm potential; Two-dimensions; Optics
Abstract It is shown that the Schrodinger equation for a large family of pairs of two-dimensional quantum potentials possess wavefunctions for which the amplitude and the phase are interchangeable, producing two different solutions which are dual to each other. This is a property of solutions with vanishing Bohm potential. These solutions can be extended to three-dimensional systems. We explicitly calculate dual solutions for physical systems, such as the repulsive harmonic oscillator and the two-dimensional hydrogen atom. These dual wavefunctions are also solutions of an analogue optical system in the eikonal limit. In this case, the potential is related to the refractive index, allowing the study of this two-dimensional dual wavefunction solutions with an optical (analogue) system. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Address [Hojman, Sergio A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Dept Ciencias, Fac Artes Liberales, Santiago 7491169, Chile, Email: sergio.hojman@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0375-9601 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000525434900002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1152
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Author Hojman, S.A.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title A new approach to solve the one-dimensional Schrodinger equation using a wavefunction potential Type
Year 2020 Publication (down) Physics Letters A Abbreviated Journal Phys. Lett. A
Volume 384 Issue 36 Pages 7 pp
Keywords Schrodinger equation; New exact solutions; Accelerating wavepackets; Bohm potential
Abstract A new approach to find exact solutions to one-dimensional quantum mechanical systems is devised. The scheme is based on the introduction of a potential function for the wavefunction, and the equation it satisfies. We recover known solutions as well as to get new ones for both free and interacting particles with wavefunctions having vanishing and non-vanishing Bohm potentials. For most of the potentials, no solutions to the Schrodinger equation produce a vanishing Bohm potential. A (large but) restricted family of potentials allows the existence of particular solutions for which the Bohm potential vanishes. This family of potentials is determined, and several examples are presented. It is shown that some quantum, such as accelerated Airy wavefunctions, are due to the presence of non-vanishing Bohm potentials. New examples of this kind are found and discussed. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0375-9601 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1271
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Author Comisso, L.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Thermal-Inertial Effects on Magnetic Reconnection in Relativistic Pair Plasmas Type
Year 2014 Publication (down) Physical Review Letters Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. Lett.
Volume 113 Issue 4 Pages 5 pp
Keywords
Abstract The magnetic reconnection process is studied in relativistic pair plasmas when the thermal and inertial properties of the magnetohydrodynamical fluid are included. We find that in both Sweet-Parker and Petschek relativistic scenarios there is an increase of the reconnection rate owing to the thermal-inertial effects, both satisfying causality. To characterize the new effects we define a thermal-inertial number which is independent of the relativistic Lundquist number, implying that reconnection can be achieved even for vanishing resistivity as a result of only thermal-inertial effects. The current model has fundamental importance for relativistic collisionless reconnection, as it constitutes the simplest way to get reconnection rates faster than those accessible with the sole resistivity.
Address [Comisso, Luca] Politecn Torino, Dipartimento Energia, I-10129 Turin, Italy, Email: luca.comisso@polito.it;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0031-9007 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000339620300007 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 393
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Author Braun, S.; Asenjo, F.A.; Mahajan, S.M.
Title Comment on “Spin-Gradient-Driven Light Amplification in a Quantum Plasma” Reply Type
Year 2014 Publication (down) Physical Review Letters Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. Lett.
Volume 112 Issue 12 Pages 1 pp
Keywords
Abstract
Address [Braun, S.; Asenjo, F. A.; Mahajan, S. M.] Univ Texas AustinStudies, Inst Fus Studies, Austin, TX 78712 USA, Email: faz@physics.utexas.edu;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0031-9007 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000333921000007 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 471
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asenjo, F.A.; Comisso, L.
Title Generalized Magnetofluid Connections in Relativistic Magnetohydrodynamics Type
Year 2015 Publication (down) Physical Review Letters Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. Lett.
Volume 114 Issue 11 Pages 5 pp
Keywords
Abstract The concept of magnetic connections is extended to nonideal relativistic magnetohydrodynamical plasmas. Adopting a general set of equations for relativistic magnetohydrodynamics including thermal-inertial, thermal electromotive, Hall, and current-inertia effects, we derive a new covariant connection equation showing the existence of generalized magnetofluid connections that are preserved during the dissipationless plasma dynamics. These connections are intimately linked to a general antisymmetric tensor that unifies the electromagnetic and fluid fields, allowing the extension of the magnetic connection notion to a much broader concept.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0031-9007 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000351507400011 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 478
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asenjo, F.A.; Comisso, L.
Title Relativistic Magnetic Reconnection in Kerr Spacetime Type
Year 2017 Publication (down) Physical Review Letters Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. Lett.
Volume 118 Issue 5 Pages 5 pp
Keywords
Abstract The magnetic reconnection process is analyzed for relativistic magnetohydrodynamical plasmas around rotating black holes. A simple generalization of the Sweet-Parker model is used as a first approximation to the problem. The reconnection rate, as well as other important properties of the reconnection layer, has been calculated taking into account the effect of spacetime curvature. Azimuthal and radial current sheet configurations in the equatorial plane of the black hole have been studied, and the case of small black hole rotation rate has been analyzed. For the azimuthal configuration, it is found that the black hole rotation decreases the reconnection rate. On the other hand, in the radial configuration, it is the gravitational force created by the black hole mass that decreases the reconnection rate. These results establish a fundamental interaction between gravity and magnetic reconnection in astrophysical contexts.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0031-9007 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000396415100005 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 702
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Author Ekman, R.; Asenjo, F.A.; Zamanian, J.
Title Relativistic kinetic equation for spin-1/2 particles in the long-scale-length approximation Type
Year 2017 Publication (down) Physical Review E Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. E
Volume 96 Issue 2 Pages 8 pp
Keywords
Abstract In this paper, we derive a fully relativistic kinetic theory for spin-1/2 particles and its coupling to Maxwell's equations, valid in the long-scale-length limit, where the fields vary on a scale much longer than the localization of the particles; we work to first order in (h) over bar. Our starting point is a Foldy-Wouthuysen (FW) transformation, applicable to this regime, of the Dirac Hamiltonian. We derive the corresponding evolution equation for the Wigner quasidistribution in an external electromagnetic field. Using a Lagrangian method we find expressions for the charge and current densities, expressed as free and bound parts. It is furthermore found that the velocity is nontrivially related to the momentum variable, with the difference depending on the spin and the external electromagnetic fields. This fact that has previously been discussed as “hidden momentum” and is due to that the FW transformation maps pointlike particles to particle clouds for which the prescription of minimal coupling is incorrect, as they have multipole moments. We express energy and momentum conservation for the system of particles and the electromagnetic field, and discuss our results in the context of the Abraham-Minkowski dilemma.
Address [Ekman, R.; Zamanian, J.] Umea Univ, Dept Phys, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2470-0045 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000408118100012 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 759
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Author Asenjo, F.A.; Mahajan, S.M.
Title Diamagnetic field states in cosmological plasmas Type
Year 2019 Publication (down) Physical Review E Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. E
Volume 99 Issue 5 Pages 7 pp
Keywords
Abstract Using a generally covariant electrovortic (magnetofluid) formalism for relativistic plasmas, the dynamical evolution of a generalized vorticity (a combination of the magnetic and kinematic parts) is studied in a cosmological context. We derive macroscopic vorticity and magnetic field structures that can emerge in spatial equilibrium configurations of the relativistic plasma. These fields, however, evolve in time. These magnetic and velocity fields, self-consistently sustained in a plasma with arbitrary thermodynamics, constitute a diamagnetic state in the expanding universe. In particular, we explore a special class of magnetic and velocity field structures supported by a plasma in which the generalized vorticity vanishes. We derive a highly interesting characteristic of such “superconductor-like” fields in a cosmological plasmas in the radiation era in the early universe. In that case, the fields grow proportional to the scale factor, establishing a deep connection between the expanding universe and the primordial magnetic fields.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2470-0045 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000467737500016 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 999
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Hojman, S.A.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Supersymmetric Majorana quantum cosmologies Type
Year 2015 Publication (down) Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 92 Issue 8 Pages 7 pp
Keywords
Abstract The Einstein equations for an isotropic and homogeneous Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe in the presence of a quintessence scalar field are shown to be described in a compact way, formally identical to the dynamics of a relativistic particle moving on a two-dimensional spacetime. The correct Lagrangian for the system is presented and used to construct a spinor quantum cosmology theory using Breit's prescription. The theory is supersymmetric when written in the Majorana representation. The spinor field components interact through a potential that correlates the spacetime metric and the quintessence. An exact supersymmetric solution for k = 0 case is exhibited. This quantum cosmology model may be interpreted as a theory of interacting universes.
Address [Hojman, Sergio A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Dept Ciencias, Fac Artes Liberales, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: sergio.hojman@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000362901900005 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 544
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Hojman, S.A.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Comment on “Highly relativistic spin-gravity coupling for fermions” Type
Year 2016 Publication (down) Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 93 Issue 2 Pages 4 pp
Keywords
Abstract We exhibit difficulties of different sorts which appear when using the Mathisson-Papapetrou equations, in particular in the description of highly relativistic particles presented in R. Plyatsko and M. Fenyk [Phys. Rev. D 91, 064033 (2015)]. We compare some results of this theory and of the aforementioned work with the ones obtained using a Lagrangian formulation for massive spinning particles and show that the issues mentioned in the preceding sentence do not appear in the Lagrangian treatment.
Address [Hojman, Sergio A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Artes Liberales, Dept Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: sergio.hojman@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000369327900012 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 640
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asenjo, F.A.; Hojman, S.A.
Title Birefringent light propagation on anisotropic cosmological backgrounds Type
Year 2017 Publication (down) Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 96 Issue 4 Pages 12 pp
Keywords
Abstract Exact electromagnetic wave solutions to Maxwell equations on anisotropic Bianchi I cosmological spacetime backgrounds are studied. The waves evolving on Bianchi I spacetimes exhibit birefringence (associated with linear polarization) and dispersion. The particular case of a vacuum-dominated anisotropic Universe, which reproduces a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Universe (for late times)-while, for earlier times, it matches a Kasner Universe-is studied. The electromagnetic waves do not, in general, follow null geodesics. This produces a modification of the cosmological redshift, which is then dependent on light polarization, its dispersion, and its non-null geodesic behavior. New results presented here may help to tackle some issues related to the “horizon” problem.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.; Hojman, Sergio A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, UAI Phys Ctr, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000407716200007 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 756
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Comisso, L.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Collisionless magnetic reconnection in curved spacetime and the effect of black hole rotation Type
Year 2018 Publication (down) Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 97 Issue 4 Pages 9 pp
Keywords
Abstract Magnetic reconnection in curved spacetime is studied by adopting a general-relativistic magneto-hydrodynamic model that retains collisionless effects for both electron-ion and pair plasmas. A simple generalization of the standard Sweet-Parker model allows us to obtain the first-order effects of the gravitational field of a rotating black hole. It is shown that the black hole rotation acts to increase the length of azimuthal reconnection layers, thus leading to a decrease of the reconnection rate. However, when coupled to collisionless thermal-inertial effects, the net reconnection rate is enhanced with respect to what would happen in a purely collisional plasma due to a broadening of the reconnection layer. These findings identify an underlying interaction between gravity and collisionless magnetic reconnection in the vicinity of compact objects.
Address [Comisso, Luca] Princeton Univ, Dept Astrophys Sci, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA, Email: lcomisso@princeton.edu;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000424748300002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 819
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asenjo, F.A.; Comisso, L.
Title Magnetic connections in curved spacetime Type
Year 2017 Publication (down) Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 96 Issue 12 Pages 7 pp
Keywords
Abstract The ideal magnetohydrodynamic theorem on the conservation of the magnetic connections between plasma elements is generalized to relativistic plasmas in curved spacetime. The connections between plasma elements, which are established by a covariant connection equation, display a particularly complex structure in curved spacetime. Nevertheless, it is shown that these connections can be interpreted in terms of magnetic field lines alone by adopting a 3 + 1 foliation of spacetime.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000417759400002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 785
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asenjo, F.A.; Comisso, L.
Title Gravitational electromotive force in magnetic reconnection around Schwarzschild black holes Type
Year 2019 Publication (down) Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 99 Issue 6 Pages 7 pp
Keywords
Abstract We analytically explore the effects of the gravitational electromotive force on magnetic reconnection around Schwarzschild black holes through a generalized general-relativistic magnetohydrodynamic model that retains two-fluid effects. It is shown that the gravitational electromotive force can couple to collisionless two-fluid effects and drive magnetic reconnection. This is allowed by the departure from quasineutrality in curved spacetime, which is explicitly manifested as the emergence of an effective resistivity in Ohm's law. The departure from quasineutrality is owed to different gravitational pulls experienced by separate parts of the current layer. This produces an enhancement of the reconnecion rate due to purely gravitational effects.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000462917900001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 993
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asenjo, F.A.; Mahajan, S.M.
Title Resonant interaction between dispersive gravitational waves and scalar massive particles Type
Year 2020 Publication (down) Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 101 Issue 6 Pages 4 pp
Keywords
Abstract The Klein-Gordon equation is solved in the curved background spacetime created by a dispersive gravitational wave. Unlike solutions of perturbed Einstein equations in vacuum, dispersive gravitational waves do not travel exactly at the speed of light. As a consequence, the gravitational wave can resonantly exchange energy with scalar massive particles. Some details of the resonant interaction are displayed in a calculation demonstrating how relativistic particles (modeled by the Klein-Gordon equation), feeding on such gravitational waves, may be driven to extreme energies.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000518819200001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1160
Permanent link to this record