|   | 
Details
   web
Records
Author Hojman, S.A.; Asenjo, F.A.; Moya-Cessa, H.M.; Soto-Eguibar, F.
Title Bohm potential is real and its effects are measurable Type
Year (down) 2021 Publication Optik Abbreviated Journal Optik
Volume 232 Issue Pages 166341
Keywords Bohm potential; Non-vanishing; Accelerating solutions
Abstract We analyze Bohm potential effects both in the realms of Quantum Mechanics and Optics, as well as in the study of other physical phenomena described in terms of classical and quantum wave equations. We approach this subject by using theoretical arguments as well as experimental evidence. We find that the effects produced by Bohm potential are both theoretically responsible for the early success of Quantum Mechanics correctly describing atomic and nuclear phenomena and, more recently, by confirming surprising accelerating behavior of free waves and particles experimentally, for instance.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0030-4026 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000636139700002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1366
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asenjo, F.A.; Hojman, S.A.; Moya-Cessa, H.M.; Soto-Eguibar, F.
Title Propagation of light in linear and quadratic GRIN media: The Bohm potential Type
Year (down) 2021 Publication Optics Communications Abbreviated Journal Opt. Commun.
Volume 490 Issue Pages 126947
Keywords
Abstract It is shown that field propagation in linear and quadratic gradient-index (GRIN) media obeys the same rules of free propagation in the sense that a field propagating in free space has a (mathematical) form that may be exported to those particular GRIN media. The Bohm potential is introduced in order to explain the reason of such behavior: it changes the dynamics by modifying the original potential . The concrete cases of two different initials conditions for each potential are analyzed.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0030-4018 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000664742700011 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1424
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asenjo, F.A.; Hojman, S.A.
Title Accelerating solutions to diffusion equation Type
Year (down) 2021 Publication European Physical Journal Plus Abbreviated Journal Eur. Phys. J. Plus.
Volume 136 Issue 6 Pages 677
Keywords NONLINEAR DIFFUSIONSIMILARITY SOLUTIONS
Abstract We report accelerating diffusive solutions to the diffusion equation with a constant diffusion tensor. The maximum values of the diffusion density evolve in an accelerating fashion described by Airy functions. We show the diffusive accelerating behavior for one-dimensional systems, as well as for a general three-dimensional case. We also construct a modulated modified form of the diffusion solution that retains the accelerating features.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2190-5444 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000664659600001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1433
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Caerols, H.; Carrasco, R.A.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Using smartphone photographs of the Moon to acquaint students with non-Euclidean geometry Type
Year (down) 2021 Publication American Journal of Physics Abbreviated Journal Am. J. Phys.
Volume 89 Issue 12 Pages 1079
Keywords
Abstract Non-Euclidean geometry can be taught to students using astronomical images. By using photographs o the Moon taken with a smartphone through a simple telescope, we were able to introduce these concepts to high-school students and lower-level college students. We teach students how to calculate lengths of mountain ranges or areas of craters on the Moon's surface and introduce ideas of geodesics and spherical triangles. Students can see that accurate measurements cannot be

obtained using at geometry. Instead, by using three{dimensional curved geometry, estimates of lengths and areas can be computed with less than 4% error.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0002-9505 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1447
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Hojman, S.J.; Moya-Cessa, H.M.; Soto-Eguibar, F.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Time-dependent harmonic oscillators and SUSY in time domain Type
Year (down) 2021 Publication Physica Scripta Abbreviated Journal Phys. Scr.
Volume 96 Issue 12 Pages 125218
Keywords time domain super-symmetry; time dependent harmonic oscillator; Bohm potential; Ermakov-lewis invariant
Abstract We show that the time-dependent harmonic oscillator has a repulsive or inverted oscillator as a time domain SUSY-like partner. Examples of several kinds of super-symmetrical time dependent frequency systems are presented.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0031-8949 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000698808000001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1467
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Hojman, S.A.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Phenomenological dynamics of COVID-19 pandemic: Meta-analysis for adjustment parameters Type
Year (down) 2020 Publication Chaos Abbreviated Journal Chaos
Volume 30 Issue 10 Pages 12 pp
Keywords
Abstract We present a phenomenological procedure of dealing with the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) data provided by government health agencies of 11 different countries. Usually, the exact or approximate solutions of susceptible-infected-recovered (or other) model(s) are obtained fitting the data by adjusting the time-independent parameters that are included in those models. Instead of that, in this work, we introduce dynamical parameters whose time-dependence may be phenomenologically obtained by adequately extrapolating a chosen subset of the daily provided data. This phenomenological approach works extremely well to properly adjust the number of infected (and removed) individuals in time for the countries we consider. Besides, it can handle the sub-epidemic events that some countries may experience. In this way, we obtain the evolution of the pandemic without using any a priori model based on differential equations.
Address [Hojman, Sergio A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Artes Lib, Dept Ciencias, Santiago 7491169, Chile, Email: sergio.hojman@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Inst Physics Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1054-1500 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000585761000001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1257
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Hojman, S.A.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Dual wavefunctions in two-dimensional quantum mechanics Type
Year (down) 2020 Publication Physics Letters A Abbreviated Journal Phys. Lett. A
Volume 384 Issue 13 Pages 5 pp
Keywords Schrodinger equation; Dual solution; Bohm potential; Two-dimensions; Optics
Abstract It is shown that the Schrodinger equation for a large family of pairs of two-dimensional quantum potentials possess wavefunctions for which the amplitude and the phase are interchangeable, producing two different solutions which are dual to each other. This is a property of solutions with vanishing Bohm potential. These solutions can be extended to three-dimensional systems. We explicitly calculate dual solutions for physical systems, such as the repulsive harmonic oscillator and the two-dimensional hydrogen atom. These dual wavefunctions are also solutions of an analogue optical system in the eikonal limit. In this case, the potential is related to the refractive index, allowing the study of this two-dimensional dual wavefunction solutions with an optical (analogue) system. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Address [Hojman, Sergio A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Dept Ciencias, Fac Artes Liberales, Santiago 7491169, Chile, Email: sergio.hojman@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0375-9601 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000525434900002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1152
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asenjo, F.A.; Mahajan, S.M.
Title Resonant interaction between dispersive gravitational waves and scalar massive particles Type
Year (down) 2020 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 101 Issue 6 Pages 4 pp
Keywords
Abstract The Klein-Gordon equation is solved in the curved background spacetime created by a dispersive gravitational wave. Unlike solutions of perturbed Einstein equations in vacuum, dispersive gravitational waves do not travel exactly at the speed of light. As a consequence, the gravitational wave can resonantly exchange energy with scalar massive particles. Some details of the resonant interaction are displayed in a calculation demonstrating how relativistic particles (modeled by the Klein-Gordon equation), feeding on such gravitational waves, may be driven to extreme energies.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000518819200001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1160
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Hojman, S.A.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Classical and Quantum Dispersion Relations Type
Year (down) 2020 Publication Physica Scripta Abbreviated Journal Phys. Scr.
Volume 95 Issue 8 Pages 7 pp
Keywords Quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation; Bohm potential; dispersion relation
Abstract It is showed that, in general, classical and quantum dispersion relations are different due to the presence of the Bohm potential. There are exact particular solutions of the quantum (wave) theory which obey the classical dispersion relation, but they differ in the general case. The dispersion relations may also coincide when additional assumptions are made, such as WKB or eikonal approximations, for instance. This general result also holds for non-quantum wave equations derived from classical counterparts, such as in ray and wave optics, for instance. Explicit examples are given for covariant scalar, vectorial and tensorial fields in flat and curved spacetimes.
Address [Hojman, Sergio A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Artes Liberales, Dept Ciencias, Santiago 7491169, Chile, Email: sergio.hojman@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Iop Publishing Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0031-8949 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000543208700001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1184
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Comisso, L.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Generalized magnetofluid connections in a curved spacetime Type
Year (down) 2020 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 102 Issue 2 Pages 8 pp
Keywords
Abstract The ideal magnetohydrodynamic theorem on the conservation of the magnetic connections between plasma elements is extended to nonideal relativistic plasmas in curved spacetime. The existence of generalized magnetofluid connections that are preserved by the plasma dynamics is formalized by means of a covariant connection equation that includes different nonideal effects. These generalized connections are constituted by 2-dimensional hypersurfaces, which are linked to an antisymmetric tensor field that unifies the electromagnetic and fluid fields. They can be interpreted in terms of generalized magnetofluid vorticity field lines by considering a 3 + 1 foliation of spacetime and a time resetting projection that compensates for the loss of simultaneity between spatially separated events. The worldshects of the generalized magnetofluid vorticity field lines play a fundamental role in the plasma dynamics by prohibiting evolutions that do not preserve the magnetofluid connectivity.
Address [Comisso, Luca] Columbia Univ, Dept Astron, New York, NY 10027 USA, Email: luca.comisso@columbia.edu;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000552579500002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1212
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Caerols, H.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Estimating the Moon-to-Earth Radius Ratio with a Smartphone, a Telescope, and an Eclipse Type
Year (down) 2020 Publication Physics Teacher Abbreviated Journal Phys. Teach.
Volume 58 Issue 7 Pages 497-501
Keywords
Abstract From ancient times, the different features of planets and moons have created a huge interest. Aristarchus was one of the first to study the relative relations among Earth, Moon, and Sun. This interest has remained until today, and therefore it is always relevant to make this knowledge more appealing to the younger generations. Nowadays, smartphone technology has become an important tool to teach physics, and this gives us a huge opportunity to bring science closer to students in a simpler manner. In this work, we show how simple photographs of a partial lunar eclipse are sufficiently good to estimate the ratio between the Moon and Earth radii. After taking the photographs, the procedure for the calculation is straightforward and it can be reproduced easily in a one–hour class
Address [Caerols, Hugo; Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Assn Physics Teachers Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0031-921x ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000576343700015 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1234
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asenjo, F.A.; Hojman, S.A.
Title Casimir force induced by electromagnetic wave polarization in Kerr, Godel and Bianchi-I spacetimes Type
Year (down) 2020 Publication European Physical Journal C Abbreviated Journal Eur. Phys. J. C
Volume 80 Issue 11 Pages 7 pp
Keywords
Abstract Electromagnetic waves propagation on either rotating or anisotropic spacetime backgrounds (such as Kerr and Gödel metrics, or Bianchi�I metric) produce a reduction of the magnitude of Casimir forces between plates. These

curved spacetimes behave as chiral or birefringent materials producing dispersion of electromagnetic waves, in such a way that right� and left�circularly polarized light waves propagate with different phase velocities. Results are explicitly calculated for discussed cases. The difference on the wavevectors of the two polarized electromagnetic waves produces an abatement of a Casimir force which depends on the interaction between the polarization of electromagnetic

waves and the properties of the spacetime.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1434-6044 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1268
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Hojmann, S.A.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Quantum particles that behave as free classical particles Type
Year (down) 2020 Publication PHYSICAL REVIEW A Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. A
Volume 102 Issue 5 Pages 052211
Keywords Wave; Generation
Abstract The existence of nonvanishing Bohm potentials, in the Madelung-Bohm version of the Schrödinger equation, allows for the construction of particular solutions for states of quantum particles interacting with nontrivial external potentials that propagate as free classical particles. Such solutions are constructed with phases which satisfy the classical Hamilton-Jacobi for free particles and whose probability densities propagate with constant velocity, as free classical particles do.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2469-9926 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1269
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Hojman, S.A.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title A new approach to solve the one-dimensional Schrodinger equation using a wavefunction potential Type
Year (down) 2020 Publication Physics Letters A Abbreviated Journal Phys. Lett. A
Volume 384 Issue 36 Pages 7 pp
Keywords Schrodinger equation; New exact solutions; Accelerating wavepackets; Bohm potential
Abstract A new approach to find exact solutions to one-dimensional quantum mechanical systems is devised. The scheme is based on the introduction of a potential function for the wavefunction, and the equation it satisfies. We recover known solutions as well as to get new ones for both free and interacting particles with wavefunctions having vanishing and non-vanishing Bohm potentials. For most of the potentials, no solutions to the Schrodinger equation produce a vanishing Bohm potential. A (large but) restricted family of potentials allows the existence of particular solutions for which the Bohm potential vanishes. This family of potentials is determined, and several examples are presented. It is shown that some quantum, such as accelerated Airy wavefunctions, are due to the presence of non-vanishing Bohm potentials. New examples of this kind are found and discussed. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0375-9601 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1271
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asenjo, F.A.; Comisso, L.
Title Gravitational electromotive force in magnetic reconnection around Schwarzschild black holes Type
Year (down) 2019 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 99 Issue 6 Pages 7 pp
Keywords
Abstract We analytically explore the effects of the gravitational electromotive force on magnetic reconnection around Schwarzschild black holes through a generalized general-relativistic magnetohydrodynamic model that retains two-fluid effects. It is shown that the gravitational electromotive force can couple to collisionless two-fluid effects and drive magnetic reconnection. This is allowed by the departure from quasineutrality in curved spacetime, which is explicitly manifested as the emergence of an effective resistivity in Ohm's law. The departure from quasineutrality is owed to different gravitational pulls experienced by separate parts of the current layer. This produces an enhancement of the reconnecion rate due to purely gravitational effects.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000462917900001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 993
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asenjo, F.A.; Hojman, S.A.
Title Correspondence between dark energy quantum cosmology and Maxwell equations Type
Year (down) 2019 Publication European Physical Journal C Abbreviated Journal Eur. Phys. J. C
Volume 79 Issue 9 Pages 5 pp
Keywords
Abstract A Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmology with dark energy can be modelled using a quintessence field. That system is equivalent to a relativistic particle moving on a two-dimensional conformal spacetime. When the quintessence behaves as a free massless scalar field in a Universe with cosmological constant, the quantized version of that theory can lead to a supersymmetric Majorana quantum cosmology. The purpose of this work is to show that such quantum cosmological model corresponds to the Maxwell equations for electromagnetic waves propagating in a medium with specific values for its relative permittivity and relative permeability. The form of those media parameters are calculated, implying that a Majorana quantum cosmology can be studied in an analogue electromagnetic system.
Address [Asenjoa, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Springer Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1434-6044 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000484523100004 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1053
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asenjo, F.A.; Mahajan, S.M.
Title Diamagnetic field states in cosmological plasmas Type
Year (down) 2019 Publication Physical Review E Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. E
Volume 99 Issue 5 Pages 7 pp
Keywords
Abstract Using a generally covariant electrovortic (magnetofluid) formalism for relativistic plasmas, the dynamical evolution of a generalized vorticity (a combination of the magnetic and kinematic parts) is studied in a cosmological context. We derive macroscopic vorticity and magnetic field structures that can emerge in spatial equilibrium configurations of the relativistic plasma. These fields, however, evolve in time. These magnetic and velocity fields, self-consistently sustained in a plasma with arbitrary thermodynamics, constitute a diamagnetic state in the expanding universe. In particular, we explore a special class of magnetic and velocity field structures supported by a plasma in which the generalized vorticity vanishes. We derive a highly interesting characteristic of such “superconductor-like” fields in a cosmological plasmas in the radiation era in the early universe. In that case, the fields grow proportional to the scale factor, establishing a deep connection between the expanding universe and the primordial magnetic fields.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2470-0045 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000467737500016 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 999
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asenjo, F.A.; Moya, P.S.
Title The contribution of magnetic monopoles to the ponderomotive force Type
Year (down) 2019 Publication Journal Of Physics A-Mathematical And Theoretical Abbreviated Journal J. Phys. A-Math. Theor.
Volume 52 Issue 25 Pages 13 pp
Keywords plasma waves; magnetic monopoles; ponderomotive force
Abstract When magnetic monopoles are assumed to exist in plasma dynamics, the propagation of electromagnetic waves is modified as Maxwell equations acquire a symmetrical structure due to the existence of electric and magnetic charge and current densities. This work presents a theoretical exploration on how far we can push the limits of a plasma theory under the presence of magnetic monopoles. In particular, we study the modification of ponderomotive forces in a plasma composed by electric and magnetic charges. We show that the general ponderomotive force on this plasma depends non-trivially on the magnetic monopoles, through the slow temporal and spatial variations of the electromagnetic field amplitudes. The magnetic charges introduce corrections even if the plasma is unmagnetized. Also, it is shown that the magnetic monopoles also experience a ponderomotive force due to the electrons. This force is in the direction of propagation of the electromagnetic waves.
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: felipe.asenjo@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Iop Publishing Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1751-8113 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000469448000001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1029
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Rubio, C.A.; Asenjo, F.A.; Hojman, S.A.
Title Quantum Cosmologies Under Geometrical Unification of Gravity and Dark Energy Type
Year (down) 2019 Publication Symmetry-Basel Abbreviated Journal Symmetry
Volume 11 Issue 7 Pages
Keywords
Abstract A Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Universe was studied with a dark energy component represented by a quintessence field. The Lagrangian for this system, hereafter called the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker-quintessence (FRWq) system, was presented. It was shown that the classical Lagrangian reproduces the usual two (second order) dynamical equations for the radius of the Universe and for the quintessence scalar field, as well as a (first order) constraint equation. Our approach naturally unified gravity and dark energy, as it was obtained that the Lagrangian and the equations of motion are those of a relativistic particle moving on a two-dimensional, conformally flat spacetime. The conformal metric factor was related to the dark energy scalar field potential. We proceeded to quantize the system in three different schemes. First, we assumed the Universe was a spinless particle (as it is common in literature), obtaining a quantum theory for a Universe described by the Klein-Gordon equation. Second, we pushed the quantization scheme further, assuming the Universe as a Dirac particle, and therefore constructing its corresponding Dirac and Majorana theories. With the different theories, we calculated the expected values for the scale factor of the Universe. They depend on the type of quantization scheme used. The differences between the Dirac and Majorana schemes are highlighted here. The implications of the different quantization procedures are discussed. Finally, the possible consequences for a multiverse theory of the Dirac and Majorana quantized Universe are briefly considered.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2073-8994 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000481979000025 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1048
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Comisso, L.; Asenjo, F.A.
Title Collisionless magnetic reconnection in curved spacetime and the effect of black hole rotation Type
Year (down) 2018 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 97 Issue 4 Pages 9 pp
Keywords
Abstract Magnetic reconnection in curved spacetime is studied by adopting a general-relativistic magneto-hydrodynamic model that retains collisionless effects for both electron-ion and pair plasmas. A simple generalization of the standard Sweet-Parker model allows us to obtain the first-order effects of the gravitational field of a rotating black hole. It is shown that the black hole rotation acts to increase the length of azimuthal reconnection layers, thus leading to a decrease of the reconnection rate. However, when coupled to collisionless thermal-inertial effects, the net reconnection rate is enhanced with respect to what would happen in a purely collisional plasma due to a broadening of the reconnection layer. These findings identify an underlying interaction between gravity and collisionless magnetic reconnection in the vicinity of compact objects.
Address [Comisso, Luca] Princeton Univ, Dept Astrophys Sci, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA, Email: lcomisso@princeton.edu;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000424748300002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 819
Permanent link to this record