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Author Canessa, E.C.; Chaigneau, S.E.
Title When are concepts comparable across minds? Type
Year 2016 Publication (down) Quality & Quantity Abbreviated Journal Qual. Quant.
Volume 50 Issue 3 Pages 1367-1384
Keywords Conceptual Agreement Theory; Conceptual variability; Shared meaning; Agreement
Abstract In communication, people cannot resort to direct reference (e.g., pointing) when using diffuse concepts like democracy. Given that concepts reside in individuals' minds, how can people share those concepts? We argue that concepts are comparable across a social group if they afford agreement for those who use it; and that agreement occurs whenever individuals receive evidence that others conceptualize a given situation similarly to them. Based on Conceptual Agreement Theory, we show how to compute an agreement probability based on the sets of properties belonging to concepts. If that probability is sufficiently high, this shows that concepts afford an adequate level of agreement, and one may say that concepts are comparable across individuals' minds. In contrast to other approaches, our method considers that inter-individual variability in naturally occurring conceptual content exists and is a fact that must be taken into account, whereas other theories treat variability as error that should be cancelled out. Given that conceptual variability will exist, our approach may establish whether concepts are comparable across individuals' minds more soundly than previous methods.
Address [Canessa, Enrique Carlos] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Av P Hurtado 750, Vina Del Mar, Chile, Email: ecanessa@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Springer Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0033-5177 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000374458900025 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 614
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Author Chaigneau, S.E.; Puebla, G.; Canessa, E.C.
Title Why the designer's intended function is central for proper function assignment and artifact conceptualization: Essentialist and normative accounts Type
Year 2016 Publication (down) Developmental Review Abbreviated Journal Dev. Rev.
Volume 41 Issue Pages 38-50
Keywords Artifacts; Function; Design; Essentialism; Ownership
Abstract People tend to think that the function intended by an artifact's designer is its real or proper function. Relatedly, people tend to classify artifacts according to their designer's intended function (DIF), as opposed to an alternative opportunistic function. This centrality of DIF has been shown in children from 6 years of age to adults, and it is not restricted to Western societies. We review four different explanations for the centrality of DIF, integrating developmental and adult data. Two of these explanations are essentialist accounts (causal and intentional essentialism). Two of them are normative accounts (conventional function and idea ownership). Though essentialist accounts have been very influential, we review evidence that shows their limitations. Normative accounts have been less predominant. We review evidence to support them, and discuss how they account for the data. In particular, we review evidence suggesting that the centrality of DIF can be explained as a case of idea ownership. This theory makes sense of a great deal of the existing data on the subject, reconciles contradictory results, links this line of work to other literatures, and offers an account of the observed developmental trend. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Address [Chaigneau, Sergio E.] Adolfo Ibanez Univ, Sch Psychol, Ctr Social & Cognit Neurosci, Ctr Cognit Res, Santiago, Region Metropol, Chile, Email: sergio.chaigneau@uai.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0273-2297 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000381845200002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 648
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