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Author Ferrada, F.; Babonneau, F.; Homem-de-Mello, T.; Jalil-Vega, F. doi  openurl
  Title Energy planning policies for residential and commercial sectors under ambitious global and local emissions objectives: A Chilean case study Type
  Year 2022 Publication Journal Of Cleaner Production Abbreviated Journal J. Clean. Prod.  
  Volume 350 Issue Pages 131299  
  Keywords ETEM model; Zero-emission target; Long-term energy systems models; Decarbonization; Air pollution; Heat decarbonization  
  Abstract Chile is currently engaged in an energy transition process to meet ambitious greenhouse gas reductions and improved air quality indices. In this paper, we apply a long-term energy planning model, with the objective of finding the set of technologies that meet strong reductions of CO2 emissions and of local PM2.5 concentrations. For this purpose, we use the existing ETEM-Chile (Energy-Technology-Environment-Model) model which considers a simplified version of the Chilean electricity sector that we extend to the residential and commercial sectors and to local concentration considerations. We propose an original approach to integrate in the same framework local and global emission constraints. Results show that to meet the goal of zero emissions by 2050, electrification of end-use demands increases up to 49.2% with a strong growth of the CO2 marginal cost. It should be noted that this electrification rate is much lower than government projections and those usually found in the literature, in certain geographic areas in southern Chile with a wide availability of firewood for residential heating. Regarding local PM2.5 concentrations, our analysis shows that even without a specific emission reduction target, acceptable PM2.5 concentrations are achieved by 2045, due to first the emergence of more efficient, cleaner and cost-effective end-use technologies, in particular, residential firewood heaters, and second the use of drier and therefore less contaminating firewood. Achieving acceptable air quality as early as 2030 is also possible but comes with a high marginal cost of PM2.5 concentration. Our results illustrate the need for implementing effective public policies to (i) regulate the firewood heating market to increase its production and improve its environmental quality and (ii) incentivize the installation of efficient firewood heaters in the residential sector.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0959-6526 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition (up) Conference  
  Notes WOS:000814826300001 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1592  
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Author Ferrada, F.; Babonneau, F.; Homem-de-Mello, T.; Jalil-Vega, F. doi  openurl
  Title The role of hydrogen for deep decarbonization of energy systems: A Chilean case study Type
  Year 2023 Publication Energy Policy Abbreviated Journal Energy Policy  
  Volume 177 Issue Pages 113536  
  Keywords Energy transition; Chilean energy system; Green hydrogen; Transport; Energy systems model; Energy planning  
  Abstract In this paper we implement a long-term multi-sectoral energy planning model to evaluate the role of green hydrogen in the energy mix of Chile, a country with a high renewable potential, under stringent emission reduction objectives in 2050. Our results show that green hydrogen is a cost-effective and environmentally friendly route especially for hard-to-abate sectors, such as interprovincial and freight transport. They also suggest a strong synergy of hydrogen with electricity generation from renewable sources. Our numerical simulations show that Chile should (i) start immediately to develop hydrogen production through electrolyzers all along the country, (ii) keep investing in wind and solar generation capacities ensuring a low cost hydrogen production and reinforce the power transmission grid to allow nodal hydrogen production, (iii) foster the use of electric mobility for cars and local buses and of hydrogen for long-haul trucks and interprovincial buses and, (iv) develop seasonal hydrogen storage and hydrogen cells to be exploited for electricity supply, especially for the most stringent emission reduction objectives.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0301-4215 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition (up) Conference  
  Notes WOS:000966529800001 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1778  
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