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Author (up) Psaridi, A.; Bouchy, F.; Lendl, M.; Akinsanmi, B.; Stassun, K.G.; Smalley, B.; Armstrong, D.J.; Howard, S.; Ulmer-Moll, S.; Grieves, N.; Barkaoui, K.; Rodriguez, J.E.; Bryant, E.M.; Suarez, O.; Guillot, T.; Evans, P.; Attia, O.; Wittenmyer, R.A.; Yee, S.W.; Collins, K.A.; Zhou, G.R.; Galland, F.; Parc, L.; Udry, S.; Figueira, P.; Ziegler, C.; Mordasini, C.; Winn, J.N.; Seager, S.; Jenkins, J.M.; Twicken, J.D.; Brahm, R.; Jones, M.I.; Abe, L.; Addison, B.; Briceno, C.; Briegal, J.T.; Collins, K.I.; Daylan, T.; Eigmuller, P.; Furesz, G.; Guerrero, N.M.; Hagelberg, J.; Heitzmann, A,; Hounsell, R.; Huang, C.X.; Krenn, A .; Law, N.M.; Mann, A.W.; McCormac, J.; Mekarnia, D.; Mounzer, D.; Nielsen, L.D.; Osborn, A.; Reinarz, Y.; Sefako, R.R.; Steiner, M.; Strom, P.A.; Triaud, A.H.M.J.; Vanderspek, R.; Vanzi, L.; Vines, J.I.; Watson, C.A.; Wright, D.J.; Zapata, A.
Title Three Saturn-mass planets transiting F-type stars revealed with TESS and HARPS TOI-615b, TOI-622b, and TOI-2641b Type
Year 2023 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 675 Issue Pages A39
Keywords planets and satellites: individual: TOI-615b; planets and satellites: individual: TOI-622b; stars: early-type; techniques: photometric; techniques: radial velocities; planets and satellites: individual: TOI-2641b
Abstract While the sample of confirmed exoplanets continues to grow, the population of transiting exoplanets around early-type stars is still limited. These planets allow us to investigate the planet properties and formation pathways over a wide range of stellar masses and study the impact of high irradiation on hot Jupiters orbiting such stars. We report the discovery of TOI-615b, TOI-622b, and TOI-2641b, three Saturn-mass planets transiting main sequence, F-type stars. The planets were identified by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) and confirmed with complementary ground-based and radial velocity observations. TOI-615b is a highly irradiated (similar to 1277 F-circle dot) and bloated Saturn-mass planet (1.69(-0.06)(+0.05) R-Jup and 0.43(-0.08)(+0.09) M-Jup) in a 4.66 day orbit transiting a 6850 K star. TOI-622b has a radius of 0.82(-0.03)(+0.03) R-Jup and a mass of 0.30(-0.08)(+0.07) M-Jup in a 6.40 day orbit. Despite its high insolation flux (similar to 600 F-circle dot), TOI-622b does not show any evidence of radius inflation. TOI-2641b is a 0.39(-0.04)(+0.02) M-Jup planet in a 4.88 day orbit with a grazing transit (b = 1.04(-0.06)(+0.05)) that results in a poorly constrained radius of 1.61(-0.64)(+0.46) R-Jup. Additionally, TOI-615b is considered attractive for atmospheric studies via transmission spectroscopy with ground-based spectrographs and JWST. Future atmospheric and spin-orbit alignment observations are essential since they can provide information on the atmospheric composition, formation, and migration of exoplanets across various stellar types.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6361 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:001023752300020 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1872
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Author (up) Psaridi, A.; Bouchy, F.; Lendl, M.; Grieves, N.; Stassun, K.G.; Carmichael, T.; Gill, S.; Rojas, P.A.P.; Gan, T.J.; Shporer, A.; Bieryla, A.; Brahm, R.; Christiansen, J.L.; Crossfield, I.J.M.; Galland, F.; Hooton, M.J.; Jenkins, J.M.; Jenkins, J.S.; Latham, D.W.; Lund, M.B.; Rodriguez, J.E.; Ting, E.B.; Udry, S.; Ulmer-Moll, S.; Wittenmyer, R.A.; Zhang, Y.Z.; Zhou, G.; Addison, B.; Cointepas, M.; Collins, K.A.; Collins, K.I.; Deline, A.; Dressing, C.D.; Evans, P.; Giacalone, S.; Heitzmann, A.; Mireles, I.; Mounzer, D.; Otegi, J.; Radford, D.J.; Rudat, A.; Schlieder, J.E.; Schwarz, R.P.; Srdoc, G.; Stockdale, C.; Suarez, O.; Wright, D.J.; Zhao, Y.A.
Title Three new brown dwarfs and a massive hot Jupiter revealed by TESS around early-type stars Type
Year 2022 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 664 Issue Pages A94
Keywords brown dwarfs; planetary systems; techniques: photometric; techniques: radial velocities; stars: early-type; binaries: eclipsing
Abstract ontext. The detection and characterization of exoplanets and brown dwarfs around massive AF-type stars is essential to investigate and constrain the impact of stellar mass on planet properties. However, such targets are still poorly explored in radial velocity (RV) surveys because they only feature a small number of stellar lines and those are usually broadened and blended by stellar rotation as well as stellar jitter. As a result, the available information about the formation and evolution of planets and brown dwarfs around hot stars is limited.

Aims. We aim to increase the sample and precisely measure the masses and eccentricities of giant planets and brown dwarfs transiting early-type stars detected by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS).

Methods. We followed bright (V < 12 mag) stars with T-eff > 6200 K that host giant companions (R > 7R(circle plus)) using ground-based photometric observations as well as high precision radial velocity measurements from the CORALIE, CHIRON, TRES, FEROS, and MINERVA-Australis spectrographs.

Results. In the context of the search for exoplanets and brown dwarfs around early-type stars, we present the discovery of three brown dwarf companions, TOI-629b, TOI-1982b, and TOI-2543b, and one massive planet, TOI-1107b. From the joint analysis of TESS and ground-based photometry in combination with high precision radial velocity measurements, we find the brown dwarfs have masses between 66 and 68 M-Jup, periods between 7.54 and 17.17 days, and radii between 0.95 and 1.11 R-Jup. The hot Jupiter TOI-1107b has an orbital period of 4.08 days, a radius of 1.30 R-Jup, and a mass of 3.35 M-Jup. As a by-product of this program, we identified four low-mass eclipsing components (TOI-288b, TOI-446b, TOI-478b, and TOI-764b).

Conclusions. Both TOI-1107b and TOI-1982b present an anomalously inflated radius with respect to the age of these systems. TOI-629 is among the hottest stars with a known transiting brown dwarf. TOI-629b and T01-1982b are among the most eccentric brown dwarfs. The massive planet and the three brown dwarfs add to the growing population of well-characterized giant planets and brown dwarfs transiting AF-type stars and they reduce the apparent paucity.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6361 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000840123200001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1640
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