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Author Carleo, I.; Gandolfi, D.; Barragan, O.; Livingston, J.H.; Persson, C.M.; Lam, K.W.F.; Vidotto, A.; Lund, M.B.; D'Angelo, C.V.; Collins, K.A.; Fossati, L.; Howard, A.W.; Kubyshkina, D.; Brahm, R.; Oklopcic, A.; Molliere, P.; Redfield, S.; Serrano, L.M.; Dai, F.; Fridlund, M.; Borsa, F.; Korth, J.; Esposito, M.; Diaz, M.R.; Nielsen, L.D.; Hellier, C.; Mathur, S.; Deeg, H.J.; Hatzes, A.P.; Benatti, S.; Rodler, F.; Alarcon, J.; Spina, L.; Santos, A.R.G.; Georgieva, I.; Garcia, R.A.; Gonzalez-Cuesta, L.; Ricker, G.R.; Vanderspek, R.; Latham, D.W.; Seager, S.; Winn, J.N.; Jenkins, J.M.; Albrecht, S.; Batalha, N.M.; Beard, C.; Boyd, P.T.; Bouchy, F.; Burt, J.A.; Butler, R.P.; Cabrera, J.; Chontos, A.; Ciardi, D.R.; Cochran, W.D.; Collins, K.I.; Crane, J.D.; Crossfield, I.; Csizmadia, S.; Dragomir, D.; Dressing, C.; Eigmuller, P.; Endl, M.; Erikson, A.; Espinoza, N.; Fausnaugh, M.; Feng, F.B.; Flowers, E.; Fulton, B.; Gonzales, E.J.; Grieves, N.; Grziwa, S.; Guenther, E.W.; Guerrero, N.M.; Henning, T.; Hidalgo, D.; Hirano, T.; Hjorth, M.; Huber, D.; Isaacson, H.; Jones, M.; Jordan, A.; Kabath, P.; Kane, S.R.; Knudstrup, E.; Lubin, J.; Luque, R.; Mireles, I.; Narita, N.; Nespral, D.; Niraula, P.; Nowak, G.; Palle, E.; Patzold, M.; Petigura, E.A.; Prieto-Arranz, J.; Rauer, H.; Robertson, P.; Rose, M.E.; Roy, A.; Sarkis, P.; Schlieder, J.E.; Segransan, D.; Shectman, S.; Skarka, M.; Smith, A.M.S.; Smith, J.C.; Stassun, K.; Teske, J.; Twicken, J.D.; Van Eylen, V.; Wang, S.R.; Weiss, L.M.; Wyttenbach, A.
Title The Multiplanet System TOI-421* Type
Year 2020 Publication Astronomical Journal Abbreviated Journal Astron. J.
Volume 160 Issue 3 Pages 23 pp
Keywords
Abstract We report the discovery of a warm Neptune and a hot sub-Neptune transiting TOI-421 (BD-14 1137, TIC 94986319), a bright (V = 9.9) G9 dwarf star in a visual binary system observed by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) space mission in Sectors 5 and 6. We performed ground-based follow-up observations-comprised of Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope transit photometry, NIRC2 adaptive optics imaging, and FIbre-fed Echelle Spectrograph, CORALIE, High Accuracy Radial velocity Planet Searcher, High Resolution echelle Spectrometer, and Planet Finder Spectrograph high-precision Doppler measurements-and confirmed the planetary nature of the 16 day transiting candidate announced by the TESS team. We discovered an additional radial velocity signal with a period of five days induced by the presence of a second planet in the system, which we also found to transit its host star. We found that the inner mini-Neptune, TOI-421 b, has an orbital period of P-b = 5.19672 +/- 0.00049 days, a mass of M-b = 7.17 +/- 0.66 M-circle plus, and a radius of R-b = R-circle plus, whereas the outer warm Neptune, TOI-421 c, has a period of P-c = 16.06819 +/- 0.00035 days, a mass of M-c = 16.42(-1.04)(+1.06)M(circle plus), a radius of R-c = 5.09(-0.15)(+0.16)R(circle plus), and a density of rho(c) = 0.685(-0.072)(+0.080) cm(-3). With its characteristics, the outer planet (rho(c) = 0.685(-0.0072)(+0.080) cm(-3)) is placed in the intriguing class of the super-puffy mini-Neptunes. TOI-421 b and TOI-421 c are found to be well-suited for atmospheric characterization. Our atmospheric simulations predict significant Ly alpha transit absorption, due to strong hydrogen escape in both planets, as well as the presence of detectable CH4 in the atmosphere of TOI-421 c if equilibrium chemistry is assumed.
Address [Carleo, Ilaria; Redfield, Seth] Wesleyan Univ, Astron Dept, Middletown, CT 06459 USA, Email: icarleo@wesleyan.edu
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Iop Publishing Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6256 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000561609000001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1254
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Author Eberhardt, J.; Trifonov, T.; Kurster, M.; Stock, S.; Henning, T.; Wollbold, A.; Reffert, S.; Lee, M.H.; Zechmeister, M.; Rodler, F.; Zakhozhay, O.; Heeren, P.; Gandolfi, D.; Barragan, O.; Pinto, M.T.; Wolthoff, V.; Sarkis, P.; Brems, S.S.
Title Dynamical Architecture of the HD 107148 Planetary System Type
Year 2022 Publication Astronomical Journal Abbreviated Journal Astron. J.
Volume 163 Issue 5 Pages 198
Keywords LOMB-SCARGLE PERIODOGRAM; EXTRA-SOLAR PLANETS; RADIAL-VELOCITIES; ORBITAL SOLUTIONS; CARMENES SEARCH; M DWARFS; COMPANIONS; PRECISION; STARS; EXOPLANETS
Abstract We present an independent Doppler validation and dynamical orbital analysis of the two-planet system HD 107148, which was recently announced in Rosenthal et al. Our detailed analyses are based on literature HIRES data and newly obtained HARPS and CARMENES radial-velocity (RV) measurements as part of our survey in search for additional planets around single-planet systems. We perform a periodogram analysis of the available HIRES and HARPS precise RVs and stellar activity indicators. We do not find any apparent correlation between the RV measurements and the stellar activity indicators, thus linking the two strong periodicities to a moderately compact multiplanet system. We carry out orbital fitting analysis by testing various one- and two-planet orbital configurations and studying the posterior probability distribution of the fitted parameters. Our results solidify the existence of a Saturn-mass planet (HD 107148b, discovered first) with a period of P (b) similar to 77.2 days and a second, eccentric (e (c) similar to 0.4), Neptune-mass exoplanet (HD 107148c) with an orbital period of P (c) similar to 18.3 days. Finally, we investigate the two-planet system's long-term stability and overall orbital dynamics with the posterior distribution of our preferred orbital configuration. Our N-body stability simulations show that the system is long-term stable and exhibits large secular osculations in eccentricity but in no particular mean motion resonance configuration. The HD 107148 system, consisting of a solar-type main-sequence star with two giant planets in a rare configuration, features a common proper-motion white dwarf companion and is therefore a valuable target for understanding the formation and evolution of planetary systems.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6256 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000778725000001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1562
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Author Leleu, A.; Alibert, Y.; Hara, N.C.; Hooton, M. J.; Wilson, T.G.; Robutel, P.; Delisle, J.B.; Laskar, J .; Hoyer, S.; Lovis, C.; Bryant, E.M.; Ducrot, E.; Cabrera, J.; Delrez, L.; Acton, J.S.; Adibekyan, V.; Allart, R.; Prieto, C.A.; Alonso, R.; Alves, D.; Anderson, D.R.; Angerhausen, D.; Escude, G.A.; Asquier, J.; Barrado, D.; Barros, S.C.C.; Baumjohann, W.; Bayliss, D.; Beck, M.; Beck, T.; Bekkelien, A.; Benz, W.; Billot, N.; Bonfanti, A.; Bonfils, X.; Bouchy, F.; Bourrier, V.; Boue, G.; Brandeker, A.; Broeg, C.; Buder, M.; Burdanov, A.; Burleigh, M.R.; Barczy, T.; Cameron, A.C.; Chamberlain, S.; Charnoz, S.; Cooke, B.F.; Van Damme, C.C.; Correia, A.C.M.; Cristiani, S.; Damasso, M.; Davies, M.B.; Deleuil, M.; Demangeon, O.D.S.; Demory, B.O.; Di Marcantonio, P.; Di Persio, G.; Dumusque, X.; Ehrenreich, D.; Erikson, A.; Figueira, P.; Fortier, A.; Fossati, L.; Fridlund, M.; Futyan, D.; Gandolfi, D.; Munoz, A.G.; Garcia, L.J.; Gill, S.; Osorio, M.R.Z.; Gillen, E.; Gillon, M.; Goad, M.R.; Hernandez, J.I.G.; Guedel, M.; Haldemann, J.; Henderson, B.; Heng, K.; Hogan, A.E.; Isaak, K.; Jehin, E.; Jenkins, J.S.; Jordan, A.; Kiss, L.; Kristiansen, M.H.; Lam, K.; Lavie, B.; des Etangs, A.L.; Lendl, M.; Lillo-Box, J.; Lo Curto, G.; Magrin, D.; Martins, C.J.A.P.; Maxted, P.F.L.; McCormac, J.; Mehner, A.; Micela, G.; Molaro, P.; Moyano, M.; Murray, C.A.; Nascimbeni, V.; Nunes, N.J.; Olofsson, G.; Osborn, H.P.; Oshagh, M.; Ottensamer, R.; Pagano, I.; Palle, E.; Pedersen, P.P.; Pepe, F.A.; Persson, C.M.; Peter, G.; Piotto, G.; Polenta, G.; Pollacco, D.; Poretti, E.; Pozuelos, F.J.; Queloz, D.; Ragazzoni, R.; Rando, N.; Ratti, F.; Rauer, H.; Raynard, L.; Rebolo, R.; Reimers, C.; Ribas, I.; Santos, N.C.; Scandariato, G.; Schneider, J.; Sebastian, D.; Sestovic, M.; Simon, A.E.; Smith, A.M.S.; Sousa, S.G.; Sozzetti, A.; Steller, M.; Mascareno, A.S.; Szabo, G.M.; Segransan, D.; Thomas, N.; Thompson, S.; Tilbrook, R.H.; Triaud, A.; Turner, O.; Udry, S.; Van Grootel, V.; Venus, H.; Verrecchia, F.; Vines, J.I.; Walton, N.A.; West, R.G.; Wheatley, P.J.; Wolter, D.
Title Six transiting planets and a chain of Laplace resonances in TOI-178 Type
Year 2021 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 649 Issue Pages A26
Keywords HOT SUPER-EARTHS; TESS INPUT CATALOG; RADIUS DISTRIBUTION; MASS; SYSTEM; MODEL; STARS; MIGRATION; DYNAMICS; TOOL
Abstract Determining the architecture of multi-planetary systems is one of the cornerstones of understanding planet formation and evolution. Resonant systems are especially important as the fragility of their orbital configuration ensures that no significant scattering or collisional event has taken place since the earliest formation phase when the parent protoplanetary disc was still present. In this context, TOI-178 has been the subject of particular attention since the first TESS observations hinted at the possible presence of a near 2:3:3 resonant chain. Here we report the results of observations from CHEOPS, ESPRESSO, NGTS, and SPECULOOS with the aim of deciphering the peculiar orbital architecture of the system. We show that TOI-178 harbours at least six planets in the super-Earth to mini-Neptune regimes, with radii ranging from

1.152(-0.070)(+0.073)</textual-form>

1.152-0.070+0.073 to

2.87(-0.13)(+0.14)</textual-form> 2.87-0.13+0.14 Earth radii and periods of 1.91, 3.24, 6.56, 9.96, 15.23, and 20.71 days. All planets but the innermost one form a 2:4:6:9:12 chain of Laplace resonances, and the planetary densities show important variations from planet to planet, jumping from

1.02(-0.23)(+0.28)</textual-form> 1.02-0.23+0.28 to

0.177(-0.061)(+0.055)</textual-form> 0.177-0.061+0.055 times the Earth's density between planets c and d. Using Bayesian interior structure retrieval models, we show that the amount of gas in the planets does not vary in a monotonous way, contrary to what one would expect from simple formation and evolution models and unlike other known systems in a chain of Laplace resonances. The brightness of TOI-178 (H = 8.76 mag, J = 9.37 mag, V = 11.95 mag) allows for a precise characterisation of its orbital architecture as well as of the physical nature of the six presently known transiting planets it harbours. The peculiar orbital configuration and the diversity in average density among the planets in the system will enable the study of interior planetary structures and atmospheric evolution, providing important clues on the formation of super-Earths and mini-Neptunes.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6361 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000655036600001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1416
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Author Nowak, G.; Palle, E.; Gandolfi, D.; Deeg, HJ.; Hirano, T.; Barragan, O.; Kuzuhara, M.; Dai, F.; Luque, R.; Persson, CM.; Fridlund, M.; Johnson, MC.; Korth, J.; Livingston, JH.; Grziwa, S.; Mathur, S.; Hatzes, AP.; Prieto-Arranz, J.; Nespral, D.; Hidalgo, D.; Hjorth, M.; Albrecht, S.; Van Eylen, V.; Lam, KWF.; Cochran, WD.; Esposito, M.; Csizmadia, S.; Guenther, EW.; Kabath, P.; Blay, P.; Brahm, R.; Jordan, A.; Espinoza, N.; Rojas, F.; Barris, NC.; Rodler, F.; Sobrino, RA.; Cabrera, J.; Carleo, I.; Chaushev, A.; de Leon, J.; Eigmuller, P.; Endl, M.; Erikson, A.; Fukui, A.; Georgieva, I.; Gonzalez-Cuesta, L.; Knudstrup, E.; Lund, MN.; Rodriguez, PM.; Murgas, F.; Narita, N.; Niraula, P.; Patzold, M.; Rauer, H.; Redfield, S.; Ribas, I.; Skarka, M.; Smith, AMS.; Subjak, J.
Title K2-280 b – a low density warm sub-Saturn around a mildly evolved star Type
Year 2020 Publication MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY Abbreviated Journal Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc.
Volume 497 Issue 4 Pages 4423-4435
Keywords techniques: photometric; techniques: radial velocities; techniques: spectroscopic; planets and satellites: detection; stars: individual: (EPIC 216494238, K2-280)
Abstract We present an independent discovery and detailed characterization of K2-280 b, a transiting low density warm sub-Saturn in a 19.9-d moderately eccentric orbit (e = 0.35(-0.04)(+0.05)) from K2 campaign 7. A joint analysis of high precision HARPS, HARPS-N, and FIES radial velocity measurements and K2 photometric data indicates that K2-280 b has a radius of R-b = 7.50 +/- 0.44 R-circle plus and a mass of M-b = 37.1 +/- 5.6 M-circle plus, yielding a mean density of rho(b) = 0.48(-0.10)(+0.13) g cm(-3). The host star is a mildly evolved G7 star with an effective temperature of T-eff = 5500 +/- 100 K, a surface gravity of log g(star) = 4.21 +/- 0.05 (cgs), and an iron abundance of [Fe/H] = 0.33 +/- 0.08 dex, and with an inferred mass of M-star = 1.03 +/- 0.03 M-circle dot and a radius of R-star = 1.28 +/- 0.07 R-circle dot. We discuss the importance of K2-280 b for testing formation scenarios of sub-Saturn planets and the current sample of this intriguing group of planets that are absent in the Solar system.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0035-8711 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1276
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Author Trifonov, T.; Wollbold, A.; Kurster, M.; Eberhardt, J.; Stock, S.; Henning, T.; Reffert, S.; Butler, R.P.; Vogt, S.S.; Reiners, A.; Lee, M.H.; Bitsch, B.; Zechmeister, M.; Rodler, F.; Perdelwitz, V.; Tal-Or, L.; Rybizki, J.; Heeren, P.; Gandolfi, D.; Barragan, O.; Zakhozhay, O.; Sarkis, P.; Pinto, M.T.; Kossakowski, D.; Wolthoff, V.; Brems, S.S.; Passegger, V.M.
Title A New Third Planet and the Dynamical Architecture of the HD33142 HD 33142 Planetary System Type
Year 2022 Publication Astronomical Journal Abbreviated Journal Astron. J.
Volume 164 Issue 4 Pages 156
Keywords GAS GIANT PLANETS; STELLAR PARAMETERS; STARS; EVOLUTION; MASS; SEARCH; DWARF; II; MIGRATION; EXOPLANET
Abstract Based on recently-taken and archival HARPS, FEROS, and HIRES radial velocities (RVs), we present evidence for a new planet orbiting the first ascent red giant star HD 33142 (with an improved mass estimate of M1.52 +/- 0.03 M-circle dot), already known to host two planets. We confirm the Jovian-mass planets HD 33142b and c, with periods of P-b = 330.0(-0.4)(+0.4) days and P-c = 810. 2(-4.2)(+3.8) days and minimum dynamical masses of m(b) sin i =1.26(-0.05)(+0.05) M-Jup and m(c) sin i = 0.89(-0.05)(+0.06) M-Jup, respectively. Furthermore, our periodogram analysis of the precise RVs shows strong evidence for a short-period Doppler signal in the residuals of a two-planet Keplerian fit, which we interpret as a third, Saturn-mass planet with m(d) sin i = 0.20(-)(0.03)(+0.02) M-Jup in a close-in orbit with an orbital period of P-d = 89.9(-0.1)(+0.1) days. We study the dynamical behavior of the three-planet system configuration with an N-body integration scheme, finding it to be long-term stable with the planets alternating between low and moderate eccentricity episodes. We also perform N-body simulations, including stellar evolution and second-order dynamical effects such as planet-stellar tides and stellar mass loss on the way to the white dwarf phase. We find that planets HD 33142b, c, and d are likely to be engulfed near the tip of the red giant branch phase due to tidal migration. These results make the HD 33142 system an essential benchmark for planet population statistics of the multiple-planet systems found around evolved stars.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6256 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000856534500001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1651
Permanent link to this record