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Author (up) Asenjo, F.A.; Erices, C.; Gomberoff, A.; Hojman, S.A.; Montecinos, A.
Title Differential geometry approach to asymmetric transmission of light Type
Year 2017 Publication Optics Express Abbreviated Journal Opt. Express
Volume 25 Issue 22 Pages 26405-26416
Keywords
Abstract In the last ten years, the technology of differential geometry, ubiquitous in gravitational physics, has found its place in the field of optics. It has been successfully used in the design of optical metamaterials through a technique now known as “transformation optics.” This method, however, only applies for the particular class of metamaterials known as impedance matched, that is, materials whose electric permittivity is equal to their magnetic permeability. In that case, the material may be described by a spacetime metric. In the present work we will introduce a generalization of the geometric methods of transformation optics to situations in which the material is not impedance matched. In such situations, the material -or more precisely, its constitutive tensor-will not be described by a metric only. We bring in a second tensor, with the local symmetries of the Weyl tensor, the “W-tensor.” In the geometric optics approximation we show how the properties of the W-tensor are related to the asymmetric transmission of the material. We apply this feature to the design of a particularly interesting set of asymmetric materials. These materials are birefringent when light rays approach the material in a given direction, but behave just like vacuum when the rays have the opposite direction with the appropriate polarization (or, in some cases, independently of the polarization). (C) 2017 Optical Society of America
Address [Asenjo, Felipe A.; Gomberoff, Andres] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Av Diagonal Torres 2640, Santiago, Chile, Email: andres.gomberoff@uai.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Optical Soc Amer Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1094-4087 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000413995000004 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 798
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Author (up) Bunster, C.; Gomberoff, A.
Title Gravitational domain walls and the dynamics of the gravitational constant G Type
Year 2017 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 96 Issue 2 Pages 9 pp
Keywords
Abstract From the point of view of elementary particle physics the gravitational constant G is extraordinarily small. This has led to ask whether it could have decayed to its present value from an initial one commensurate with microscopical units. A mechanism that leads to such a decay is proposed herein. It is based on assuming that G may take different values within regions of the universe separated by a novel kind of domain wall, a “G-wall”. The idea is implemented by introducing a gauge potential A, and its conjugate D, which determines the value of G as an integration constant rather than a fundamental constant. The value of G jumps when one goes through a G-wall. The procedure extends one previously developed for the cosmological constant, but the generalization is far from straightforward: (i) The intrinsic geometry of a G-wall is not the same as seen from its two sides, because the second law of black hole thermodynamics mandates that the jump in G must cause a discontinuity in the scale of length. (ii) The size of the decay step in G is controlled by a function G(D) which may be chosen so as to diminish the value of G towards the asymptote G = 0, without fine tuning. It is shown that: (i) The dynamics of the gravitational field with G treated as a dynamical variable, coupled to G-walls and matter, follows from an action principle, which is given. (ii) A particle that impinges on a G-wall may be refracted or reflected. (iii) The various forces between two particles change when a G-wall is inserted in between them. (iv) G-walls may be nucleated trough tunneling and thermal effects. The semiclassical probabilities are evaluated. (v) If the action principle is constructed properly, the entropy of a black hole increases when the value of the gravitational constant is changed through the absorption of a G-wall by the hole.
Address [Bunster, Claudio; Gomberoff, Andres] Ctr Estudios Cient, Casilla 1469, Valdivia, Chile, Email: bunster@cecs.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000405925400004 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 747
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Author (up) Bunster, C.; Gomberoff, A.; Perez, A.
Title Bondi-Metzner-Sachs invariance and electric-magnetic duality Type
Year 2020 Publication Physical Review D Abbreviated Journal Phys. Rev. D
Volume 101 Issue 4 Pages 15 pp
Keywords
Abstract We exhibit a Hamiltonian formulation, both for electromagnetism and gravitation, in which it is not required that the Bondi “news” vanish but only that the incoming news be equal to the outgoing ones. This requirement is implemented by defining the fields on a two-sheeted hyperbolic surface, which we term “the hourglass.” It is a spacelike deformation of the complete light cone. On it, one approaches asymptotically (null) past and future infinity while remaining at a fixed (hyperbolic) time, by going to large spatial distances on its two sheets. The Hamiltonian formulation and-in particular-a conserved angular momentum, can only be constructed if one brings in both the electric and magnetic Bondi-Metzner-Sachs (BMS) charges together with their canonically conjugate “memories.” This reveals a close interplay between the BMS and electric-magnetic duality symmetries.
Address [Bunster, Claudio; Gomberoff, Andres; Perez, Alfredo] Ctr Estudios Cien CECs, Casilla 1469, Valdivia, Chile
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Physical Soc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2470-0010 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000511199300005 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1098
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Author (up) Canfora, F.; Gomberoff, A.; Oh, S.H.; Rojas, F.; Salgado-Rebolledo, P.
Title Meronic Einstein-Yang-Mills black hole in 5D and gravitational spin from isospin effect Type
Year 2019 Publication Journal Of High Energy Physics Abbreviated Journal J. High Energy Phys.
Volume Issue 6 Pages 32 pp
Keywords Black Holes; Field Theories in Higher Dimensions; Gauge Symmetry; Solitons Monopoles and Instantons
Abstract We construct an analytic black hole solution in SU(2) Einstein-Yang-Mills theory in five dimensions supporting a Meron field. The gauge field is proportional to a pure gauge and has a non-trivial topological charge. The would-be singularity at the Meron core gets shielded from the exterior by the black hole horizon. The metric has only one integration constant, namely, its ADM mass, which is shown to be finite once an appropriate boundary term is added to the action. The thermodynamics is also worked out, and a first-order phase transition, similar to the one occurring in the Reissner-Nordstrom case is identified. We also show that the solution produces a spin from isospin effect, i.e., even though the theory is constructed out of bosons only, the combined system of a scalar field and this background may become fermionic. More specifically, we study scalar excitations in this purely bosonic background and find that the system describes fermionic degrees of freedom at spatial infinity. Finally, for the asymptotically AdS(5) case, we study its consequences in the context of the AdS/CFT correspondence.
Address [Canfora, Fabrizio; Gomberoff, Andres] Ctr Estudios Cient, Casilla 1469, Valdivia, Chile, Email: canfora@cecs.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Springer Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1029-8479 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000472210200001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1024
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