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Author Kaye, L.; Vissapragada, S.; Gunther, M.N.; Aigrain, S.; Mikal-Evans, T.; Jensen, E.L.N.; Parviainen, H.; Pozuelos, F.J.; Abe, L.; Acton, J.S.; Agabi, A.; Alves, D.R.; Anderson, D.R.; Armstrong, D.J.; Barkaoui, K.; Barragan, O.; Benneke, B.; Boyd, P.T.; Brahm, R.; Bruni, I.; Bryant, E.M.; Burleigh, M.R.; Casewell, S.L.; Ciardi, D.; Cloutier, R.; Collins, K.A.; Collins, K.I.; Conti, D.M.; Crossfield, I.J.M.; Crouzet, N.; Daylan, T.; Dragomir, D.; Dransfield, G.; Fabrycky, D.; Fausnaugh, M.; Gan, T.J.; Gill, S.; Gillon, M.; Goad, M.R.; Gorjian, V.; Greklek-McKeon, M.; Guerrero, N.; Guillot, T.; Jehin, E.; Jenkins, J.S.; Lendl, M.; Kamler, J.; Kane, S.R.; Kielkopf, J.F.; Kunimoto, M.; Marie-Sainte, W.; McCormac, J.; Mekarnia, D.; Morales, F.Y.; Moyano, M.; Palle, E.; Parmentier, V; Relles, H.M.; Schmider, F.X.; Schwarz, R.P.; Seager, S.; Smith, A.M.S.; Tan, T.G.; Taylor, J.; Triaud, A.H.M.J.; Twicken, J.D.; Udry, S.; Vines, J.I.; Wang, G.; Wheatley, P.J.; Winn, J.N.
Title Transit timings variations in the three-planet system: TOI-270 Type
Year 2022 Publication Monthly Notices Of The Royal Astronomical Society Abbreviated Journal Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc.
Volume 510 Issue 4 Pages 5464-5485
Keywords planets and satellites: composition; planets and satellites: formation; planets and satellites: fundamental parameters
Abstract We present ground- and space-based photometric observations of TOI-270 (L231-32), a system of three transiting planets consisting of one super-Earth and two sub-Neptunes discovered by TESS around a bright (K-mag = 8.25) M3V dwarf. The planets orbit near low-order mean-motion resonances (5:3 and 2:1) and are thus expected to exhibit large transit timing variations (TTVs). Following an extensive observing campaign using eight different observatories between 2018 and 2020, we now report a clear detection of TTVs for planets c and d, with amplitudes of similar to 10 min and a super-period of similar to 3 yr, as well as significantly refined estimates of the radii and mean orbital periods of all three planets. Dynamical modelling of the TTVs alone puts strong constraints on the mass ratio of planets c and d and on their eccentricities. When incorporating recently published constraints from radial velocity observations, we obtain masses of M-b = 1.48 +/- 0.18 M-circle plus, M-c = 6.20 +/- 0.31 M-circle plus, and M-d = 4.20 +/- 0.16 M-circle plus for planets b, c, and d, respectively. We also detect small but significant eccentricities for all three planets : e(b) = 0.0167 +/- 0.0084, e(c) = 0.0044 +/- 0.0006, and e(d) = 0.0066 +/- 0.0020. Our findings imply an Earth-like rocky composition for the inner planet, and Earth-like cores with an additional He/H2O atmosphere for the outer two. TOI-270 is now one of the best constrained systems of small transiting planets, and it remains an excellent target for atmospheric characterization.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0035-8711 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000764893900001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1552
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Author Osborn, A.; Armstrong, D.J.; Cale, B.; Brahm, R.; Wittenmyer, R.A.; Dai, F.; Crossfield, I.J.M.; Bryant, E.M.; Adibekyan, V.; Cloutier, R.; Collins, K.A.; Mena, E.D.; Fridlund, M.; Hellier, C.; Howell, S.B.; King, G.W.; Lillo-Box, J.; Otegi, J.; Sousa, S.; Stassun, K.G.; Matthews, E.C.; Ziegler, C.; Ricker, G.; Vanderspek, R.; Latham, D.W.; Seager, S.; Winn, J.N.; Jenkins, J.M.; Acton, J.S.; Addison, B.C.; Anderson, D.R.; Ballard, S.; Barrado, D.; Barros, S.C.C.; Batalha, N.; Bayliss, D.; Barclay, T.; Benneke, B.; Berberian, J.; Bouchy, F.; Bowler, B.P.; Briceno, C.; Burke, C.J.; Burleigh, M.R.; Casewell, S.L.; Ciardi, D.; Collins, K.I.; Cooke, B.F.; Demangeon, O.D.S.; Diaz, R.F.; Dorn, C.; Dragomir, D.; Dressing, C.; Dumusque, X.; Espinoza, N.; Figueira, P.; Fulton, B.; Furlan, E.; Gaidos, E.; Geneser, C.; Gill, S.; Goad, M.R.; Gonzales, E.J.; Gorjian, V.; Gunther, M.N.; Helled, R.; Henderson, B.A.; Henning, T.; Hogan, A.; Hojjatpanah, S.; Horner, J.; Howard, A.W.; Hoyer, S.; Huber, D.; Isaacson, H.; Jenkins, J.S.; Jensen, E.L.N.; Jordan, A.; Kane, S.R.; Kidwell, R.C.; Kielkopf, J.; Law, N.; Lendl, M.; Lund, M.; Matson, R.A.; Mann, A.W.; McCormac, J.; Mengel, M.W.; Morales, F.Y.; Nielsen, L.D.; Okumura, J.; Osborn, H.P.; Petigura, E.A.; Plavchan, P.; Pollacco, D.; Quintana, E.V.; Raynard, L.; Robertson, P.; Rose, M.E.; Roy, A.; Reefe, M.; Santerne, A.; Santos, N.C.; Sarkis, P.; Schlieder, J.; Schwarz, R.P.; Scott, N.J.; Shporer, A.; Smith, A.M.S.; Stibbard, C.; Stockdale, C.; Strom, P.A.; Twicken, J.D.; Tan, T.G.; Tanner, A.; Teske, J.; Tilbrook, R.H.; Tinney, C.G.; Udry, S.; Villasenor, J.N.; Vines, J.I.; Wang, S.X.; Weiss, L.M.; West, R.G.; Wheatley, P.J.; Wright, D.J.; Zhang, H.; Zohrabi, F.
Title TOI-431/HIP 26013: a super-Earth and a sub-Neptune transiting a bright, early K dwarf, with a third RV planet Type
Year 2021 Publication Monthly Notices Of The Royal Astronomical Society Abbreviated Journal Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc.
Volume 507 Issue 2 Pages 2782-2803
Keywords planets and satellites: detection; planets and satellites: fundamental parameters; planets and satellites: individual: (TOI-431, TIC 31374837)
Abstract We present the bright (V-mag = 9.12), multiplanet system TOI-431, characterized with photometry and radial velocities (RVs). We estimate the stellar rotation period to be 30.5 +/- 0.7 d using archival photometry and RVs. Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) objects of Interest (TOI)-431b is a super-Earth with a period of 0.49 d, a radius of 1.28 +/- 0.04 R-circle plus, a mass of 3.07 +/- 0.35 M-circle plus, and a density of 8.0 +/- 1.0 g cm(-3); TOI-431 d is a sub-Neptune with a period of 12.46 d, a radius of 3.29 +/- 0.09 R-circle plus, a mass of M-circle plus, and a density of 1.36 +/- 0.25 g cm(-3). We find a third planet, TOI-431c, in the High Accuracy Radial velocity Planet Searcher RV data, but it is not seen to transit in the TESS light curves. It has an Msin i of M-circle plus, and a period of 4.85 d. TOI-431d likely has an extended atmosphere and is one of the most well-suited TESS discoveries for atmospheric characterization, while the super-Earth TOI-431b may be a stripped core. These planets straddle the radius gap, presenting an interesting case-study for atmospheric evolution, and TOI-431b is a prime TESS discovery for the study of rocky planet phase curves.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0035-8711 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000697380800082 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1485
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