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Author Espinoza, N.; Brahm, R.; Henning, T.; Jordan, A.; Dorn, C.; Rojas, F.; Sarkis, P.; Kossakowski, D.; Schlecker, M.; Diaz, M.R.; Jenkins, J.S.; Aguilera-Gomez, C.; Jenkins, J.M.; Twicken, J.D.; Collins, K.A.; Lissauer, J.; Armstrong, D.J.; Adibekyan, V.; Barrado, D.; Barros, S.C.C.; Battley, M.; Bayliss, D.; Bouchy, F.; Bryant, E.M.; Cooke, B.F.; Demangeon, O.D.S.; Dumusque, X.; Figueira, P.; Giles, H.; Lillo-Box, J.; Lovis, C.; Nielsen, L.D.; Pepe, F.; Pollaco, D.; Santos, N.C.; Sousa, S.G.; Udry, S.; Wheatley, P.J.; Turner, O.; Marmier, M.; Segransan, D.; Ricker, G.; Latham, D.; Seager, S.; Winn, J.N.; Kielkopf, J.F.; Hart, R.; Wingham, G.; Jensen, E.L.N.; Helminiak, K.G.; Tokovinin, A.; Briceno, C.; Ziegler, C.; Law, N.M.; Mann, A.W.; Daylan, T.; Doty, J.P.; Guerrero, N.; Boyd, P.; Crossfield, I.; Morris, R.L.; Henze, C.E.; Chacon, A.D.
Title HD 213885b: a transiting 1-d-period super-Earth with an Earth-like composition around a bright (V=7.9) star unveiled by TESS Type
Year (up) 2020 Publication Monthly Notices Of The Royal Astronomical Society Abbreviated Journal Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc.
Volume 491 Issue 2 Pages 2982-2999
Keywords techniques: photometric; techniques: radial velocities; planets and satellites: detection; planets and satellites: fundamental parameters; planets and satellites: individual: TOI-141, TIC 403224672, HD213885
Abstract We report the discovery of the 1.008-d, ultrashort period (USP) super-EarthHD213885b (TOI141b) orbiting the bright (V= 7.9) star HD 213885 (TOI-141, TIC 403224672), detected using photometry from the recently launched TESS mission. Using FEROS, HARPS, and CORALIE radial velocities, we measure a precise mass of 8.8 +/- 0.6M. for this 1.74 +/- 0.05 R. exoplanet, which provides enough information to constrain its bulk composition – similar to Earth's but enriched in iron. The radius, mass, and stellar irradiation of HD 213885b are, given our data, very similar to 55 Cancri e, making this exoplanet a good target to perform comparative exoplanetology of short period, highly irradiated super-Earths. Our precise radial velocities reveal an additional 4.78-d signal which we interpret as arising from a second, non-transiting planet in the system, HD 213885c, whoseminimum mass of 19.9 +/- 1.4M. makes it consistent with being a Neptune-mass exoplanet. The HD 213885 system is very interesting from the perspective of future atmospheric characterization, being the second brightest star to host an USP transiting super-Earth (with the brightest star being, in fact, 55 Cancri). Prospects for characterization with present and future observatories are discussed.
Address [Espinoza, Nestor] Space Telescope Sci Inst, 3700 San Martin Dr, Baltimore, MD 21218 USA, Email: nespinoza@stsci.edu
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Oxford Univ Press Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0035-8711 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000512302100105 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1106
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Author Lendl, M.; Bouchy, F.; Gill, S.; Nielsen, L.D.; Turner, O.; Stassun, K.; Acton, J.S.; Anderson, D.R.; Armstrong, D.J.; Bayliss, D.; Belardi, C.; Bryant, E.M.; Burleigh, M.R.; Chaushev, A.; Casewell, S.L.; Cooke, B.F.; Eigmuller, P.; Gillen, E.; Goad, M.R.; Gunther, M.N.; Hagelberg, J.; Jenkins, J.S.; Louden, T.; Marmier, M.; McCormac, J.; Moyano, M.; Pollacco, D.; Raynard, L.; Tilbrook, R.H.; Udry, S.; Vines, J.I.; West, R.G.; Wheatley, P.J.; Ricker, G.; Vanderspek, R.; Latham, D.W.; Seager, S.; Winn, J.; Jenkins, J.M.; Addison, B.; Briceno, C.; Brahm, R.; Caldwell, D.A.; Doty, J.; Espinoza, N.; Goeke, B.; Henning, T.; Jordan, A.; Krishnamurthy, A.; Law, N.; Morris, R.; Okumura, J.; Mann, A.W.; Rodriguez, J.E.; Sarkis, P.; Schlieder, J.; Twicken, J.D.; Villanueva, S.; Wittenmyer, R.A.; Wright, D.J.; Ziegler, C.
Title TOI-222: a single-transit TESS candidate revealed to be a 34-d eclipsing binary with CORALIE, EulerCam, and NGTS Type
Year (up) 2020 Publication Monthly Notices Of The Royal Astronomical Society Abbreviated Journal Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc.
Volume 492 Issue 2 Pages 1761-1769
Keywords techniques: photometric; stars: individual: TOI-222; planetary systems
Abstract We report the period, eccentricity, and mass determination for the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) single-transit event candidate TOI-222, which displayed a single 3000 ppm transit in the TESS 2-min cadence data from Sector 2. We determine the orbital period via radial velocity measurements (P = 33.9 d), which allowed for ground-based photometric detection of two subsequent transits. Our data show that the companion to TOI-222 is a low-mass star, with a radius of 0.18(-0.10)(+0.39) R-circle dot and a mass of 0.23 +/- 0.01 M-circle dot. This discovery showcases the ability to efficiently discover long-period systems from TESS single-transit events using a combination of radial velocity monitoring coupled with high-precision ground-based photometry.
Address [Lendl, Monika; Bouchy, Francois; Nielsen, Louise D.; Turner, Oliver; Hagelberg, Janis; Marmier, Maxime; Udry, Stephane] Univ Geneva, Observ Geneve, 51 Ch Maillettes, CH-1290 Sauverny, Switzerland, Email: monika.lendl@unige.ch
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Oxford Univ Press Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0035-8711 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000512297600016 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1107
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Author Astudillo-Defru, N.; Cloutier, R.; Wang, S.X.; Teske, J.; Brahm, R.; Hellier, C.; Ricker, G.; Vanderspek, R.; Latham, D.; Seager, S.; Winn, J.N.; Jenkins, J.M.; Collins, K.A.; Stassun, K.G.; Ziegler, C.; Almenara, J.M.; Anderson, D.R.; Artigau, E.; Bonfils, X.; Bouchy, F.; Briceno, C.; Butler, R.P.; Charbonneau, D.; Conti, D.M.; Crane, J.; Crossfield, I.J.M.; Davies, M.; Delfosse, X.; Diaz, R.F.; Doyon, R.; Dragomir, D.; Eastman, J.D.; Espinoza, N.; Essack, Z.; Feng, F.; Figueira, P.; Forveille, T.; Gan, T.; Glidden, A.; Guerrero, N.; Hart, R.; Henning, T.; Horch, E.P.; Isopi, G.; Jenkins, J.S.; Jordan, A.; Kielkopf, J.F.; Law, N.; Lovis, C.; Mallia, F.; Mann, A.W.; de Medeiros, J.R.; Melo, C.; Mennickent, R.E.; Mignon, L.; Murgas, F.; Nusdeo, D.A.; Pepe, F.; Relles, H.M.; Rose, M.; Santos, N.C.; Segransan, D.; Shectman, S.; Shporer, A.; Smith, J.C.; Torres, P.; Udry, S.; Villasenor, J.; Winters, J.G.; Zhou, G.
Title A hot terrestrial planet orbiting the bright M dwarf L 168-9 unveiled by TESS Type
Year (up) 2020 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 636 Issue Pages 13 pp
Keywords stars: individual L 168-9; planetary systems; stars: late-type; techniques:photometric; techniques: radial velocities
Abstract We report the detection of a transiting super-Earth-sized planet (R = 1.39 +/- 0.09 R-circle plus) in a 1.4-day orbit around L 168-9 (TOI-134), a bright M1V dwarf (V = 11, K = 7.1) located at 25.15 +/- 0.02 pc. The host star was observed in the first sector of the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) mission. For confirmation and planet mass measurement purposes, this was followed up with ground-based photometry, seeing-limited and high-resolution imaging, and precise radial velocity (PRV) observations using the HARPS and Magellan/PFS spectrographs. By combining the TESS data and PRV observations, we find the mass of L 168-9 b to be 4.60 +/- 0.56 M-circle plus and thus the bulk density to be 1.74(-0.33)(+0.44) times higher than that of the Earth. The orbital eccentricity is smaller than 0.21 (95% confidence). This planet is a level one candidate for the TESS mission's scientific objective of measuring the masses of 50 small planets, and it is one of the most observationally accessible terrestrial planets for future atmospheric characterization.
Address [Astudillo-Defru, N.] Univ Catolica Santisima Concepcion, Dept Matemat & Fis Aplicadas, Alonso de Rivera 2850, Concepcion, Chile, Email: nastudillo@ucsc.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Edp Sciences S A Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1432-0746 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000528572600001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1144
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Author Gill, S.; Wheatley, P.J.; Cooke, B.F.; Jordan, A.; Nielsen, L.D.; Bayliss, D.; Anderson, D.R.; Vines, J.I.; Lendl, M.; Acton, J.S.; Armstrong, D.J.; Bouchy, F.; Brahm, R.; Bryant, E.M.; Burleigh, M.R.; Casewell, S.L.; Eigmuller, P.; Espinoza, N.; Gillen, E.; Goad, M.R.; Grieves, N.; Gunther, M.N.; Henning, T.; Hobson, M.J.; Hogan, A.; Jenkins, J.S.; McCormac, J.; Moyano, M.; Osborn, H.P.; Pollacco, D.; Queloz, D.; Rauer, H.; Raynard, L.; Rojas, F.; Sarkis, P.; Smith, A.M.S.; Pinto, M.T.; Tilbrook, R.H.; Udry, S.; Watson, C.A.; West, R.G.
Title NGTS-11 b (TOI-1847 b): A Transiting Warm Saturn Recovered from a TESS Single-transit Event Type
Year (up) 2020 Publication Astrophysical Journal Letters Abbreviated Journal Astrophys. J. Lett.
Volume 898 Issue 1 Pages 6 pp
Keywords
Abstract We report the discovery of NGTS-11 b (=TOI-1847b), a transiting Saturn in a 35.46 day orbit around a mid K-type star (T-eff = 5050 +/- 80 K). We initially identified the system from a single-transit event in a TESS full-frame image light curve. Following 79 nights of photometric monitoring with an NGTS telescope, we observed a second full transit of NGTS-11 b approximately one year after the TESS single-transit event. The NGTS transit confirmed the parameters of the transit signal and restricted the orbital period to a set of 13 discrete periods. We combined our transit detections with precise radial-velocity measurements to determine the true orbital period and measure the mass of the planet. We find NGTS-11 b has a radius of 0.817 +/-(0.028)(0.032) R-Jup, a mass of 0.344 +/-(0.092)(0.073) M-Jup, and an equilibrium temperature of just 435 +/-(34)(32) K, making it one of the coolest known transiting gas giants. NGTS-11 b is the first exoplanet to be discovered after being initially identified as a TESS single-transit event, and its discovery highlights the power of intense photometric monitoring in recovering longer-period transiting exoplanets from single-transit events.
Address [Gill, Samuel; Wheatley, Peter J.; Armstrong, David J.; Bryant, Edward M.; Pollacco, Don] Univ Warwick, Ctr Exoplanets & Habitabil, Gibbet Hill Rd, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England, Email: samuel.gill@warwick.ac.uk
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Iop Publishing Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2041-8205 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000553513300001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1213
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Author Nielsen, L.D.; Brahm, R.; Bouchy, F.; Espinoza, N.; Turner, O.; Rappaport, S.; Pearce, L.; Ricker, G.; Vanderspek, R.; Latham, D.W.; Seager, S.; Winn, J.N.; Jenkins, J.M.; Acton, J.S.; Bakos, G.; Barclay, T.; Barkaoui, K.; Bhatti, W.; Briceno, C.; Bryant, E.M.; Burleigh, M.R.; Ciardi, D.R.; Collins, K.A.; Collins, K.I.; Cooke, B.F.; Csubry, Z.; dos Santos, L.A.; Eigmuller, P.; Fausnaugh, M.M.; Gan, T.; Gillon, M.; Goad, M.R.; Guerrero, N.; Hagelberg, J.; Hart, R.; Henning, T.; Huang, C.X.; Jehin, E.; Jenkins, J.S.; Jordan, A.; Kielkopf, J.F.; Kossakowski, D.; Lavie, B.; Law, N.; Lendl, M.; de Leon, J.P.; Lovis, C.; Mann, A.W.; Marmier, M.; McCormac, J.; Mori, M.; Moyano, M.; Narita, N.; Osip, D.; Otegi, J.F.; Pepe, F.; Pozuelos, F.J.; Raynard, L.; Relles, H.M.; Sarkis, P.; Segransan, D.; Seidel, J.V.; Shporer, A.; Stalport, M.; Stockdale, C.; Suc, V.; Tamura, M.; Tan, T.G.; Tilbrook, R.H.; Ting, E.B.; Trifonov, T.; Udry, S.; Vanderburg, A.; Wheatley, P.J.; Wingham, G.; Zhan, Z.; Ziegler, C.
Title Three short-period Jupiters from TESS: HIP 65Ab, TOI-157b, and TOI-169b Type
Year (up) 2020 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 639 Issue Pages 17 pp
Keywords planets and satellites: detection; planets and satellites: individual: TOI-129; planets and satellites: individual: HIP 65A; planets and satellites: individual: TOI-157
Abstract We report the confirmation and mass determination of three hot Jupiters discovered by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) mission: HIP 65Ab (TOI-129, TIC-201248411) is an ultra-short-period Jupiter orbiting a bright (V = 11.1 mag) K4-dwarf every 0.98 days. It is a massive 3.213 +/- 0.078 M-J planet in a grazing transit configuration with an impact parameter of b = 1.17(-0.08)(+0.10) b=1.17-0.08+0.10 . As a result the radius is poorly constrained, 2.03(-0.49)(+0.61)R(J) 2.03-0.49+0.61 RJ . The planet's distance to its host star is less than twice the separation at which it would be destroyed by Roche lobe overflow. It is expected to spiral into HIP 65A on a timescale ranging from 80 Myr to a few gigayears, assuming a reduced tidal dissipation quality factor of Q(s)(') = 10(7) – 10(9) Qs ' =107-109 . We performed a full phase-curve analysis of the TESS data and detected both illumination- and ellipsoidal variations as well as Doppler boosting. HIP 65A is part of a binary stellar system, with HIP 65B separated by 269 AU (3.95 arcsec on sky). TOI-157b (TIC 140691463) is a typical hot Jupiter with a mass of 1.18 +/- 0.13 M-J and a radius of 1.29 +/- 0.02 R-J. It has a period of 2.08 days, which corresponds to a separation of just 0.03 AU. This makes TOI-157 an interesting system, as the host star is an evolved G9 sub-giant star (V = 12.7). TOI-169b (TIC 183120439) is a bloated Jupiter orbiting a V = 12.4 G-type star. It has a mass of 0.79 +/- 0.06 M-J and a radius of 1.09(-0.05)(+0.08)R(J) 1.09-0.05+0.08<mml:msub>RJ . Despite having the longest orbital period (P = 2.26 days) of the three planets, TOI-169b receives the most irradiation and is situated on the edge of the Neptune desert. All three host stars are metal rich with [Fe / H] ranging from 0.18 to0.24.
Address [Nielsen, L. D.; Bouchy, F.; Turner, O.; dos Santos, L. A.; Hagelberg, J.; Lavie, B.; Lendl, M.; Lovis, C.; Marmier, M.; Otegi, J. F.; Pepe, F.; Segransan, D.; Seidel, J., V; Stalport, M.; Udry, S.] Univ Geneva, Geneva Observ, Chemin Mailettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland, Email: louise.nielsen@unige.ch
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Edp Sciences S A Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1432-0746 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000554478300001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1215
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jenkins, J.S.; Diaz, M.R.; Kurtovic, N.T.; Espinoza, N.; Vines, J.I.; Rojas, P.A.P.; Brahm, R.; Torres, P.; Cortes-Zuleta, P.; Soto, M.G.; Lopez, E.D.; King, G.W.; Wheatley, P.J.; Winn, J.N.; Ciardi, D.R.; Ricker, G.; Vanderspek, R.; Latham, D.W.; Seager, S.; Jenkins, J.M.; Beichman, C.A.; Bieryla, A.; Burke, C.J.; Christiansen, J.L.; Henze, C.E.; Klaus, T.C.; McCauliff, S.; Mori, M.; Narita, N.; Nishiumi, T.; Tamura, M.; de Leon, J.P.; Quinn, S.N.; Villasenor, J.N.; Vezie, M.; Lissauer, J.J.; Collins, K.A.; Collins, K.I.; Isopi, G.; Mallia, F.; Ercolino, A.; Petrovich, C.; Jordan, A.; Acton, J.S.; Armstrong, D.J.; Bayliss, D.; Bouchy, F.; Belardi, C.; Bryant, E.M.; Burleigh, M.R.; Cabrera, J.; Casewell, S.L.; Chaushev, A.; Cooke, B.F.; Eigmuller, P.; Erikson, A.; Foxell, E.; Gansicke, B.T.; Gill, S.; Gillen, E.; Gunther, M.N.; Goad, M.R.; Hooton, M.J.; Jackman, J.A.G.; Louden, T.; McCormac, J.; Moyano, M.; Nielsen, L.D.; Pollacco, D.; Queloz, D.; Rauer, H.; Raynard, L.; Smith, A.M.S.; Tilbrook, R.H.; Titz-Weider, R.; Turner, O.; Udry, S.; Walker, S.R.; Watson, C.A.; West, R.G.; Palle, E.; Ziegler, C.; Law, N.; Mann, A.W.
Title An ultrahot Neptune in the Neptune desert Type
Year (up) 2020 Publication Nature Astronomy Abbreviated Journal Nat. Astron.
Volume 4 Issue 12 Pages 11481157
Keywords PLANETS; ATMOSPHERE; EXOPLANETS; ALGORITHM; EFFICIENT; DWARFS; STARS; TOOL
Abstract About 1 out of 200 Sun-like stars has a planet with an orbital period shorter than one day: an ultrashort-period planet(1,2). All of the previously known ultrashort-period planets are either hot Jupiters, with sizes above 10 Earth radii (R-circle plus), or apparently rocky planets smaller than 2 R-circle plus. Such lack of planets of intermediate size (the `hot Neptune desert') has been interpreted as the inability of low-mass planets to retain any hydrogen/ helium (H/He) envelope in the face of strong stellar irradiation. Here we report the discovery of an ultrashort-period planet with a radius of 4.6 R-circle plus and a mass of 29 M-circle plus, firmly in the hot Neptune desert. Data from the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite(3) revealed transits of the bright Sun-like star LTT 9779 every 0.79 days. The planet's mean density is similar to that of Neptune, and according to thermal evolution models, it has a H/He-rich envelope constituting 9.0(-2.9)(+2.7) % of the total mass. With an equilibrium temperature around 2,000 K, it is unclear how this `ultrahot Neptune' managed to retain such an envelope. Follow-up observations of the planet's atmosphere to better understand its origin and physical nature will be facilitated by the star's brightness (V-mag = 9.8).
Address [Jenkins, James S.; Diaz, Matias R.; Kurtovic, Nicolas T.; Vines, Jose I.; Rojas, Pablo A. Pena; Cortes-Zuleta, Pia] Univ Chile, Dept Astron, Las Condes, Chile, Email: jjenkins@das.uchile.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Nature Research Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2397-3366 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000571722300001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1240
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Author Leleu, A.; Alibert, Y.; Hara, N.C.; Hooton, M. J.; Wilson, T.G.; Robutel, P.; Delisle, J.B.; Laskar, J .; Hoyer, S.; Lovis, C.; Bryant, E.M.; Ducrot, E.; Cabrera, J.; Delrez, L.; Acton, J.S.; Adibekyan, V.; Allart, R.; Prieto, C.A.; Alonso, R.; Alves, D.; Anderson, D.R.; Angerhausen, D.; Escude, G.A.; Asquier, J.; Barrado, D.; Barros, S.C.C.; Baumjohann, W.; Bayliss, D.; Beck, M.; Beck, T.; Bekkelien, A.; Benz, W.; Billot, N.; Bonfanti, A.; Bonfils, X.; Bouchy, F.; Bourrier, V.; Boue, G.; Brandeker, A.; Broeg, C.; Buder, M.; Burdanov, A.; Burleigh, M.R.; Barczy, T.; Cameron, A.C.; Chamberlain, S.; Charnoz, S.; Cooke, B.F.; Van Damme, C.C.; Correia, A.C.M.; Cristiani, S.; Damasso, M.; Davies, M.B.; Deleuil, M.; Demangeon, O.D.S.; Demory, B.O.; Di Marcantonio, P.; Di Persio, G.; Dumusque, X.; Ehrenreich, D.; Erikson, A.; Figueira, P.; Fortier, A.; Fossati, L.; Fridlund, M.; Futyan, D.; Gandolfi, D.; Munoz, A.G.; Garcia, L.J.; Gill, S.; Osorio, M.R.Z.; Gillen, E.; Gillon, M.; Goad, M.R.; Hernandez, J.I.G.; Guedel, M.; Haldemann, J.; Henderson, B.; Heng, K.; Hogan, A.E.; Isaak, K.; Jehin, E.; Jenkins, J.S.; Jordan, A.; Kiss, L.; Kristiansen, M.H.; Lam, K.; Lavie, B.; des Etangs, A.L.; Lendl, M.; Lillo-Box, J.; Lo Curto, G.; Magrin, D.; Martins, C.J.A.P.; Maxted, P.F.L.; McCormac, J.; Mehner, A.; Micela, G.; Molaro, P.; Moyano, M.; Murray, C.A.; Nascimbeni, V.; Nunes, N.J.; Olofsson, G.; Osborn, H.P.; Oshagh, M.; Ottensamer, R.; Pagano, I.; Palle, E.; Pedersen, P.P.; Pepe, F.A.; Persson, C.M.; Peter, G.; Piotto, G.; Polenta, G.; Pollacco, D.; Poretti, E.; Pozuelos, F.J.; Queloz, D.; Ragazzoni, R.; Rando, N.; Ratti, F.; Rauer, H.; Raynard, L.; Rebolo, R.; Reimers, C.; Ribas, I.; Santos, N.C.; Scandariato, G.; Schneider, J.; Sebastian, D.; Sestovic, M.; Simon, A.E.; Smith, A.M.S.; Sousa, S.G.; Sozzetti, A.; Steller, M.; Mascareno, A.S.; Szabo, G.M.; Segransan, D.; Thomas, N.; Thompson, S.; Tilbrook, R.H.; Triaud, A.; Turner, O.; Udry, S.; Van Grootel, V.; Venus, H.; Verrecchia, F.; Vines, J.I.; Walton, N.A.; West, R.G.; Wheatley, P.J.; Wolter, D.
Title Six transiting planets and a chain of Laplace resonances in TOI-178 Type
Year (up) 2021 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 649 Issue Pages A26
Keywords HOT SUPER-EARTHS; TESS INPUT CATALOG; RADIUS DISTRIBUTION; MASS; SYSTEM; MODEL; STARS; MIGRATION; DYNAMICS; TOOL
Abstract Determining the architecture of multi-planetary systems is one of the cornerstones of understanding planet formation and evolution. Resonant systems are especially important as the fragility of their orbital configuration ensures that no significant scattering or collisional event has taken place since the earliest formation phase when the parent protoplanetary disc was still present. In this context, TOI-178 has been the subject of particular attention since the first TESS observations hinted at the possible presence of a near 2:3:3 resonant chain. Here we report the results of observations from CHEOPS, ESPRESSO, NGTS, and SPECULOOS with the aim of deciphering the peculiar orbital architecture of the system. We show that TOI-178 harbours at least six planets in the super-Earth to mini-Neptune regimes, with radii ranging from

1.152(-0.070)(+0.073)</textual-form>

1.152-0.070+0.073 to

2.87(-0.13)(+0.14)</textual-form> 2.87-0.13+0.14 Earth radii and periods of 1.91, 3.24, 6.56, 9.96, 15.23, and 20.71 days. All planets but the innermost one form a 2:4:6:9:12 chain of Laplace resonances, and the planetary densities show important variations from planet to planet, jumping from

1.02(-0.23)(+0.28)</textual-form> 1.02-0.23+0.28 to

0.177(-0.061)(+0.055)</textual-form> 0.177-0.061+0.055 times the Earth's density between planets c and d. Using Bayesian interior structure retrieval models, we show that the amount of gas in the planets does not vary in a monotonous way, contrary to what one would expect from simple formation and evolution models and unlike other known systems in a chain of Laplace resonances. The brightness of TOI-178 (H = 8.76 mag, J = 9.37 mag, V = 11.95 mag) allows for a precise characterisation of its orbital architecture as well as of the physical nature of the six presently known transiting planets it harbours. The peculiar orbital configuration and the diversity in average density among the planets in the system will enable the study of interior planetary structures and atmospheric evolution, providing important clues on the formation of super-Earths and mini-Neptunes.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6361 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000655036600001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1416
Permanent link to this record