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Author Dorval, P.; Talens, G.J.J.; Otten, G.P.P.L.; Brahm, R.; Jordan, A.; Torres, P.; Vanzi, L.; Zapata, A.; Henry, T.; Paredes, L.; Jao, W.C.; James, H.; Hinojosa, R.; Bakos, G.A.; Csubry, Z.; Bhatti, W.; Suc, V.; Osip, D.; Mamajek, E.E.; Mellon, S.N.; Wyttenbach, A.; Stuik, R.; Kenworthy, M.; Bailey, J.; Ireland, M.; Crawford, S.; Lomberg, B.; Kuhn, R.; Snellen, I.
Title MASCARA-4 b/bRing-1 b: A retrograde hot Jupiter around a bright A-type star Type
Year 2020 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 635 Issue Pages 10 pp
Keywords planetary systems; stars: individual: HD 85628; stars: individual: MASCARA-4b; stars: individual: bRing-1b
Abstract Context. The Multi-site All-Sky CAmeRA (MASCARA) and bRing are both photometric ground-based instruments with multiple stations that rely on interline charge-coupled devices with wide-field lenses to monitor bright stars in the local sky for variability. MASCARA has already discovered several planets in the northern sky, which are among the brightest known transiting hot Jupiter systems. Aims. In this paper, we aim to characterize a transiting planetary candidate in the southern skies found in the combined MASCARA and bRing data sets of HD 85628, an A7V star of V = 8.2 mag at a distance 172 pc, to establish its planetary nature. Methods. The candidate was originally detected in data obtained jointly with the MASCARA and bRing instruments using a Box Least-Square search for transit events. Further photometry was taken by the 0.7 m Chilean-Hungarian Automated Telescope (CHAT), and radial velocity measurements with the Fiber Dual Echelle Optical Spectrograph on the European Southern Observatory 1.0 m Telescope. High-resolution spectra during a transit were taken with the CTIO high-resolution spectrometer (CHIRON) on the Small and Moderate Aperture Research Telescope System 1.5 m telescope to target the Doppler shadow of the candidate. Results. We confirm the existence of a hot Jupiter transiting the bright A7V star HD 85628, which we co-designate as MASCARA-4b and bRing-1b. It is in an orbit of 2.824 days, with an estimated planet radius of 1.53(-0.04)(+0.07) R-Jup and an estimated planet mass of 3.1 +/- 0.9 M-Jup, putting it well within the planetary regime. The CHAT observations show a partial transit, reducing the probability that the transit was around a faint background star. The CHIRON observations show a clear Doppler shadow, implying that the transiting object is in a retrograde orbit with |lambda| = 244.9(-3.6)(+2.7)degrees. The planet orbits at a distance of 0.047 +/- 0.004 AU from the star and has a zero-albedo equilibrium temperature of 2100 +/- 100 K. In addition, we find that HD 85628 has a previously unreported stellar companion star in the Gaia DR2 data demonstrating common proper motion and parallax at 4.3 '' separation (projected separation similar to 740 AU), and with absolute magnitude consistent with being a K/M dwarf. Conclusions. MASCARA-4 b/bRing-1 b is the brightest transiting hot Jupiter known to date in a retrograde orbit. It further confirms that planets in near-polar and retrograde orbits are more common around early-type stars. Due to its high apparent brightness and short orbital period, the system is particularly well suited for further atmospheric characterization.
Address [Dorval, P.; Wyttenbach, A.; Stuik, R.; Kenworthy, M.; Snellen, I] Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Postbus 9513, NL-2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands, Email: dorval@strw.leidenuniv.nl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Edp Sciences S A Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1432-0746 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000520102800002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1131
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Author Fernandes, R.B.; Hardegree-Ullman, K.K.; Pascucci, I.; Bergsten, G.J.; Mulders, G.D.; Cunha, K.; Mamajek, E.E.; Pearson, K.A.; Feiden, G.A.; Curtis, J.L.
Title Using Photometrically Derived Properties of Young Stars to Refine TESS's Transiting Young Planet Survey Completeness Type
Year 2023 Publication Astronomical Journal Abbreviated Journal Astron. J.
Volume 166 Issue 4 Pages 175
Abstract The demographics of young exoplanets can shed light on their formation and evolution processes. Exoplanet properties are derived from the properties of their host stars. As such, it is important to accurately characterize the host stars since any systematic biases in their derivation can negatively impact the derivation of planetary properties. Here we present a uniform catalog of photometrically derived stellar effective temperatures, luminosities, radii, and masses for 4865 young (<1 Gyr) stars in 31 nearby clusters and moving groups within 200 pc. We compared our photometrically derived properties to a subset of those derived from spectra and found them to be in good agreement. We also investigated the effect of stellar properties on the detection efficiency of transiting short-period young planets with TESS as calculated in Fernandes et al. (2022) and found an overall increase in the detection efficiency when the new photometrically derived properties were taken into account. Most notably, there is a 1.5 x increase in the detection efficiencies for sub-Neptunes/Neptunes (1.8-6 R-circle plus) implying that, for our sample of young stars, better characterization of host star properties can lead to the recovery of more small transiting planets. Our homogeneously derived catalog of updated stellar properties, along with a larger unbiased stellar sample and more detections of young planets, will be a crucial input to the accurate estimation of the occurrence rates of young short-period planets.
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6256 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:001080623800001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1910
Permanent link to this record