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Author Ahrer, E.M.; Alderson, L.; Batalha, N.M.; Batalha, N.E.; Bean, J.L.; Beatty, T.G.; Bell, T.J.; Benneke, B.; Berta-Thompson, Z.K.; Carter, A.L.; Crossfield, I.J.M.; Espinoza, N.; Feinstein, A.D.; Fortney, J.J.; Gibson, N.P.; Goyal, J.M.; Kempton, E.M.R.; Kirk, J.; Kreidberg, L.; Lopez-Morales, M.; Line, M.R.; Lothringer, J.D.; Moran, S.E.; Mukherjee, S.; Ohno, K.; Parmentier, V.; Piaulet, C.; Rustamkulov, Z.; Schlawin, E.; Sing, D.K.; Stevenson, K.B.; Wakeford, H.R.; Allen, N.H.; Birkmann, S.M.; Brande, J.; Crouzet, N.; Cubillos, P.E.; Damiano, M.; Desert, J.M.; Gao, P.; Harrington, J.; Hu, R.Y.; Kendrew, S.; Knutson, H.A.; Lagage, P.O.; Leconte, J.; Lendl, M.; MacDonald, R.J.; May, E.M.; Miguel, Y.; Molaverdikhani, K.; Moses, J.I.; Murray, C.A.; Nehring, M.; Nikolov, N.K.; de la Roche, D.J.M.P.D.; Radica, M.; Roy, P.A.; Stassun, K.G.; Taylor, J.; Waalkes, W.C.; Wachiraphan, P.; Welbanks, L.; Wheatley, P.J.; Aggarwal, K.; Alam, M.K.; Banerjee, A.; Barstow, J.K.; Blecic, J.; Casewell, S.L.; Changeat, Q.; Chubb, K.L.; Colon, K.D.; Coulombe, L.P.; Daylan, T.; De Val-Borro, M.; Decin, L.; Dos Santos, L.A.; Flagg, L.; France, K.; Fu, G.W.; Munoz, A.G.; Gizis, J.E.; Glidden, A.; Grant, D.; Heng, K.; Henning, T.; Hong, Y.C.; Inglis, J.; Iro, N.; Kataria, T.; Komacek, T.D.; Krick, J.E.; Lee, E.K.H.; Lewis, N.K.; Lillo-Box, J.; Lustig-Yaeger, J.; Mancini, L.; Mandell, A.M.; Mansfield, M.; Marley, M.S.; Mikal-Evans, T.; Morello, G.; Nixon, M.C.; Ceballos, K.O.; Piette, A.A.A.; Powell, D.; Rackham, B.V.; Ramos-Rosado, L.; Rauscher, E.; Redfield, S.; Rogers, L.K.; Roman, M.T.; Roudier, G.M.; Scarsdale, N.; Shkolnik, E.L.; Southworth, J.; Spake, J.J.; Steinrueck, M.E.; Tan, X.Y.; Teske, J.K.; Tremblin, P.; Tsai, S.M.; Tucker, G.S.; Turner, J.D.; Valenti, J.A.; Venot, O.; Waldmann, I.P.; Wallack, N.L.; Zhang, X.; Zieba, S.
Title Identification of carbon dioxide in an exoplanet atmosphere Type
Year 2023 Publication Nature Abbreviated Journal Nature
Volume Early Access Issue Pages
Keywords GIANT PLANETS; BROWN DWARFS; LINE LISTS; H2O; SKY
Abstract Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a key chemical species that is found in a wide range of planetary atmospheres. In the context of exoplanets, CO2 is an indicator of the metal enrichment (that is, elements heavier than helium, also called 'metallicity')(1-3), and thus the formation processes of the primary atmospheres of hot gas giants(4-6). It is also one of the most promising species to detect in the secondary atmospheres of terrestrial exoplanets(7-9). Previous photometric measurements of transiting planets with the Spitzer Space Telescope have given hints of the presence of CO2, but have not yielded definitive detections owing to the lack of unambiguous spectroscopic identification(10-12). Here we present the detection of CO2 in the atmosphere of the gas giant exoplanet WASP-39b from transmission spectroscopy observations obtained with JWST as part of the Early Release Science programme(13,14). The data used in this study span 3.0-5.5micrometres in wavelength and show a prominent CO2 absorption feature at 4.3micrometres (26-sigma significance). The overall spectrum is well matched by one-dimensional, ten-times solar metallicity models that assume radiative-convective-thermochemical equilibrium and have moderate cloud opacity. These models predict that the atmosphere should have water, carbon monoxide and hydrogen sulfide in addition to CO2, but little methane. Furthermore, we also tentatively detect a small absorption feature near 4.0micrometres that is not reproduced by these models.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0028-0836 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000927885000001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1760
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Author Cont, D.; Yan, F.; Reiners, A.; Nortmann, L.; Molaverdikhani, K.; Palle, E.; Stangret, M.; Henning, T.; Ribas, I.; Quirrenbach, A.; Caballero, J.A.; Osorio, M.R.Z.; Amado, P.J.; Aceituno, J.; Casasayas-Barris, N.; Czesla, S.; Kaminski, A.; Lopez-Puertas, M.; Montes, D.; Morales, J.C.; Morello, G.; Nagel, E.; Sanchez-Lopez, A.; Sedaghati, E.; Zechmeister, M.
Title Silicon in the dayside atmospheres of two ultra-hot Jupiters Type
Year 2022 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 657 Issue Pages L2
Keywords planets and satellites: atmospheres; techniques: spectroscopic; planets and satellites: individual: WASP-33b; planets and satellites: individual: KELT-20b/MASCARA-2b
Abstract Atmospheres of highly irradiated gas giant planets host a large variety of atomic and ionic species. Here we observe the thermal emission spectra of the two ultra-hot Jupiters WASP-33b and KELT-20b /MASCARA-2b in the near-infrared wavelength range with CARMENES. Via high-resolution Doppler spectroscopy, we searched for neutral silicon (Si) in their dayside atmospheres. We detect the Si spectral signature of both planets via cross-correlation with model spectra. Detection levels of 4.8 sigma and 5.4 sigma, respectively, are observed when assuming a solar atmospheric composition. This is the first detection of Si in exoplanet atmospheres. The presence of Si is an important finding due to its fundamental role in cloud formation and, hence, for the planetary energy balance. Since the spectral lines are detected in emission, our results also confirm the presence of an inverted temperature profile in the dayside atmospheres of both planets.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6361 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000740006300008 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1535
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Author Feinstein, A.D.; Radica, M.; Welbanks, L.; Murray, C.A.; Ohno, K.; Coulombe, L.P.; Espinoza, N.; Bean, J.L.; Teske, J.K.; Benneke, B.; Line, M.R.; Rustamkulov, Z.; Saba, A.; Tsiaras, A.; Barstow, J.K.; Fortney, J.J.; Gao, P.T.; Knutson, H.A.; MacDonald, R.J.; Mikal-Evans, T.; Rackham, B.V.; Taylor, J.; Parmentier, V.; Batalha, N.M.; Berta-Thompson, Z.K.; Carter, A.L.; Changeat, Q.; dos Santos, L.A.; Gibson, N.P.; Goyal, J.M.; Kreidberg, L.; Lopez-Morales, M.; Lothringer, J.D.; Miguel, Y.; Molaverdikhani, K.; Moran, S.E.; Morello, G.; Mukherjee, S.; Sing, D,.K.; Stevenson, K.B.; Wakeford, H.R.; Ahrer, E.M.; Alam, M.K.; Alderson, L.; Allen, N.H.; Batalha, N.E.; Bell, T.J.; Blecic, J.; Brande, J.; Caceres, C.; Casewell, S.L.; Chubb, K.L.; Crossfield, I.J.M.; Crouzet, N.; Cubillos, P.E.; Decin, L.; Desert, J.M.; Harrington, J.; Heng, K.V.; Henning, T.; Iro, N.; Kempton, E.M.R.; Kendrew, S.; Kirk, J.; Krick, J.; Lagage, P.O.; Lendl, M.; Mancini, L.; Mansfield, M.; May, E.M.; Mayne, N.J.; Nikolov, N.K.; Palle, E.; de la Roche, D.J.M.P.D.; Piaulet, C.; Powell, D.; Redfield, S.; Rogers, L.K.; Roman, M.T.; Roy, P.A.; Nixon, M.C.; Schlawin, E.; Tan, X.Y.; Tremblin, P.; Turner, J.D.; Venot, O.; Waalkes, W.C.; Wheatley, P.J.; Zhang, X.
Title Early Release Science of the exoplanet WASP-39b with JWST NIRISS Type
Year 2023 Publication Nature Abbreviated Journal Nature
Volume Early Access Issue Pages
Keywords EXOMOL LINE LISTS; THERMAL STRUCTURE; MODEL; ABUNDANCES; ATMOSPHERE; RETRIEVAL; SCATTERING; EFFICIENT; SPECTRUM; METHANE
Abstract The Saturn-mass exoplanet WASP-39b has been the subject of extensive efforts to determine its atmospheric properties using transmission spectroscopy(1-4). However, these efforts have been hampered by modelling degeneracies between composition and cloud properties that are caused by limited data quality(5-9). Here we present the transmission spectrum of WASP-39b obtained using the Single-Object Slitless Spectroscopy (SOSS) mode of the Near Infrared Imager and Slitless Spectrograph (NIRISS) instrument on the JWST. This spectrum spans 0.6-2.8 mu m in wavelength and shows several water-absorption bands, the potassium resonance doublet and signatures of clouds. The precision and broad wavelength coverage of NIRISS/SOSS allows us to break model degeneracies between cloud properties and the atmospheric composition of WASP-39b, favouring a heavy-element enhancement ('metallicity') of about 10-30 times the solar value, a sub-solar carbon-to-oxygen (C/O) ratio and a solar-to-super-solar potassium-to-oxygen (K/O) ratio. The observations are also best explained by wavelength-dependent, non-grey clouds with inhomogeneous coverageof the planet's terminator.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0028-0836 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000951197700001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1800
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Author Schlecker, M.; Kossakowski, D.; Brahm, R.; Espinoza, N.; Henning, T.; Carone, L.; Molaverdikhani, K.; Trifonov, T.; Molliere, P.; Hobson, MJ.; Jordan, A.; Rojas, FI.; Klahr, H.; Sarkis, P.; Bakos, GA.; Bhatti, W.; Osip, D.; Suc, V.; Ricker, G.; Vanderspek, R.; Latham, DW.; Seager, S.; Winn, JN.; Jenkins, JM.; Vezie, M.; Villasenor, JN.; Rose, ME.; Rodriguez, DR.; Rodriguez, JE.; Quinn, SN.; Shporer, A.
Title A highly eccentric warm jupiter orbiting TIC 237913194 Type
Year 2020 Publication Astronomical Journal Abbreviated Journal Astron. J.
Volume 160 Issue 6 Pages 275
Keywords Exoplanet astronomy; Transit photometry; Radial velocity; Exoplanet dynamics; Exoplanet atmospheres; Exoplanet structure; Hot Jupiters; Extrasolar gas giants
Abstract The orbital parameters of warm Jupiters serve as a record of their formation history, providing constraints on formation scenarios for giant planets on close and intermediate orbits. Here, we report the discovery of TIC.237913194b, detected in full-frame images from Sectors 1 and 2 of the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), ground-based photometry (Chilean-Hungarian Automated Telescope, Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope), and Fiber-fed Extended Range Optical Spectrograph radial velocity time series. We constrain its mass to M-P = 1.942(-0.091)(+0.091) M-J and its radius to R-P = 1.117(-0.047)(+0.054) R-J, implying a bulk density similar to Neptune's. It orbits a G-type star (M-* = 1.026(-0.055)(+0.057) M-circle dot, V = 12.1 mag) with a period of 15.17 days on one of the most eccentric orbits of all known warm giants (e approximate to 0.58). This extreme dynamical state points to a past interaction with an additional, undetected massive companion. A tidal evolution analysis showed a large tidal dissipation timescale, suggesting that the planet is not a progenitor for a hot Jupiter caught during its high-eccentricity migration. TIC.237913194b further represents an attractive opportunity to study the energy deposition and redistribution in the atmosphere of a warm Jupiter with high eccentricity.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6256 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1286
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Author Sedaghati, E.; Sanchez-Lopez, A.; Czesla, S.; Lopez-Puertas, M.; Amado, P.J.; Palle, E.; Molaverdikhani, K.; Caballero, J.A.; Nortmann, L.; Quirrenbach, A.; Reiners, A.; Ribas, I.
Title Moderately misaligned orbit of the warm sub-Saturn HD 332231 b Type
Year 2022 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 659 Issue Pages A44
Keywords planets and satellites: individual: HD 332231b; planets and satellites: atmospheres; methods: observational; techniques: spectroscopic; techniques: radial velocities
Abstract Measurements of exoplanetary orbital obliquity angles for different classes of planets are an essential tool in testing various planet formation theories. Measurements for those transiting planets on relatively large orbital periods (P > 10 d) present a rather difficult observational challenge. Here we present the obliquity measurement for the warm sub-Saturn planet HD 332231 b, which was discovered through Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite photometry of sectors 14 and 15, on a relatively large orbital period (18.7 d). Through a joint analysis of previously obtained spectroscopic data and our newly obtained CARMENES transit observations, we estimated the spin-orbit misalignment angle, lambda to be -42.0(-10.6)(+11.3) deg, which challenges Laplacian ideals of planet formation. Through the addition of these new radial velocity data points obtained with CARMENES, we also derived marginal improvements on other orbital and bulk parameters for the planet, as compared to previously published values. We showed the robustness of the obliquity measurement through model comparison with an aligned orbit. Finally, we demonstrated the inability of the obtained data to probe any possible extended atmosphere of the planet, due to a lack of precision, and place the atmosphere in the context of a parameter detection space.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6361 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000763639300002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1548
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Author Yan, F.; Espinoza, N.; Molaverdikhani, K.; Henning, T.; Mancini, L.; Mallonn, M.; Rackham, B.V.; Apai, D.; Jordan, A.; Molliere, P.; Chen, G.; Carone, L.; Reiners, A.
Title LBT transmission spectroscopy of HAT-P-12b: Confirmation of a cloudy atmosphere with no significant alkali features Type
Year 2020 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 642 Issue Pages 13 pp
Keywords planets and satellites: atmospheres; techniques: spectroscopic; stars: atmospheres; planets and satellites: individual: HAT-P-12b
Abstract The hot sub-Saturn-mass exoplanet HAT-P-12b is an ideal target for transmission spectroscopy because of its inflated radius. We observed one transit of the planet with the multi-object double spectrograph (MODS) on the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) with the binocular mode and obtained an atmosphere transmission spectrum with a wavelength coverage of similar to 0.4-0.9 μm. The spectrum is relatively flat and does not show any significant sodium or potassium absorption features. Our result is consistent with the revised Hubble Space Telescope (HST) transmission spectrum of a previous work, except that the HST result indicates a tentative detection of potassium. The potassium discrepancy could be the result of statistical fluctuation of the HST dataset. We fit the planetary transmission spectrum with an extensive grid of cloudy models and confirm the presence of high-altitude clouds in the planetary atmosphere. The fit was performed on the combined LBT and HST spectrum, which has an overall wavelength range of 0.4-1.6 μm. The LBT/MODS spectrograph has unique advantages in transmission spectroscopy observations because it can cover a wide wavelength range with a single exposure and acquire two sets of independent spectra simultaneously.
Address [Yan, F.; Reiners, A.] Georg August Univ, Inst Astrophys, Friedrich Hund Pl 1, D-37077 Gottingen, Germany, Email: fei.yan@uni-goettingen.de
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Edp Sciences S A Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1432-0746 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000581918600001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1237
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