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Author Crutchik, D.; Morales, N.; Vazquez-Padin, J.R.; Garrido, J.M.
Title Enhancement of struvite pellets crystallization in a fullscale plant using an industrial grade magnesium product Type
Year 2017 Publication Water Science And Technology Abbreviated Journal Water Sci. Technol.
Volume 75 Issue 3 Pages 609-618
Keywords industrial magnesium hydroxide; municipal wastewater; phosphorus recovery; struvite pellets
Abstract A full-scale struvite crystallization system was operated for the treatment of the centrate obtained from the sludge anaerobic digester in a municipal wastewater treatment plant. Additionally, the feasibility of an industrial grade Mg(OH) (2) as a cheap magnesium and alkali source was also investigated. The struvite crystallization plant was operated for two different periods: period I, in which an influent with low phosphate concentration (34.0 mg P . L (-1)) was fed to the crystallization plant; and period II, in which an influent with higher phosphate concentration (68.0 mg P . L (-1)) was used. A high efficiency of phosphorus recovery by struvite crystallization was obtained, even when the effluent treated had a high level of alkalinity. Phosphorus recovery percentage was around 77%, with a phosphate concentration in the effluent between 10.0 and 30.0 mg P .L- 1. The experiments gained struvite pellets of 0.5- 5.0 mm size. Moreover, the consumption of Mg(OH) (2) was estimated at 1.5 mol Mg added . mol P recovered (-1). Thus, industrial grade Mg(OH) (2) can be an economical alternative as magnesium and alkali sources for struvite crystallization at industrial scale.
Address [Crutchik, D.; Garrido, J. M.] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Inst Technol, Dept Chem Engn, Santiago De Compostela 15782, Spain, Email: dafne.crutchik@gmail.com
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Iwa Publishing Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0273-1223 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000394350100013 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 710
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Author del Rio, A.V.; Pichel, A.; Fernandez-Gonzalez, N.; Pedrouso, A.; Fra-Vazquez, A.; Morales, N.; Mendez, R.; Campos, J.L.; Mosquera-Corral, A.
Title Performance and microbial features of the partial nitritation-anammox process treating fish canning wastewater with variable salt concentrations Type
Year 2018 Publication Journal Of Environmental Management Abbreviated Journal J. Environ. Manage.
Volume 208 Issue Pages 112-121
Keywords Autotrophic; Denitrification; Fish canning; Granule; Nitrogen
Abstract The partial nitritation-anammox (PN-AMX) process applied to wastewaters with high NaCl concentration was studied until now using simulated media, without considering the effect of organic matter concentration and the shift in microbial populations. This research work presents results on the application of this process to the treatment of saline industrial wastewater. Obtained results indicated that the PN-AMX process has the capability to recover its initial activity after a sudden/acute salt inhibition event (up to 16 g NaCl/L). With a progressive salt concentration increase for 150 days, the PN-AMX process was able to remove the 80% of the nitrogen at 7-9 g NaCl/L. The microbiological data indicated that NaCl and ammonia concentrations and temperature are important factors shaping PN-AMX communities. Thus, the NOB abundance (Nitrospira) decreases with the increase of the salt concentration, while heterotrophic denitrifiers are able to outcompete anammox aftet a peak of organic matter in the feeding. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Address [Val del Rio, Angeles; Pichel, Andres; Fernandez-Gonzalez, Nuria; Pedrouso, Alba; Fra-Vazquez, Andrea; Mendez, Ramon; Mosquera-Corral, Anuska] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Sch Engn, Dept Chem Engn, E-15705 Santiago De Compostela, Spain, Email: mangeles.val@usc.es;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0301-4797 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000424074000011 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 818
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Author Fra-Vazquez, A.; Morales, N.; Figueroa, M.; del Rio, A.V.; Regueiro, L.; Campos, J.L.; Mosquera-Corral, A.
Title Bacterial community dynamics in long-term operation of a pilot plant using aerobic granular sludge to treat pig slurry Type
Year 2016 Publication Biotechnology Progress Abbreviated Journal Biotechnol. Prog.
Volume 32 Issue 5 Pages 1212-1221
Keywords aerobic process; granular sludge; bacterial diversity; applied microbiology; wastewater treatment
Abstract Aerobic granular sludge represents an interesting approach for simultaneous organic matter and nitrogen removal in wastewater treatment plants. However, the information about microbial communities in aerobic granular systems dealing with industrial wastewater like pig slurry is limited. Herein, bacterial diversity and dynamics were assessed in a pilot scale plant using aerobic granular sludge for organic matter and nitrogen elimination from swine slurry during more than 300 days. Results indicated that bacterial composition evolved throughout the operational period from flocculent activated sludge, used as inoculum, to mature aerobic granules. Bacterial diversity increased at the beginning of the granulation process and then declined due to the application of transient organic matter and nitrogen loads. The operational conditions of the pilot plant and the degree of granulation determined the microbial community of the aerobic granules. Brachymonas, Zoogloea and Thauera were attributed with structural function as they are able to produce extracellular polymeric substances to maintain the granular structure. Nitrogen removal was justified by partial nitrification (Nitrosomonas) and denitrification (Thauera and Zoogloea), while Comamonas was identified as the main organic matter oxidizing bacteria. Overall, clear links between bacterial dynamics and composition with process performance were found and will help to predict their biological functions in wastewater ecosystems improving the future control of the process. (c) 2016 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 32:1212-1221, 2016
Address [Fra-Vazquez, A.; Morales, N.; Figueroa, M.; Val del Rio, A.; Regueiro, L.; Mosquera-Corral, A.] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Inst Technol, Grp Environm Engn & Bioproc, Dept Chem Engn, Santiago De Compostela 15705, Spain, Email: andrea.fra@usc.es
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 8756-7938 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000387787600013 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 681
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Author Morales, N.; del Rio, A.V.; Vazquez-Padin, J.R.; Gutierrez, R.; Fernandez-Gonzalez, R.; Icaram, P.; Rogalla, F.; Campos, J.L.; Mendez, R.; Mosquera-Corral, A.
Title Influence of dissolved oxygen concentration on the start-up of the anammox-based process: ELAN (R) Type
Year 2015 Publication Water Science And Technology Abbreviated Journal Water Sci. Technol.
Volume 72 Issue 4 Pages 520-527
Keywords anammox; autotrophic nitrogen removal; dissolved oxygen; granule; oxygen microprofiles
Abstract The anammox-based process ELAN (R) was started-up in two different sequencing batch reactor (SBR) pilot plant reactors treating municipal anaerobic digester supernatant. The main difference in the operation of both reactors was the dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration in the bulk liquid. SBR-1 was started at a DO value of 0.4 mg O-2/L whereas SBR-2 was started at DO values of 3.0 mg O-2/L. Despite both reactors working at a nitrogen removal rate of around 0.6 g N/(L d), in SBR-1, granules represented only a small fraction of the total biomass and reached a diameter of 1.1 mm after 7 months of operation, while in SBR-2 the biomass was mainly composed of granules with an average diameter of 3.2 mm after the same operational period. Oxygen microelectrode profiling revealed that granules from SBR-2 where only fully penetrated by oxygen with DO concentrations of 8 mg O2/L while granules from SBR-1 were already oxygen penetrated at DO concentrations of 1 mg O2/L. In this way granules from SBR-2 performed better due to the thick layer of ammonia oxidizing bacteria, which accounted for up to 20% of all the microbial populations, which protected the anammox bacteria from non-suitable liquid media conditions.
Address [Morales, N.; Vazquez-Padin, J. R.; Gutierrez, R.; Fernandez-Gonzalez, R.; Icaram, P.; Rogalla, F.] Guillarei WWTP, FCC Aqualia, E-36720 Tui, Spain, Email: nicolas.morales.pereira@fcc.es
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Iwa Publishing Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0273-1223 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000359387200003 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 518
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Author Morales, N.; del Rio, A.V.; Vazquez-Padin, J.R.; Mendez, R.; Campos, J.L.; Mosquera-Corral, A.
Title The granular biomass properties and the acclimation period affect the partial nitritation/anammox process stability at a low temperature and ammonium concentration Type
Year 2016 Publication Process Biochemistry Abbreviated Journal Process Biochem.
Volume 51 Issue 12 Pages 2134-2142
Keywords Anammox; AOB; Granules; Nitrogen; NOB; Partial nitritation
Abstract Extensive research on the anammox-based processes under mainstream conditions is currently in progress. Most studies have used a long acclimation period for the partial nitritation-anammox (PN-An) sludge at a low temperature and ammonium concentration. However, in this study, the results demonstrated that PN-An granular biomass produced under sidestream conditions (30 degrees C and 1000 mg NH4+-N/L) can operate at 15 degrees C and 50 mg NH4+-N/L without acclimation. The nitrogen removal efficiency was 70% and was stable for 60 days. The long-termoperation of the system with progressive adaptation provided important information for process optimization. Control of the dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration was crucial to maintain the balance between ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and anammox bacteria activities. A calculation of the oxygen penetration depth inside the granules is proposed to estimate an adequate DO level, which allows for the definition of the aerobic and anoxic zones that depend on the temperature, the size distribution and the granule density. However, the development of NOB was difficult to avoid with DO control alone. The selective washing-out of the floccular biomass, which contains mainly NOB, is proposed, leaving the granular fraction with the AOB and anammox bacteria in the system. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Address [Morales, Nicolas; del Rio, Angeles Val; Mendez, Ramon; Campos, Jose L.; Mosquera-Corral, Anuska] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Inst Technol, Dept Chem Engn, E-15705 Santiago De Compostela, Spain, Email: nicolas.morales@usc.es;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1359-5113 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000390733500029 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 685
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Author Morales, N.; del Rio, A.V.; Vazquez-Padin, J.R.; Mendez, R.; Mosquera-Corral, A.; Campos, J.L.
Title Integration of the Anammox process to the rejection water and main stream lines of WWTPs Type
Year 2015 Publication Chemosphere Abbreviated Journal Chemosphere
Volume 140 Issue Pages 99-105
Keywords Anammox; Energetic efficiency; Greenhouse gas emission; Main stream; Temperature
Abstract Nowadays the application of Anammox based processes in the wastewater treatment plants has given a step forward. The new goal consists of removing the nitrogen present in the main stream of the WWTTPs to improve their energetic efficiencies. This new approach aims to remove not only the nitrogen but also to provide a better use of the energy contained in the organic matter. The organic matter will be removed either by an anaerobic psychrophilic membrane reactor or an aerobic stage operated at low solids retention time followed by an anaerobic digestion of the generated sludge. Then ammonia coming from these units will be removed in an Anammox based process in a single unit system. The second strategy provides the best results in terms of operational costs and would allow reductions of about 28%. Recent research works performed on Anammox based processes and operated at relatively low temperatures and/or low ammonia concentrations were carried out in single-stage systems using biofilms, granules or a mixture of flocculent nitrifying and granular Anammox biomasses. These systems allowed the appropriated retention of Anammox and ammonia oxidizing bacteria but also the proliferation of nitrite oxidizing bacteria which seems to be the main drawback to achieve the required effluent quality for disposal. Therefore, prior to the implementation of the Anammox based processes at full scale to the water line, a reliable strategy to avoid nitrite oxidation should be defined in order to maintain the process stability and to obtain the desired effluent quality. If not, the application of a post-denitrification step should be necessary. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Address [Morales, Nicolas; Val del Rio, Angeles; Mendez, Ramon; Mosquera-Corral, Anuska; Luis Campos, Jose] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Sch Engn, Dept Chem Engn, E-15782 Santiago De Compostela, Spain, Email: nicolas.morales.pereira@fcc.es;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0045-6535 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000357232000014 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 507
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Author Pedrouso, A.; Aiartza, I.; Morales, N.; Vazquez-Padin, J.R.; Rogalla, F.; Campos, J.L.; Mosquera-Corral, A.; del Rio, A.V.
Title Pilot-scale ELAN (R) process applied to treat primary settled urban wastewater at low temperature via partial nitritation-anammox processes Type
Year 2018 Publication Separation And Purification Technology Abbreviated Journal Sep. Purif. Technol.
Volume 200 Issue Pages 94-101
Keywords Ananunox; Autotrophic nitrogen removal; Granular biomass; Mainstream; Partial nitritation
Abstract A single stage partial nitritation and anammox granular pilot scale reactor (600 L) was operated to treat primary settled sewage in an urban wastewater treatment plant. The fed wastewater contained low total nitrogen concentrations of 6-25 mg TN/L and the system operated without temperature control ranging from 18 to 12 degrees C. A control strategy, based on the pH value, was applied to stop the aeration supply. The pH set-point was fixed at 6.0 and allowed obtaining a total nitrogen removal efficiency approximately of 50% treating a load of 67 mg TN/(L.d) without the addition of any chemicals. Although nitrite oxidizing bacteria were present in the inoculated sludge, when the pH-based control was implemented (day 30) the ammonium oxidation was favored compared to the nitrite oxidation activity. Then, the system operated stable the rest of the operational period (days 30-94) despite the presence of organic matter in the wastewater and the high variability of nitrogen load and temperature during the operation. Nitrogen was autotrophically removed accomplishing the stringent discharge limits (10 mg TN/L) and nitrate concentrations in the effluent lower than 3 mg NO3--N/L. Both biomass concentration and granules size increased during the operational period indicating the growth of the biomass inside the reactor and therefore the potential treatment capacity.
Address [Pedrouso, Alba; Aiartza, Irati; Mosquera-Corral, Anuska; Val del Rio, Angeles] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Sch Engn, Dept Chem Engn, E-15705 Santiago De Compostela, Spain, Email: alba.pedrouso@usc.es;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Science Bv Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1383-5866 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000431157200012 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 855
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Author Pedrouso, A.; del Rio, A.V.; Morales, N.; Vazquez-Padin, J.R.; Campos, J.L.; Mendez, R.; Mosquera-Corral, A.
Title Nitrite oxidizing bacteria suppression based on in-situ free nitrous acid production at mainstream conditions Type
Year 2017 Publication Separation And Purification Technology Abbreviated Journal Sep. Purif. Technol.
Volume 186 Issue Pages 55-62
Keywords Ammonium oxidizing bacteria; Flocculent sludge; Free nitrous acid; Mainstream; Nitrite oxidizing bacteria; Partial nitritation
Abstract The application of autotrophic nitrogen removal processes in the main line of wastewater treatment plants will contribute to achieve its self-energy-sufficiency. However, the effective suppression of nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) activity at the conditions of low temperature and low ammonium concentration (mainstream conditions) was identified as one of the main bottlenecks. In this study, stable partial nitritation at 16 degrees C and 50 mg NH4+-N/L was achieved maintaining inside the reactor free nitrous acid (FNA) concentrations inhibitory for NOB (>0.02 mg HNO2-N/L), without dissolved oxygen concentration control, The FNA inhibitory concentration was generated by the partial nitritation process, and its stimulation was studied with two different inhibitors: sodium azide and nitrite. The microbiological analysis revealed that, throughout the operational period with inhibitory FNA levels, the NOB populations (dominated by Nitrospira) were effectively washed out from the reactor. This is an advantage that allowed maintaining a good stability of the process, even when the FNA concentration was not enough to inhibit the NOB, taking about 40 days to develop significant activity. The observed delay on the NOB development is expected to enable the establishment of corrective actions to avoid the partial nitritation destabilization. The use of the FNA to achieve a stable partial nitritation process is recommended to profit from the natural pH decrease associated to the nitritation process and from its favoured accumulation at low temperatures as those from the mainstream. In this research study an analysis about the influence of ammonium and alkalinity concentrations was also performed to know in which scenarios the FNA inhibitory concentration can be achieved. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Address [Pedrouso, Alba; del Rio, Angeles Val; Mendez, Ramon; Mosquera-Corral, Anuska] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Sch Engn, Dept Chem Engn, E-15705 Santiago De Compostela, Spain, Email: alba.pedrouso@usc.es;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Science Bv Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1383-5866 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000406730700007 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 755
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Author Pedrouso, A.; del Rio, AV.; Morales, N.; Vazquez-Padin, JR.; Campos, JL.; Mosquera-Corral, A.
Title Mainstream anammox reactor performance treating municipal wastewater and batch study of temperature, pH and organic matter concentration cross-effects Type
Year 2021 Publication Process Safety and Environmental Protection Abbreviated Journal Process Saf. Environ. Protect.
Volume 145 Issue Pages 195-202
Keywords Alkalinity; Autotrophic nitrogen removal; Inorganic carbon; Mainstream; Low temperature; Specific anammox activity
Abstract The anammox process is an energy efficient promising alternative to biologically remove the nitrogen. Thus, a 5-L anammox granular reactor was inoculated with sludge coming from a sidestream partial nitritation and anammox reactor (>200 mg TN/L and 30 degrees C) and it was directly subjected to 15 +/- 1 degrees C treating mimicked municipal wastewater (50 mg TN/L). Results indicated that an acclimation period (commonly used) to progressive reach the mainstream conditions is not needed, shortening the start-up periods. The long-term anammox process stability was proved to treat synthetic wastewater with decreasing alkalinities and nitritified primary settled municipal wastewater. The low pH values (6.2 +/- 0.1) of the municipal wastewater fed did not affect the process stability. Residual organic matter concentrations augmented the nitrogen removal efficiency from 80 % (with the synthetic medium) to 92 % achieving effluent concentrations below 10 mg TN/L. Finally, the effect of pH (6-8), temperature (15-30 degrees C) and organic matter concentration (0-75 mg TOC/L) over the specific anammox activity (SA(Amx)) was evaluated at short-term. pH and temperature and their interactions exerted significant influence on the SAAmx value while the TOC concentrations itself did not significantly change the SA(AMX). (C) 2020 Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0957-5820 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000604751700017 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1325
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Author Pedrouso, A.; Tocco, G.; val del Rio, A.; Carucci, A.; Morales, N.; Campos, J.L.; Milia, S.; Mosquera-Corral, A.
Title Digested blackwater treatment in a partial nitritation-anammox reactor under repeated starvation and reactivation periods Type
Year 2020 Publication Journal Of Cleaner Production Abbreviated Journal J. Clean Prod.
Volume 244 Issue Pages 9 pp
Keywords Anammox; Blackwater; Decentralized systems; Nitritation; Starvation; Wastewater source separation
Abstract Wastewater source-separation and on-site treatment systems face severe problems in wastewater availability. Therefore, the effect of repeated short-term starvation and reactivation periods on a partial nitritation-anammox (PN/AMX) based processes were assessed treating digested blackwater at room temperature. Two sequencing batch reactors (SBR) were operated, one of them during 24 h/day the whole week (SBR-C, which served as control) and the other with repeated starvation/reactivation periods during the nights and the weekends (SBR-D), using simulated blackwater (300 mg N/L and 200 mg COD/L) as substrate. Results showed no remarkable differences in overall processes performance between both reactors, achieving total nitrogen removal efficiencies (NRE) around 90%. Furthermore, no significant variations were measured in specific activities, except for the aerobic heterotrophic one that was lower in SBR-D, presumably due to the exposure to anoxic conditions. Then, the technical feasibility of applying the PN/AMX system to treat real blackwater produced in an office building during working hours was successfully proved in a third reactor (SBR-R), with the same starvation/reactivation periods tested in SBR-D. Despite the low temperature, ranging from 14 to 21 degrees C, total NRE up to 95% and total nitrogen concentration in the effluent lower than 10 mg N/L were achieved. Moreover, the PN/AMX process performance was immediately recovered after a long starvation period of 15 days (simulating holidays). Results proved for the first time the feasibility and long-term stability (100 days) of applying the PN/AMX processes for the treatment (and potential reuse) of blackwater in a decentralized system where wastewater is not always available. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Address [Pedrouso, Alba; Val del Rio, Angeles; Mosquera-Corral, Anuska] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Dept Chem Engn, CRETUS Inst, E-15705 Santiago De Compostela, Spain, Email: alba.pedrouso@usc.es;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0959-6526 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000503172600066 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1079
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Author Pichel, A.; Fra, A.; Morales, N.; Campos, J.L.; Mendez, R.; Mosquera-Corral, A.; del Rio, A.V.
Title Is the ammonia stripping pre-treatment suitable for the nitrogen removal via partial nitritation-anammox of OFMSW digestate? Type
Year 2021 Publication JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS Abbreviated Journal J. Hazard. Mater.
Volume 403 Issue Pages 123458
Keywords Ammonia stripping; Anammox; COD/N ratio; Heterotrophic denitrification; OFMSW
Abstract Treating the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) can be performed by coupling the anaerobic digestion (AD) and partial nitritation-anammox (PN-AMX) processes for organic matter and nitrogen removal, respectively. Besides, an ammonia stripping (AS) step before the AD benefit the removal of organic matter. In the present study, the operation of two PN-AMX sequencing batch reactors with and without AS pre-treated OFMSW digestate (AS-SBR and nAS-SBR, respectively) was assessed. The specific anammox activity decreased by 90 % for increasing proportions of fed OFMSW in both cases, indicating no differences over the anammox activity whether the AS pre-treatment is implemented or not. For 100 % OFMSW proportion, the AS-SBR achieved better effluent quality than the nAS-SBR (127 +/- 88 vs. 1050 +/- 23 mg N/L) but with lower nitrogen removal rates (58 +/- 8 vs. 687 +/- 32 g N/(L.d)). Still, the latter required successive re-inoculations to obtain higher removal rates. Changes in the microbial communities were mainly correlated to sCOD/N ratios in the OFMSW, being Candidatus Brocadia the dominant anamnmox species. The results proved the AS to be a suitable pre-treatment, despite the higher sCOD/N ratios in the OFMSW digestate, achieving good synergy between the PN-AMX and heterotrophic denitrification processes.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0304-3894 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000595265500001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1274
Permanent link to this record