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Author Espinoza-Retamal, J.I.; Brahm, R.; Petrovich, C.; Jordán, A.; Stefánsson, G.; Sedaghati, E.; Hobson, M.J.; Muñoz, D.J.; Boyle, G.; Leiva, R.; Suc, V.
Title The Aligned Orbit of the Eccentric Proto Hot Jupiter TOI-3362b Type
Year 2023 Publication Astrophysical Journal Letters Abbreviated Journal Astrophys. J. Lett.
Volume 958 Issue 2 Pages L20
Keywords IN-SITU FORMATION; PLANET; TRANSIT; EVOLUTION; BINARY; PHOTOMETRY; SCATTERING; TELESCOPE; MIGRATION; COMPANION
Abstract High-eccentricity tidal migration predicts the existence of highly eccentric proto hot Jupiters on the “tidal circularization track,” meaning that they might eventually become hot Jupiters, but that their migratory journey remains incomplete. Having experienced moderate amounts of tidal evolution of their orbital elements, proto hot Jupiter systems can be powerful test beds for the underlying mechanisms of eccentricity growth. Notably, they may be used for discriminating between variants of high-eccentricity migration, each predicting a distinct evolution of misalignment between the star and the planet's orbit. We constrain the spin-orbit misalignment of the proto hot Jupiter TOI-3362b with high-precision radial-velocity observations using ESPRESSO at Very Large Telescope. The observations reveal a sky-projected obliquity lambda=1.2+2.8(degrees)/-2.7 and constrain the orbital eccentricity to e = 0.720 +/- 0.016, making it one of the most eccentric gas giants for which the obliquity has been measured. Although the large eccentricity and the striking orbit alignment of the planet are puzzling, we suggest that ongoing coplanar high-eccentricity migration driven by a distant companion is a possible explanation for the system's architecture. This distant companion would need to reside beyond 5 au at 95% confidence to be compatible with the available radial-velocity observations.
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Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2041-8205 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:001109357900001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1929
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Author Jackson, JM.; Dawson, RI.; Shannon, A.; Petrovich, C
Title Observable Predictions from Perturber-coupled High-eccentricity Tidal Migration of Warm Jupiters Type
Year 2021 Publication Astronomical Journal Abbreviated Journal Astron. J.
Volume 161 Issue 4 Pages 200
Keywords Exoplanet systems; Exoplanet dynamics; Exoplanet evolution; Hot Jupiters
Abstract The origin of warm Jupiters (gas giant planets with periods between 10 and 200 days) is an open question in exoplanet formation and evolution. We investigate a particular migration theory in which a warm Jupiter is coupled to a perturbing companion planet that excites secular eccentricity oscillations in the warm Jupiter, leading to periodic close stellar passages that can tidally shrink and circularize its orbit. If such companions exist in warm Jupiter systems, they are likely to be massive and close-in, making them potentially detectable. We generate a set of warm Jupiter-perturber populations capable of engaging in high-eccentricity tidal migration and calculate the detectability of the perturbers through a variety of observational metrics. We show that a small percentage of these perturbers should be detectable in the Kepler light curves, but most should be detectable with precise radial velocity measurements over a 3 month baseline and Gaia astrometry. We find these results to be robust to the assumptions made for the perturber parameter distributions. If a high-precision radial velocity search for companions to warm Jupiters does not find evidence of a significant number of massive companions over a 3 month baseline, it will suggest that perturber-coupled high-eccentricity migration is not the predominant delivery method for warm Jupiters.
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Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6256 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000632894600001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1359
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Author Jenkins, J.S.; Diaz, M.R.; Kurtovic, N.T.; Espinoza, N.; Vines, J.I.; Rojas, P.A.P.; Brahm, R.; Torres, P.; Cortes-Zuleta, P.; Soto, M.G.; Lopez, E.D.; King, G.W.; Wheatley, P.J.; Winn, J.N.; Ciardi, D.R.; Ricker, G.; Vanderspek, R.; Latham, D.W.; Seager, S.; Jenkins, J.M.; Beichman, C.A.; Bieryla, A.; Burke, C.J.; Christiansen, J.L.; Henze, C.E.; Klaus, T.C.; McCauliff, S.; Mori, M.; Narita, N.; Nishiumi, T.; Tamura, M.; de Leon, J.P.; Quinn, S.N.; Villasenor, J.N.; Vezie, M.; Lissauer, J.J.; Collins, K.A.; Collins, K.I.; Isopi, G.; Mallia, F.; Ercolino, A.; Petrovich, C.; Jordan, A.; Acton, J.S.; Armstrong, D.J.; Bayliss, D.; Bouchy, F.; Belardi, C.; Bryant, E.M.; Burleigh, M.R.; Cabrera, J.; Casewell, S.L.; Chaushev, A.; Cooke, B.F.; Eigmuller, P.; Erikson, A.; Foxell, E.; Gansicke, B.T.; Gill, S.; Gillen, E.; Gunther, M.N.; Goad, M.R.; Hooton, M.J.; Jackman, J.A.G.; Louden, T.; McCormac, J.; Moyano, M.; Nielsen, L.D.; Pollacco, D.; Queloz, D.; Rauer, H.; Raynard, L.; Smith, A.M.S.; Tilbrook, R.H.; Titz-Weider, R.; Turner, O.; Udry, S.; Walker, S.R.; Watson, C.A.; West, R.G.; Palle, E.; Ziegler, C.; Law, N.; Mann, A.W.
Title An ultrahot Neptune in the Neptune desert Type
Year 2020 Publication Nature Astronomy Abbreviated Journal Nat. Astron.
Volume 4 Issue 12 Pages 11481157
Keywords PLANETS; ATMOSPHERE; EXOPLANETS; ALGORITHM; EFFICIENT; DWARFS; STARS; TOOL
Abstract About 1 out of 200 Sun-like stars has a planet with an orbital period shorter than one day: an ultrashort-period planet(1,2). All of the previously known ultrashort-period planets are either hot Jupiters, with sizes above 10 Earth radii (R-circle plus), or apparently rocky planets smaller than 2 R-circle plus. Such lack of planets of intermediate size (the `hot Neptune desert') has been interpreted as the inability of low-mass planets to retain any hydrogen/ helium (H/He) envelope in the face of strong stellar irradiation. Here we report the discovery of an ultrashort-period planet with a radius of 4.6 R-circle plus and a mass of 29 M-circle plus, firmly in the hot Neptune desert. Data from the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite(3) revealed transits of the bright Sun-like star LTT 9779 every 0.79 days. The planet's mean density is similar to that of Neptune, and according to thermal evolution models, it has a H/He-rich envelope constituting 9.0(-2.9)(+2.7) % of the total mass. With an equilibrium temperature around 2,000 K, it is unclear how this `ultrahot Neptune' managed to retain such an envelope. Follow-up observations of the planet's atmosphere to better understand its origin and physical nature will be facilitated by the star's brightness (V-mag = 9.8).
Address [Jenkins, James S.; Diaz, Matias R.; Kurtovic, Nicolas T.; Vines, Jose I.; Rojas, Pablo A. Pena; Cortes-Zuleta, Pia] Univ Chile, Dept Astron, Las Condes, Chile, Email: jjenkins@das.uchile.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Nature Research Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2397-3366 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000571722300001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1240
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Author Sedaghati, E.; Jordan, A.; Brahm, R.; Munoz, D.J.; Petrovich, C.; Hobson, M.J.
Title Orbital Alignment of the Eccentric Warm Jupiter TOI-677 b Type
Year 2023 Publication Astronomical Journal Abbreviated Journal Astron. J.
Volume 166 Issue 3 Pages 130
Keywords IN-SITU FORMATION; TIDAL EVOLUTION; HOT JUPITERS; EXTRASOLAR PLANETS; GIANT PLANETS; BINARY; STARS; MIGRATION; SYSTEMS; VELOCITY
Abstract Warm Jupiters lay out an excellent laboratory for testing models of planet formation and migration. Their separation from the host star makes tidal reprocessing of their orbits ineffective, which preserves the orbital architectures that result from the planet-forming process. Among the measurable properties, the orbital inclination with respect to the stellar rotational axis, stands out as a crucial diagnostic for understanding the migration mechanisms behind the origin of close-in planets. Observational limitations have made the procurement of spin-orbit measurements heavily biased toward hot Jupiter systems. In recent years, however, high-precision spectroscopy has begun to provide obliquity measurements for planets well into the warm Jupiter regime. In this study, we present Rossiter-McLaughlin (RM) measurements of the projected obliquity angle for the warm Jupiter TOI-677 b using ESPRESSO at the VLT. TOI-677 b exhibits an extreme degree of alignment (lambda = 0.3 +/- 1.3 deg), which is particularly puzzling given its significant eccentricity (e approximate to 0.45). TOI-677 b thus joins a growing class of close-in giants that exhibit large eccentricities and low spin-orbit angles, which is a configuration not predicted by existing models. We also present the detection of a candidate outer brown dwarf companion on an eccentric, wide orbit (e approximate to 0.4 and P approximate to 13 yr). Using simple estimates, we show that this companion is unlikely to be the cause of the unusual orbit of TOI-677 b. Therefore, it is essential that future efforts prioritize the acquisition of RM measurements for warm Jupiters.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6256 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:001057754200001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1881
Permanent link to this record