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Author Marin, M.; Perez-Pantoja, D.; Donoso, R.; Wray, V.; Gonzalez, B.; Pieper, D.H. pdf  doi
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  Title Modified 3-Oxoadipate Pathway for the Biodegradation of Methylaromatics in Pseudomonas reinekei MT1 Type
  Year 2010 Publication Journal Of Bacteriology Abbreviated Journal J. Bacteriol.  
  Volume 192 Issue 6 Pages 1543-1552  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Catechols are central intermediates in the metabolism of aromatic compounds. Degradation of 4-methyl-catechol via intradiol cleavage usually leads to the formation of 4-methylmuconolactone (4-ML) as a dead-end metabolite. Only a few microorganisms are known to mineralize 4-ML. The mml gene cluster of Pseudomonas reinekei MT1, which encodes enzymes involved in the metabolism of 4-ML, is shown here to encode 10 genes found in a 9.4-kb chromosomal region. Reverse transcription assays revealed that these genes form a single operon, where their expression is controlled by two promoters. Promoter fusion assays identified 4-methyl-3-oxoadipate as an inducer. Mineralization of 4-ML is initiated by the 4-methylmuconolactone methylisomerase encoded by mmlI. This reaction produces 3-ML and is followed by a rearrangement of the double bond catalyzed by the methylmuconolactone isomerase encoded by mmlJ. Deletion of mmlL, encoding a protein of the metallo-beta-lactamase superfamily, resulted in a loss of the capability of the strain MT1 to open the lactone ring, suggesting its function as a 4-methyl-3-oxoadipate enol-lactone hydrolase. Further metabolism can be assumed to occur by analogy with reactions known from the 3-oxoadipate pathway. mmlF and mmlG probably encode a 4-methyl-3-oxoadipyl-coenzyme A (CoA) transferase, and the mmlC gene product functions as a thiolase, transforming 4-methyl-3-oxoadipyl-CoA into methylsuccinyl-CoA and acetyl-CoA, as indicated by the accumulation of 4-methyl-3-oxoadipate in the respective deletion mutant. Accumulation of methylsuccinate by an mmlK deletion mutant indicates that the encoded acetyl-CoA hydrolase/transferase is crucial for channeling methylsuccinate into the central metabolism.  
  Address [Marin, Macarena; Pieper, Dietmar H.] Helmholtz Zentrum Infekt Forsch, Dept Microbial Pathogenesis, D-38124 Braunschweig, Germany, Email: dpi@helmholtz-hzi.de  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Amer Soc Microbiology Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0021-9193 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000274891300009 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 84  
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Author Perez-Pantoja, D.; Donoso, R.; Agullo, L.; Cordova, M.; Seeger, M.; Pieper, D.H.; Gonzalez, B. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Genomic analysis of the potential for aromatic compounds biodegradation in Burkholderiales Type
  Year 2012 Publication Environmental Microbiology Abbreviated Journal Environ. Microbiol.  
  Volume 14 Issue 5 Pages 1091-1117  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The relevance of the beta-proteobacterial Burkholderiales order in the degradation of a vast array of aromatic compounds, including several priority pollutants, has been largely assumed. In this review, the presence and organization of genes encoding oxygenases involved in aromatics biodegradation in 80 Burkholderiales genomes is analysed. This genomic analysis underscores the impressive catabolic potential of this bacterial lineage, comprising nearly all of the central ring-cleavage pathways reported so far in bacteria and most of the peripheral pathways involved in channelling of a broad diversity of aromatic compounds. The more widespread pathways in Burkholderiales include protocatechuate ortho ring-cleavage, catechol ortho ring-cleavage, homogentisate ring-cleavage and phenylacetyl-CoA ring-cleavage pathways found in at least 60% of genomes analysed. In general, a genus-specific pattern of positional ordering of biodegradative genes is observed in the catabolic clusters of these pathways indicating recent events in its evolutionary history. In addition, a significant bias towards secondary chromosomes, now termed chromids, is observed in the distribution of catabolic genes across multipartite genomes, which is consistent with a genus-specific character. Strains isolated from environmental sources such as soil, rhizosphere, sediment or sludge show a higher content of catabolic genes in their genomes compared with strains isolated from human, animal or plant hosts, but no significant difference is found among Alcaligenaceae, Burkholderiaceae and Comamonadaceae families, indicating that habitat is more of a determinant than phylogenetic origin in shaping aromatic catabolic versatility.  
  Address [Perez-Pantoja, Danilo; Donoso, Raul; Gonzalez, Bernardo] Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Ctr Adv Studies Ecol & Biodivers, Millennium Nucleus Plant Funct Genom, Fac Ciencias Biol, Santiago, Chile, Email: bernardo.gonzalez@uai.cl  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1462-2912 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000302934000001 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 211  
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Author Perez-Pantoja, D.; Leiva-Novoa, P.; Donoso, R.A.; Little, C.; Godoy, M.; Pieper, D.H.; Gonzalez, B. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Hierarchy of Carbon Source Utilization in Soil Bacteria: Hegemonic Preference for Benzoate in Complex Aromatic Compound Mixtures Degraded by Cupriavidus pinatubonensis Strain JMP134 Type
  Year 2015 Publication Applied And Environmental Microbiology Abbreviated Journal Appl. Environ. Microbiol.  
  Volume 81 Issue 12 Pages 3914-3924  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Cupriavidus pinatubonensis JMP134, like many other environmental bacteria, uses a range of aromatic compounds as carbon sources. Previous reports have shown a preference for benzoate when this bacterium grows on binary mixtures composed of this aromatic compound and 4-hydroxybenzoate or phenol. However, this observation has not been extended to other aromatic mixtures resembling a more archetypal context. We carried out a systematic study on the substrate preference of C. pinatubonensis JMP134 growing on representative aromatic compounds channeled through different catabolic pathways described in aerobic bacteria. Growth tests of nearly the entire set of binary combinations and in mixtures composed of 5 or 6 aromatic components showed that benzoate and phenol were always the preferred and deferred growth substrates, respectively. This pattern was supported by kinetic analyses that showed shorter times to initiate consumption of benzoate in aromatic compound mixtures. Gene expression analysis by real-time reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) showed that, in all mixtures, the repression by benzoate over other catabolic pathways was exerted mainly at the transcriptional level. Additionally, inhibition of benzoate catabolism suggests that its multiple repressive actions are not mediated by a sole mechanism, as suggested by dissimilar requirements of benzoate degradation for effective repression in different aromatic compound mixtures. The hegemonic preference for benzoate over multiple aromatic carbon sources is not explained on the basis of growth rate and/or biomass yield on each single substrate or by obvious chemical or metabolic properties of these aromatic compounds.  
  Address [Leiva-Novoa, Pablo; Donoso, Raul A.; Little, Cedric; Gonzalez, Bernardo] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Ctr Appl Ecol & Sustainabil, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago, Chile, Email: bernardo.gonzalez@uai.cl  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Amer Soc Microbiology Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0099-2240 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000354864000002 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 491  
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