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Author (up) Dong, J.Y.; Huang, C.X.; Dawson, R.I.; Foreman-Mackey, D.; Collins, K.A.; Quinn, S.N.; Lissauer, J.J.; Beatty, T.; Quarles, B.; Sha, L.Z.; Shporer, A.; Guo, Z.; Kane, S.R.; Abe, L.; Barkaoui, K.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Brahm, R.; Bouchy, F.; Carmichael, T.W.; Collins, K.I.; Conti, D.M.; Crouzet, N.; Dransfield, G.; Evans, P.; Gan, T.J.; Ghachoui, M.; Gillon, M.; Grieves, N.; Guillot, T.; Hellier, C.; Jehin, E.; Jensen, E.L.N.; Jordan, A.; Kamler, J.; Kielkopf, J.F.; Mekarnia, D.; Nielsen, L.D.; Pozuelos, F.J.; Radford, D.J.; Schmider, F.X.; Schwarz, R.P.; Stockdale, C.; Tan, T.G.; Timmermans, M.; Triaud, A.H.M.J.; Wang, G.; Ricker, G.; Vanderspek, R.; Latham, D.W.; Seager, S.; Winn, J.N.; Jenkins, J.M.; Mireles, I.; Yahalomi, D.A.; Morgan, E.H.; Vezie, M.; Quintana, E.V.; Rose, M.E.; Smith, J.C.; Shiao, B.
Title Warm Jupiters in TESS Full-frame Images: A Catalog and Observed Eccentricity Distribution for Year 1 Type
Year 2021 Publication Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Abbreviated Journal Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser.
Volume 255 Issue 1 Pages 6
Keywords TRANSITING BROWN DWARFS; IN-SITU FORMATION; METAL-RICH STARS; HOT JUPITERS; GIANT PLANETS; IDENTIFYING EXOPLANETS; ORBITAL MIGRATION; INPUT CATALOG; LIGHT CURVES; SUPER-EARTHS
Abstract Warm Jupiters-defined here as planets larger than 6 Earth radii with orbital periods of 8-200 days-are a key missing piece in our understanding of how planetary systems form and evolve. It is currently debated whether Warm Jupiters form in situ, undergo disk or high-eccentricity tidal migration, or have a mixture of origin channels. These different classes of origin channels lead to different expectations for Warm Jupiters' properties, which are currently difficult to evaluate due to the small sample size. We take advantage of the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) survey and systematically search for Warm Jupiter candidates around main-sequence host stars brighter than the TESS-band magnitude of 12 in the full-frame images in Year 1 of the TESS Prime Mission data. We introduce a catalog of 55 Warm Jupiter candidates, including 19 candidates that were not originally released as TESS objects of interest by the TESS team. We fit their TESS light curves, characterize their eccentricities and transit-timing variations, and prioritize a list for ground-based follow-up and TESS Extended Mission observations. Using hierarchical Bayesian modeling, we find the preliminary eccentricity distributions of our Warm-Jupiter-candidate catalog using a beta distribution, a Rayleigh distribution, and a two-component Gaussian distribution as the functional forms of the eccentricity distribution. Additional follow-up observations will be required to clean the sample of false positives for a full statistical study, derive the orbital solutions to break the eccentricity degeneracy, and provide mass measurements.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0067-0049 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000667476100001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1439
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Author (up) Grieves, N.; Bouchy, F.; Lendl, M.; Carmichael, T.; Mireles, I.; Shporer, A.; McLeod, K.K.; Collins, K.A .; Brahm, R.; Stassun, K.G.; Gill, S.; Bouma, L.G.; Guillot, T.; Cointepas, M.; Dos Santos, L.A.; Casewell, S.L.; Jenkins, J.M.; Henning, T.; Nielsen, L.D. Psaridi, A.; Udry, S.; Segransan, D.; Eastman, J.D.; Zhou, G.; Abe, L.; Agabi, A.; Bakos, G.; Charbonneau, D.; Collins, K.I.; Colon, K.D.; Crouzet, N.; Dransfield, G.; Evans, P.; Goeke, R.F.; Hart, R:, Irwin, J.M.; Jensen, E.L.N.; Jordan, A.; Kielkopf, J.F.; Latham, D.W.; Marie-Sainte, W:, Mekarnia, D.; Nelson, P.; Quinn, S.N.; Radford, D.J.; Rodriguez, D.R.; Rowden, P.; Schmider, F.X.; Schwarz, R.P.; Smith, J.C.; Stockdale, C.; Suarez, O.; Tan, T.G.; Triaud, A.H.M.J.; Waalkes, W.; Wingham, G.
Title Populating the brown dwarf and stellar boundary: Five stars with transiting companions near the hydrogen-burning mass limit Type
Year 2021 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 652 Issue Pages
Keywords brown dwarfs; stars; low-mass; binaries: eclipsing
Abstract We report the discovery of five transiting companions near the hydrogen-burning mass limit in close orbits around main sequence stars originally identified by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) as TESS objects of interest (TOIs): TOI-148, TOI-587, TOI-681, TOI-746, and TOI-1213. Using TESS and ground-based photometry as well as radial velocities from the CORALIE, CHIRON, TRES, and FEROS spectrographs, we found the companions have orbital periods between 4.8 and 27.2 days, masses between 77 and 98 M-Jup , and radii between 0.81 and 1.66 R-Jup . These targets have masses near the uncertain lower limit of hydrogen core fusion (similar to 73-96 M-Jup ), which separates brown dwarfs and low-mass stars. We constrained young ages for TOI-587 (0.2 +/- 0.1 Gyr) and TOI-681 (0.17 +/- 0.03 Gyr) and found them to have relatively larger radii compared to other transiting companions of a similar mass. Conversely we estimated older ages for TOI-148 and TOI-746 and found them to have relatively smaller companion radii. With an effective temperature of 9800 +/- 200 K, TOI-587 is the hottest known main-sequence star to host a transiting brown dwarf or very low-mass star. We found evidence of spin-orbit synchronization for TOI-148 and TOI-746 as well as tidal circularization for TOI-148. These companions add to the population of brown dwarfs and very low-mass stars with well measured parameters ideal to test formation models of these rare objects, the origin of the brown dwarf desert, and the distinction between brown dwarfs and hydrogen-burning main sequence stars.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6361 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000686774100006 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1461
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Author (up) Psaridi, A.; Bouchy, F.; Lendl, M.; Grieves, N.; Stassun, K.G.; Carmichael, T.; Gill, S.; Rojas, P.A.P.; Gan, T.J.; Shporer, A.; Bieryla, A.; Brahm, R.; Christiansen, J.L.; Crossfield, I.J.M.; Galland, F.; Hooton, M.J.; Jenkins, J.M.; Jenkins, J.S.; Latham, D.W.; Lund, M.B.; Rodriguez, J.E.; Ting, E.B.; Udry, S.; Ulmer-Moll, S.; Wittenmyer, R.A.; Zhang, Y.Z.; Zhou, G.; Addison, B.; Cointepas, M.; Collins, K.A.; Collins, K.I.; Deline, A.; Dressing, C.D.; Evans, P.; Giacalone, S.; Heitzmann, A.; Mireles, I.; Mounzer, D.; Otegi, J.; Radford, D.J.; Rudat, A.; Schlieder, J.E.; Schwarz, R.P.; Srdoc, G.; Stockdale, C.; Suarez, O.; Wright, D.J.; Zhao, Y.A.
Title Three new brown dwarfs and a massive hot Jupiter revealed by TESS around early-type stars Type
Year 2022 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 664 Issue Pages A94
Keywords brown dwarfs; planetary systems; techniques: photometric; techniques: radial velocities; stars: early-type; binaries: eclipsing
Abstract ontext. The detection and characterization of exoplanets and brown dwarfs around massive AF-type stars is essential to investigate and constrain the impact of stellar mass on planet properties. However, such targets are still poorly explored in radial velocity (RV) surveys because they only feature a small number of stellar lines and those are usually broadened and blended by stellar rotation as well as stellar jitter. As a result, the available information about the formation and evolution of planets and brown dwarfs around hot stars is limited.

Aims. We aim to increase the sample and precisely measure the masses and eccentricities of giant planets and brown dwarfs transiting early-type stars detected by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS).

Methods. We followed bright (V < 12 mag) stars with T-eff > 6200 K that host giant companions (R > 7R(circle plus)) using ground-based photometric observations as well as high precision radial velocity measurements from the CORALIE, CHIRON, TRES, FEROS, and MINERVA-Australis spectrographs.

Results. In the context of the search for exoplanets and brown dwarfs around early-type stars, we present the discovery of three brown dwarf companions, TOI-629b, TOI-1982b, and TOI-2543b, and one massive planet, TOI-1107b. From the joint analysis of TESS and ground-based photometry in combination with high precision radial velocity measurements, we find the brown dwarfs have masses between 66 and 68 M-Jup, periods between 7.54 and 17.17 days, and radii between 0.95 and 1.11 R-Jup. The hot Jupiter TOI-1107b has an orbital period of 4.08 days, a radius of 1.30 R-Jup, and a mass of 3.35 M-Jup. As a by-product of this program, we identified four low-mass eclipsing components (TOI-288b, TOI-446b, TOI-478b, and TOI-764b).

Conclusions. Both TOI-1107b and TOI-1982b present an anomalously inflated radius with respect to the age of these systems. TOI-629 is among the hottest stars with a known transiting brown dwarf. TOI-629b and T01-1982b are among the most eccentric brown dwarfs. The massive planet and the three brown dwarfs add to the growing population of well-characterized giant planets and brown dwarfs transiting AF-type stars and they reduce the apparent paucity.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6361 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000840123200001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1640
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Author (up) Yee, S.W.; Winn, J.N.; Hartman, J.D.; Rodriguez, J.E.; Zhou, G.; Quinn, S.N.; Latham, D.W.; Bieryla, A.; Collins, K.A.; Addison, B.C.; Angelo, I.; Barkaoui, K.; Benni, P.; Boyle, A.W.; Brahm, R.; Butler, R.P.; Ciardi, D.R.; Collins, K.I.; Conti, D.M.; Crane, J.D.; Dai, F.; Dressing, C.D.; Eastman, J.D.; Essack, Z.; Fores-Toribio, R.; Furlan, E.; Gan, T.J.; Giacalone, S.; Gill, H.; Girardin, E.; Henning, T.; Henze, C.E.; Hobson, M.J.; Horner, J.; Howard, A.W.; Howell, S.B.; Huang, C.X.; Isaacson, H.; Jenkins, J.M.; Jensen, E.L.N.; Jordan, A.; Kane, S.R.; Kielkopf, J.F.; Lasota, S.; Levine, A.M.; Lubin, J.; Mann, A.W.; Massey, B.; McLeod, K.K.; Mengel, M.W.; Munoz, J.A., [21]; Murgas, F.; Palle, E.; Plavchan, P.; Popowicz, A.; Radford, D.J.; Ricker, G.R.; Rowden, P.; Safonov, B.S.; Savel, A.B.; Schwarz, R.P.; Seager, S.; Sefako, R.; Shporer, A.; Srdoc, G.; Strakhov, I.S.; Teske, J.K.; Tinney, C.G.; Tyler, D.; Wittenmyer, R.A.; Zhang, H.; Ziegler, C.
Title The TESS Grand Unified Hot Jupiter Survey. I. Ten TESS Planets Type
Year 2022 Publication Astronomical Journal Abbreviated Journal Astron. J.
Volume 164 Issue 2 Pages 70
Keywords GIANT PLANETS; K-DWARF; TRANSITING PLANETS; ERROR-CORRECTION; LIGHT CURVES; STARS; SOLAR; SEARCH; TELESCOPE; PROJECT
Abstract Hot Jupiters-short-period giant planets-were the first extrasolar planets to be discovered, but many questions about their origin remain. NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), an all-sky search for transiting planets, presents an opportunity to address these questions by constructing a uniform sample of hot Jupiters for demographic study through new detections and unifying the work of previous ground-based transit surveys. As the first results of an effort to build this large sample of planets, we report here the discovery of 10 new hot Jupiters (TOI-2193A b, TOI-2207b, TOI-2236b, TOI-2421b, TOI-2567b, TOI-2570b, TOI-3331b, TOI-3540A b, TOI-3693b, TOI-4137b). All of the planets were identified as planet candidates based on periodic flux dips observed by TESS, and were subsequently confirmed using ground-based time-series photometry, high-angular-resolution imaging, and high-resolution spectroscopy coordinated with the TESS Follow-up Observing Program. The 10 newly discovered planets orbit relatively bright F and G stars (G < 12.5, T (eff) between 4800 and 6200 K). The planets' orbital periods range from 2 to 10 days, and their masses range from 0.2 to 2.2 Jupiter masses. TOI-2421b is notable for being a Saturn-mass planet and TOI-2567b for being a “sub-Saturn,” with masses of 0.322 +/- 0.073 and 0.195 +/- 0.030 Jupiter masses, respectively. We also measured a detectably eccentric orbit (e = 0.17 +/- 0.05) for TOI-2207b, a planet on an 8 day orbit, while placing an upper limit of e < 0.052 for TOI-3693b, which has a 9 day orbital period. The 10 planets described here represent an important step toward using TESS to create a large and statistically useful sample of hot Jupiters.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6256 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000830789400001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1626
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