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Author Bernales, A; Reus, L.; Valdenegro, V.
Title Speculative bubbles under supply constraints, background risk and investment fraud in the art market Type
Year 2022 Publication Journal of Corporate Finance Abbreviated Journal J. Corp. Financ.
Volume 77 Issue Pages (down) 101746
Keywords Art Markets; Speculative bubbles; Investment fraud; Background risk; Asset supply constraints
Abstract We examine the unexplored effects on art markets of artist death (asset supply constraints), collectors' wealth (background risk) and forgery risk (risk of investment fraud), under short-sale constraints and risk aversion. Speculative bubbles emerge and have the form of an option strangle (a put option and a call option), in which strike prices are affected by art supply constraints and the association of the artworks' emotional value with both collectors' wealth and forgery, while the options' underlying asset is the stochastic heterogeneous beliefs of agents. We show that speculative bubbles increase with four elements: art supply constraints; a more negative correlation between collectors' wealth and the artworks' emotional value; a more positive relationship between forgery and the artworks' emotional value; and more heterogeneous beliefs. These four sources of speculation increase the expected turnover rate; however, they also augment the variance of speculative bubbles, which generates price discounts (i.e. risk premiums) for holding artworks. Consequently, the net impact of speculation is not necessarily increased art prices. This study not only contributes to the art market literature, but also to studies about speculative bubbles in other financial markets under heterogeneous beliefs, short-sale constraints and risk-averse investors, since we additionally consider the simultaneous effect of asset supply constraints, investors' background risk and the risk of investment fraud.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0929-1199 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1281
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Author Reus, L.
Title English as a medium of instruction at a Chilean engineering school: Experiences in finance and industrial organization courses Type
Year 2020 Publication Studies in Educational Evaluation Abbreviated Journal Stud. Educ. Eval.
Volume 67 Issue Pages (down) 100930
Keywords EMI; EFL; Chilean education; Finance education; Internationalization
Abstract Implementing English as a medium of instruction (EMI) in Latin American countries contributes to reducing language exchange isolation in the region and helps prepare higher education students for future labor opportunities. However, one of the main concerns around EMI is whether English instruction could negatively affect content acquisition. This paper examines if the performance of native Spanish speakers is affected by EMI. Specifically, it discusses experiences from finance and industrial organization courses given to industrial engineers at a Chilean university. The results of a multivariate analysis of tests and final grades show that performance differences can mainly be attributed to students� performance in previous courses; only on rare occasions do language, gender, and attendance explain performance differences.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0191-491X ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1280
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Author Reus, L.
Title Optimizing the equity reassignment process: A novel application for family businesses Type
Year 2019 Publication Heliyon Abbreviated Journal Heliyon
Volume 5 Issue 7 Pages (down) e02050
Keywords
Abstract
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2405-8440 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1303
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Author Villena, M.J.; Reus, L.
Title On the strategic behavior of large investors: A mean-variance portfolio approach Type
Year 2016 Publication European Journal Of Operational Research Abbreviated Journal Eur. J. Oper. Res.
Volume 254 Issue 2 Pages (down) 679-688
Keywords Investment analysis; Large investors; Strategic behavior; Markowitz portfolio allocation; Nash equilibrium
Abstract One key assumption of Markowitz's model is that all traders act as price takers. In this paper, we extend this mean-variance approach in a setting where large investors can move prices. Instead of having an individual optimization problem, we find the investors' Nash equilibrium and redefine the efficient frontier in this new framework. We also develop a simplified application of the general model, with two assets and two investors to shed light on the potential strategic behavior of large and atomic investors. Our findings validate the claim that large investors enhance their portfolio performance in relation to perfect market conditions. Besides, we show under which conditions atomic investors can benefit in relation to the standard setting, even if they have not total influence on their eventual performance. The 'two investors-two assets' setting allows us to quantify performance and do sensitivity analysis regarding investors' market power, risk tolerance and price elasticity of demand. Finally, for a group of well known ETFs, we empirically show how price variations change depending on the volume traded. We also explain how to set up and use our model with real market data. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Address [Villena, Marcelo J.; Reus, Lorenzo] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Sci & Engn, Diagonal Torres 2640, Santiago, Chile, Email: marcelo.villena@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Science Bv Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0377-2217 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000377732300026 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 627
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Author Reus, L.
Title Efficient selection of copper sales contracts for small- and medium-sized mining Type
Year 2020 Publication Managerial And Decision Economics Abbreviated Journal Manag. Decis. Econ.
Volume 41 Issue 4 Pages (down) 624-630
Keywords
Abstract The purpose of this study is to generate efficient policies for the selection and postponement of copper sales contracts by a mining company. To do so, it uses a two-stage stochastic programming model that determines solutions considering different contract types, random prices, and risk aversion. The results show how it is possible for the selection to involve the lowest risk possible for different revenue levels required. During a period of high price volatility, an efficient solution may deliver an increase in monthly revenue of US$210,000 for a mining company that produces 50,000 tons per year, without any additional risk.
Address [Reus, Lorenzo] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Diagonal Torres 2640, Santiago, Chile, Email: lorenzo.reus@uai.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher John Wiley & Sons Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0143-6570 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000531412600012 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1138
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Author Reus, L.; Munoz, F.D.; Moreno, R.
Title Retail consumers and risk in centralized energy auctions for indexed long-term contracts in Chile Type
Year 2018 Publication Energy Policy Abbreviated Journal Energy Policy
Volume 114 Issue Pages (down) 566-577
Keywords Price risk; Energy auctions; Portfolio optimization
Abstract Centralized energy auctions for long-term contracts are commonly-used mechanisms to ensure supply adequacy, to promote competition, and to protect retail customers from price spikes in Latin America. In Chile, the law mandates that all distribution companies must hold long-term contracts – which are awarded on a competitive centralized auction – to cover 100% of the projected demand from three to fifteen years into the future. These contracts can be indexed to a series of financial parameters, including fossil fuel prices at reference locations. Drawing from portfolio theory, we use a simple example to illustrate the difficulties of selecting, through the current clearing mechanism that focuses on average costs and individual characteristics of the offers, a portfolio of long-term energy contracts that could simultaneously minimize the expected future cost of energy and limit the risk exposure of retail customers. In particular, we show that if the objective of the regulator is to limit the risk to regulated consumers, it could be optimal to include contracts that would not be selected based on individual characteristics of the offers and a least-cost auction objective, but that could significantly reduce the price variance of the overall portfolio due to diversification effects between indexing parameters.
Address [Reus, Lorenzo; Munoz, Francisco D.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Diagonal Las Torres 2640, Santiago, Chile, Email: fdmunoz@uai.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0301-4215 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000424962800053 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 816
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Author Reus, L.; Belbeze, M.; Feddersen, H.; Rubio, E.
Title Extraction Planning Under Capacity Uncertainty at the Chuquicamata Underground Mine Type
Year 2018 Publication Interfaces Abbreviated Journal Interfaces
Volume 48 Issue 6 Pages (down) 543-555
Keywords underground mine extraction scheduling; operational uncertainty management; stochastic programming applications; long-term mine planning
Abstract We propose an extraction schedule for the Chuquicamata underground copper mine in Chile. The schedule maximizes profits while adhering to all operational and geomechanical requirements involved in proper removal of the material. We include extraction capacity uncertainties due to failure in equipment, specifically to the overland conveyor, which we find to be the most critical component in the extraction process. First we present the extraction plan based on a deterministic model, which does not assume uncertainty in the extraction capacity and represents the solution that the mine can implement without using the results of this study. Then we extend this model to a stochastic setting by generating different scenarios for capacity values in subsequent periods. We construct a multistage model that handles economic downside risk arising from this uncertainty by penalizing plans that deviate from an ex ante profit target in one or more scenarios. Simulation results show that a stochastic-based solution can achieve the same expected profits as the deterministic-based solution. However, the earnings of the stochastic-based solution average 5% more for scenarios in which earnings are below the 10th percentile. If we choose a target 2% below the expected profit obtained by the deterministic-based solution, this average increases from 5% to 9%.
Address [Reus, Lorenzo; Belbeze, Mathias; Feddersen, Hans] Adolfo Ibanez Univ, Dept Engn & Sci, Santiago 7910000, Chile, Email: lorenzo.reus@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Informs Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0092-2102 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000454513500005 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 967
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Author Reus, L.; Fabozzi, F.J.
Title Robust Solutions to the Life-Cycle Consumption Problem Type
Year 2021 Publication Computational Economics Abbreviated Journal Comput. Econ.
Volume 57 Issue Pages (down) 481-499
Keywords Life-cycle consumption problem; Intertemporal portfolio-choice problem; Robust optimization; Robust counterpart framework
Abstract This paper demonstrates how the well-known discrete life-cycle consumption problem (LCP) can be solved using the Robust Counterpart (RC) formulation technique, as defined in Ben-Tal and Nemirovski (Math Oper Res 23(4):769-805, 1998). To do this, we propose a methodology that involves applying a change of variables over the original consumption before deriving the RC. These transformations allow deriving a closed solution to the inner problem, and thus to solve the LCP without facing the curse of dimensionality and without needing to specify the prior distribution for the investment opportunity set. We generalize the methodology and illustrate how it can be used to solve other type of problems. The results show that our methodology enables solving long-term instances of the LCP (30 years). We also show it provides an alternative consumption pattern as to the one provided by a benchmark that uses a dynamic programming approach. Rather than finding a consumption that maximizes the expected lifetime utility, our solution delivers higher utilities for worst-case scenarios of future returns.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0927-7099 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Reus2020 Serial 1086
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Author Castaneda, P.; Reus, L.
Title Suboptimal investment behavior and welfare costs: A simulation based approach Type
Year 2019 Publication Finance Research Letters Abbreviated Journal Financ. Res. Lett.
Volume 30 Issue Pages (down) 170-180
Keywords Asset allocation; Martingale method; Portfolio selection; Suboptimal investment; Monte Carlo simulation; Welfare loss
Abstract We propose a representation of suboptimal investment behavior based on the stochastic discount factor (SDF) paradigm. Suboptimal investment behavior is rationalized as being the investor's optimal decision under a wrong SDF, while wealth trajectories and budget constraints are based on the true SDF. We develop a novel Monte Carlo simulation approach to compute the welfare costs for this suboptimal behavior. We study the suboptimal portfolio choice under CRRA preferences using two financial market models. The Monte Carlo simulation delivers comparable welfare losses to those computed in the original studies, which are based on partial differential equations (PDE) and – finite-difference schemes.
Address [Castaneda, Pablo] Univ Adolfo lbanez, Business Sch, Diagonal Las Torres 2640, Santiago, Chile, Email: pablo.castaneda@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1544-6123 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000487349000024 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1169
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Author Reus, L.; Mulvey, J.M.
Title Dynamic allocations for currency futures under switching regimes signals Type
Year 2016 Publication European Journal Of Operational Research Abbreviated Journal Eur. J. Oper. Res.
Volume 253 Issue 1 Pages (down) 85-93
Keywords Investment analysis; Currency futures; Carry trade; Regime identification; Mean-semivariance portfolio optimization
Abstract Over the last decades, speculative investors in the FX market have profited in the well known currency carry trade strategy (CT). However, during currencies or global financial crashes, CT produces substantial losses. In this work we present a methodology that enhances CT performance significantly. For our final strategy, constructed backtests show that the mean-semivolatility ratio can be more than doubled with respect to benchmark CT. To do the latter, we first identify and classify CT returns according to their behavior in different regimes, using a Hidden Markov Model (HMM). The model helps to determine when to open and close positions, depending whether the regime is favorable to CT or not. Finally we employ a mean-semivariance allocation model to improve allocations when positions are opened. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Address [Reus, Lorenzo] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Dept Sci & Engn, Diagonal Las Torres 2640, Santiago, Chile, Email: lorenzo.reus@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Science Bv Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0377-2217 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000374613900007 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 612
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Author Reus, L.
Title Currency risk in foreign currency accounts for small and medium-sized businesses Type
Year 2019 Publication Journal of Risk Abbreviated Journal J. Risk
Volume 22 Issue 2 Pages (down) 59-78
Keywords
Abstract This paper estimates the currency exposure before and after the hedging of active foreign currency (FC) accounts, using stochastic models for spot exchange rates and cashflow movements. It examines a simple hedging policy that is typically applied by small and medium-sized businesses that do not have the expertise or resources to execute sophisticated strategies. The performance of the policy is measured through the derivation of analytical expressions for its profit and loss (P&L): that is, the earnings resulting from the valuation of the FC accounts and of the forward contracts taken. The results for five currencies show that the policy reduces P&L volatility compared with that for an unhedged account, without necessarily reducing the mean P&L. The mean and volatility of the P&L are not sensitive to the maturity of the contracts, and the volatility is almost linearly related to the currency volatility.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1465-1211 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1084
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Author Reus, L.; Prado, R.
Title Need to Meet Investment Goals? Track Synthetic Indexes with the SDDP Method Type
Year 2022 Publication Computational Economics Abbreviated Journal Comput. Econ.
Volume 60 Issue 1 Pages (down) 47-69
Keywords Dynamic asset allocation; Index tracking; SDDP; Julia; ALM; ETF
Abstract This work presents a novel application of the Stochastic Dual Dynamic Problem (SDDP) to large-scale asset allocation. We construct a model that delivers allocation policies based on how the portfolio performs with respect to user-defined (synthetic) indexes, and implement it in a SDDP open-source package. Based on US economic cycles and ETF data, we generate Markovian regime-dependent returns to solve an instance of multiple assets and 28 time periods. Results show our solution outperforms its benchmark, in both profitability and tracking error.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0927-7099 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000669186300001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1435
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Author Reus, L.; Pagnoncelli, B.; Armstrong, M.
Title Better management of production incidents in mining using multistage stochastic optimization Type
Year 2019 Publication Resources Policy Abbreviated Journal Resour. Policy
Volume 63 Issue Pages (down) 13 pp
Keywords Mining incidents; Optimal policy; Stochastic dual dynamic programming; Risk-aversion; CVaR; Julia language
Abstract Among the many sources of uncertainty in mining are production incidents: these can be strikes, environmental issues, accidents, or any kind of event that disrupts production. In this work, we present a strategic mine planning model that takes into account these types of incidents, as well as random prices. When confronted by production difficulties, mines which have contracts to supply customers have a range of flexibility options including buying on the spot market, or taking material from a stockpile if they have one. Earlier work on this subject was limited in that the optimization could only be carried out for a few stages (up to 5 years) and in that it only analyzed the risk-neutral case. By using decomposition schemes, we are now able to solve large-scale versions of the model efficiently, with a horizon of up to 15 years. We consider decision trees with up to 615 scenarios and implement risk aversion using Conditional Value-at-Risk, thereby detecting its effect on the optimal policy. The results provide a “roadmap” for mine management as to optimal decisions, taking future possibilities into account. We present extensive numerical results using the new sddp.jl library, written in the Julia language, and discuss policy implications of our findings.
Address [Reus, Lorenzo] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago, Chile, Email: lorenzo.reus@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0301-4207 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000488888100004 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1165
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Author Reus, L.; Carrasco, J.A.; Pincheira, P.
Title Do it with a smile: Forecasting volatility with currency options Type
Year 2020 Publication Finance Research Letters Abbreviated Journal Financ. Res. Lett.
Volume 34 Issue Pages (down) 10 pp
Keywords Volatility forecast; Volatility smile; Latin American markets; Currency options
Abstract We show that traditional measures of curvature and symmetry of the “smiles” improve volatility predictions in forex markets. We consider post crisis data at a daily basis for seven currencies vis a vis the American dollar: The British pound, the Euro, the Australian dollar, the Japanese yen, the Brazilian real and the Mexican and Chilean peso. While our results are robust to the option currency and maturity, they are particularly strong for latin-American currencies and options with longer maturity. We find that the simultaneous inclusion of skewness and kurtosis to a forecasting model significantly improves its predictive accuracy.
Address [Reus, Lorenzo; Carrasco, Jose A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 2640, Chile, Email: lorenzo.reus@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1544-6123 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000551346400022 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1209
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