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Author (up) Carleo, I.; Gandolfi, D.; Barragan, O.; Livingston, J.H.; Persson, C.M.; Lam, K.W.F.; Vidotto, A.; Lund, M.B.; D'Angelo, C.V.; Collins, K.A.; Fossati, L.; Howard, A.W.; Kubyshkina, D.; Brahm, R.; Oklopcic, A.; Molliere, P.; Redfield, S.; Serrano, L.M.; Dai, F.; Fridlund, M.; Borsa, F.; Korth, J.; Esposito, M.; Diaz, M.R.; Nielsen, L.D.; Hellier, C.; Mathur, S.; Deeg, H.J.; Hatzes, A.P.; Benatti, S.; Rodler, F.; Alarcon, J.; Spina, L.; Santos, A.R.G.; Georgieva, I.; Garcia, R.A.; Gonzalez-Cuesta, L.; Ricker, G.R.; Vanderspek, R.; Latham, D.W.; Seager, S.; Winn, J.N.; Jenkins, J.M.; Albrecht, S.; Batalha, N.M.; Beard, C.; Boyd, P.T.; Bouchy, F.; Burt, J.A.; Butler, R.P.; Cabrera, J.; Chontos, A.; Ciardi, D.R.; Cochran, W.D.; Collins, K.I.; Crane, J.D.; Crossfield, I.; Csizmadia, S.; Dragomir, D.; Dressing, C.; Eigmuller, P.; Endl, M.; Erikson, A.; Espinoza, N.; Fausnaugh, M.; Feng, F.B.; Flowers, E.; Fulton, B.; Gonzales, E.J.; Grieves, N.; Grziwa, S.; Guenther, E.W.; Guerrero, N.M.; Henning, T.; Hidalgo, D.; Hirano, T.; Hjorth, M.; Huber, D.; Isaacson, H.; Jones, M.; Jordan, A.; Kabath, P.; Kane, S.R.; Knudstrup, E.; Lubin, J.; Luque, R.; Mireles, I.; Narita, N.; Nespral, D.; Niraula, P.; Nowak, G.; Palle, E.; Patzold, M.; Petigura, E.A.; Prieto-Arranz, J.; Rauer, H.; Robertson, P.; Rose, M.E.; Roy, A.; Sarkis, P.; Schlieder, J.E.; Segransan, D.; Shectman, S.; Skarka, M.; Smith, A.M.S.; Smith, J.C.; Stassun, K.; Teske, J.; Twicken, J.D.; Van Eylen, V.; Wang, S.R.; Weiss, L.M.; Wyttenbach, A.
Title The Multiplanet System TOI-421* Type
Year 2020 Publication Astronomical Journal Abbreviated Journal Astron. J.
Volume 160 Issue 3 Pages 23 pp
Keywords
Abstract We report the discovery of a warm Neptune and a hot sub-Neptune transiting TOI-421 (BD-14 1137, TIC 94986319), a bright (V = 9.9) G9 dwarf star in a visual binary system observed by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) space mission in Sectors 5 and 6. We performed ground-based follow-up observations-comprised of Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope transit photometry, NIRC2 adaptive optics imaging, and FIbre-fed Echelle Spectrograph, CORALIE, High Accuracy Radial velocity Planet Searcher, High Resolution echelle Spectrometer, and Planet Finder Spectrograph high-precision Doppler measurements-and confirmed the planetary nature of the 16 day transiting candidate announced by the TESS team. We discovered an additional radial velocity signal with a period of five days induced by the presence of a second planet in the system, which we also found to transit its host star. We found that the inner mini-Neptune, TOI-421 b, has an orbital period of P-b = 5.19672 +/- 0.00049 days, a mass of M-b = 7.17 +/- 0.66 M-circle plus, and a radius of R-b = R-circle plus, whereas the outer warm Neptune, TOI-421 c, has a period of P-c = 16.06819 +/- 0.00035 days, a mass of M-c = 16.42(-1.04)(+1.06)M(circle plus), a radius of R-c = 5.09(-0.15)(+0.16)R(circle plus), and a density of rho(c) = 0.685(-0.072)(+0.080) cm(-3). With its characteristics, the outer planet (rho(c) = 0.685(-0.0072)(+0.080) cm(-3)) is placed in the intriguing class of the super-puffy mini-Neptunes. TOI-421 b and TOI-421 c are found to be well-suited for atmospheric characterization. Our atmospheric simulations predict significant Ly alpha transit absorption, due to strong hydrogen escape in both planets, as well as the presence of detectable CH4 in the atmosphere of TOI-421 c if equilibrium chemistry is assumed.
Address [Carleo, Ilaria; Redfield, Seth] Wesleyan Univ, Astron Dept, Middletown, CT 06459 USA, Email: icarleo@wesleyan.edu
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Iop Publishing Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6256 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000561609000001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1254
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Author (up) Dong, J.Y.; Huang, C.X.; Dawson, R.I.; Foreman-Mackey, D.; Collins, K.A.; Quinn, S.N.; Lissauer, J.J.; Beatty, T.; Quarles, B.; Sha, L.Z.; Shporer, A.; Guo, Z.; Kane, S.R.; Abe, L.; Barkaoui, K.; Benkhaldoun, Z.; Brahm, R.; Bouchy, F.; Carmichael, T.W.; Collins, K.I.; Conti, D.M.; Crouzet, N.; Dransfield, G.; Evans, P.; Gan, T.J.; Ghachoui, M.; Gillon, M.; Grieves, N.; Guillot, T.; Hellier, C.; Jehin, E.; Jensen, E.L.N.; Jordan, A.; Kamler, J.; Kielkopf, J.F.; Mekarnia, D.; Nielsen, L.D.; Pozuelos, F.J.; Radford, D.J.; Schmider, F.X.; Schwarz, R.P.; Stockdale, C.; Tan, T.G.; Timmermans, M.; Triaud, A.H.M.J.; Wang, G.; Ricker, G.; Vanderspek, R.; Latham, D.W.; Seager, S.; Winn, J.N.; Jenkins, J.M.; Mireles, I.; Yahalomi, D.A.; Morgan, E.H.; Vezie, M.; Quintana, E.V.; Rose, M.E.; Smith, J.C.; Shiao, B.
Title Warm Jupiters in TESS Full-frame Images: A Catalog and Observed Eccentricity Distribution for Year 1 Type
Year 2021 Publication Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Abbreviated Journal Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser.
Volume 255 Issue 1 Pages 6
Keywords TRANSITING BROWN DWARFS; IN-SITU FORMATION; METAL-RICH STARS; HOT JUPITERS; GIANT PLANETS; IDENTIFYING EXOPLANETS; ORBITAL MIGRATION; INPUT CATALOG; LIGHT CURVES; SUPER-EARTHS
Abstract Warm Jupiters-defined here as planets larger than 6 Earth radii with orbital periods of 8-200 days-are a key missing piece in our understanding of how planetary systems form and evolve. It is currently debated whether Warm Jupiters form in situ, undergo disk or high-eccentricity tidal migration, or have a mixture of origin channels. These different classes of origin channels lead to different expectations for Warm Jupiters' properties, which are currently difficult to evaluate due to the small sample size. We take advantage of the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) survey and systematically search for Warm Jupiter candidates around main-sequence host stars brighter than the TESS-band magnitude of 12 in the full-frame images in Year 1 of the TESS Prime Mission data. We introduce a catalog of 55 Warm Jupiter candidates, including 19 candidates that were not originally released as TESS objects of interest by the TESS team. We fit their TESS light curves, characterize their eccentricities and transit-timing variations, and prioritize a list for ground-based follow-up and TESS Extended Mission observations. Using hierarchical Bayesian modeling, we find the preliminary eccentricity distributions of our Warm-Jupiter-candidate catalog using a beta distribution, a Rayleigh distribution, and a two-component Gaussian distribution as the functional forms of the eccentricity distribution. Additional follow-up observations will be required to clean the sample of false positives for a full statistical study, derive the orbital solutions to break the eccentricity degeneracy, and provide mass measurements.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0067-0049 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000667476100001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1439
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Author (up) Kossakowski, D.; Espinoza, N.; Brahm, R.; Jordan, A.; Henning, T.; Rojas, F.; Kurster, M.; Sarkis, P.; Schlecker, M.; Pozuelos, F.J.; Barkaoui, K.; Jehin, E.; Gillon, M.; Matthews, E.; Horch, E.P.; Ciardi, D.R.; Crossfield, I.J.M.; Gonzales, E.; Howell, S.B.; Matson, R.; Schlieder, J.; Jenkins, J.; Ricker, G.; Seager, S.; Winn, J.N.; Li, J.; Rose, M.E.; Smith, J.C.; Dynes, S.; Morgan, E.; Villasenor, J.N.; Charbonneau, D.; Jaffe, T.; Yu, L.; Bakos, G.; Bhatti, W.; Bouchy, F.; Collins, K.A.; Collins, K.I.; Csubry, Z.; Evans, P.; Jensen, E.L.N.; Lovis, C.; Marmier, M.; Nielsen, L.D.; Osip, D.; Pepe, F.; Relles, H.M.; Segransan, D.; Shporer, A.; Stockdale, C.; Suc, V.; Turner, O.; Udry, S.
Title TOI-150b and TOI-163b: two transiting hot Jupiters, one eccentric and one inflated, revealed by TESS near and at the edge of the JWST CVZ Type
Year 2019 Publication Monthly Notices Of The Royal Astronomical Society Abbreviated Journal Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc.
Volume 490 Issue 1 Pages 1094-1110
Keywords techniques: photometric; planets and satellites: detection; stars: individual: HD271181; stars: individual: TIC 179317684; stars: individual: TIC 271893367; stars: individual: TYC9191-519-1
Abstract We present the discovery of TYC9191-519-1b (TOI-150b, TIC 271893367) and HD271181b (TOI-163b, TIC 179317684), two hot Jupiters initially detected using 30-min cadence Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) photometry from Sector 1 and thoroughly characterized through follow-up photometry (CHAT, Hazelwood, LCO/CTIO, El Sauce, TRAPPIST-S), high-resolution spectroscopy (FEROS, CORALIE), and speckle imaging (Gemini/DSSI), confirming the planetary nature of the two signals. A simultaneous joint fit of photometry and radial velocity using a new fitting package JULIET reveals that TOI-150b is a 1.254 +/- 0.016 R-J, massive (2.61(-0.12)(+0.19) M-J) hot Jupiter in a 5.857-d orbit, while TOI-163b is an inflated (R-P = 1.478(-0.029)(+0.022) R-J, M-P = 1.219 +/- 0.11 M-J) hot Jupiter on a P = 4.231-d orbit; both planets orbit F-type stars. A particularly interesting result is that TOI-150b shows an eccentric orbit (e = 0.262(-0.037)(+0.045)), which is quite uncommon among hot Jupiters. We estimate that this is consistent, however, with the circularization time-scale, which is slightly larger than the age of the system. These two hot Jupiters are both prime candidates for further characterization – in particular, both are excellent candidates for determining spin-orbit alignments via the Rossiter-McLaughlin (RM) effect and for characterizing atmospheric thermal structures using secondary eclipse observations considering they are both located closely to the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) Continuous Viewing Zone (CVZ).
Address [Kossakowski, Diana; Espinoza, Nestor; Henning, Thomas; Kuerster, Martin; Sarkis, Paula; Schlecker, Martin] Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany, Email: kossakowski@mpia.dc
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Oxford Univ Press Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0035-8711 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000496922300078 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1076
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Author (up) Mireles, I.; Shporer, A.; Grieves, N.; Zhou, G.; Gunther, M.N.; Brahm, R.; Ziegler, C.; Stassun, K.G.; Huang, C.X.; Nielsen, L.; dos Santos, L.A.; Udry, S.; Bouchy, F.; Ireland, M.; Wallace, A.; Sarkis, P.; Henning, T.; Jordan, A.; Law, N.; Mann, A.W.; Paredes, L.A.; James, H.S.; Jao, W.C.; Henry, T.J.; Butler, R.P.; Rodriguez, J.E.; Yu, L.; Flowers, E.; Ricker, G.R.; Latham, D.W.; Vanderspek, R.; Seager, S.; Winn, J.N.; Jenkins, J.M.; Furesz, G.; Hesse, K.; Quintana, E.V.; Rose, M.E.; Smith, J.C.; Tenenbaum, P.; Vezie, M.; Yahalomi, D.A.; Zhan, Z.C.
Title TOI 694b and TIC 220568520b: Two Low-mass Companions near the Hydrogen-burning Mass Limit Orbiting Sun-like Stars Type
Year 2020 Publication Astronomical Journal Abbreviated Journal Astron. J.
Volume 160 Issue 3 Pages 13 pp
Keywords Low mass stars; M dwarf stars; Eclipsing binary stars
Abstract We report the discovery of TOI 694 b and TIC 220568520 b, two low-mass stellar companions in eccentric orbits around metal-rich Sun-like stars, first detected by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). TOI 694 b has an orbital period of 48.05131 +/- 0.00019 days and eccentricity of 0.51946 +/- 0.00081, and we derive a mass of 89.0 +/- 5.3 M-Jup (0.0849 +/- 0.0051 M-circle dot) and radius of 1.111 +/- 0.017 R-Jup (0.1142 +/- 0.0017 R-circle dot). TIC 220568520 b has an orbital period of 18.55769 +/- 0.00039 days and eccentricity of 0.0964 +/- 0.0032, and we derive a mass of 107.2 +/- 5.2 M-Jup (0.1023 +/- 0.0050 M-circle dot) and radius of 1.248 +/- 0.018 R-Jup (0.1282 +/- 0.0019 R-circle dot). Both binary companions lie close to and above the hydrogen-burning mass threshold that separates brown dwarfs and the lowest-mass stars, with TOI 694 b being 2s above the canonical mass threshold of 0.075 M-circle dot. The relatively long periods of the systems mean that the magnetic fields of the low-mass companions are not expected to inhibit convection and inflate the radius, which according to one leading theory is common in similar objects residing in short-period tidally synchronized binary systems. Indeed we do not find radius inflation for these two objects when compared to theoretical isochrones. These two new objects add to the short but growing list of low-mass stars with well-measured masses and radii, and highlight the potential of the TESS mission for detecting such rare objects orbiting bright stars.
Address [Mireles, Ismael; Shporer, Avi; Guenther, Maximilian N.; Huang, Chelsea X.; Yu, Liang; Ricker, George R.; Vanderspek, Roland; Seager, Sara; Furesz, Gabor] MIT, Dept Phys, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Iop Publishing Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6256 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000565724400001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1253
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Author (up) Osborn, A.; Armstrong, D.J.; Cale, B.; Brahm, R.; Wittenmyer, R.A.; Dai, F.; Crossfield, I.J.M.; Bryant, E.M.; Adibekyan, V.; Cloutier, R.; Collins, K.A.; Mena, E.D.; Fridlund, M.; Hellier, C.; Howell, S.B.; King, G.W.; Lillo-Box, J.; Otegi, J.; Sousa, S.; Stassun, K.G.; Matthews, E.C.; Ziegler, C.; Ricker, G.; Vanderspek, R.; Latham, D.W.; Seager, S.; Winn, J.N.; Jenkins, J.M.; Acton, J.S.; Addison, B.C.; Anderson, D.R.; Ballard, S.; Barrado, D.; Barros, S.C.C.; Batalha, N.; Bayliss, D.; Barclay, T.; Benneke, B.; Berberian, J.; Bouchy, F.; Bowler, B.P.; Briceno, C.; Burke, C.J.; Burleigh, M.R.; Casewell, S.L.; Ciardi, D.; Collins, K.I.; Cooke, B.F.; Demangeon, O.D.S.; Diaz, R.F.; Dorn, C.; Dragomir, D.; Dressing, C.; Dumusque, X.; Espinoza, N.; Figueira, P.; Fulton, B.; Furlan, E.; Gaidos, E.; Geneser, C.; Gill, S.; Goad, M.R.; Gonzales, E.J.; Gorjian, V.; Gunther, M.N.; Helled, R.; Henderson, B.A.; Henning, T.; Hogan, A.; Hojjatpanah, S.; Horner, J.; Howard, A.W.; Hoyer, S.; Huber, D.; Isaacson, H.; Jenkins, J.S.; Jensen, E.L.N.; Jordan, A.; Kane, S.R.; Kidwell, R.C.; Kielkopf, J.; Law, N.; Lendl, M.; Lund, M.; Matson, R.A.; Mann, A.W.; McCormac, J.; Mengel, M.W.; Morales, F.Y.; Nielsen, L.D.; Okumura, J.; Osborn, H.P.; Petigura, E.A.; Plavchan, P.; Pollacco, D.; Quintana, E.V.; Raynard, L.; Robertson, P.; Rose, M.E.; Roy, A.; Reefe, M.; Santerne, A.; Santos, N.C.; Sarkis, P.; Schlieder, J.; Schwarz, R.P.; Scott, N.J.; Shporer, A.; Smith, A.M.S.; Stibbard, C.; Stockdale, C.; Strom, P.A.; Twicken, J.D.; Tan, T.G.; Tanner, A.; Teske, J.; Tilbrook, R.H.; Tinney, C.G.; Udry, S.; Villasenor, J.N.; Vines, J.I.; Wang, S.X.; Weiss, L.M.; West, R.G.; Wheatley, P.J.; Wright, D.J.; Zhang, H.; Zohrabi, F.
Title TOI-431/HIP 26013: a super-Earth and a sub-Neptune transiting a bright, early K dwarf, with a third RV planet Type
Year 2021 Publication Monthly Notices Of The Royal Astronomical Society Abbreviated Journal Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc.
Volume 507 Issue 2 Pages 2782-2803
Keywords planets and satellites: detection; planets and satellites: fundamental parameters; planets and satellites: individual: (TOI-431, TIC 31374837)
Abstract We present the bright (V-mag = 9.12), multiplanet system TOI-431, characterized with photometry and radial velocities (RVs). We estimate the stellar rotation period to be 30.5 +/- 0.7 d using archival photometry and RVs. Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) objects of Interest (TOI)-431b is a super-Earth with a period of 0.49 d, a radius of 1.28 +/- 0.04 R-circle plus, a mass of 3.07 +/- 0.35 M-circle plus, and a density of 8.0 +/- 1.0 g cm(-3); TOI-431 d is a sub-Neptune with a period of 12.46 d, a radius of 3.29 +/- 0.09 R-circle plus, a mass of M-circle plus, and a density of 1.36 +/- 0.25 g cm(-3). We find a third planet, TOI-431c, in the High Accuracy Radial velocity Planet Searcher RV data, but it is not seen to transit in the TESS light curves. It has an Msin i of M-circle plus, and a period of 4.85 d. TOI-431d likely has an extended atmosphere and is one of the most well-suited TESS discoveries for atmospheric characterization, while the super-Earth TOI-431b may be a stripped core. These planets straddle the radius gap, presenting an interesting case-study for atmospheric evolution, and TOI-431b is a prime TESS discovery for the study of rocky planet phase curves.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0035-8711 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000697380800082 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1485
Permanent link to this record