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Author Bergmann, C.; Jones, MI.; Zhao, J.; Mustill, AJ.; Brahm, R.; Torres, P.; Wittenmyer, RA.; Gunn, F.; Pollard, KR.; Zapata, A.; Vanzi, L.; Wang, SH.
Title HD 76920 b pinned down: A detailed analysis of the most eccentric planetary system around an evolved star Type
Year 2021 Publication Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia Abbreviated Journal PUBL. ASTRON. SOC. AUST.
Volume 38 Issue Pages e019
Keywords EXTRA-SOLAR PLANETS; RADIAL-VELOCITY; GIANT STAR; STELLAR EVOLUTION; MASS COMPANION; EXOPLANETS; PRECISION; SEARCH; TRANSIT; I.
Abstract We present 63 new multi-site radial velocity (RV) measurements of the K1III giant HD 76920, which was recently reported to host the most eccentric planet known to orbit an evolved star. We focused our observational efforts on the time around the predicted periastron passage and achieved near-continuous phase coverage of the corresponding RV peak. By combining our RV measurements from four different instruments with previously published ones, we confirm the highly eccentric nature of the system and find an even higher eccentricity of , an orbital period of 415.891(-0.039)(+0.043) d, and a minimum mass of 3.13(-0.43)(+0.41) M-J for the planet. The uncertainties in the orbital elements are greatly reduced, especially for the period and eccentricity. We also performed a detailed spectroscopic analysis to derive atmospheric stellar parameters, and thus the fundamental stellar parameters (M-*, R-*, L-*) taking into account the parallax from Gaia DR2, and independently determined the stellar mass and radius using asteroseismology. Intriguingly, at periastron, the planet comes to within 2.4 stellar radii of its host star's surface. However, we find that the planet is not currently experiencing any significant orbital decay and will not be engulfed by the stellar envelope for at least another 50-80 Myr. Finally, while we calculate a relatively high transit probability of 16%, we did not detect a transit in the TESS photometry.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1323-3580 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000642222500001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1379
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Author Brahm, R.; Nielsen, L.D.; Wittenmyer, R.A.; Wang, S.H.; Rodriguez, J.E.; Espinoza, N.; Jones, M.I.; Jordan, A.; Henning, T.; Hobson, M.; Kossakowski, D.; Rojas, F.; Sarkis, P.; Schlecker, M.; Trifonov, T.; Shahaf, S.; Ricker, G.; Vanderspek, R.; Latham, D.W.; Seager, S.; Winn, J.N.; Jenkins, J.M.; Addison, B.C.; Bakos, G.A.; Bhatti, W.; Bayliss, D.; Berlind, P.; Bieryla, A.; Bouchy, F.; Bowler, B.P.; Briceno, C.; Brown, T.M.; Bryant, E.M.; Caldwell, D.A.; Charbonneau, D.; Collins, K.A.; Davis, A.B.; Esquerdo, G.A.; Fulton, B.J.; Guerrero, N.M.; Henze, C.E.; Hogan, A.; Horner, J.; Huang, C.X.; Irwin, J.; Kane, S.R.; Kielkopf, J.; Mann, A.W.; Mazeh, T.; McCormac, J.; McCully, C.; Mengel, M.W.; Mireles, I.; Okumura, J.; Plavchan, P.; Quinn, S.N.; Rabus, M.; Saesen, S.; Schlieder, J.E.; Segransan, D.; Shiao, B.; Shporer, A.; Siverd, R.J.; Stassun, K.G.; Suc, V.; Tan, T.G.; Torres, P.; Tinney, C.G.; Udry, S.; Vanzi, L.; Vezie, M.; Vines, J.I.; Vuckovic, M.; Wright, D.J.; Yahalomi, D.A.; Zapata, A.; Zhang, H.; Ziegler, C.
Title TOI-481 b and TOI-892 b: Two Long-period Hot Jupiters from the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite Type
Year 2020 Publication Astronomical Journal Abbreviated Journal Astron. J.
Volume 160 Issue 5 Pages 14 pp
Keywords Exoplanet detection methods; Transit photometry; Radial velocity; Exoplanet astronomy
Abstract We present the discovery of two new 10 day period giant planets from the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite mission, whose masses were precisely determined using a wide diversity of ground-based facilities. TOI-481.b and TOI-892.b have similar radii (0.99.+/-.0.01 R-J and 1.07.+/-.0.02 R-J, respectively), and orbital periods (10.3311 days and 10.6266 days, respectively), but significantly different masses (1.53.+/-.0.03 MJ versus 0.95.+/-.0.07 MJ, respectively). Both planets orbit metal-rich stars ([Fe H] = + 0.26. 0.05 dex and [Fe H] = +0.24. 0.05 for TOI-481 and TOI-892, respectively) but at different evolutionary stages. TOI-481 is a M*=.1.14.+/-.0.02 M., R*=.1.66.+/-.0.02 R. G-type star (T-eff = 5735 +/- 72 K), that with an age of 6.7 Gyr, is in the turn-off point of the main sequence. TOI-892 on the other hand, is a F-type dwarf star (T-eff = 6261 +/- 80 K), which has a mass of M*=.1.28.+/-.0.03 M-circle dot and a radius of R*=.1.39.+/-.0.02 R-circle dot. TOI-481.b and TOI-892.b join the scarcely populated region of transiting gas giants with orbital periods longer than 10 days, which is important to constrain theories of the formation and structure of hot Jupiters.
Address [Brahm, Rafael; Jordan, Andres; Suc, Vincent] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Santiago, Chile, Email: rbrahm@gmail.com
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Iop Publishing Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6256 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000584302400001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1263
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Author Dorval, P.; Talens, G.J.J.; Otten, G.P.P.L.; Brahm, R.; Jordan, A.; Torres, P.; Vanzi, L.; Zapata, A.; Henry, T.; Paredes, L.; Jao, W.C.; James, H.; Hinojosa, R.; Bakos, G.A.; Csubry, Z.; Bhatti, W.; Suc, V.; Osip, D.; Mamajek, E.E.; Mellon, S.N.; Wyttenbach, A.; Stuik, R.; Kenworthy, M.; Bailey, J.; Ireland, M.; Crawford, S.; Lomberg, B.; Kuhn, R.; Snellen, I.
Title MASCARA-4 b/bRing-1 b: A retrograde hot Jupiter around a bright A-type star Type
Year 2020 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 635 Issue Pages 10 pp
Keywords planetary systems; stars: individual: HD 85628; stars: individual: MASCARA-4b; stars: individual: bRing-1b
Abstract Context. The Multi-site All-Sky CAmeRA (MASCARA) and bRing are both photometric ground-based instruments with multiple stations that rely on interline charge-coupled devices with wide-field lenses to monitor bright stars in the local sky for variability. MASCARA has already discovered several planets in the northern sky, which are among the brightest known transiting hot Jupiter systems. Aims. In this paper, we aim to characterize a transiting planetary candidate in the southern skies found in the combined MASCARA and bRing data sets of HD 85628, an A7V star of V = 8.2 mag at a distance 172 pc, to establish its planetary nature. Methods. The candidate was originally detected in data obtained jointly with the MASCARA and bRing instruments using a Box Least-Square search for transit events. Further photometry was taken by the 0.7 m Chilean-Hungarian Automated Telescope (CHAT), and radial velocity measurements with the Fiber Dual Echelle Optical Spectrograph on the European Southern Observatory 1.0 m Telescope. High-resolution spectra during a transit were taken with the CTIO high-resolution spectrometer (CHIRON) on the Small and Moderate Aperture Research Telescope System 1.5 m telescope to target the Doppler shadow of the candidate. Results. We confirm the existence of a hot Jupiter transiting the bright A7V star HD 85628, which we co-designate as MASCARA-4b and bRing-1b. It is in an orbit of 2.824 days, with an estimated planet radius of 1.53(-0.04)(+0.07) R-Jup and an estimated planet mass of 3.1 +/- 0.9 M-Jup, putting it well within the planetary regime. The CHAT observations show a partial transit, reducing the probability that the transit was around a faint background star. The CHIRON observations show a clear Doppler shadow, implying that the transiting object is in a retrograde orbit with |lambda| = 244.9(-3.6)(+2.7)degrees. The planet orbits at a distance of 0.047 +/- 0.004 AU from the star and has a zero-albedo equilibrium temperature of 2100 +/- 100 K. In addition, we find that HD 85628 has a previously unreported stellar companion star in the Gaia DR2 data demonstrating common proper motion and parallax at 4.3 '' separation (projected separation similar to 740 AU), and with absolute magnitude consistent with being a K/M dwarf. Conclusions. MASCARA-4 b/bRing-1 b is the brightest transiting hot Jupiter known to date in a retrograde orbit. It further confirms that planets in near-polar and retrograde orbits are more common around early-type stars. Due to its high apparent brightness and short orbital period, the system is particularly well suited for further atmospheric characterization.
Address [Dorval, P.; Wyttenbach, A.; Stuik, R.; Kenworthy, M.; Snellen, I] Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ, Postbus 9513, NL-2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands, Email: dorval@strw.leidenuniv.nl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Edp Sciences S A Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1432-0746 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000520102800002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1131
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