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Author Lagos, N.A.; Benitez, S.; Duarte, C.; Lardies, M.A.; Broitman, B.R.; Tapia, C.; Tapia, P.; Widdicombe, S.; Vargas, C.A. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Effects of temperature and ocean acidification on shell characteristics of Argopecten purpuratus: implications for scallop aquaculture in an upwelling-influenced area Type
  Year 2016 Publication (up) Aquaculture Environment Interactions Abbreviated Journal Aquac. Environ. Interact.  
  Volume 8 Issue Pages 357-370  
  Keywords Calcification; Shell growth; Scallop farming; Upwelling; Chile  
  Abstract Coastal upwelling regions already constitute hot spots of ocean acidification as naturally acidified waters are brought to the surface. This effect could be exacerbated by ocean acidification and warming, both caused by rising concentrations of atmospheric CO2. Along the Chilean coast, upwelling supports highly productive fisheries and aquaculture activities. However, during recent years, there has been a documented decline in the national production of the native scallop Argopecten purpuratus. We assessed the combined effects of temperature and pCO(2)-driven ocean acidification on the growth rates and shell characteristics of this species farmed under the natural influence of upwelling waters occurring in northern Chile (30 degrees S, Tongoy Bay). The experimental scenario representing current conditions (14 degrees C, pH similar to 8.0) were typical of natural values recorded in Tongoy Bay, whilst conditions representing the low pH scenario were typical of an adjacent upwelling area (pH similar to 7.6). Shell thickness, weight, and biomass were reduced under low pH (pH similar to 7.7) and increased temperature (18 degrees C) conditions. At ambient temperature (14 degrees C) and low pH, scallops showed increased shell dissolution and low growth rates. However, elevated temperatures ameliorated the impacts of low pH, as evidenced by growth rates in both pH treatments at the higher temperature treatment that were not significantly different from the control treatment. The impact of low pH at current temperature on scallop growth suggests that the upwelling could increase the time required for scallops to reach marketable size. Mortality of farmed scallops is discussed in relation to our observations of multiple environmental stressors in this upwelling-influenced area.  
  Address [Lagos, Nelson A.; Benitez, Samanta] Univ Santo Tomas, Fac Ciencias, Ctr Invest & Innovac Cambio Climat, Santiago 8370003, Chile, Email: nlagoss@santotomas.cl  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Inter-Research Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1869-215x ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000377605600030 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 630  
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Author Ramajo, L.; Marba, N.; Prado, L.; Peron, S.; Lardies, M.A.; Rodriguez-Navarro, A.B.; Vargas, C.A.; Lagos, N.A.; Duarte, C.M. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Biomineralization changes with food supply confer juvenile scallops (Argopecten purpuratus) resistance to ocean acidification Type
  Year 2016 Publication (up) Global Change Biology Abbreviated Journal Glob. Change Biol.  
  Volume 22 Issue 6 Pages 2025-2037  
  Keywords food; natural variability; ocean acidification; periostracum; protein expression; resistance; tolerance  
  Abstract Future ocean acidification (OA) will affect physiological traits of marine species, with calcifying species being particularly vulnerable. As OA entails high energy demands, particularly during the rapid juvenile growth phase, food supply may play a key role in the response of marine organisms to OA. We experimentally evaluated the role of food supply in modulating physiological responses and biomineralization processes in juveniles of the Chilean scallop, Argopecten purpuratus, that were exposed to control (pH similar to 8.0) and low pH (pH similar to 7.6) conditions using three food supply treatments (high, intermediate, and low). We found that pH and food levels had additive effects on the physiological response of the juvenile scallops. Metabolic rates, shell growth, net calcification, and ingestion rates increased significantly at low pH conditions, independent of food. These physiological responses increased significantly in organisms exposed to intermediate and high levels of food supply. Hence, food supply seems to play a major role modulating organismal response by providing the energetic means to bolster the physiological response of OA stress. On the contrary, the relative expression of chitin synthase, a functional molecule for biomineralization, increased significantly in scallops exposed to low food supply and low pH, which resulted in a thicker periostracum enriched with chitin polysaccharides. Under reduced food and low pH conditions, the adaptive organismal response was to trade-off growth for the expression of biomineralization molecules and altering of the organic composition of shell periostracum, suggesting that the future performance of these calcifiers will depend on the trajectories of both OA and food supply. Thus, incorporating a suite of traits and multiple stressors in future studies of the adaptive organismal response may provide key insights on OA impacts on marine calcifiers.  
  Address [Ramajo, Laura; Marba, Nuria] Inst Mediterraneo Estudios Avanzados CSIC UIB, Global Change Dept, C Miquel Marques 21, Esporles 07190, Islas Baleares, Spain, Email: lramajo@imedea.uib-csic.es  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1354-1013 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000378721700004 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 642  
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Author Navarro, J.M.; Duarte, C.; Manriquez, P.H.; Lardies, M.A.; Torres, R.; Acuna, K.; Vargas, C.A.; Lagos, N.A. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Ocean warming and elevated carbon dioxide: multiple stressor impacts on juvenile mussels from southern Chile Type
  Year 2016 Publication (up) Ices Journal Of Marine Science Abbreviated Journal ICES J. Mar. Sci.  
  Volume 73 Issue 3 Pages 764-771  
  Keywords high CO2; multiple stressors; mussels; ocean warming; scope for growth; thermal window  
  Abstract The combined effect of increased ocean warming and elevated carbon dioxide in seawater is expected to have significant physiological and ecological consequences at many organizational levels of the marine ecosystem. In the present study, juvenile mussels Mytilus chilensis were reared for 80 din a factorial combination of two temperatures (12 and 16 degrees C) and three pCO(2) levels (380, 700, and 1000 μatm). We investigated the combined effects of increasing seawater temperature and pCO(2) on the physiological performance (i.e. feeding, metabolism, and growth). Lower clearance rate (CR) occurred at the highest pCO(2) concentration (1000 μatm) compared with the control (380 μatm) and with the intermediate concentration of pCO(2) (700 μatm). Conversely, CR was significantly higher at 16 degrees C than at 12 degrees C. Significant lower values of oxygen uptake were observed in mussels exposed to 1000 μatm pCO(2) level compared with those exposed to 380 μatm pCO(2). Scope for growth (SFG) was significantly lower at the highest pCO(2) concentration compared with the control. Mussels exposed to 700 μatm pCO(2) did not show significantly different SFG from the other two pCO(2) treatments. SFG was significantly higher at 16 degrees C than at 12 degrees C. This might be explained because the experimental mussels were exposed to temperatures experienced in their natural environment, which are within the range of thermal tolerance of the species. Our results suggest that the temperature rise within the natural range experienced by M. chilensis generates a positive effect on the processes related with energy gain (i.e. feeding and absorption) to be allocated to growth. In turn, the increase in the pCO(2) level of 1000 μatm, independent of temperature, adversely affects this species, with significantly reduced energy allocated to growth (SFG) compared with the control treatment.  
  Address [Navarro, Jorge M.; Acuna, Karin] Univ Austral Chile, Fac Ciencias, Lab Costero Calfuco, Inst Ciencias Marinas & Limnol, Valdivia, Chile, Email: jnavarro@uach.cl  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Oxford Univ Press Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1054-3139 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000371142000025 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 587  
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Author Osores, S.J.A.; Lagos, N.A.; Martin, V.S.; Manriquez, P.H.; Vargas, C.A.; Torres, R.; Navarro, J.M.; Poupin, M.J.; Saldias, G.S.; Lardies, M.A. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Plasticity and inter-population variability in physiological and life-history traits of the mussel Mytilus chilensis: A reciprocal transplant experiment Type
  Year 2017 Publication (up) Journal Of Experimental Marine Biology And Ecology Abbreviated Journal J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol.  
  Volume 490 Issue Pages 1-12  
  Keywords Salinity; Ocean acidification; Estuaries; Heat shock protein; Ingestion rate; Metabolism; Calcification; Aquaculture  
  Abstract Geographically widespread species must cope with environmental differences between habitats. Information concerning geographic variations in response to climate variability is critical because many morphological, life history and physiological traits show variation across space. Reciprocal transplant experiments have shown to be relevant to evaluate the role of phenotypic plasticity and potential local adaptation in ecophysiological responses when coping with environmental variability. In this study, we characterize through reciprocal transplant experiments the reaction norms of morphological, biochemical, physiological and life-history traits between two intertidal populations of the socioeconomically important mussel Mytilus chilensis, inhabiting contrasting local environments (estuarine vs coastal habitats). We found a gradient in phenotypic plasticity with plastic trait responses in metabolic, ingestion and clearance rates, and in HsP(70) gene expression, and some traits with responses more canalized as growth and calcification rates. This emphasizes that responses not only vary across different local populations but also in different traits in M. chilensis, thus it is difficult to establish an overall trend of the responses at integrated organismal level. Moreover, the synergistic interaction of factors such as salinity and carbonate system parameters evaluated make it necessary to study the response at the population level with emphasis on benthic species important in aquaculture. Finally, field studies such as this one are useful for documenting the patterns of traits variation that occur in nature, identifying possible causes of such variation, and generating testable hypotheses for future controlled experiments. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.  
  Address [Osores, Sebastian J. A.; Josefina Poupin, M.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Diagonal Torres 2640, Santiago, Chile, Email: marco.lardies@uai.cl  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Science Bv Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0022-0981 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000397698200001 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 716  
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Author Lardies, M.A.; Arias, M.B.; Poupin, M.J.; Manriquez, P.H.; Torres, R.; Vargas, C.A.; Navarro, J.M.; Lagos, N.A. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Differential response to ocean acidification in physiological traits of Concholepas concholepas populations Type
  Year 2014 Publication (up) Journal Of Sea Research Abbreviated Journal J. Sea Res.  
  Volume 90 Issue Pages 127-134  
  Keywords Environmental gradient; Gastropod; Metabolism; HsP70; Gene expression; Phenotypic flexibility  
  Abstract Phenotypic adaptation to environmental fluctuations frequently occurs by preexisting plasticity and its role as a major component of variation in physiological diversity is being widely recognized. Few studies have considered the change in phenotypic flexibility among geographic populations in marine calcifiers to ocean acidification projections, despite the fact that this type of study provides understanding about how the organism may respond to this chemical change in the ocean. We examined the geographic variation in CO2 seawater concentrations in the phenotype and in the reaction norm of physiological traits using a laboratory mesocosm approach with short-term acclimation in two contrasting populations (Antofagasta and Calfuco) of the intertidal snail Concholepas concholepas. Our results show that elevated pCO(2) conditions increase standard metabolic rates in both populations of the snail juveniles, likely due to the higher energy cost of homeostasis. juveniles of C concholepas in the Calfuco (southern) population showed a lower increment of metabolic rate in high-pCO(2) environments concordant with a lesser gene expression of a heat shock protein with respect to the Antofagasta (northern) population. Combined these results indicate a negative effect of ocean acidification on whole-organism functioning of C. concholepas. Finally, the significant Population x pCO(2) level interaction in both studied traits indicates that there is variation between populations in response to high-pCO(2) conditions. (C) 2014 Elsevier BM. All rights reserved.  
  Address [Lardies, Marco A.; Belen Arias, Maria] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Artes Liberles, Santiago, Chile, Email: marco.lardies@ual.cl  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Science Bv Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1385-1101 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000337854800013 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 381  
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Author Manriquez, P.H.; Jara, M.E.; Torres, R.; Mardones, M.L.; Lagos, N.A.; Lardies, M.A.; Vargas, C.A.; Duarte, C.; Navarro, J.M. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Effects of ocean acidification on larval development and early post-hatching traits in Concholepas concholepas (loco) Type
  Year 2014 Publication (up) Marine Ecology Progress Series Abbreviated Journal Mar. Ecol.-Prog. Ser.  
  Volume 514 Issue Pages 87-103  
  Keywords Hatching time; Hatching success; Early larval survival; Protoconch size; Protoconch thickness; Statolith size; Egg capsule wall thickness; Developmental plasticity  
  Abstract Larval stages represent a bottleneck influencing the persistence of marine populations with complex life cycles. Concholepas concholepas is a gastropod species that sustains the most important small-scale artisanal fisheries of the Chile-Peru Humboldt Coastal current system. In this study, newly-laid egg capsules of C. concholepas collected from 3 localities along the Chilean coast were used to evaluate the potential consequences of projected near-future ocean acidification (OA) on larval development and early post-hatching larval traits. We compared hatching time, hatching success and early survivorship of encapsulated larvae reared under contrasting average levels of pCO(2): 382 (present-day), ca. 715 and ca. 1028 μatm CO2 (levels expected in near-future scenarios of OA). Moreover, we compared morphological larval traits such as protoconch size, thickness and statolith size at hatching. Some of the developmental traits were negatively affected by pCO(2) levels, source locality, female identity, or the interaction between those factors. Meanwhile, the effect of pCO(2) levels on morphological larval traits showed significant interactions depending on differences among egg capsules and females. Our results suggest that OA may decouple hatching time from oceanographic processes associated with larval transport and reduce larval survivorship during the dispersive phase, with a potential impact on the species' population dynamics. However, the results also show geographic variability and developmental plasticity in the investigated traits. This variation may lead to an increased acclimatization ability, facilitate the persistence of natural populations and mitigate the negative effects that OA might have on landings and revenues derived from the fishery of this species.  
  Address [Manriquez, Patricio H.; Elisa Jara, Maria] CEAZA, LECOT, Coquimbo, Chile, Email: patriciohmanriquez@gmail.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Inter-Research Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0171-8630 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000345700700007 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 430  
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Author Aguilera, V.M.; Vargas, C.A.; Lardies, M.A.; Poupin, M.J. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Adaptive variability to low-pH river discharges in Acartia tonsa and stress responses to high PCO2 conditions Type
  Year 2016 Publication (up) Marine Ecology-An Evolutionary Perspective Abbreviated Journal Mar. Ecol.-Evol. Persp.  
  Volume 37 Issue 1 Pages 215-226  
  Keywords Adaptive variability; copepods; low pH; ocean acidification; river discharges  
  Abstract Environmental transitions leading to spatial physical-chemical gradients are of ecological and evolutionary interest because they are able to induce variations in phenotypic plasticity. Thus, the adaptive variability to low-pH river discharges may drive divergent stress responses [ingestion rates (IR) and expression of stress-related genes such as Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) and Ferritin] in the neritic copepod Acartia tonsa facing changes in the marine chemistry associated to ocean acidification (OA). These responses were tested in copepod populations inhabiting two environments with contrasting carbonate system parameters (an estuarine versus coastal area) in the Southern Pacific Ocean, and assessing an insitu and 96-h experimental incubation under conditions of high pressure of CO2 (PCO2 1200ppm). Adaptive variability was a determining factor in driving variability of copepods' responses. Thus, the food-rich but colder and corrosive estuary induced a traits trade-off expressed as depressed IR under insitu conditions. However, this experience allowed these copepods to tolerate further exposure to high PCO2 levels better, as their IRs were on average 43% higher thanthose of the coastal individuals. Indeed, expression of both the Hsp70 and Ferritin genes in coastal copepods was significantly higher after acclimation to high PCO2 conditions. Along with other recent evidence, our findings confirm that adaptation to local fluctuations in seawater pH seems to play a significant role in the response of planktonic populations to OA-associated conditions. Facing the environmental threat represented by the inter-play between multiple drivers of climate change, this biological feature should be examined in detail asa potential tool for risk mitigation policies in coastal management arrangements.  
  Address [Aguilera, Victor M.] Univ Antofagasta, Inst Ciencias Nat Alexander von Humboldt, Ave Univ Antofagasta 02800,POB 170, Antofagasta, Chile, Email: victor.aguilera@uantof.cl  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0173-9565 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000370133500015 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 590  
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Author Benitez, S.; Duarte, C.; Opitz, T.; Lagos, N.A.; Pulgar, J.M.; Vargas, C.A.; Lardies, M.A. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Intertidal pool fish Girella laevifrons (Kyphosidae) shown strong physiological homeostasis but shy personality: The cost of living in hypercapnic habitats Type
  Year 2017 Publication (up) Marine Pollution Bulletin Abbreviated Journal Mar. Pollut. Bull.  
  Volume 118 Issue 1-2 Pages 57-63  
  Keywords Carbon dioxide; Hypercapnic conditions; Physiology; Behavior; Intertidal pool; Fish  
  Abstract Tide pools habitats are naturally exposed to a high degree of environmental variability. The consequences of living in these extreme habitats are not well established. In particular, little it is known about of the effects of hypercanic seawater (i.e. high pCO(2) levels) on marine vertebrates such as intertidal pool fish. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of increased pCO(2) on the physiology and behavior in juveniles of the intertidal pool fish Girella laevifrons. Two nominal pCO(2) concentrations (400 and 1600 patm) were used. We found that exposure to hypercapnic conditions did not affect oxygen consumption and absorption efficiency. However, the lateralization and boldness behavior was significantly disrupted in high pCO(2) conditions. In general, a predator-risk cost of boldness is assumed, thus the increased occurrence of shy personality in juvenile fishes may result in a change in the balance of this biological interaction, with significant ecological consequences. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  
  Address [Benitez, S.; Lagos, N. A.] Univ Santo Tomos, Fac Ciencias, Ctr Invest & Innovat Cambia Climat CiiCC, Santiago, Chile, Email: cristian.duarte@unab.cl  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0025-326x ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000402217300020 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 737  
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Author Vargas, C.A.; Lagos, N.A.; Lardies, M.A.; Duarte, C.; Manriquez, P.H.; Aguilera, V.M.; Broitman, B.; Widdicombe, S.; Dupont, S. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Species-specific responses to ocean acidification should account for local adaptation and adaptive plasticity Type
  Year 2017 Publication (up) Nature Ecology & Evolution Abbreviated Journal Nat. Ecol. Evol.  
  Volume 1 Issue 4 Pages 7 pp  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Global stressors, such as ocean acidification, constitute a rapidly emerging and significant problem for marine organisms, ecosystem functioning and services. The coastal ecosystems of the Humboldt Current System (HCS) off Chile harbour a broad physical-chemical latitudinal and temporal gradient with considerable patchiness in local oceanographic conditions. This heterogeneity may, in turn, modulate the specific tolerances of organisms to climate stress in species with populations distributed along this environmental gradient. Negative response ratios are observed in species models (mussels, gastropods and planktonic copepods) exposed to changes in the partial pressure of CO2 (p(CO2)) far from the average and extreme P-CO2 levels experienced in their native habitats. This variability in response between populations reveals the potential role of local adaptation and/or adaptive phenotypic plasticity in increasing resilience of species to environmental change. The growing use of standard ocean acidification scenarios and treatment levels in experimental protocols brings with it a danger that inter-population differences are confounded by the varying environmental conditions naturally experienced by different populations. Here, we propose the use of a simple index taking into account the natural p(CO2) variability, for a better interpretation of the potential consequences of ocean acidification on species inhabiting variable coastal ecosystems. Using scenarios that take into account the natural variability will allow understanding of the limits to plasticity across organismal traits, populations and species.  
  Address [Vargas, Cristian A.] Univ Concepcion, Fac Environm Sci, Dept Aquat Syst, Concepcion 4030000, Chile, Email: crvargas@udec.cl  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Nature Publishing Group Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2397-334x ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000417171500009 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 809  
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Author Torres, R.; Manriquez, P.H.; Duarte, C.; Navarro, J.M.; Lagos, N.A.; Vargas, C.A.; Lardies, M.A. pdf  url
openurl 
  Title Evaluation of a semi-automatic system for long-term seawater carbonate chemistry manipulation Type
  Year 2013 Publication (up) Revista Chilena De Historia Natural Abbreviated Journal Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat.  
  Volume 86 Issue 4 Pages 443-451  
  Keywords carbonate chemistry manipulation; ocean acidification  
  Abstract The assessment of the effects of Ocean Acidification (OA) on marine life has received increasing attention in recent marine research. On a mesocosmic scale, the CO2 levels in seawater can be manipulated to evaluate experimentally the consequences of OA on marine organisms (vertebrates and invertebrates). An ideal manipulation of carbonate chemistry should mimic exactly the changes to carbonate chemistry, which will occur in years to come. Although some methods have been described in the literature, here we describe in detail a simple, robust and inexpensive system to produce CO2-enriched seawater by bubbling the seawater with air-CO2 mixtures. The system uses mass flow controllers (MFC) to blend atmospheric air with pure CO2 to produce two pCO(2) levels. The air-CO2 mixtures are delivered continuously to seawater equilibration reservoirs, and simultaneously to an infrared CO2 analyser to verify CO2 levels in the air-CO2 mixture delivered to the equilibration tanks. We monitored both pH and total alkalinity in the equilibration reservoirs over a period of one year in order to document the long-term performance of this system for simulating the future carbonate chemistry of seawater in a coastal laboratory. System performance was sufficient to maintain three contrasting (e.g., 397, 709 and 1032 matm) and relatively constant (the coefficient of variability was 11 %, 9 % and 9 % respectively) seawater pCO(2) during a year-long monitoring.  
  Address [Torres, Rodrigo] CIEP, Coyhaique, Chile, Email: rtorres@ciep.cl  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Soc Biolgia Chile Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0716-078x ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000332750700006 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 359  
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