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Author Grieves, N.; Bouchy, F.; Lendl, M.; Carmichael, T.; Mireles, I.; Shporer, A.; McLeod, K.K.; Collins, K.A .; Brahm, R.; Stassun, K.G.; Gill, S.; Bouma, L.G.; Guillot, T.; Cointepas, M.; Dos Santos, L.A.; Casewell, S.L.; Jenkins, J.M.; Henning, T.; Nielsen, L.D. Psaridi, A.; Udry, S.; Segransan, D.; Eastman, J.D.; Zhou, G.; Abe, L.; Agabi, A.; Bakos, G.; Charbonneau, D.; Collins, K.I.; Colon, K.D.; Crouzet, N.; Dransfield, G.; Evans, P.; Goeke, R.F.; Hart, R:, Irwin, J.M.; Jensen, E.L.N.; Jordan, A.; Kielkopf, J.F.; Latham, D.W.; Marie-Sainte, W:, Mekarnia, D.; Nelson, P.; Quinn, S.N.; Radford, D.J.; Rodriguez, D.R.; Rowden, P.; Schmider, F.X.; Schwarz, R.P.; Smith, J.C.; Stockdale, C.; Suarez, O.; Tan, T.G.; Triaud, A.H.M.J.; Waalkes, W.; Wingham, G.
Title Populating the brown dwarf and stellar boundary: Five stars with transiting companions near the hydrogen-burning mass limit Type
Year 2021 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 652 Issue Pages
Keywords brown dwarfs; stars; low-mass; binaries: eclipsing
Abstract We report the discovery of five transiting companions near the hydrogen-burning mass limit in close orbits around main sequence stars originally identified by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) as TESS objects of interest (TOIs): TOI-148, TOI-587, TOI-681, TOI-746, and TOI-1213. Using TESS and ground-based photometry as well as radial velocities from the CORALIE, CHIRON, TRES, and FEROS spectrographs, we found the companions have orbital periods between 4.8 and 27.2 days, masses between 77 and 98 M-Jup , and radii between 0.81 and 1.66 R-Jup . These targets have masses near the uncertain lower limit of hydrogen core fusion (similar to 73-96 M-Jup ), which separates brown dwarfs and low-mass stars. We constrained young ages for TOI-587 (0.2 +/- 0.1 Gyr) and TOI-681 (0.17 +/- 0.03 Gyr) and found them to have relatively larger radii compared to other transiting companions of a similar mass. Conversely we estimated older ages for TOI-148 and TOI-746 and found them to have relatively smaller companion radii. With an effective temperature of 9800 +/- 200 K, TOI-587 is the hottest known main-sequence star to host a transiting brown dwarf or very low-mass star. We found evidence of spin-orbit synchronization for TOI-148 and TOI-746 as well as tidal circularization for TOI-148. These companions add to the population of brown dwarfs and very low-mass stars with well measured parameters ideal to test formation models of these rare objects, the origin of the brown dwarf desert, and the distinction between brown dwarfs and hydrogen-burning main sequence stars.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6361 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000686774100006 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1461
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Author Mireles, I.; Shporer, A.; Grieves, N.; Zhou, G.; Gunther, M.N.; Brahm, R.; Ziegler, C.; Stassun, K.G.; Huang, C.X.; Nielsen, L.; dos Santos, L.A.; Udry, S.; Bouchy, F.; Ireland, M.; Wallace, A.; Sarkis, P.; Henning, T.; Jordan, A.; Law, N.; Mann, A.W.; Paredes, L.A.; James, H.S.; Jao, W.C.; Henry, T.J.; Butler, R.P.; Rodriguez, J.E.; Yu, L.; Flowers, E.; Ricker, G.R.; Latham, D.W.; Vanderspek, R.; Seager, S.; Winn, J.N.; Jenkins, J.M.; Furesz, G.; Hesse, K.; Quintana, E.V.; Rose, M.E.; Smith, J.C.; Tenenbaum, P.; Vezie, M.; Yahalomi, D.A.; Zhan, Z.C.
Title TOI 694b and TIC 220568520b: Two Low-mass Companions near the Hydrogen-burning Mass Limit Orbiting Sun-like Stars Type
Year 2020 Publication Astronomical Journal Abbreviated Journal Astron. J.
Volume 160 Issue 3 Pages 13 pp
Keywords Low mass stars; M dwarf stars; Eclipsing binary stars
Abstract We report the discovery of TOI 694 b and TIC 220568520 b, two low-mass stellar companions in eccentric orbits around metal-rich Sun-like stars, first detected by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). TOI 694 b has an orbital period of 48.05131 +/- 0.00019 days and eccentricity of 0.51946 +/- 0.00081, and we derive a mass of 89.0 +/- 5.3 M-Jup (0.0849 +/- 0.0051 M-circle dot) and radius of 1.111 +/- 0.017 R-Jup (0.1142 +/- 0.0017 R-circle dot). TIC 220568520 b has an orbital period of 18.55769 +/- 0.00039 days and eccentricity of 0.0964 +/- 0.0032, and we derive a mass of 107.2 +/- 5.2 M-Jup (0.1023 +/- 0.0050 M-circle dot) and radius of 1.248 +/- 0.018 R-Jup (0.1282 +/- 0.0019 R-circle dot). Both binary companions lie close to and above the hydrogen-burning mass threshold that separates brown dwarfs and the lowest-mass stars, with TOI 694 b being 2s above the canonical mass threshold of 0.075 M-circle dot. The relatively long periods of the systems mean that the magnetic fields of the low-mass companions are not expected to inhibit convection and inflate the radius, which according to one leading theory is common in similar objects residing in short-period tidally synchronized binary systems. Indeed we do not find radius inflation for these two objects when compared to theoretical isochrones. These two new objects add to the short but growing list of low-mass stars with well-measured masses and radii, and highlight the potential of the TESS mission for detecting such rare objects orbiting bright stars.
Address [Mireles, Ismael; Shporer, Avi; Guenther, Maximilian N.; Huang, Chelsea X.; Yu, Liang; Ricker, George R.; Vanderspek, Roland; Seager, Sara; Furesz, Gabor] MIT, Dept Phys, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Iop Publishing Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6256 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000565724400001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1253
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Author Nielsen, L.D.; Brahm, R.; Bouchy, F.; Espinoza, N.; Turner, O.; Rappaport, S.; Pearce, L.; Ricker, G.; Vanderspek, R.; Latham, D.W.; Seager, S.; Winn, J.N.; Jenkins, J.M.; Acton, J.S.; Bakos, G.; Barclay, T.; Barkaoui, K.; Bhatti, W.; Briceno, C.; Bryant, E.M.; Burleigh, M.R.; Ciardi, D.R.; Collins, K.A.; Collins, K.I.; Cooke, B.F.; Csubry, Z.; dos Santos, L.A.; Eigmuller, P.; Fausnaugh, M.M.; Gan, T.; Gillon, M.; Goad, M.R.; Guerrero, N.; Hagelberg, J.; Hart, R.; Henning, T.; Huang, C.X.; Jehin, E.; Jenkins, J.S.; Jordan, A.; Kielkopf, J.F.; Kossakowski, D.; Lavie, B.; Law, N.; Lendl, M.; de Leon, J.P.; Lovis, C.; Mann, A.W.; Marmier, M.; McCormac, J.; Mori, M.; Moyano, M.; Narita, N.; Osip, D.; Otegi, J.F.; Pepe, F.; Pozuelos, F.J.; Raynard, L.; Relles, H.M.; Sarkis, P.; Segransan, D.; Seidel, J.V.; Shporer, A.; Stalport, M.; Stockdale, C.; Suc, V.; Tamura, M.; Tan, T.G.; Tilbrook, R.H.; Ting, E.B.; Trifonov, T.; Udry, S.; Vanderburg, A.; Wheatley, P.J.; Wingham, G.; Zhan, Z.; Ziegler, C.
Title Three short-period Jupiters from TESS: HIP 65Ab, TOI-157b, and TOI-169b Type
Year 2020 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 639 Issue Pages 17 pp
Keywords planets and satellites: detection; planets and satellites: individual: TOI-129; planets and satellites: individual: HIP 65A; planets and satellites: individual: TOI-157
Abstract We report the confirmation and mass determination of three hot Jupiters discovered by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) mission: HIP 65Ab (TOI-129, TIC-201248411) is an ultra-short-period Jupiter orbiting a bright (V = 11.1 mag) K4-dwarf every 0.98 days. It is a massive 3.213 +/- 0.078 M-J planet in a grazing transit configuration with an impact parameter of b = 1.17(-0.08)(+0.10) b=1.17-0.08+0.10 . As a result the radius is poorly constrained, 2.03(-0.49)(+0.61)R(J) 2.03-0.49+0.61 RJ . The planet's distance to its host star is less than twice the separation at which it would be destroyed by Roche lobe overflow. It is expected to spiral into HIP 65A on a timescale ranging from 80 Myr to a few gigayears, assuming a reduced tidal dissipation quality factor of Q(s)(') = 10(7) – 10(9) Qs ' =107-109 . We performed a full phase-curve analysis of the TESS data and detected both illumination- and ellipsoidal variations as well as Doppler boosting. HIP 65A is part of a binary stellar system, with HIP 65B separated by 269 AU (3.95 arcsec on sky). TOI-157b (TIC 140691463) is a typical hot Jupiter with a mass of 1.18 +/- 0.13 M-J and a radius of 1.29 +/- 0.02 R-J. It has a period of 2.08 days, which corresponds to a separation of just 0.03 AU. This makes TOI-157 an interesting system, as the host star is an evolved G9 sub-giant star (V = 12.7). TOI-169b (TIC 183120439) is a bloated Jupiter orbiting a V = 12.4 G-type star. It has a mass of 0.79 +/- 0.06 M-J and a radius of 1.09(-0.05)(+0.08)R(J) 1.09-0.05+0.08<mml:msub>RJ . Despite having the longest orbital period (P = 2.26 days) of the three planets, TOI-169b receives the most irradiation and is situated on the edge of the Neptune desert. All three host stars are metal rich with [Fe / H] ranging from 0.18 to0.24.
Address [Nielsen, L. D.; Bouchy, F.; Turner, O.; dos Santos, L. A.; Hagelberg, J.; Lavie, B.; Lendl, M.; Lovis, C.; Marmier, M.; Otegi, J. F.; Pepe, F.; Segransan, D.; Seidel, J., V; Stalport, M.; Udry, S.] Univ Geneva, Geneva Observ, Chemin Mailettes 51, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland, Email: louise.nielsen@unige.ch
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Edp Sciences S A Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1432-0746 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000554478300001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1215
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