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Author Goles, E.; Tsompanas, M.A.; Adamatzky, A.; Tegelaar, M.; Wosten, H.A.B.; Martinez, G.J.
Title Computational universality of fungal sandpile automata Type
Year 2020 Publication Physics Letters A Abbreviated Journal Phys. Lett. A
Volume 384 Issue 22 Pages 8 pp
Keywords Fungi; Sandpile automata; Computational universality
Abstract Hyphae within the mycelia of the ascomycetous fungi are compartmentalised by septa. Each septum has a pore that allows for inter-compartmental and inter-hyphal streaming of cytosol and even organelles. The compartments, however, have special organelles, Woronin bodies, that can plug the pores. When the pores are blocked, no flow of cytoplasm takes place. Inspired by the controllable compartmentalisation within the mycelium of the ascomycetous fungi we designed two-dimensional fungal automata. A fungal automaton is a cellular automaton where communication between neighbouring cells can be blocked on demand. We demonstrate computational universality of the fungal automata by implementing sandpile cellular automata circuits there. We reduce the Monotone Circuit Value Problem to the Fungal Automaton Prediction Problem. We construct families of wires, cross-overs and gates to prove that the fungal automata are P-complete. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Address [Goles, Eric; Tsompanas, Michail-Antisthenis; Adamatzky, Andrew; Martinez, Genaro J.] Univ West England, Unconvent Comp Lab, Bristol, Avon, England, Email: andrew.adamatzky@uwe.ac.uk
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0375-9601 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000537033500017 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1194
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Author Menares, F.; Carrasco, M.A.; Gonzalez, B.; Fuentes, I.; Casanova, M.
Title Phytostabilization Ability of Baccharis linearis and Its Relation to Properties of a Tailings-Derived Technosol Type
Year 2017 Publication Water Air And Soil Pollution Abbreviated Journal Water Air Soil Pollut.
Volume 228 Issue 5 Pages 17 pp
Keywords Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; Baccharis linearis; Plant-substrate interaction; Tailings properties
Abstract Spontaneous colonization of mine tailing dams by plants is a potential tool for phytostabilization of such reservoirs. However, the physical and chemical properties of each mine tailings deposit determine the success of natural plant establishment. The plant Baccharis linearis is the main native nanophanerophyte species (evergreen sclerophyllous shrub) that naturally colonizes abandoned copper tailings dams in arid to semiarid north-central Chile. This study compare growth of B. linearis against the physical and chemical properties of a Technosol derived from copper mine tailings. Five sites inside the deposit were selected based on B. linearis vegetation density (VD), at two soil sampling depths under the canopy of adult individuals. Physical and chemical properties of tailings samples and nutrient concentrations in tailings and plants were each determined. Some morphological features of the plants (roots and aerial parts) were also quantified. There were significant differences in soil available water capacity (AW) and relative density (Rd) at different VD. Sites with low AW and high Rd had lower nutrient concentrations and higher Zn content in tailings, decreased infection by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, and increased fine root abundance and root hair length in individual plants. In contrast, higher AW, which was positively correlated with fine particles and organic matter content, had a positive effect on vegetation coverage, increased N and P contents in tailings, and increased N contents in leaf tissues, even when available N and P levels in tailings were low. Multiple constraints, such as low AW, N, P, and B contents and high Zn concentrations in the tailings restricted vegetation coverage, but no phenotypic differences were observed between individuals. Thus, in order to promote dense coverage by B. linearis, water retention in these tailings must be improved by increasing colloidal particles (organic and/or inorganic) contents, which have a positive effect on colonization by this species.
Address [Menares, Felipe; Carrasco, Maria A.; Fuentes, Ignacio; Casanova, Manuel] Univ Chile, Fac Ciencias Agron, Dept Ingn & Suelos, Santiago, Chile, Email: mcasanov@uchile.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Springer Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0049-6979 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000401070100008 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 732
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