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Author Carrasco-Davis, R.; Reyes, E.; Valenzuela, C.; Forster, F.; Estevez, P.A.; Pignata, G.; Bauer, F.E.; Reyes, I.; Sanchez-Saez, P.; Cabrera-Vives, G.; Eyheramendy, S.; Catelan, M.; Arredondo, J.; Castillo-Navarrete, E.; Rodriguez-Mancini, D.; Ruz-Mieres, D.; Moya, A.; Sabatini-Gacitua, L:, Sepulveda-Cobo, C.; Mahabal, A.A.; Silva-Farfan, J.; Camacho-Iniguez, E.; Galbany, L.
Title Alert Classification for the ALeRCE Broker System: The Real-time Stamp Classifier Type
Year 2021 Publication Astronomical Journal Abbreviated Journal Astron. J.
Volume 162 Issue 6 Pages 231
Keywords ASAS-SN CATALOG; CIRCUM; STELLAR MATERIAL; VARIABLE-STARS; IA SUPERNOVA; SKY; IDENTIFICATION
Abstract We present a real-time stamp classifier of astronomical events for the Automatic Learning for the Rapid Classification of Events broker, ALeRCE. The classifier is based on a convolutional neural network, trained on alerts ingested from the Zwicky Transient Facility (ZTF). Using only the science, reference, and difference images of the first detection as inputs, along with the metadata of the alert as features, the classifier is able to correctly classify alerts from active galactic nuclei, supernovae (SNe), variable stars, asteroids, and bogus classes, with high accuracy (similar to 94%) in a balanced test set. In order to find and analyze SN candidates selected by our classifier from the ZTF alert stream, we designed and deployed a visualization tool called SN Hunter, where relevant information about each possible SN is displayed for the experts to choose among candidates to report to the Transient Name Server database. From 2019 June 26 to 2021 February 28, we have reported 6846 SN candidates to date (11.8 candidates per day on average), of which 971 have been confirmed spectroscopically. Our ability to report objects using only a single detection means that 70% of the reported SNe occurred within one day after the first detection. ALeRCE has only reported candidates not otherwise detected or selected by other groups, therefore adding new early transients to the bulk of objects available for early follow-up. Our work represents an important milestone toward rapid alert classifications with the next generation of large etendue telescopes, such as the Vera C. Rubin Observatory.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6256 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000714746100001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1499
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Author Fustos-Toribio, I.; Manque-Roa, N.; Vasquez Antipan, D.; Hermosilla Sotomayor, M.; Gonzalez, V.L.
Title Rainfall-induced landslide early warning system based on corrected mesoscale numerical models: an application for the southern Andes Type
Year 2022 Publication Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Abbreviated Journal Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci.
Volume 22 Issue 6 Pages 2169-2183
Keywords FLOWS-TRIGGERING RAINFALL; BIAS CORRECTION; DEBRIS; IDENTIFICATION; THRESHOLDS; UNCERTAINTY; PRECIPITATION; PERFORMANCE; SIMULATION; IMPACT
Abstract Rainfall-induced landslides (RILs) are an issue in the southern Andes nowadays. RILs cause loss of life and damage to critical infrastructure. Rainfall-induced landslide early warning systems (RILEWSs) can reduce and mitigate economic and social damages related to RIL events. The southern Andes do not have an operational-scale RILEWS yet. In this contribution, we present a pre-operational RILEWS based on the Weather and Research Forecast (WRF) model and geomorphological features coupled to logistic models in the southern Andes. The models have been forced using precipitation simulations. We correct the precipitation derived from WRF using 12 weather stations through a bias correction approach. The models were trained using 57 well-characterized RILs and validated by ROC analysis. We show that WRF has strong limitations in representing the spatial variability in the precipitation. Therefore, accurate precipitation needs a bias correction in the study zone. We used accurate precipitation simulation and slope, demonstrating a high predicting capacity (area under the curve, AUC, of 0.80). We conclude that our proposal could be suitable at an operational level under determined conditions. A reliable RIL database and operational weather networks that allow real-time correction of the mesoscale model in the implemented zone are needed. The RILEWSs could become a support to decision-makers during extreme-precipitation events related to climate change in the south of the Andes.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1561-8633 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000817098000001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1595
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Author Reus, L.; Mulvey, J.M.
Title Dynamic allocations for currency futures under switching regimes signals Type
Year 2016 Publication European Journal Of Operational Research Abbreviated Journal Eur. J. Oper. Res.
Volume 253 Issue 1 Pages 85-93
Keywords Investment analysis; Currency futures; Carry trade; Regime identification; Mean-semivariance portfolio optimization
Abstract Over the last decades, speculative investors in the FX market have profited in the well known currency carry trade strategy (CT). However, during currencies or global financial crashes, CT produces substantial losses. In this work we present a methodology that enhances CT performance significantly. For our final strategy, constructed backtests show that the mean-semivolatility ratio can be more than doubled with respect to benchmark CT. To do the latter, we first identify and classify CT returns according to their behavior in different regimes, using a Hidden Markov Model (HMM). The model helps to determine when to open and close positions, depending whether the regime is favorable to CT or not. Finally we employ a mean-semivariance allocation model to improve allocations when positions are opened. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Address [Reus, Lorenzo] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Dept Sci & Engn, Diagonal Las Torres 2640, Santiago, Chile, Email: lorenzo.reus@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Science Bv Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0377-2217 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000374613900007 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 612
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