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Author Da Silva, C.; Astals, S.; Peces, M.; Campos, J.L.; Guerrero, L.
Title Biochemical methane potential (BMP) tests: Reducing test time by early parameter estimation Type
Year 2018 Publication Waste Management Abbreviated Journal Waste Manage.
Volume 71 Issue Pages 19-24
Keywords Anaerobic digestion; Batch test; Biomethane potential; Kinetics; Modelling; Sensitivity functions
Abstract Biochemical methane potential (BMP) test is a key analytical technique to assess the implementation and optimisation of anaerobic biotechnologies. However, this technique is characterised by long testing times (from 20 to > 100 days), which is not suitable for waste utilities, consulting companies or plants operators whose decision-making processes cannot be held for such a long time. This study develops a statistically robust mathematical strategy using sensitivity functions for early prediction of BMP first-order model parameters, i.e. methane yield (B-0) and kinetic constant rate (k). The minimum testing time for early parameter estimation showed a potential correlation with the k value, where (i) slowly biodegradable substrates (k <= 0.1 d(-1)) have a minimum testing times of >= 15 days, (ii) moderately biodegradable substrates (0.1 < k < 0.2 d(-1)) have a minimum testing times between 8 and 15 days, and (iii) rapidly biodegradable substrates (k > 0.2 d(-1)) have testing times lower than 7 days. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Address [Da Silva, C.; Guerrero, L.] Univ Tecn Federico Santa Maria, Chem & Environm Engn Dept, Av Espana 1680,Casilla 110, Valparaiso 2340000, Chile, Email: cristopher.dasilva@usm.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0956-053x ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000423248500004 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 821
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Author Da Silva, C.; Peces, M.; Faundez, M.; Hansen, H.; Campos, J.L.; Dosta, J.; Astals, S.
Title Gamma distribution function to understand anaerobic digestion kinetics: Kinetic constants are not constant Type
Year 2022 Publication Chemosphere Abbreviated Journal Chemosphere
Volume 306 Issue Pages 135579
Keywords Anaerobic digestion; Anaerobic co -digestion; Modelling; Statistical analysis; Gamma distribution; First -order kinetics
Abstract The Gamma model is a novel approach to characterise the complex degradation dynamics taking place during anaerobic digestion. This three parameters model results from combining the first-order kinetic model and the Gamma distribution function. In contrast to conventional models, where the kinetic constant is considered invariant, the Gamma model allows analysing the variability of the kinetic constant using a probability density function. The kinetic constant of mono-digestion and co-digestion batch tests of different wastes were modelled using the Gamma model and two common first-order models: one-step one-fraction model and one-step twofraction model. The Gamma distribution function approximates three distinct probability density functions, i.e. exponential, log-normal, and delta Dirac. Specifically, (i) cattle paunch and pig manure approximated a lognormal distribution; (ii) cattle manure and microalgae approximated an exponential distribution, and (iii) primary sludge and cellulose approximated a delta Dirac distribution. The Gamma model was able to characterise two distinct waste activated sludge, one approximated to a log-normal distribution and the other to an exponential distribution. The same cellulose was tested with two different inocula; in both tests, the Gamma distribution function approximated a delta Dirac function but with a different kinetic value. The potential and consistency of Gamma model were also evident when analysing pig manure and microalgae co-digestion batch tests since (i) the mean k of the co-digestion tests were within the values of the mono-digestion tests, and (ii) the profile of the density function transitioned from log-normal to exponential distribution as the percentage of microalgae in the mixture increased.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0045-6535 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000830674400001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1620
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Author del Rio, A.V.; Campos, J.L.; Da Silva, C.; Pedrouso, A.; Mosquera-Corral, A.
Title Determination of the intrinsic kinetic parameters of ammonia-oxidizing and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria in granular and flocculent sludge Type
Year 2019 Publication Separation And Purification Technology Abbreviated Journal Sep. Purif. Technol.
Volume 213 Issue Pages 571-577
Keywords Ammonia oxidizing bacteria; Flocs; Granules; Kinetics; Monod; Nitrite oxidizing bacteria
Abstract The different oxygen affinities of ammonia-oxidizing (AOB) and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) are often used to define the operational strategy to achieve partial nitritation (PN) required before the anammox (AMX) process. For this purpose, apparent kinetic parameters are mainly used in the case of granular sludge, which can lead to errors when defining the operational conditions to obtain only nitritation (avoiding nitratation). In the present study, a mathematical methodology is proposed to determine the intrinsic kinetic parameters of AOB and NOB in granular sludge based on data obtained by respirometric assays. Additionally, the oxygen affinity constant (K-O2) and maximum specific rate (r(max)) of flocculent and granular sludge sample, produced under mainstream and sidestream conditions were determined at various temperatures (15, 20 and 30 degrees C). The results show that for granules, the intrinsic K-O2 and r(max) values were lower and higher, respectively, than the apparent values. Furthermore, the K-O2 values for flocs and granules at all of the tested temperatures were lower for NOB than for AOB. The values obtained for the kinetic parameters indicated that it is impossible to maintain partial nitritation by only controlling the dissolved oxygen concentration.
Address [del Rio, Angeles Val; Pedrouso, Alba; Mosquera-Corral, Anuska] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Dept Chem Engn, Sch Engn, E-15705 Santiago De Compostela, Spain, Email: mangeles.val@usc.es;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Science Bv Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1383-5866 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000457657200054 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 977
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Author Read-Daily, B.L.; Sabba, F.; Pavissich, J.P.; Nerenberg, R.
Title Kinetics of nitrous oxide (N2O) formation and reduction by Paracoccus pantotrophus Type
Year 2016 Publication Amb Express Abbreviated Journal AMB Express
Volume 6 Issue Pages 7 pp
Keywords Paracoccus pantotrophus; Nitrous oxide; Denitrification; Maximum specific reduction rates; Kinetics
Abstract Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a powerful greenhouse gas emitted from wastewater treatment, as well as natural systems, as a result of biological nitrification and denitrification. While denitrifying bacteria can be a significant source of N2O, they can also reduce N2O to N-2. More information on the kinetics of N2O formation and reduction by denitrifying bacteria is needed to predict and quantify their impact on N2O emissions. In this study, kinetic parameters were determined for Paracoccus pantotrophus, a common denitrifying bacterium. Parameters included the maximum specific reduction rates, (q) over cap, growth rates, (mu) over cap, and yields, Y, for reduction of NO3- (nitrate) to nitrite (N2O-), N2O- to N2O, and N2O to N-2, with acetate as the electron donor. The (q) over cap values were 2.9 gN gCOD(-1) d(-1) for NNO3- to NO2-, 1.4 gN gCOD(-1) d(-1) for N2O-to N2O, and 5.3 gN gCOD(-1) d(-1) for N2O to N-2. The (mu) over cap values were 2.7, 0.93, and 1.5 d(-1), respectively. When N2O and NO3- were added concurrently, the apparent (extant) kinetics, (q) over cap (app), assuming reduction to N-2, were 6.3 gCOD gCOD(-1) d(-1), compared to 5.4 gCOD gCOD(-1) d(-1) for NO3- as the sole added acceptor. The (mu) over cap (app) was 1.6 d(-1), compared to 2.5 d(-1) for NO3- alone. These results suggest that NO3- and N2O were reduced concurrently. Based on this research, denitrifying bacteria like P. pantotrophus may serve as a significant sink for N2O. With careful design and operation, treatment plants can use denitrifying bacteria to minimize N2O emissions.
Address [Read-Daily, B. L.] Elizabethtown Coll, Dept Engn & Phys, Elizabethtown, PA 17022 USA, Email: rnerenbe@nd.edu
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Biomed Central Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2191-0855 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000384497400004 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 661
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Author Walker, P.; Nerenberg, R.; Pizarro, G.; Aybar, M.; Pavissich, J.P.; González, B.; Pastén, P.
Title Nitrate increases the capacity of an aerobic moving-bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) for winery wastewater treatment Type
Year 2024 Publication Water Science And Technology Abbreviated Journal Water Sci. Technol.
Volume Early Access Issue Pages
Keywords biofilms; BOD removal; denitrification; kinetics; modeling
Abstract We used bench-scale tests and mathematical modeling to explore chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal rates in a moving-bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) for winery wastewater treatment, using either urea or nitrate as a nitrogen source. With urea addition, the COD removal fluxes ranged from 34 to 45 gCOD/m(2)-d. However, when nitrate was added, fluxes increased up to 65 gCOD/m(2)-d, twice the amount reported for aerobic biofilms for winery wastewater treatment. A one-dimensional biofilm model, calibrated with data from respirometric tests, accurately captured the experimental results. Both experimental and modelling results suggest that nitrate significantly increased MBBR capacity by stimulating COD oxidation in the deeper, oxygen-limited regions of the biofilm. Our research suggests that the addition of nitrate, or other energetic and broadly used electron acceptors, may provide a cost-effective means of covering peak COD loads in biofilm processes for winery or another industrial wastewater treatment.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0273-1223 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:001172605000001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1957
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