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Author Besaury, L.; Ouddane, B.; Pavissich, J.P.; Dubrulle-Brunaud, C.; Gonzalez, B.; Quillet, L. pdf  doi
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  Title Impact of copper on the abundance and diversity of sulfate-reducing prokaryotes in two chilean marine sediments Type
  Year 2012 Publication Marine Pollution Bulletin Abbreviated Journal Mar. Pollut. Bull.  
  Volume 64 Issue 10 Pages 2135-2145  
  Keywords Marine sediment; Copper contamination; Sulfate-reducing prokaryotes; Real-time PCR; DGGE; Phylogenetic analysis  
  Abstract We studied the abundance and diversity of the sulfate-reducing prokaryotes (SRPs) in two 30-cm marine chilean sediment cores, one with a long-term exposure to copper-mining residues, the other being a non-exposed reference sediment. The abundance of SRPs was quantified by qPCR of the dissimilatory sulfite reductase gene beta-subunit (dsrB) and showed that SRPs are sensitive to high copper concentrations, as the mean number of SRPs all along the contaminated sediment was two orders of magnitude lower than in the reference sediment. SRP diversity was analyzed by using the dsrB-sequences-based PCR-DGGE method and constructing gene libraries for dsrB-sequences. Surprisingly, the diversity was comparable in both sediments, with dsrB sequences belonging to Desulfobacteraceae, Syntrophobacteraceae, and Desulfobulbaceae, SRP families previously described in marine sediments, and to a deep branching dsrAB lineage. The hypothesis of the presence of horizontal transfer of copper resistance genes in the microbial population of the polluted sediment is discussed. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  
  Address [Besaury, Ludovic; Quillet, Laurent] Univ Rouen, Lab Univ MEBE Microbiol Environm & Biol Evolut, F-76821 Mont St Aignan, France, Email: ludovic.besaury@etu.univ-rouen.fr;  
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  Publisher Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0025-326x ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000310929500032 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 254  
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Author Garcia-Huidobro, M.R.; Poupin, M.J.; Urrutia, C.; Rodriguez-Navarro, A.B.; Grenier, C.; Vivanco, J.F.; Ramajo, L.; Benjumeda, I.; Lagos, N.A.; Lardies, M.A. doi  openurl
  Title An intrapopulational study of organic compounds and biomechanical properties of the shell of the Antarctic bivalve Laternula elliptica (P. P. King, 1832) at King George Island Type
  Year 2021 Publication Polar Biology Abbreviated Journal Polar Biol.  
  Volume 44 Issue Pages 13431352  
  Keywords ALLOMETRIC SCALING LAWS; BRODERIP ANOMALODESMATA; SEASONAL ENERGETICS; OCEAN ACIDIFICATION; COLD ADAPTATION; MARINE MOLLUSKS; ORIGIN; MICROSTRUCTURE; METABOLISM; CAPACITY  
  Abstract Laternula elliptica is a key bivalve species and widely distributed around the Antarctic continent. This bivalve has been the study subject in several studies centered on ecological, physiological, biochemical, and behavioral patterns. However, little is known about the chemistry and the biomechanical properties of the shells of this mollusk. Here, we present the first report of the intra-population variability in the organic composition and mechanical properties of L. elliptica shells. Further, we analyze different morphological traits and their association with the metabolism of a population of L. elliptica from King George Island, Western Antarctic Peninsula. The summer metabolic rates and the hepatosomatic index values indicate good health conditions of this clam's population. Shell periostracum chemistry is quite similar to bivalves from temperate regions, but the relative amount of protein increased ca. five-fold in shells of L. elliptica. The microhardness is approximately 32% lower than in bivalves from temperate regions. Our characterization of the L. elliptica shells suggests that periostracum chemistry could be specially fitted to avoid shell carbon exposure to dissolution (e.g., in corrosive acidified seawater). In contrast, the reduction in shell hardness may result from prioritizing behavioral (burial) and shell repairing strategies to confront biological (predators) and physical disturbances (e.g., ice scouring). Similar studies in other Antarctic mollusks will help understand the role of shell structure and function in confronting projected climate changes in the Antarctic ocean.  
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  ISSN 0722-4060 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes WOS:000652939100001 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1412  
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Author Lardies, MA.; Caballero, P.; Duarte, C.; Poupin, MJ. doi  openurl
  Title Geographical Variation in Phenotypic Plasticity of Intertidal Sister Limpet's Species Under Ocean Acidification Scenarios Type
  Year 2021 Publication Frontiers in Marine Science Abbreviated Journal Front. Mar. Sci.  
  Volume 8 Issue Pages 647087  
  Keywords METABOLIC-RATE; CLIMATE-CHANGE; SEAWATER ACIDIFICATION; CARBONIC-ACID; HIGH PCO(2); MARINE; IMPACTS; CALCIFICATION; TEMPERATURE; RESPONSES  
  Abstract Ocean Acidification (OA) can have pervasive effects in calcifying marine organisms, and a better understanding of how different populations respond at the physiological and evolutionary level could help to model the impacts of global change in marine ecosystems. Due to its natural geography and oceanographic processes, the Chilean coast provides a natural laboratory where benthic organisms are frequently exposed to diverse projected OA scenarios. The goal of this study was to assess whether a population of mollusks thriving in a more variable environment (Talcaruca) would present higher phenotypic plasticity in physiological and morphological traits in response to different pCO(2) when compared to a population of the same species from a more stable environment (Los Molles). To achieve this, two benthic limpets (Scurria zebrina and Scurria viridula) inhabiting these two contrasting localities were exposed to ocean acidification experimental conditions representing the current pCO(2) in the Chilean coast (500 mu atm) and the levels predicted for the year 2100 in upwelling zones (1500 (mu atm). Our results show that the responses to OA are species-specific, even in this related species. Interestingly, S. viridula showed better performance under OA than S. zebrina (i.e., similar sizes and carbonate content in individuals from both populations; lower effects of acidification on the growth rate combined with a reduction of metabolism at higher pCO2). Remarkably, these characteristics could explain this species' success in overstepping the biogeographical break in the area of Talcaruca, which S. zebrina cannot achieve. Besides, the results show that the habitat factor has a strong influence on some traits. For instance, individuals from Talcaruca presented a higher growth rate plasticity index and lower shell dissolution rates in acidified conditions than those from Los Molles. These results show that limpets from the variable environment tend to display higher plasticity, buffering the physiological effects of OA compared with limpets from the more stable environment. Taken together, these findings highlight the key role of geographic variation in phenotypic plasticity to determine the vulnerability of calcifying organisms to future scenarios of OA.  
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  ISSN 2296-7745 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000651384500001 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1383  
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