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Author Zhang, H.L.; Baeyens, J.; Degreve, J.; Caceres, G.; Segal, R.; Pitie, F. pdf  doi
  Title Latent heat storage with tubular-encapsulated phase change materials (PCMs) Type
  Year 2014 Publication Energy Abbreviated Journal Energy  
  Volume 76 Issue Pages 66-72  
  Keywords Heat storage; Latent heat; Phase change materials; Nitrate-PCM; Tube-encapsulation; Experiments  
  Abstract Heat capture and storage is important in both solar energy projects and in the recovery of waste heat from industrial processes. Whereas heat capture will mostly rely on the use of a heat carrier, the high efficiency heat storage needs to combine sensible and latent heat storage with phase change materials (PCMs) to provide a high energy density storage. The present paper briefly reviews energy developments and storage techniques, with special emphasis on thermal energy storage and the use of PCM. It thereafter illustrates first results obtained when encapsulating NaNO3/KNO3-PCM in an AISI 321 tube, as example of a storage application using a multi-tubular exchanger filled with PCM. To increase the effective thermal conductivity of the PCM, 2 inserts i.e. metallic foam and metallic sponge are also tested. Experimental discharging (cooling) rates are interpreted by both solving the unsteady-state conduction equation, and by using Comsol Multiphysics. Predictions and experimental temperature evolutions are in fair agreement, and the effect of the inserts is clearly reflected by the increased effective thermal conductivity of the insert-PCM composite. Application of Comsol to predict the mechanical behavior of the system, when melting and associated expansion increase the internal pressure, demonstrates that the pressure build-up is far below the Young's modulus of the AISI 321 encapsulation and that this shell will not crack (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  
  Address [Zhang, H. L.; Degreve, J.] Katholieke Univ Leuven, Dept Chem Engn, Chem & Biochem Proc Technol & Control Sect, B-3001 Heverlee, Belgium, Email:  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0360-5442 ISBN Medium (up)  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000344444600009 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 422  
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