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Author Alcaino, P.; Santa-Maria, H.; Magna-Verdugo, C.; Lopez, L.
Title Experimental fast-assessment of post-fire residual strength of reinforced concrete frame buildings based on non-destructive tests Type
Year 2020 Publication Construction And Building Materials Abbreviated Journal Constr. Build. Mater.
Volume 234 Issue Pages 10 pp
Keywords Post-fire residual strength; Non-destructive tests; Reinforced concrete building; Structural assessment
Abstract Assessment of the residual strength of reinforced concrete buildings subjected to fire is a problem that requires fast and sufficiently reliable resolution, necessary for the action of firefighters, forensic fire investigation, and structural assessment of post-fire condition of the building to take place. In all cases safety and integrity of firefighters and researchers can be at risk, and it is necessary to have rapidly and sufficiently reliable information in order to choose whether to enter freely, to enter with caution, or simply do not enter to the burned structure. This required prompt assessment gives no time or background to develop mathematical models of the structure and damage propagation. This work presents an experimental methodology for a fast assessment of post-fire residual strength of reinforced concrete frame buildings based on the high correlation between the loss of strength and non-destructive test results of frame concrete elements subjected to fire action. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Address [Alcaino, Pablo; Santa-Maria, Hernan] Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Dept Struct & Geotech Engn, Santiago 7820436, Chile, Email: palcaino@uc.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0950-0618 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000514748700001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1115
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Author Cando, M.A.; Hube, M.A.; Parra, P.F.; Arteta, C.A.
Title Effect of stiffness on the seismic performance of code -conforming reinforced concrete shear wall buildings Type
Year 2020 Publication Engineering Structures Abbreviated Journal Eng. Struct.
Volume 219 Issue Pages 14 pp
Keywords Reinforced concrete; Shear wall; Building; Collapse; Life safety; Stiffness; Fragility; Risk
Abstract This study assesses the effect of the stiffness on the seismic performance of residential shear wall buildings designed according to current Chilean regulations, including DS60 and DS61. Specifically, the paper focuses on the effect of stiffness on the building overstrength, displacement ductility, fragility for Life Safety (LS) and collapse limit states, as well as the probability of achieving these two limits states in 50 years. The seismic performance is assessed for a group of four 20 -story residential shear wall buildings archetypes located in Santiago. Walls were modeled using the multiple vertical line element model (MVLEM) with inelastic hysteretic materials for the vertical elements, and a linear -elastic shear behavior. Pushover analyses were considered to estimate the buildings overstrength and displacement ductility, while incremental dynamic analyses were per- formed to estimate fragility curves. A probabilistic seismic hazard analysis, which considered the seismicity of Chile central zone, was performed to estimate the probability of achieving the two limits states in 50 years. The results show that an increase in the stiffness reduces the chance of exceeding the LS and collapse limit states for the same intensity level. Additionally, the probabilistic seismic hazard analysis shows that, when the stiffness increases, the probability of reaching the LS limit state in 50 years also decreases. Counterintuitively, the probability of collapse in 50 years increases as the stiffness increases, due to the considered seismic hazard and the design requirements. Since society is moving towards resilient structural designs that minimize damage, disruption and economic losses, it is concluded that the performance of reinforced concrete shear wall buildings is improved by increasing the stiffness.
Address [Cando, M. A.; Hube, M. A.] Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Vicuna Mackenna 4860, Santiago, Chile, Email: mhube@ing.puc.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0141-0296 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000546583800008 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1181
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Author Markou, G.; Genco, F.
Title Seismic assessment of small modular reactors: NuScale case study for the 8.8 Mw earthquake in Chile Type
Year 2019 Publication Nuclear Engineering And Design Abbreviated Journal Nucl. Eng. Des.
Volume 342 Issue Pages 176-204
Keywords Small Modular Reactors; Chile 2050 energy policy; 3D Detailed Finite Element Modeling; Seismic resistance; Soil-Structure Interaction; Reinforced concrete
Abstract Reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving energy production sustainability is a paramount of Chile's 2050 energy policy. This though, is difficult to achieve without some degree of nuclear power involvement, given that the geography of the country consists of many areas that are practically off-grid, whereas cannot be developed and financially exploited due to the lack of basic commodities such as water and electricity. Recently small modular reactors (SMRs) have gained lots of attention by both researchers and world policy makers for their promised capabilities of enhanced safety systems, affordable costs and competitive scalability. SMRs can be located in remote areas and at this time are being actively developed in Argentina, USA, Brazil, Russia, China, South Korea, Japan, India and South Africa. Chile's 2010 earthquake and Fukushima's 2011 nuclear disaster have increased significantly both the population's fear and opposition to Nuclear Power Energy for the possible consequences of radiation on the lives of people. This paper aims to study the seismic resistance of a typical nuclear structure, being at time proposed in Small Modular Reactors, by using earthquake conditions typically seen in Chile. Since many designs are under study, a NuScale reactor from USA is analyzed under these extreme loading conditions. The major advantages of the NuScale reactor are in the power scalability (it can go from 1 to 12 reactor cores producing from 60 to 720 MWe), limited nuclear fuel concentration, modules allocated below grade and high strength steel containments fully immersed in water. The cooling effect beyond Design Basis Accident is ensured indefinitely, which induces a significant safety factor in the case of an accident. For the purpose of this study a detailed 3D detailed structural model was developed, reproducing the NuScale reactor's reinforced concrete framing system, where nonlinear analyses was performed to assess the overall mechanical response of the structure. The framing system has been tested under high seismic excitations typically seen in Chile (Mw > 8.0), showing high resistance and capability to cope with the developed forces due to its design. Based on a Soil-Structure Interaction analysis, it was also found that the NuScale framing system manages to maintain a low-stress level at the interaction surface between the foundation and the soil, where the structural system was found to be able to withstand significant earthquake loads. Finally, further investigation is deemed necessary in order to study the potential damages of the structure in the case of other hazards such as tsunami events, blast loads, etc.
Address [Markou, George] Univ Pretoria, Dept Civil Engn, Pretoria, South Africa, Email: george.markou@up.ac.za;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Science Sa Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0029-5493 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000454924700016 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 968
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Author Parra, P.F.; Moehle, J.P.
Title Stability of Slender Wall Boundaries Subjected to Earthquake Loading Type
Year 2017 Publication Aci Structural Journal Abbreviated Journal ACI Struct. J.
Volume 114 Issue 6 Pages 1627-1636
Keywords buckling; earthquake; reinforced concrete; slenderness; wall boundary element
Abstract Global instability of slender reinforced concrete walls occurs when the concrete section buckles out-of-plane over a portion of the wall length and height. Theoretical and numerical analyses were conducted on axially loaded prismatic members to evaluate the onset of global instability under tension/compression load cycles. A buckling theory suitable for hand calculations is introduced and evaluated using data available in the literature from tests conducted on columns. Computer simulations using force-based nonlinear elements with fibers are used to numerically simulate the tests and to study the influence of non-uniform strain profiles along the height of the member. The study shows that the onset of buckling can be identified using either the proposed buckling theory or finite element models. Furthermore, buckling is affected by gradients of axial load or strain along the length of the member. Design recommendations are made to inhibit global wall buckling during earthquakes.
Address [Parra, Pablo F.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Civil Engn, Santiago, Chile
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Amer Concrete Inst Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0889-3241 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000427207500022 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 837
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Author Parra, P.F.; Moehle, J.P.
Title Effects of strain gradients in the onset of global buckling in slender walls due to earthquake loading Type
Year 2020 Publication Bulletin Of Earthquake Engineering Abbreviated Journal Bull. Earthq. Eng.
Volume 18 Issue 7 Pages 3205-3221
Keywords Walls; Global buckling; Reinforced concrete; Earthquake
Abstract Global buckling of slender walls, reported only in a few laboratory tests before 2010, became a critical issue in design of reinforced concrete buildings after it was observed following the 2010 Mw 8.8 Chile earthquake and the 2011 Mw 6.3 New Zealand earthquake. Researchers have proposed theoretical buckling models based on prismatic columns subjected to uniform tension/compression cycles, where the key parameters are slenderness ratio, number of curtains of reinforcement, and maximum tensile strain before buckling during load reversal. These models have shown sufficient accuracy in comparison with laboratory tests on columns under such loading conditions. However, buckling in walls is more complex because of variation of strains through the wall depth and variation of moment along the wall height. Nonlinear finite elements are used to evaluate the effects of these more complex loadings on buckling of wall boundary elements. Analyses showed that the maximum tensile strain (averaged over the wall out-of-plane unsupported height) required to buckle the wall during load reversal does not depend on the moment variation along the wall height. Moreover, for typical wall lengths, the wall boundary behaves like an isolated column subjected to axial force cycles, with minimal apparent bracing provided by the wall web. This allows to analyze a broad range of practical cases for buckling susceptibility using simplified approaches based on buckling models of axially loaded columns.
Address [Parra, P. F.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Diagonal Torres 2700, Santiago, Chile, Email: pablo.parra@uai.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Springer Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1570-761x ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000520685900004 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1157
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