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Author Contreras, M.; Pellicer, R.; Villena, M.; Ruiz, A.
Title A quantum model of option pricing: When Black-Scholes meets Schrodinger and its semi-classical limit Type
Year 2010 Publication Physica A-Statistical Mechanics And Its Applications Abbreviated Journal Physica A
Volume 389 Issue 23 Pages 5447-5459
Keywords Black-Scholes model; Arbitrage; Option pricing; Quantum mechanics; Semi-classical methods
Abstract The Black-Scholes equation can be interpreted from the point of view of quantum mechanics, as the imaginary time Schrodinger equation of a free particle. When deviations of this state of equilibrium are considered, as a product of some market imperfection, such as: Transaction cost, asymmetric information issues, short-term volatility, extreme discontinuities, or serial correlations; the classical non-arbitrage assumption of the Black-Scholes model is violated, implying a non-risk-free portfolio. From Haven (2002) [1] we know that an arbitrage environment is a necessary condition to embedding the Black-Scholes option pricing model in a more general quantum physics setting. The aim of this paper is to propose a new Black-Scholes-Schrodinger model based on the endogenous arbitrage option pricing formulation introduced by Contreras et al. (2010) [2]. Hence, we derive a more general quantum model of option pricing, that incorporates arbitrage as an external time dependent force, which has an associated potential related to the random dynamic of the underlying asset price. This new resultant model can be interpreted as a Schrodinger equation in imaginary time for a particle of mass 1/sigma(2) with a wave function in an external field force generated by the arbitrage potential. As pointed out above, this new model can be seen as a more general formulation, where the perfect market equilibrium state postulated by the Black-Scholes model represent a particular case. Finally, since the Schrodinger equation is in place, we can apply semiclassical methods, of common use in theoretical physics, to find an approximate analytical solution of the Black-Scholes equation in the presence of market imperfections, as it is the case of an arbitrage bubble. Here, as a numerical illustration of the potential of this Schrodinger equation analogy, the semiclassical approximation is performed for different arbitrage bubble forms (step, linear and parabolic) and compare with the exact solution of our general quantum model of option pricing. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Address [Contreras, Mauricio; Pellicer, Rely; Villena, Marcelo; Ruiz, Aaron] Adolfo Ibanez Univ, Fac Sci & Engn, Santiago, Chile, Email: mauricio.contreras@uai.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Science Bv Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0378-4371 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000283904000012 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 116
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