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Author Markou, G.; Genco, F.
Title Seismic assessment of small modular reactors: NuScale case study for the 8.8 Mw earthquake in Chile Type
Year (up) 2019 Publication Nuclear Engineering And Design Abbreviated Journal Nucl. Eng. Des.
Volume 342 Issue Pages 176-204
Keywords Small Modular Reactors; Chile 2050 energy policy; 3D Detailed Finite Element Modeling; Seismic resistance; Soil-Structure Interaction; Reinforced concrete
Abstract Reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving energy production sustainability is a paramount of Chile's 2050 energy policy. This though, is difficult to achieve without some degree of nuclear power involvement, given that the geography of the country consists of many areas that are practically off-grid, whereas cannot be developed and financially exploited due to the lack of basic commodities such as water and electricity. Recently small modular reactors (SMRs) have gained lots of attention by both researchers and world policy makers for their promised capabilities of enhanced safety systems, affordable costs and competitive scalability. SMRs can be located in remote areas and at this time are being actively developed in Argentina, USA, Brazil, Russia, China, South Korea, Japan, India and South Africa. Chile's 2010 earthquake and Fukushima's 2011 nuclear disaster have increased significantly both the population's fear and opposition to Nuclear Power Energy for the possible consequences of radiation on the lives of people. This paper aims to study the seismic resistance of a typical nuclear structure, being at time proposed in Small Modular Reactors, by using earthquake conditions typically seen in Chile. Since many designs are under study, a NuScale reactor from USA is analyzed under these extreme loading conditions. The major advantages of the NuScale reactor are in the power scalability (it can go from 1 to 12 reactor cores producing from 60 to 720 MWe), limited nuclear fuel concentration, modules allocated below grade and high strength steel containments fully immersed in water. The cooling effect beyond Design Basis Accident is ensured indefinitely, which induces a significant safety factor in the case of an accident. For the purpose of this study a detailed 3D detailed structural model was developed, reproducing the NuScale reactor's reinforced concrete framing system, where nonlinear analyses was performed to assess the overall mechanical response of the structure. The framing system has been tested under high seismic excitations typically seen in Chile (Mw > 8.0), showing high resistance and capability to cope with the developed forces due to its design. Based on a Soil-Structure Interaction analysis, it was also found that the NuScale framing system manages to maintain a low-stress level at the interaction surface between the foundation and the soil, where the structural system was found to be able to withstand significant earthquake loads. Finally, further investigation is deemed necessary in order to study the potential damages of the structure in the case of other hazards such as tsunami events, blast loads, etc.
Address [Markou, George] Univ Pretoria, Dept Civil Engn, Pretoria, South Africa, Email: george.markou@up.ac.za;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Science Sa Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0029-5493 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000454924700016 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 968
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Author Genco, F.; Genco, G.
Title Nuclear desalination in Chile: a competitive solution Type
Year (up) 2019 Publication Desalination And Water Treatment Abbreviated Journal Desalin. Water Treat.
Volume 140 Issue Pages 24-34
Keywords Small modular reactors; Chile 2050 energy policy; Nuclear desalination; IAEA DEEP 5 software
Abstract Renewable energy sources are considered the main drive for developing at least 70% of the total energy in Chile by 2050. All major international greenhouse gases reduction agreements include growth of renewable energy sources and nuclear power as the only ways to significantly reduce emissions by the decade 2040-50. Chile's energy production matrix still relies heavily on fossil fuels, making very difficult to match the goal targeted by international agreements. For these reasons, the possibility of using nuclear power plants is considered. Small modular reactors (SMRs) in particular seems particularly suitable for a country like Chile for many reasons: SMRs are scalable and can provide energy in remote locations with no or limited grids (Atacama desert); SMRs can cope easily with future demands for expansion, thanks to their modularity; SMRs are cost effective and use all the latest developments in safety. This paper examines, using IAEA DEEP 5 economic software, the costs of nuclear desalinated water produced for the Chilean mining industry. Comparisons with respect to existing fossil fuels solutions show that the final cost is very competitive and allow for significant reduction of CO2 emissions.
Address [Genco, Filippo] Adolfo Ibanez Univ, Fac Engn & Sci, Av Las Torres 2640,Edificio E, Santiago, Chile, Email: filippo.genco@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Desalination Publ Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1944-3994 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000458914100004 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 981
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