|   | 
Details
   web
Records
Author Cruz, J.J.; Escudero, F.; Alvarez, E.; da Silva, L.F.F.; Carvajal, G.; Thomsen, M.; Fuentes, A.
Title Three-wavelength broadband soot pyrometry technique for axisymmetric flames Type
Year 2021 Publication Optics Letters Abbreviated Journal Opt. Lett.
Volume 46 Issue 11 Pages 2654-2657
Keywords VOLUME FRACTION; DIFFUSION FLAMES; TEMPERATURE; ABSORPTION; ETHYLENE
Abstract Soot temperature measurements in laminar flames are often performed through two-color broadband emission pyrometry (BEMI) or modulated absorption/emission (BMAE) techniques, using models to relate the ratio between flame intensities at two different wavelengths with soot temperature. To benefit from wider spectral range and increase the accuracy of experimental estimation of soot temperature, this work proposes a new approach that uses three-color broadband images captured with a basic color camera. The methodology is first validated through simulations using numerically generated flames from the CoFlame code and then used to retrieve soot temperature in an experimental campaign. The experimental results show that using three-color and BEMI provides smoother reconstruction of soot temperature than two-color and BMAE when small disturbances exist in the measured signals due to a reduced experimental noise effect. A sensitivity analysis shows that the retrieved temperature from three-color BEMI is more resilient to variations on the ratio of measured signals than BMAE, which is confirmed by an error propagation analysis based on a Monte Carlo approach.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0146-9592 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000658132700025 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1413
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Thomsen, M.C.; Fuentes, A.; Demarco, R.; Volkwein, C.; Consalvi, J.L.; Reszka, P.
Title Soot measurements in candle flames Type
Year 2017 Publication Experimental Thermal And Fluid Science Abbreviated Journal Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci.
Volume 82 Issue Pages 116-123
Keywords MAE; Modulated Absorption/Emission; Soot volume fraction; Soot temperature; Wick effects
Abstract Soot volume fractions and soot temperatures have been measured for the first time on candle flames. Measurements on laminar steady flames were carried out using candles with wick diameters of 2, 3 and 4 mm. Wick length was varied between 4 and 10 mm. The shape of the candle flame was obtained from CH* spontaneous emissions. Measured flame heights show an increase with wick dimensions, approaching an asymptotic value for increasing wick lengths. Soot volume fractions were obtained from laser extinction measurements with the Modulated Absorption/Emission (MAE) technique. A deconvolution technique and a regularization procedure were applied to the data. Radial profiles of soot volume fractions increase when varying the wick dimensions; this effect is produced by the greater amount of fuel released by the wick. Radially integrated soot volume fractions were also calculated, presenting a similar behavior to the soot volume fraction radial profiles. The peak integrated soot volume fraction was found at approximately half the flame height, independent of the wick dimensions and burning rates. Soot temperature was obtained from emission measurements at two different wavelengths considering the attenuation of the soot particles in the optical path length. A deconvolution and regularization procedure was carried out in order to obtain temperature profiles for different heights in the flame. The observed increase in soot production and soot temperature profiles was directly related to the higher burning rate experienced by the candle. The results show that peak integrated soot volume fractions are proportional to both the mass loss rates and the flame heights. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Address [Thomsen, M. C.] Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Mech Engn, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA, Email: pedro.reszka@uai.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Science Inc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0894-1777 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000392769400012 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 696
Permanent link to this record