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Author Grieves, N.; Bouchy, F.; Lendl, M.; Carmichael, T.; Mireles, I.; Shporer, A.; McLeod, K.K.; Collins, K.A .; Brahm, R.; Stassun, K.G.; Gill, S.; Bouma, L.G.; Guillot, T.; Cointepas, M.; Dos Santos, L.A.; Casewell, S.L.; Jenkins, J.M.; Henning, T.; Nielsen, L.D. Psaridi, A.; Udry, S.; Segransan, D.; Eastman, J.D.; Zhou, G.; Abe, L.; Agabi, A.; Bakos, G.; Charbonneau, D.; Collins, K.I.; Colon, K.D.; Crouzet, N.; Dransfield, G.; Evans, P.; Goeke, R.F.; Hart, R:, Irwin, J.M.; Jensen, E.L.N.; Jordan, A.; Kielkopf, J.F.; Latham, D.W.; Marie-Sainte, W:, Mekarnia, D.; Nelson, P.; Quinn, S.N.; Radford, D.J.; Rodriguez, D.R.; Rowden, P.; Schmider, F.X.; Schwarz, R.P.; Smith, J.C.; Stockdale, C.; Suarez, O.; Tan, T.G.; Triaud, A.H.M.J.; Waalkes, W.; Wingham, G.
Title Populating the brown dwarf and stellar boundary: Five stars with transiting companions near the hydrogen-burning mass limit Type
Year 2021 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 652 Issue Pages
Keywords brown dwarfs; stars; low-mass; binaries: eclipsing
Abstract We report the discovery of five transiting companions near the hydrogen-burning mass limit in close orbits around main sequence stars originally identified by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) as TESS objects of interest (TOIs): TOI-148, TOI-587, TOI-681, TOI-746, and TOI-1213. Using TESS and ground-based photometry as well as radial velocities from the CORALIE, CHIRON, TRES, and FEROS spectrographs, we found the companions have orbital periods between 4.8 and 27.2 days, masses between 77 and 98 M-Jup , and radii between 0.81 and 1.66 R-Jup . These targets have masses near the uncertain lower limit of hydrogen core fusion (similar to 73-96 M-Jup ), which separates brown dwarfs and low-mass stars. We constrained young ages for TOI-587 (0.2 +/- 0.1 Gyr) and TOI-681 (0.17 +/- 0.03 Gyr) and found them to have relatively larger radii compared to other transiting companions of a similar mass. Conversely we estimated older ages for TOI-148 and TOI-746 and found them to have relatively smaller companion radii. With an effective temperature of 9800 +/- 200 K, TOI-587 is the hottest known main-sequence star to host a transiting brown dwarf or very low-mass star. We found evidence of spin-orbit synchronization for TOI-148 and TOI-746 as well as tidal circularization for TOI-148. These companions add to the population of brown dwarfs and very low-mass stars with well measured parameters ideal to test formation models of these rare objects, the origin of the brown dwarf desert, and the distinction between brown dwarfs and hydrogen-burning main sequence stars.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6361 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000686774100006 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1461
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Author Helminiak, K.G.; Moharana, A.; Pawar, T.; Ukita, N.; Sybilski, P.; Espinoza, N.; Kambe, E.; Ratajczak, M.; Jordan, A.; Maehara, H.; Brahm, R.; Kozlowski, S.K.; Konacki, M.
Title Orbital and physical parameters of eclipsing binaries from the ASAS catalogue – XII. A sample of systems with K2 photometry Type
Year 2021 Publication Monthly Notices Of The Royal Astronomical Society Abbreviated Journal Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc.
Volume 508 Issue 4 Pages 5687-5708
Keywords binaries: eclipsing; binaries: spectroscopic; stars: fundamental parameters; stars: individual: HD 284753; EPIC 202073040, RU Cnc, BD+18 2050, FM Leo, HD 149946, BD-19 4582, HD 219869; stars: late-type
Abstract We present results of the analysis of light and radial velocity (RV) curves of eight detached eclipsing binaries observed by the All-Sky Automated Survey, which we have followed up with high-resolution spectroscopy, and were later observed by the Keplersatellite as part of the K2 mission. The RV measurements came from spectra obtained with OAO-188/HIDES, MPG-2.2m/FEROS, SMARTS 1.5m/CHIRON, Euler/CORALIE, ESO-3.6m/HARPS, and OHP-1.93/ELODIE instruments. The K2 time-series photometry was analysed with the JKTEBOP code, with out-of-eclipse modulations of different origin taken into account. Individual component spectra were retrieved with the fd3 code, and analysed with the code ISPEC in order to determine effective temperatures and metallicities. Absolute values of masses, radii, and other stellar parameters are calculated, as well as ages, found through isochrone fitting. For five systems, such analysis has been done for the first time. The presented sample consists of a variety of stars, from low-mass dwarfs, through G- and F-type main sequence objects, to evolved active sub-giants, one of which is found to be crossing the Hertzsprung gap. One target may contain a gamma Dor-type pulsator, two more are parts of higher-order multiples, and spectra of their tertiaries were also retrieved and used to constrain the properties of these systems.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0035-8711 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000715897400062 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1498
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Author Psaridi, A.; Bouchy, F.; Lendl, M.; Grieves, N.; Stassun, K.G.; Carmichael, T.; Gill, S.; Rojas, P.A.P.; Gan, T.J.; Shporer, A.; Bieryla, A.; Brahm, R.; Christiansen, J.L.; Crossfield, I.J.M.; Galland, F.; Hooton, M.J.; Jenkins, J.M.; Jenkins, J.S.; Latham, D.W.; Lund, M.B.; Rodriguez, J.E.; Ting, E.B.; Udry, S.; Ulmer-Moll, S.; Wittenmyer, R.A.; Zhang, Y.Z.; Zhou, G.; Addison, B.; Cointepas, M.; Collins, K.A.; Collins, K.I.; Deline, A.; Dressing, C.D.; Evans, P.; Giacalone, S.; Heitzmann, A.; Mireles, I.; Mounzer, D.; Otegi, J.; Radford, D.J.; Rudat, A.; Schlieder, J.E.; Schwarz, R.P.; Srdoc, G.; Stockdale, C.; Suarez, O.; Wright, D.J.; Zhao, Y.A.
Title Three new brown dwarfs and a massive hot Jupiter revealed by TESS around early-type stars Type
Year 2022 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.
Volume 664 Issue Pages A94
Keywords brown dwarfs; planetary systems; techniques: photometric; techniques: radial velocities; stars: early-type; binaries: eclipsing
Abstract ontext. The detection and characterization of exoplanets and brown dwarfs around massive AF-type stars is essential to investigate and constrain the impact of stellar mass on planet properties. However, such targets are still poorly explored in radial velocity (RV) surveys because they only feature a small number of stellar lines and those are usually broadened and blended by stellar rotation as well as stellar jitter. As a result, the available information about the formation and evolution of planets and brown dwarfs around hot stars is limited.

Aims. We aim to increase the sample and precisely measure the masses and eccentricities of giant planets and brown dwarfs transiting early-type stars detected by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS).

Methods. We followed bright (V < 12 mag) stars with T-eff > 6200 K that host giant companions (R > 7R(circle plus)) using ground-based photometric observations as well as high precision radial velocity measurements from the CORALIE, CHIRON, TRES, FEROS, and MINERVA-Australis spectrographs.

Results. In the context of the search for exoplanets and brown dwarfs around early-type stars, we present the discovery of three brown dwarf companions, TOI-629b, TOI-1982b, and TOI-2543b, and one massive planet, TOI-1107b. From the joint analysis of TESS and ground-based photometry in combination with high precision radial velocity measurements, we find the brown dwarfs have masses between 66 and 68 M-Jup, periods between 7.54 and 17.17 days, and radii between 0.95 and 1.11 R-Jup. The hot Jupiter TOI-1107b has an orbital period of 4.08 days, a radius of 1.30 R-Jup, and a mass of 3.35 M-Jup. As a by-product of this program, we identified four low-mass eclipsing components (TOI-288b, TOI-446b, TOI-478b, and TOI-764b).

Conclusions. Both TOI-1107b and TOI-1982b present an anomalously inflated radius with respect to the age of these systems. TOI-629 is among the hottest stars with a known transiting brown dwarf. TOI-629b and T01-1982b are among the most eccentric brown dwarfs. The massive planet and the three brown dwarfs add to the growing population of well-characterized giant planets and brown dwarfs transiting AF-type stars and they reduce the apparent paucity.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0004-6361 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000840123200001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1640
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