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Author Caceres, G.; Nasirov, S.; Zhang, H.L.; Araya-Letelier, G.
Title Residential Solar PV Planning in Santiago, Chile: Incorporating the PM10 Parameter Type
Year 2015 Publication Sustainability Abbreviated Journal Sustainability
Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 422-440
Keywords PV solar panels; efficiency; LCOE; dust; PM10; Santiago; Chile
Abstract This paper addresses an economic study of the installation of photovoltaic (PV) solar panels for residential power generation in Santiago, Chile, based on the different parameters of a PV system, such as efficiency. As a performance indicator, the Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) was used, which indicates the benefit of the facility vs. the current cost of electrical energy. In addition, due to a high level of airborne dusts typically associated with PM10, the effect of the dust deposition on PV panels' surfaces and the effect on panel performance are examined. Two different scenarios are analyzed: on-grid PV plants and off-grid PV plants.
Address [Caceres, Gustavo; Nasirov, Shahriyar; Araya-Letelier, Gerardo] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: gustavo.caceres@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Mdpi Ag Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2071-1050 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000348399300020 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 451
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Author Cardu, M.; Seccatore, J.
Title Quantifying the difficulty of tunnelling by drilling and blasting Type
Year 2016 Publication Tunnelling And Underground Space Technology Abbreviated Journal Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol.
Volume 60 Issue Pages 178-182
Keywords Pull efficiency; Rock type; Blasting pattern; Specific consumptions
Abstract This study deals with industrial trends in tunnelling by drill and blast (D&B). We perform a statistical analysis of accumulated experience from the 1950s to the modern day to provide advice for proper project management in tunnel driving. The basis of the study is a wide database of tunnel blast schemes. This database is made of excavation parameters, and considers two main families of blasts: with parallel hole cuts and with inclined hole cuts. Such parameters are analysed by means of statistical regression. Correlations are shown. We present a general curve of correlation between tunnel sections and specific drilling and specific explosive consumption. We show how pull efficiency cannot be correlated to a single parameter, and how tunnelling by D&B needs to be treated as a complex system. Finally, we propose a method for quantifying and classifying the difficulty of tunnelling. The deviation of specific drilling (SD) from industrial average trend is used as an indicator of difficulty: easier when SD is lower than average, and more difficult when SD is higher than average. We show how such deviation can be preliminarily associated with lithotypes. This provides to designers and cost estimators a tool of a first approximation for D&B cost prediction at the pre-feasability and feasibility stages of a tunnelling project. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Address [Cardu, Marilena] Politecn Torino DIATI, Turin, Italy, Email: marilena.cardu@polito.it
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0886-7798 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000387834900017 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 677
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Author Girard, A.; Gago, E.J.; Muneer, T.; Caceres, G.
Title Higher ground source heat pump COP in a residential building through the use of solar thermal collectors Type
Year 2015 Publication Renewable Energy Abbreviated Journal Renew. Energy
Volume 80 Issue Pages 26-39
Keywords Ground-source heat pump; Solar-assisted ground-source heat pump; Building space heating; Energy efficiency; Model simulation
Abstract This article investigates the feasibility of achieving higher performance from ground-source heat-pumps (GSHP) in space heating mode through the use of solar thermal collectors. A novel simulation tool for solar-assisted ground-source heat-pumps (SGSHP) is presented with an analysis of the influence of solar collectors on the improvement of heat pump performance. Solar radiation and climate temperature data of 19 European cities were used to perform simulations of SGSHP and GSHP systems considering a typical residential house. Overall performance coefficients (COPsys) varied from northern to southern locations between 4.4 and 5.8 for SGSHP and between 4.3 and 5.1 for GSHP. Results show that solar collectors coupling has more impact on performance improvement in regions that benefit from higher irradiance. However, greater running cost savings are achieved in milder climate conditions. Both heat-pump systems are able to effectively contribute to carbon footprint reductions for residential buildings, especially in countries where fossil fuels are the primary source of electricity generation. SGSHP payback periods are found between 8.5 and 23 years from northern to southern localities, making such heating system an economic heating option. SGSHPs are best suited for high irradiance and cool climate locations such as the mountainous regions in southern Europe. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Address [Girard, Aymeric] Adolfo Ibanez Univ, Fac Sci & Engn, Altos Del Sporting, Vina Del Mar, Chile, Email: aymeric.girard@gmail.com;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0960-1481 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000353732300003 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 489
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Author Girard, A.; Muneer, T.; Caceres, G.
Title A validated design simulation tool for passive solar space heating: Results from a monitored house in West Lothian, Scotland Type
Year 2014 Publication Indoor And Built Environment Abbreviated Journal Indoor Built Environ.
Volume 23 Issue 3 Pages 353-372
Keywords Building design; Combination selection; Efficiency; Renewable energy; Simulation; Solar air heater
Abstract Determining the availability of renewable sources on a particular site would result in increasing the efficiency of buildings through appropriate design. The overall aim of the project is to develop a pioneering software tool allowing the assessment of possible energy sources for any building design project. The package would allow the user to simulate the efficiency of the Passive Solar Space Heating referred in the Low and Zero Carbon Energy Sources (LZCES) Strategic Guide stated by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (2006) and the Building Regulations. This research paper presents the tool for modelling the passive solar sources availability in relation to low-carbon building. A 3-month experimental set up monitoring a solar house in West Lothian, Scotland, was also undertaken to validate the simulation tool. Experimental and simulation results were found in good agreement following a one-to-one relationship demonstrating the ability of the newly developed tool to assess potential solar gain available for buildings. This modelling tool is highly valuable in consideration of the part L of the Building Regulations (updated in 2010).
Address [Girard, A.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Sci & Engn, Altos Del Sporting, Vina Del Mar, Chile, Email: aymeric.girard@gmail.com
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Sage Publications Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1420-326x ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000337571400003 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 384
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Author Morales, N.; del Rio, A.V.; Vazquez-Padin, J.R.; Mendez, R.; Mosquera-Corral, A.; Campos, J.L.
Title Integration of the Anammox process to the rejection water and main stream lines of WWTPs Type
Year 2015 Publication Chemosphere Abbreviated Journal Chemosphere
Volume 140 Issue Pages 99-105
Keywords Anammox; Energetic efficiency; Greenhouse gas emission; Main stream; Temperature
Abstract Nowadays the application of Anammox based processes in the wastewater treatment plants has given a step forward. The new goal consists of removing the nitrogen present in the main stream of the WWTTPs to improve their energetic efficiencies. This new approach aims to remove not only the nitrogen but also to provide a better use of the energy contained in the organic matter. The organic matter will be removed either by an anaerobic psychrophilic membrane reactor or an aerobic stage operated at low solids retention time followed by an anaerobic digestion of the generated sludge. Then ammonia coming from these units will be removed in an Anammox based process in a single unit system. The second strategy provides the best results in terms of operational costs and would allow reductions of about 28%. Recent research works performed on Anammox based processes and operated at relatively low temperatures and/or low ammonia concentrations were carried out in single-stage systems using biofilms, granules or a mixture of flocculent nitrifying and granular Anammox biomasses. These systems allowed the appropriated retention of Anammox and ammonia oxidizing bacteria but also the proliferation of nitrite oxidizing bacteria which seems to be the main drawback to achieve the required effluent quality for disposal. Therefore, prior to the implementation of the Anammox based processes at full scale to the water line, a reliable strategy to avoid nitrite oxidation should be defined in order to maintain the process stability and to obtain the desired effluent quality. If not, the application of a post-denitrification step should be necessary. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Address [Morales, Nicolas; Val del Rio, Angeles; Mendez, Ramon; Mosquera-Corral, Anuska; Luis Campos, Jose] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Sch Engn, Dept Chem Engn, E-15782 Santiago De Compostela, Spain, Email: nicolas.morales.pereira@fcc.es;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0045-6535 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000357232000014 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 507
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Author Norambuena-Contreras, J.; Arteaga-Perez, L.E.; Guadarrama-Lezama, A.Y.; Briones, R.; Vivanco, J.F.; Gonzalez-Torre, I.
Title Microencapsulated Bio-Based Rejuvenators for the Self-Healing of Bituminous Materials Type
Year 2020 Publication Materials Abbreviated Journal Materials
Volume 13 Issue 6 Pages 16 pp
Keywords asphalt; encapsulated rejuvenators; agricultural waste; bio-oil; self-healing efficiency
Abstract Asphalt self-healing by encapsulated rejuvenating agents is considered a revolutionary technology for the autonomic crack-healing of aged asphalt pavements. This paper aims to explore the use of Bio-Oil (BO) obtained from liquefied agricultural biomass waste as a bio-based encapsulated rejuvenating agent for self-healing of bituminous materials. Novel BO capsules were synthesized using two simple dripping methods through dropping funnel and syringe pump devices, where the BO agent was microencapsulated by external ionic gelation in a biopolymer matrix of sodium alginate. Size, surface aspect, and elemental composition of the BO capsules were characterized by optical and scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Thermal stability and chemical properties of BO capsules and their components were assessed through thermogravimetric analysis (TGA-DTG) and Fourier-Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR). The mechanical behavior of the capsules was evaluated by compressive and low-load micro-indentation tests. The self-healing efficiency over time of BO as a rejuvenating agent in cracked bitumen samples was quantified by fluorescence microscopy. Main results showed that the BO capsules presented an adequate morphology for the asphalt self-healing application, with good thermal stability and physical-chemical properties. It was also proven that the BO can diffuse in the bitumen reducing the viscosity and consequently self-healing the open microcracks.
Address [Norambuena-Contreras, Jose; Gonzalez-Torre, Irene] Univ Bio Bio, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, LabMAT, Ave Collao 1202, Concepcion, Chile, Email: jnorambuena@ubiobio.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Mdpi Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000529208000185 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1140
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Author Romero-Romero, J.L.; Inostroza-Blancheteau, C.; Orellana, D.; Aquea, F.; Reyes-Diaz, M.; Gil, P.M.; Matte, J.P.; Arce-Johnson, P.
Title Stomata regulation by tissue-specific expression of the Citrus sinensis MYB61 transcription factor improves water-use efficiency in Arabidopsis Type
Year 2018 Publication Plant Physiology And Biochemistry Abbreviated Journal Plant Physiol. Biochem.
Volume 130 Issue Pages 54-60
Keywords Drought tolerance; Abiotic stress; Water use efficiency; Arabidopsis; Cisgenic; MYB61 transcription factor; Citrus
Abstract Water-use efficiency (WUE) is a quantitative measurement of biomass produced per volume of water transpired by a plant. WUE is an important physiological trait for drought response to mitigate the water deficiency. In this work, a cisgenic construction from Citrus sinensis was developed and its function in the improvement of WUE was evaluated in Arabidopsis. Sequences of the CsMYB61 coding region, a transcription factor implicated in the closure of stomata, together with a putative stomata-specific promoter from CsMYB.1.5, were identified and cloned. The protein encoded in the CsMYB61 locus harbors domains and motifs characteristic of MYB61 proteins. In addition, a 1.2 kb promoter region of the gene CsMYB15 (pCsMYB15) containing regulatory elements for expression in guard cells and in response to Abscisic Acid (ABA) and light was isolated. In Arabidopsis, pCsMYB15 directs the expression of the reporter gene GUS in stomata in the presence of light. In addition, transgenic lines expressing the CsMYB61 coding region under transcriptional control of pCsMYB15 have a normal phenotype under in vitro and greenhouse conditions. These transgenic lines exhibited a smaller opening of the stomata pore, lower stomatal conductance and respiration rate, enhanced sensitivity to exogenous ABA, and high drought stress tolerance. Our results indicate that stomata-specific expression of CsMYB61 enhances water use efficiency under drought conditions in Arabidospis.
Address [Romero-Romero, Jesus L.; Orellana, Daniela; Pablo Matte, Juan; Arce-Johnson, Patricio] Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Fac Ciencias Biol, Dept Genet Mol & Microbiol, Santiago, Chile, Email: parce@bio.puc.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier France-Editions Scientifiques Medicales Elsevier Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0981-9428 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000444789200006 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 915
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Author Silva, C.; Nasirov, S.
Title Chile: Paving the way for sustainable energy planning Type
Year 2017 Publication Energy Sources Part B-Economics Planning And Policy Abbreviated Journal Energy Sources Part B
Volume 12 Issue 1 Pages 56-62
Keywords Chile; energy efficiency; energy sources; hydro and renewables
Abstract Over the last 20 years, economy of Chile grew faster than any other country in South America, thanks to its rigorous economic and political systems and its integration to the global economy. Nonetheless, Chile faces the continuing challenge of finding additional energy supplies to support its economic growth. The country has almost no fossil fuel resources and depends heavily on external sources that accounts for around 60% of its energy needs. However, this may change in the near future, as Chile has started developing its huge potential of sustainable energy sources. This paper examines strategically important energy alternatives for Chile, including energy efficiency (EE) programs, large hydro projects, renewable energy, and nuclear power, focusing on recent developments and remaining challenges. It also gives some recommendations providing alternatives to remove the obstacles.
Address [Silva, Carlos; Nasirov, Shahriyar] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Ave Diagonal Las Torres 2640, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: shahriyar.nasirov@uai.cl
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Taylor & Francis Inc Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1556-7249 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000392420900008 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 693
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Author Simon, F.; Ordonez, J.; Girard, A.; Parrado, C.
Title Modelling energy use in residential buildings: How design decisions influence final energy performance in various Chilean climates Type
Year 2019 Publication Indoor And Built Environment Abbreviated Journal Indoor Built Environ.
Volume 28 Issue 4 Pages 533-551
Keywords Energy modelling; Building thermal performance; Parametric sensitivity analysis; Energy efficiency; CO2 emissions; Chile
Abstract To reduce the energy consumption in buildings, there is a demand for tools that identify significant parameters of energy performance. The work presents the development and validation of a simulation model, called MEEDI, and graphical figures for the parametric sensitivity investigation of energy performance in different climates in Chile. The MEEDI is based on the ISO 13790 monthly calculation method of building energy use with two improved procedures for the calculation of the heat transfer through the floor and the solar heat gains. The graphical figures illustrate the effects of climate conditions, envelope components and window size and orientation on the energy consumption. The MEEDI program can contribute to find the best solution to increase energy efficiency in residential buildings. It can be adapted for various parameters, making it useful for future projects. The economic viability of specific measures for building envelope materials was analysed. Payback periods range from 5 to 27 years depending on the location and energy scenario. The study illustrates how building design decisions can have a significant impact on final energy performance. With simple envelope components modification, valuable energy gains and carbon emission reductions can be achieved in a cost-effective manner in Chile.
Address [Simon, Francois; Ordonez, Javier; Parrado, Cristobal] Univ Granada, ETS Ingn Caminos Canales & Puertos, Dept Civil Engn, Granada, Spain, Email: fsimon730@gmail.com
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Sage Publications Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1420-326x ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000461388600009 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 992
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Author Yushimito, W.F.; Alves, P.N.; Canessa, E.; de Mateo, F.
Title Relating Efficiency With Service Compliance Indices In Public Transportation Using Slack-Based Measure Data Envelopment Analysis And Shadow Prices Type
Year 2018 Publication Promet-Traffic & Transportation Abbreviated Journal Promet
Volume 30 Issue 6 Pages 661-670
Keywords bus service efficiency; public transportation; bus service compliance indices; slack-based data envelopment analysis; shadow prices
Abstract In many countries, bus operators are private companies whose service has been leased by government agencies. These agencies develop service compliance indices or measures to keep track of factors such as passenger satisfaction, frequency, and regularity but do not necessarily include the objectives of the operators in the assessment. In this paper, we used slack-based measure data envelopment analysis (SBM) to investigate whether it is possible for a bus operator to be efficient (from a private perspective) and match required standards of frequency and regularity. In doing so, data collected from two major bus operators in Santiago, Chile has been used comprising 99 services. The results show that when private objectives, namely revenues, are included in the analysis, bus operators do not necessarily seek to improve the regularity of their service. Moreover, it was found that some bus services are on the efficient frontier while keeping low performance measure standards. Using the shadow prices of the models, it was also found that improving the performance measures will be hard for many bus services unless there is a significant change in factors that are not under control of the operators (i.e., number of stops, length of the route, etc.). This shows the difficulty of correctly aligning the private objectives of operators with agencies' objectives.
Address [Yushimito, Wilfredo F.; Canessa, Enrique] Adolfo Ibanez Univ, Dept Engn & Sci, Av Padre Hurtado 750, Vina Del Mar, Chile, Email: wilfredo.yushimito@uai.cl;
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Svenciliste U Zagrebu, Fakultet Prometnih Znanosti Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0353-5320 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000457183100002 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 976
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