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Author Jara-Munoz, P.; Guzman-Fierro, V.; Arriagada, C.; Campos, V.; Campos, J.L.; Gallardo-Rodriguez, J.J.; Fernandez, K.; Roeckel, M. doi  openurl
  Title Low oxygen start-up of partial nitrification-anammox process: mechanical or gas agitation? Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Journal Of Chemical Technology And Biotechnology Abbreviated Journal J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol.  
  Volume 94 Issue 2 Pages 475-483  
  Keywords mechanical agitation; partial nitrification anammox; dissolved oxygen; gas agitation; granule  
  Abstract BACKGROUND Partial nitrification-anammox (PN-A) is a widely recognized technology to remove nitrogen from different types of wastewater. Low oxygen concentration is the most used strategy for PN-A start-up, but stability problems arise during the operation; thus, in the present study the effects of the type of agitation, oxygenation and shear stress on the sensitivity, energy consumption and performance were evaluated. Recognition of these parameters allows considered choice of the design of an industrial process for nitrogen abatement. RESULTS A mechanically agitated reactor (MAR) was compared to a stable, long-term operation period bubble column reactor (BCR), both started under low dissolved oxygen concentration conditions. MAR microbial assays confirmed the destruction of the nitrifying layer and an imbalance of the entire process when the oxygen to nitrogen loading ratio (O-2:N) decreased by 25%. The granule sedimentation rate and specific anammox activity were 17% and 87% higher (respectively) in BCR. Economic analysis determined that the cost of aeration for the MAR and for the BCR were 23.8% and 1% of the total PN-A energy consumption, respectively. CONCLUSIONS The BCR showed better results than the MAR. This study highlights the importance of type of agitation, oxygenation and shear stress for industrial-scale PN-A designs. (c) 2018 Society of Chemical Industry  
  Address [Jara-Munoz, Pamela; Guzman-Fierro, Victor; Arriagada, Constanza; Jose Gallardo-Rodriguez, Juan; Fernandez, Katherina; Roeckel, Marlene] Univ Concepcion, Dept Chem Engn, Fac Engn, Concepcion, Chile, Email: mroeckel@udec.cl  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Wiley Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0268-2575 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000455262100014 Approved no  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 972  
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