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Author Addison, BC.; Wright, DJ.; Nicholson, BA.; Cale, B.; Mocnik, T.; Huber, D.; Plavchan, P.; Wittenmyer, RA.; Vanderburg, A.; Chaplin, WJ.; Chontos, A.; Clark, JT.; Eastman, JD.; Ziegler, C.; Brahm, R.; Carter, BD.; Clerte, M.; Espinoza, N.; Horner, J.; Bentley, J.; Jordan, A.; Kane, SR.; Kielkopf, JF.; Laychock, E.; Mengel, MW.; Okumura, J.; Stassun, KG.; Bedding, TR.; Bowler, BP.; Burnelis, A.; Blanco-Cuaresma, S.; Collins, M.; Crossfield, I.; Davis, AB.; Evensberget, D.; Heitzmann, A.; Howell, SB.; Law, N.; Mann, AW.; Marsden, SC.; Matson, RA.; O'Connor, JH.; Shporer, A.; Stevens, C.; Tinney, CG.; Tylor, C.; Wang, SH.; Zhang, H.; Henning, T.; Kossakowski, D.; Ricker, G.; Sarkis, P.; Schlecker, M.; Torres, P.; Vanderspek, R.; Latham, DW.; Seager, S.; Winn, JN.; Jenkins, JM.; Mireles, I.; Rowden, P.; Pepper, J.; Daylan, T.; Schlieder, JE.; Collins, KA.; Collins, KI.; Tan, TG.; Ball, WH.; Basu, S.; Buzasi, DL.; Campante, TL.; Corsaro, E.; Gonzalez-Cuesta, L.; Davies, GR.; de Almeida, L.; do Nascimento, JD.; Garcia, RA.; Guo, Z.; Handberg, R.; Hekker, S.; Hey, DR.; Kallinger, T.; Kawaler, SD.; Kayhan, C.; Kuszlewicz, JS.; Lund, MN.; Lyttle, A.; Mathur, S.; Miglio, A.; Mosser, B.; Nielsen, MB.; Serenelli, AM.; Aguirre, VS.; Themessl, N. doi  openurl
  Title TOI-257b (HD 19916b): a warm sub-saturn orbiting an evolved F-type star Type
  Year 2021 Publication Monthly Notices Of The Royal Astronomical Society Abbreviated Journal Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc.  
  Volume 502 Issue 3 Pages 3704-3722  
  Keywords asteroseismology; techniques: photometric; techniques: radial velocities; techniques: spectroscopic; planetary systems; stars: individual (TIC 200723869/TOI-257)  
  Abstract We report the discovery of a warm sub-Saturn, TOI-257b (HD 19916b), based on data from NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). The transit signal was detected by TESS and confirmed to be of planetary origin based on radial velocity observations. An analysis of the TESS photometry, the MINERVA-Australis, FEROS, and HARPS radial velocities, and the asteroseismic data of the stellar oscillations reveals that TOI-257b has a mass of M-P = 0.138 +/- 0.023M(J) (43.9 +/- 7.3 M-circle plus), a radius of R-P = 0.639 +/- 0.013 R-J (7.16 +/- 0.15 R-circle plus), bulk density of 0.65(-0.11)(+0.12) (cgs), and period 18.38818(-0.00084)(+0.00085) days. TOI-257b orbits a bright (V = 7.612 mag) somewhat evolved late F-type star with M-* = 1.390 +/- 0.046(Msun), R-* = 1.888 +/- 0.033 R-sun, T-eff = 6075 +/- 90 K, and vsin i = 11.3 +/- 0.5 kms(-1). Additionally, we find hints for a second non-transiting sub-Saturn mass planet on a similar to 71 day orbit using the radial velocity data. This system joins the ranks of a small number of exoplanet host stars (similar to 100) that have been characterized with asteroseismology. Warm sub-Saturns are rare in the known sample of exoplanets, and thus the discovery of TOI-257b is important in the context of future work studying the formation and migration history of similar planetary systems.  
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  ISSN 0035-8711 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000648998800038 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1397  
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Author Cont, D.; Yan, F.; Reiners, A.; Nortmann, L.; Molaverdikhani, K.; Palle, E.; Stangret, M.; Henning, T.; Ribas, I.; Quirrenbach, A.; Caballero, J.A.; Osorio, M.R.Z.; Amado, P.J.; Aceituno, J.; Casasayas-Barris, N.; Czesla, S.; Kaminski, A.; Lopez-Puertas, M.; Montes, D.; Morales, J.C.; Morello, G.; Nagel, E.; Sanchez-Lopez, A.; Sedaghati, E.; Zechmeister, M. doi  openurl
  Title Silicon in the dayside atmospheres of two ultra-hot Jupiters Type
  Year 2022 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.  
  Volume 657 Issue Pages L2  
  Keywords planets and satellites: atmospheres; techniques: spectroscopic; planets and satellites: individual: WASP-33b; planets and satellites: individual: KELT-20b/MASCARA-2b  
  Abstract Atmospheres of highly irradiated gas giant planets host a large variety of atomic and ionic species. Here we observe the thermal emission spectra of the two ultra-hot Jupiters WASP-33b and KELT-20b /MASCARA-2b in the near-infrared wavelength range with CARMENES. Via high-resolution Doppler spectroscopy, we searched for neutral silicon (Si) in their dayside atmospheres. We detect the Si spectral signature of both planets via cross-correlation with model spectra. Detection levels of 4.8 sigma and 5.4 sigma, respectively, are observed when assuming a solar atmospheric composition. This is the first detection of Si in exoplanet atmospheres. The presence of Si is an important finding due to its fundamental role in cloud formation and, hence, for the planetary energy balance. Since the spectral lines are detected in emission, our results also confirm the presence of an inverted temperature profile in the dayside atmospheres of both planets.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0004-6361 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000740006300008 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1535  
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Author Nowak, G.; Palle, E.; Gandolfi, D.; Deeg, HJ.; Hirano, T.; Barragan, O.; Kuzuhara, M.; Dai, F.; Luque, R.; Persson, CM.; Fridlund, M.; Johnson, MC.; Korth, J.; Livingston, JH.; Grziwa, S.; Mathur, S.; Hatzes, AP.; Prieto-Arranz, J.; Nespral, D.; Hidalgo, D.; Hjorth, M.; Albrecht, S.; Van Eylen, V.; Lam, KWF.; Cochran, WD.; Esposito, M.; Csizmadia, S.; Guenther, EW.; Kabath, P.; Blay, P.; Brahm, R.; Jordan, A.; Espinoza, N.; Rojas, F.; Barris, NC.; Rodler, F.; Sobrino, RA.; Cabrera, J.; Carleo, I.; Chaushev, A.; de Leon, J.; Eigmuller, P.; Endl, M.; Erikson, A.; Fukui, A.; Georgieva, I.; Gonzalez-Cuesta, L.; Knudstrup, E.; Lund, MN.; Rodriguez, PM.; Murgas, F.; Narita, N.; Niraula, P.; Patzold, M.; Rauer, H.; Redfield, S.; Ribas, I.; Skarka, M.; Smith, AMS.; Subjak, J. doi  openurl
  Title K2-280 b – a low density warm sub-Saturn around a mildly evolved star Type
  Year 2020 Publication MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY Abbreviated Journal Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc.  
  Volume 497 Issue 4 Pages 4423-4435  
  Keywords techniques: photometric; techniques: radial velocities; techniques: spectroscopic; planets and satellites: detection; stars: individual: (EPIC 216494238, K2-280)  
  Abstract We present an independent discovery and detailed characterization of K2-280 b, a transiting low density warm sub-Saturn in a 19.9-d moderately eccentric orbit (e = 0.35(-0.04)(+0.05)) from K2 campaign 7. A joint analysis of high precision HARPS, HARPS-N, and FIES radial velocity measurements and K2 photometric data indicates that K2-280 b has a radius of R-b = 7.50 +/- 0.44 R-circle plus and a mass of M-b = 37.1 +/- 5.6 M-circle plus, yielding a mean density of rho(b) = 0.48(-0.10)(+0.13) g cm(-3). The host star is a mildly evolved G7 star with an effective temperature of T-eff = 5500 +/- 100 K, a surface gravity of log g(star) = 4.21 +/- 0.05 (cgs), and an iron abundance of [Fe/H] = 0.33 +/- 0.08 dex, and with an inferred mass of M-star = 1.03 +/- 0.03 M-circle dot and a radius of R-star = 1.28 +/- 0.07 R-circle dot. We discuss the importance of K2-280 b for testing formation scenarios of sub-Saturn planets and the current sample of this intriguing group of planets that are absent in the Solar system.  
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  ISSN 0035-8711 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1276  
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Author Sedaghati, E.; MacDonald, R.J.; Casasayas-Barris, N.; Hoeijmakers, H.J.; Boffin, H.M.J.; Rodler, F.; Brahm, R.; Jones, M.; Sanchez-Lopez, A.; Carleo, I.; Figueira, P.; Mehner, A.; Lopez-Puertas, M. doi  openurl
  Title A spectral survey of WASP-19b with ESPRESSO Type
  Year 2021 Publication Monthly Notices Of The Royal Astronomical Society Abbreviated Journal Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc.  
  Volume 505 Issue 1 Pages 435-458  
  Keywords methods: data analysis; techniques: spectroscopic; planets and satellites: atmospheres; planets and satellites: individual: WASP-19b; stars: activity; stars: individual: WASP-19  
  Abstract High-resolution precision spectroscopy provides a multitude of robust techniques for probing exoplanetary atmospheres. We present multiple VLT/ESPRESSO transit observations of the hot-Jupiter exoplanet WASP-19b with previously published but disputed atmospheric features from low resolution studies. Through spectral synthesis and modelling of the Rossiter-McLaughlin (RM) effect we calculate stellar, orbital and physical parameters for the system. From narrow-band spectroscopy we do not detect any of Hi, Fei, Mgi, Cai, Nai, and Ki neutral species, placing upper limits on their line contrasts. Through cross-correlation analyses with atmospheric models, we do not detect Fei and place a 3 sigma upper limit of on its mass fraction, from injection and retrieval. We show the inability to detect the presence of H2O for known abundances, owing to lack of strong absorption bands, as well as relatively low S/N ratio. We detect a barely significant peak (3.02 +/- 0.15 sigma) in the cross-correlation map for TiO, consistent with the sub-solar abundance previously reported. This is merely a hint for the presence of TiO and does not constitute a confirmation. However, we do confirm the presence of previously observed enhanced scattering towards blue wavelengths, through chromatic RM measurements, pointing to a hazy atmosphere. We finally present a reanalysis of low-resolution transmission spectra of this exoplanet, concluding that unocculted starspots alone cannot explain previously detected features. Our reanalysis of the FORS2 spectra of WASP-19b finds a similar to 100x sub-solar TiO abundance, precisely constrained to , consistent with the TiO hint from ESPRESSO. We present plausible paths to reconciliation with other seemingly contradicting results.  
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  ISSN 0035-8711 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000671453100031 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1438  
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Author Sedaghati, E.; Sanchez-Lopez, A.; Czesla, S.; Lopez-Puertas, M.; Amado, P.J.; Palle, E.; Molaverdikhani, K.; Caballero, J.A.; Nortmann, L.; Quirrenbach, A.; Reiners, A.; Ribas, I. doi  openurl
  Title Moderately misaligned orbit of the warm sub-Saturn HD 332231 b Type
  Year 2022 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.  
  Volume 659 Issue Pages A44  
  Keywords planets and satellites: individual: HD 332231b; planets and satellites: atmospheres; methods: observational; techniques: spectroscopic; techniques: radial velocities  
  Abstract Measurements of exoplanetary orbital obliquity angles for different classes of planets are an essential tool in testing various planet formation theories. Measurements for those transiting planets on relatively large orbital periods (P > 10 d) present a rather difficult observational challenge. Here we present the obliquity measurement for the warm sub-Saturn planet HD 332231 b, which was discovered through Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite photometry of sectors 14 and 15, on a relatively large orbital period (18.7 d). Through a joint analysis of previously obtained spectroscopic data and our newly obtained CARMENES transit observations, we estimated the spin-orbit misalignment angle, lambda to be -42.0(-10.6)(+11.3) deg, which challenges Laplacian ideals of planet formation. Through the addition of these new radial velocity data points obtained with CARMENES, we also derived marginal improvements on other orbital and bulk parameters for the planet, as compared to previously published values. We showed the robustness of the obliquity measurement through model comparison with an aligned orbit. Finally, we demonstrated the inability of the obtained data to probe any possible extended atmosphere of the planet, due to a lack of precision, and place the atmosphere in the context of a parameter detection space.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0004-6361 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000763639300002 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1548  
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Author Yan, F.; Espinoza, N.; Molaverdikhani, K.; Henning, T.; Mancini, L.; Mallonn, M.; Rackham, B.V.; Apai, D.; Jordan, A.; Molliere, P.; Chen, G.; Carone, L.; Reiners, A. doi  openurl
  Title LBT transmission spectroscopy of HAT-P-12b: Confirmation of a cloudy atmosphere with no significant alkali features Type
  Year 2020 Publication Astronomy & Astrophysics Abbreviated Journal Astron. Astrophys.  
  Volume 642 Issue Pages 13 pp  
  Keywords planets and satellites: atmospheres; techniques: spectroscopic; stars: atmospheres; planets and satellites: individual: HAT-P-12b  
  Abstract The hot sub-Saturn-mass exoplanet HAT-P-12b is an ideal target for transmission spectroscopy because of its inflated radius. We observed one transit of the planet with the multi-object double spectrograph (MODS) on the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) with the binocular mode and obtained an atmosphere transmission spectrum with a wavelength coverage of similar to 0.4-0.9 μm. The spectrum is relatively flat and does not show any significant sodium or potassium absorption features. Our result is consistent with the revised Hubble Space Telescope (HST) transmission spectrum of a previous work, except that the HST result indicates a tentative detection of potassium. The potassium discrepancy could be the result of statistical fluctuation of the HST dataset. We fit the planetary transmission spectrum with an extensive grid of cloudy models and confirm the presence of high-altitude clouds in the planetary atmosphere. The fit was performed on the combined LBT and HST spectrum, which has an overall wavelength range of 0.4-1.6 μm. The LBT/MODS spectrograph has unique advantages in transmission spectroscopy observations because it can cover a wide wavelength range with a single exposure and acquire two sets of independent spectra simultaneously.  
  Address [Yan, F.; Reiners, A.] Georg August Univ, Inst Astrophys, Friedrich Hund Pl 1, D-37077 Gottingen, Germany, Email: fei.yan@uni-goettingen.de  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Edp Sciences S A Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1432-0746 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000581918600001 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1237  
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