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Author (up) Thomsen, M.; Fernandez-Pello, A.C.; Williams, F.A.
Title On the Growth of Wildland Fires from a Small Ignition Source Type
Year 2023 Publication Combustion Science and Technology Abbreviated Journal Combust. Sci. Technol.
Volume Early Access Issue Pages
Keywords Wildfire; spot ignition; fire growth; rate of spread; fire model
Abstract Wildland and Wildland-Urban-Interface (WUI) fires are an important problem that may have major consequences in terms of safety, air quality, and damage to buildings, infrastructure, and the ecosystem. It is expected that with climate change, the wildland fire and WUI fire problem will only intensify. Wildland fires are often initiated by small ignition sources caused either by human intervention (hot metal fragments or burning biomass) or by natural events (lighting or sun heating). Once the wildfire or structural fire has been ignited and grows, it can spread rapidly through ember spotting, where pieces of burning materials are lifted by the plume of the fire and then transported forward by the wind, landing where they can start spot fires downwind. The ignition mechanisms for all of these fires have the common characteristic of a small and localized area of origin, with the subsequent spread of the fire to wider and larger areas. Because of the three-dimensional characteristics of this type of propagating fire, its rate of spread has an initial acceleration phase leading to an equilibrium rate of spread when the fire reaches a certain size, which is referred to as a “line-fire” type of spread. Most of the studies on wildland fire propagation have been conducted with line fires and have been concerned with characterizing the equilibrium rate of spread rather than the initial spread from a small ignition source. In this paper, some of the studies conducted to date on the subject of wildland fire growth from a small ignition source, and the physics supporting the mathematical expressions that are used to describe the growth of the fire are discussed. An attempt is also made to provide support for these works through a more fundamental approach to model the problem.
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Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0010-2202 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:001034393700001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1845
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Author (up) Valenzuela, F.; Rivera, J.I.; Ebensperger, F.; Alvarez, C.; Reszka, P.; Auat Cheein, F.; Fuentes, A.
Title Ignition of Wildland Fuels Exposed to a Time-Decreasing Incident Heat Flux Type
Year 2023 Publication Combustion Science and Technology Abbreviated Journal Combust. Sci. Technol.
Volume 195 Issue 14 Pages 3596-3611
Keywords Wildfires; Spotting fires; Thermal model; Firebrand
Abstract The effect of decreasing incident heat fluxes on the ignition delay time of dry pine needles is addressed in the present study. A customized modular instrument (I-FIT) that uses radiant heaters to simulate idealized firebrands ensures experimental repeatability for combustion experiments. Linear incident heat flux ramps are obtained by controlling the power of the heating element, thus simulating idealized firebrands. An analytical model based on the thermal ignition theory was developed and solved analytically using an integral approach. This model includes convective losses and in-depth penetration of radiation. Radiation was modeled using the P1 approximation. The theoretical model is complemented and validated by experimental data, showing increments of the ignition delay times when the negative slope steepness over time increases for the same heat flux. For given values of the initial incident heat flux on the sample, a critical slope beta(cri) is observed. For slopes steeper than this critical value, ignition is not attained.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0010-2202 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:001044563300001 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1865
Permanent link to this record