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Author Antico, F.C.; De la Varga, I.; Esmaeeli, H.S.; Nantung, T.E.; Zavattieri, P.D.; Weiss, W.J. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Using accelerated pavement testing to examine traffic opening criteria for concrete pavements Type
  Year 2015 Publication Construction And Building Materials Abbreviated Journal Constr. Build. Mater.  
  Volume 96 Issue Pages 86-95  
  Keywords Early age-cracking; Opening to traffic; Accelerated pavement testing; Modeling; Finite element  
  Abstract The risk of cracking in a concrete pavement that is opened to traffic at early ages is related to the maximum tensile stress sigma(I), that develops in the pavement and its relationship to the measured, age dependent, flexural strength of a beam,f(r). The stress that develops in the pavement is due to several factors including traffic loading and restrained volume change caused by thermal or hygral variations. The stress that develops is also dependent on the time-dependent mechanical properties, pavement thickness, and subgrade stiffness. There is a strong incentive to open many pavements to traffic as early as possible to allow construction traffic or traffic from the traveling public to use the pavement. However, if the pavement is opened to traffic too early, cracking may occur that may compromise the service life of the pavement. The purpose of this paper is two-fold: (1) to examine the current opening strength requirements for concrete pavements (typically a flexural strength from beams, f(r)) and (2) to propose a criterion based on the time-dependent changes of sigma(I)/f(r), which accounts for pavement thickness and subgrade stiffness without adding unnecessary risk for premature cracking. An accelerated pavement testing (APT) facility was used to test concrete pavements that are opened to traffic at an early age to provide data that can be compared with an analytical model to determine the effective sigma(I)/f(r), based on the relevant features of the concrete pavement, the subgrade, and the traffic load. It is anticipated that this type of opening criteria can help the decision makers in two ways: (1) it can open pavement sections earlier thereby reducing construction time and (2) it may help to minimize the use of materials with overly accelerated strength gain that are suspected to be more susceptible to develop damage at early ages than materials that gain strength more slowly. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  
  Address [Antico, F. C.; De la Varga, I.; Esmaeeli, H. S.; Zavattieri, P. D.; Weiss, W. J.] Purdue Univ, Lyles Sch Civil Engn, W Lafayette, IN 47907 USA, Email: zavattie@purdue.edu;  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd Place of Publication (up) Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0950-0618 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000361402700010 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 750  
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Author Araya-Letelier, G.; Antico, F.C.; Carrasco, M.; Rojas, P.; Garcia-Herrera, C.M. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Effectiveness of new natural fibers on damage-mechanical performance of mortar Type
  Year 2017 Publication Construction And Building Materials Abbreviated Journal Constr. Build. Mater.  
  Volume 152 Issue Pages 672-682  
  Keywords Animal fiber; Fiber-reinforced mortar; Mechanical properties; Damage mitigation  
  Abstract Addition of fibers to cement-based materials improve tensile and flexural strength, fracture toughness, abrasion resistance, delay cracking, and reduce crack widths. Natural fibers have recently become more popular in the construction materials community. This investigation addresses the characterization of a new animal fiber (pig hair), a massive food-industry waste worldwide, and its use in mortars. Morphological, physical and mechanical properties of pig hair are determined in order to be used as reinforcement in mortars. A sensitivity analysis on the volumes of fiber in mortars is developed. The results from this investigation showed that reinforced mortars significantly improve impact strength, abrasion resistance, plastic shrinkage cracking, age at cracking, and crack widths as fiber volume increases. Other properties such as compressive and flexural strength, density, porosity and modulus of elasticity of reinforced mortars are not significantly affected by the addition of pig hair. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  
  Address [Araya-Letelier, G.; Carrasco, M.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Ave Diagonal Las Torres 2640, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: gerardo.araya@uai.cl;  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd Place of Publication (up) Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0950-0618 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000411545600062 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 803  
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Author Araya-Letelier, G.; Concha-Riedel, J.; Antico, F.C.; Valdes, C.; Caceres, G. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Influence of natural fiber dosage and length on adobe mixes damage-mechanical behavior Type
  Year 2018 Publication Construction And Building Materials Abbreviated Journal Constr. Build. Mater.  
  Volume 174 Issue Pages 645-655  
  Keywords Adobe mixes; Animal fiber; Mechanical properties; Damage control; Fiber-reinforced  
  Abstract This study addresses the use of a natural fiber (pig hair), a massive food-industry waste, as reinforcement in adobe mixes (a specific type of earthen material). The relevance of this work resides in the fact that earthen materials are still widely used worldwide because of their low cost, availability, and low environmental impact. Results show that adobe mixes' mechanical-damage behavior is sensitive to both (i) fiber dosage and (ii) fiber length. Impact strength and flexural toughness are increased, whereas shrinkage distributed crack width is reduced. Average values of compressive and flexural strengths are reduced as fiber dosage and length increase, as a result of porosity generated by fiber clustering. Based on the results of this work a dosage of 0.5% by weight of dry soil using 7 mm fibers is optimal to improve crack control, flexural toughness and impact strength without statistically affecting flexural and compressive strengths. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  
  Address [Araya-Letelier, G.] Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Fac Ingn, Escuela Construcc Civil, Ave Vicuna Mackenna 4860, Santiago 7820436, Chile, Email: gerardo.araya@uc.cl;  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd Place of Publication (up) Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0950-0618 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000433656300061 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 873  
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Author Beltran, J.F.; Nunez, E.; Nunez, F.; Silva, I.; Bravo, T.; Moffat, R. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Static response of asymmetrically damaged metallic strands: Experimental and numerical approach Type
  Year 2018 Publication Construction And Building Materials Abbreviated Journal Constr. Build. Mater.  
  Volume 192 Issue Pages 538-554  
  Keywords Asymmetric damaged strands; Surface damage; Numerical model; Finite element simulation; Experimental test; Static capacity curve  
  Abstract In this study, the effect of the presence of broken wires (damage) asymmetrically distributed on metallic strands surfaces on their static response is assessed. To this end, a general mechanical model for multi layered strands is presented, in which damaged strands are treated as a 1D nonlinear beam under uncoupled biaxial bending and axial load (NLBM). The NLBM is validated by comparisons with the results obtained from an experimental program especially designed for studying the effect of surface damage distribution on strands response and 3D nonlinear finite element simulations. Analyses are carried out on two strand constructions: 1 x 7 and 1 x 19, in which the damage levels and strand diameters vary from 5% to 40% and from 3.5 mm to 22.2 mm, respectively. Results indicate that the NLBM accurate predicts the static response (residual strength, stiffness, axial strain field, and deformed configuration) of the asymmetrically damaged strands, achieving good computational efficiency and numerical robustness. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  
  Address [Felipe Beltran, Juan] Univ Chile, Dept Civil Engn, Blanco Encalada 2002 Of 440, Santiago, Chile, Email: jbeltran@ing.uchile.cl;  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd Place of Publication (up) Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0950-0618 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000453494600046 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 953  
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Author Araya-Letelier, G.; Concha-Riedel, J.; Antico, F.C.; Sandoval, C. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Experimental mechanical-damage assessment of earthen mixes reinforced with micro polypropylene fibers Type
  Year 2019 Publication Construction And Building Materials Abbreviated Journal Constr. Build. Mater.  
  Volume 198 Issue Pages 762-776  
  Keywords Micro polypropylene fibers; Fiber-reinforced earthen mixes; Conservation; Impact strength; Damage  
  Abstract The addition of engineered polypropylene fibers to earthen materials offers new opportunities to control their damage evolution and mechanical properties that altogether provides more reliability and extends the life span of these materials. The latter is of special interest considering that earthen materials are still widely used in the form of adobe blocks for earthen masonry, cob, rammed earth or even earthen mortars for new construction and conservation of historic buildings. In this work, the effect of dosage of micro polypropylene fibers (MPPF) in the damage-mechanical performance of earthen mixes is studied experimentally. Part of the experiments includes two different tests to assess distributed and localized cracking of reinforced earth subject to restrained drying shrinkage. In addition, the experimental results showed that the incorporation of MPPF increases up to 83 times the impact strength and 11 times the flexural toughness of earthen mixes. Other mechanical properties such as compressive and flexural strength are not statistically affected by the incorporation of MPPF. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  
  Address [Araya-Letelier, G.] Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Escuela Construcc Civil, Casilla 306,Correo 22, Santiago, Chile, Email: gerardo.araya@uc.cl;  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd Place of Publication (up) Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0950-0618 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000457952200066 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 978  
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Author Alcaino, P.; Santa-Maria, H.; Magna-Verdugo, C.; Lopez, L. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Experimental fast-assessment of post-fire residual strength of reinforced concrete frame buildings based on non-destructive tests Type
  Year 2020 Publication Construction And Building Materials Abbreviated Journal Constr. Build. Mater.  
  Volume 234 Issue Pages 10 pp  
  Keywords Post-fire residual strength; Non-destructive tests; Reinforced concrete building; Structural assessment  
  Abstract Assessment of the residual strength of reinforced concrete buildings subjected to fire is a problem that requires fast and sufficiently reliable resolution, necessary for the action of firefighters, forensic fire investigation, and structural assessment of post-fire condition of the building to take place. In all cases safety and integrity of firefighters and researchers can be at risk, and it is necessary to have rapidly and sufficiently reliable information in order to choose whether to enter freely, to enter with caution, or simply do not enter to the burned structure. This required prompt assessment gives no time or background to develop mathematical models of the structure and damage propagation. This work presents an experimental methodology for a fast assessment of post-fire residual strength of reinforced concrete frame buildings based on the high correlation between the loss of strength and non-destructive test results of frame concrete elements subjected to fire action. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  
  Address [Alcaino, Pablo; Santa-Maria, Hernan] Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Dept Struct & Geotech Engn, Santiago 7820436, Chile, Email: palcaino@uc.cl;  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd Place of Publication (up) Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0950-0618 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000514748700001 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1115  
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