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Author (up) Affolter, C.; Kedzierska, J.; Vielma, T.; Weisse, B.; Aiyangar, A.
Title Estimating lumbar passive stiffness behaviour from subject-specific finite element models and in vivo 6DOF kinematics Type
Year 2020 Publication Journal Of Biomechanics Abbreviated Journal J. Biomech.
Volume 102 Issue Pages 11 pp
Keywords Lumbar spinal loading; Subject-specific kinematics; Passive stiffness; Neutral position; Rigid-body musculoskeletal modelling
Abstract Passive rotational stiffness of the osseo-ligamentous spine is an important input parameter for estimating in-vivo spinal loading using musculoskeletal models. These data are typically acquired from cadaveric testing. Increasingly, they are also estimated from subject-specific imaging-based finite element (FE) models, which are typically built from CT/MR data obtained in supine position and employ pure rotation kinematics. We explored the sensitivity of FE-based lumbar passive rotational stiffness to two aspects of functional in-vivo kinematics: (a) passive strain changes from supine to upright standing position, and (b) in-vivo coupled translation-rotation kinematics. We developed subject-specific FE models of four subjects' L4L5 segments from supine CT images. Sagittally symmetric flexion was simulated in two ways: (i) pure flexion up to 12 degrees under a 500 N follower load directly from the supine pose. (ii) First, a displacement-based approach was implemented to attain the upright pose, as measured using Dynamic Stereo X-ray (DSX) imaging. We then simulated in-vivo flexion using DSX imaging-derived kinematics. Datasets from weight-bearing motion with three different external weights [(4.5 kg), (9.1 kg), (13.6 kg)] were used. Accounting for supine-upright motion generated compressive pre-loads approximate to 468 N (+/- 188 N) and a “pre-torque” approximate to 2.5 Nm (+/- 2.2 Nm), corresponding to 25% of the reaction moment at 10 degrees flexion (case (i)). Rotational stiffness estimates from DSX-based coupled translation-rotation kinematics were substantially higher compared to pure flexion. Reaction Moments were almost 90% and 60% higher at 5 degrees and 10 degrees of L4L5 flexion, respectively. Within-subject differences in rotational stiffness based on external weight were small, although between-subject variations were large. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Address [Affolter, Christian; Weisse, Bernhard; Aiyangar, Ameet] EMPA Swiss Fed Labs Mat Sci & Technol, Mech Syst Engn, Dubendorf, Switzerland, Email: ameet.aiyangar@empa.ch
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0021-9290 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000528310700033 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1142
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Author (up) Collins, C.J.; Vivanco, J.F.; Sokn, S.A.; Williams, B.O.; Burgers, T.A.; Ploeg, H.L.
Title Fracture healing in mice lacking Pten in osteoblasts: a micro-computed tomography image-based analysis of the mechanical properties of the femur Type
Year 2015 Publication Journal Of Biomechanics Abbreviated Journal J. Biomech.
Volume 48 Issue 2 Pages 310-317
Keywords Fracture healing; Mouse femur; Pten gene; Micro computed tomography image-based analysis; Section properties; Mechanical properties; Four-point bend testing
Abstract In the United States, approximately eight million osseous fractures are reported annually, of which 5-10% fail to create a bony union. Osteoblast-specific deletion of the gene Pten in mice has been found to stimulate bone growth and accelerate fracture healing. Healing rates at four weeks increased in femurs from Pten osteoblast conditional knock-out mice (Pten-CKO) compared to wild-type mice (WT) of the same genetic strain as measured by an increase in mechanical stiffness and failure load in four-point bending tests. Preceding mechanical testing, each femur was imaged using a Skyscan 1172 micro-computed tomography (mu CT) scanner (Skyscan, Kontich, Belgium). The present study used μCT image-based analysis to test the hypothesis that the increased femoral fracture force and stiffness in Pten-CKO were due to greater section properties with the same effective material properties as that of the WT. The second moment of area and section modulus were computed in ImageJ 1.46 (National Institutes of Health) and used to predict the effective flexural modulus and the stress at failure for fourteen pairs of intact and callus WT and twelve pairs of intact and callus Pten-CKO femurs. For callus and intact femurs, the failure stress and tissue mineral density of the Pten-CKO and WT were not different; however, the section properties of the Pten-CKO were more than twice as large 28 days post-fracture. It was therefore concluded, when the gene Pten was conditionally knocked-out in osteoblasts, the resulting increased bending stiffness and force to fracture were due to increased section properties. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Address [Collins, Caitlyn J.; Vivanco, Juan F.; Sokn, Scott A.; Ploeg, Heidi-Lynn] Univ Wisconsin, Dept Mech Engn, Madison, WI 53706 USA, Email: ploeg@engr.wisc.edu
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Sci Ltd Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0021-9290 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000349194800018 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 454
Permanent link to this record