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Author Manriquez, P.H.; Jara, M.E.; Torres, R.; Mardones, M.L.; Lagos, N.A.; Lardies, M.A.; Vargas, C.A.; Duarte, C.; Navarro, J.M. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Effects of ocean acidification on larval development and early post-hatching traits in Concholepas concholepas (loco) Type
  Year 2014 Publication Marine Ecology Progress Series Abbreviated Journal Mar. Ecol.-Prog. Ser.  
  Volume 514 Issue Pages 87-103  
  Keywords Hatching time; Hatching success; Early larval survival; Protoconch size; Protoconch thickness; Statolith size; Egg capsule wall thickness; Developmental plasticity  
  Abstract Larval stages represent a bottleneck influencing the persistence of marine populations with complex life cycles. Concholepas concholepas is a gastropod species that sustains the most important small-scale artisanal fisheries of the Chile-Peru Humboldt Coastal current system. In this study, newly-laid egg capsules of C. concholepas collected from 3 localities along the Chilean coast were used to evaluate the potential consequences of projected near-future ocean acidification (OA) on larval development and early post-hatching larval traits. We compared hatching time, hatching success and early survivorship of encapsulated larvae reared under contrasting average levels of pCO(2): 382 (present-day), ca. 715 and ca. 1028 μatm CO2 (levels expected in near-future scenarios of OA). Moreover, we compared morphological larval traits such as protoconch size, thickness and statolith size at hatching. Some of the developmental traits were negatively affected by pCO(2) levels, source locality, female identity, or the interaction between those factors. Meanwhile, the effect of pCO(2) levels on morphological larval traits showed significant interactions depending on differences among egg capsules and females. Our results suggest that OA may decouple hatching time from oceanographic processes associated with larval transport and reduce larval survivorship during the dispersive phase, with a potential impact on the species' population dynamics. However, the results also show geographic variability and developmental plasticity in the investigated traits. This variation may lead to an increased acclimatization ability, facilitate the persistence of natural populations and mitigate the negative effects that OA might have on landings and revenues derived from the fishery of this species.  
  Address [Manriquez, Patricio H.; Elisa Jara, Maria] CEAZA, LECOT, Coquimbo, Chile, Email: patriciohmanriquez@gmail.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Inter-Research Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0171-8630 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000345700700007 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 430  
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Author Ramajo, L.; Prado, L.; Rodriguez-Navarro, A.B.; Lardies, M.A.; Duarte, C.M.; Lagos, N.A. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Plasticity and trade-offs in physiological traits of intertidal mussels subjected to freshwater-induced environmental variation Type
  Year 2016 Publication Marine Ecology Progress Series Abbreviated Journal Mar. Ecol.-Prog. Ser.  
  Volume 553 Issue Pages 93-109  
  Keywords Calcification; Shell periostracum; Metabolism; Local adaptation; Central Chile; Perumytilus purpuratus  
  Abstract Environmental gradients play an important role in shaping geographic variability in coastal marine populations. Thus, the ability of organisms to cope with these changes will depend on their potential to acclimatize, or adapt, to these new environmental conditions. We investigated the spatial variability in biological responses shown by Perumytilus purpuratus mussels collected from 2 intertidal areas experiencing contrasting freshwater input influences (river-influenced vs. marine conditions). To highlight the role of plasticity and adaptive potential in biological responses, we performed a reciprocal-transplant experiment and measured relevant phenotypic traits including mortality, growth, calcification, metabolism, and chemical composition of the shell periostra cum. We determined that mussels exposed to river-influenced conditions had increased metabolic rates and reduced growth rates, as compared to mussels experiencing marine conditions (p < 0.05). While the energy investment strategies of the 2 local populations resulted in similar net calcification rates, these rates decreased significantly when mussels were transplanted to the river-influenced site. Stressful conditions at the river-influenced site were evidenced by decreased survivorship across treatments. Freshwater inputs modify the organic composition of the shell periostracum through a significant reduction in polysaccharides. Although our field experiment did not identify specific environmental factors underlying these contrasting phenotypic changes, the results imply that plasticity plays a strong role when P. purpuratus is exposed to some combination of natural (e.g. salinity) and anthropogenic influences (e.g. pollution), and that the lack of exposure to freshwater may promote less tolerant mussels with greater potential for local adaptation.  
  Address [Ramajo, Laura; Duarte, Carlos M.] CSIC UIB, Inst Mediterraneo Estudios Avanzados IMEDEA, Global Change Dept, C Miquel Marques 21, Esporles 07190, Mallorca, Spain, Email: nlagoss@ust.cl  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Inter-Research Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0171-8630 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000383800600007 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 659  
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