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Author (up) Baier, R.V.; Raggio, J.I.C.; Arancibia, C.T.; Bustamante, M.; Perez, L.; Burda, I.; Aiyangar, A.; Vivanco, J.F.
Title Structure-function assessment of 3D-printed porous scaffolds by a low-cost/ open source fused filament fabrication printer Type
Year 2021 Publication Materials Science & Engineering C-Materials For Biological Applications Abbreviated Journal Mater. Sci. Eng. C-Mater. Biol. Appl.
Volume 123 Issue Pages 111945
Keywords 3D printer; Scaffold; Fused filament fabrication; Mechanical properties; Finite element method; Cell adhesion efficiency
Abstract Additive manufacturing encompasses a plethora of techniques to manufacture structures from a computational model. Among them, fused filament fabrication (FFF) relies on heating thermoplastics to their fusion point and extruding the material through a nozzle in a controlled pattern. FFF is a suitable technique for tissue engineering, given that allows the fabrication of 3D-scaffolds, which are utilized for tissue regeneration purposes. The objective of this study is to assess a low-cost/open-source 3D printer (In-House), by manufacturing both solid and porous samples with relevant microarchitecture in the physiological range (100?500 ?m pore size), using an equivalent commercial counterpart for comparison. For this, compressive tests in solid and porous scaffolds manufactured in both printers were performed, comparing the results with finite element analysis (FEA) models. Additionally, a microarchitectural analysis was done in samples from both printers, comparing the measurements of both pore size and porosity to their corresponding computer-aided design (CAD) models. Moreover, a preliminary biological assessment was performed using scaffolds from our In-House printer, measuring cell adhesion efficiency. Finally, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy ? attenuated total reflectance (FTIR?ATR) was performed to evaluate chemical changes in the material (polylactic acid) after fabrication in each printer. The results show that the In-House printer achieved generally better mechanical behavior and resolution capacity than its commercial counterpart, by comparing with their FEA and CAD models, respectively. Moreover, a preliminary biological assessment indicates the feasibility of the In-House printer to be used in tissue engineering applications. The results also show the influence of pore geometry on mechanical properties of 3D-scaffolds and demonstrate that properties such as the apparent elastic modulus (Eapp) can be controlled in 3D-printed scaffolds.
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Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0928-4931 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000636846700007 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1367
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Author (up) Slane, J.; Vivanco, J.; Rose, W.; Ploeg, H.L.; Squire, M.
Title Mechanical, material, and antimicrobial properties of acrylic bone cement impregnated with silver nanoparticles Type
Year 2015 Publication Materials Science & Engineering C-Materials For Biological Applications Abbreviated Journal Mater. Sci. Eng. C-Mater. Biol. Appl.
Volume 48 Issue Pages 188-196
Keywords Bone cement; Infection; Nanoparticles; Antimicrobial; Mechanical properties
Abstract Prosthetic joint infection is one of the most serious complications that can lead to failure of a total joint replacement. Recently, the rise of multidrug resistant bacteria has substantially reduced the efficacy of antibiotics that are typically incorporated into acrylic bone cement. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are an attractive alternative to traditional antibiotics resulting from their broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity and low bacterial resistance. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to incorporate metallic silver nanoparticles into acrylic bone cement and quantify the effects on the cement's mechanical, material and antimicrobial properties. AgNPs at three loading ratios (025, 0.5, and 1.0% wt/wt) were incorporated into a commercial bone cement using a probe sonication technique. The resulting cements demonstrated mechanical and material properties that were not substantially different from the standard cement. Testing against Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis using Kirby-Bauer and time-kill assays demonstrated no antimicrobial activity against planktonic bacteria. In contrast, cements modified with AgNPs significantly reduced biofilm formation on the surface of the cement. These results indicate that AgNP-loaded cement is of high potential for use in primary arthroplasty where prevention of bacterial surface colonization is vital. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Address [Slane, Josh; Squire, Matthew] Univ Wisconsin, Dept Orthoped & Rehabil, Madison, WI USA, Email: jaslane@wisc.edu
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Science Bv Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0928-4931 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000348749200025 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 623
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Author (up) Slane, J.A.; Vivanco, J.F.; Rose, W.E.; Squire, M.W.; Ploeg, H.L.
Title The influence of low concentrations of a water soluble poragen on the material properties, antibiotic release, and biofilm inhibition of an acrylic bone cement Type
Year 2014 Publication Materials Science & Engineering C-Materials For Biological Applications Abbreviated Journal Mater. Sci. Eng. C-Mater. Biol. Appl.
Volume 42 Issue Pages 168-176
Keywords Bone cement; Infection; Drug release; Mechanical properties; Biofilm
Abstract Soluble particulate fillers can be incorporated into antibiotic-loaded acrylic bone cement in an effort to enhance antibiotic elution. Xylitol is a material that shows potential for use as a filler due to its high solubility and potential to inhibit biofilm formation. The objective of this work, therefore, was to investigate the usage of low concentrations of xylitol in a gentamicin-loaded cement. Five different cements were prepared with various xylitol loadings (0, 1, 2.5, 5 or 10 g) per cement unit, and the resulting impact on the mechanical properties, cumulative antibiotic release, biofilm inhibition, and thermal characteristics were quantified. Xylitol significantly increased cement porosity and a sustained increase in gentamicin elution was observed in all samples containing xylitol with a maximum cumulative release of 41.3%. Xylitol had no significant inhibitory effect on biofilm formation. All measured mechanical properties tended to decrease with increasing xylitol concentration; however, these effects were not always significant. Polymerization characteristics were consistent among all groups with no significant differences found. The results from this study indicate that xylitol-modified bone cement may not be appropriate for implant fixation but could be used in instances where sustained, increased antibiotic elution is warranted, such as in cement spacers or beads. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Address [Slane, Josh A.; Ploeg, Heidi-Lynn] Univ Wisconsin, Mat Sci Program, Madison, WI 53706 USA, Email: jaslane@wisc.edu
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Elsevier Science Bv Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0928-4931 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000340687400024 Approved
Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 403
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Author (up) Vallejos Baier, R.; Contreras Raggio, J.I.; Millán Giovanetti, C.; Palza, H.; Burda, I.; Terrasi, G.; Weisse, B.; Siqueira De Freitas, G.; Nyström, G.; Vivanco, J.F.; Aiyangar, A.K.
Title Shape fidelity, mechanical and biological performance of 3D printed polycaprolactone-bioactive glass composite scaffolds Type
Year 2022 Publication Materials Science & Engineering C-Materials For Biological Applications Abbreviated Journal Mater. Sci. Eng. C
Volume 134 Issue Pages 112540
Keywords PCL; Bioglass; Composite bio-scaffolds; Direct ink writing; Additive manufacturing; Composite ink characterization
Abstract Direct ink writing (DIW) is a promising extrusion-based 3D printing technology, which employs an ink-deposition nozzle to fabricate 3D scaffold structures with customizable ink formulations for tissue engineering applications. However, determining the optimal DIW process parameters such as temperature, pressure, and speed for the specific ink is essential to achieve high reproducibility of the designed geometry and subsequent mechano-biological performance for different applications, particularly for porous scaffolds of finite sizes (total volume > 1000 mm3) and controlled pore size and porosity. The goal of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of fabricating Polycaprolactone (PCL) and bio-active glass (BG) composite-based 3D scaffolds of finite size using DIW. 3D-scaffolds were fabricated either as cylinders (10 mm diameter; 15 mm height) or cubes (5 × 5 × 5 mm3) with height/width aspect ratios of 1.5 and 1, respectively. A rheological characterization of the PCL-BG inks was performed before printing to determine the optimal printing parameters such as pressure and speed for printing at 110 °C. Microstructural properties of the scaffolds were analyzed in terms of overall scaffold porosity, and in situ pore size assessments in each layer (36 pores/layer; 1764 pores per specimen) during their fabrication. Measured porosity of the fabricated specimens&#65533;PCL: =46.94%, SD = 1.61; PCL-10 wt%BG: = 48.29%, SD = 5.95; and PCL-20 wt% BG: =50.87%, SD = 2.45&#65533;matched well with the designed porosity of 50%. Mean pore sizes&#65533;PCL [ = 0.37 mm (SD = 0.03)], PCL-10%BG [ = 0.38 mm (SD = 0.07)] and PCL-20% BG [ = 0.37 mm (SD = 0.04)]&#65533;were slightly fairly close to the designed pore size of 0.4 mm. Nevertheless there was a small but consistent, statistically significant (p < 0.0001) decrease in pore size from the first printed layer (PCL: 0.39 mm; PCL-10%BG: 0.4 mm; PCL-20%BG: 0.41 mm) to the last. SEM and micro-CT imaging revealed consistent BG particle distribution across the layers and throughout the specimens. Cell adhesion experiments revealed similar cell adhesion of PCL-20 wt% BG to pure PCL, but significantly better cell proliferation &#65533; as inferred from metabolic activity &#65533; after 7 days, although a decrease after 14 days was noted. Quasi-static compression tests showed a decrease in compressive yield strength and apparent elastic modulus with increasing BG fraction, which could be attributed to a lack of adequate mechanical bonding between the BG particles and the PCL matrix. The results show that the inks were successfully generated, and the scaffolds were fabricated with high resolution and fidelity despite their relatively large size (>1000 mm3). However, further work is required to understand the mechano-biological interaction between the BG particle additives and the PCL matrix to improve the mechanical and biological properties of the printed structures.
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Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0928-4931 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes WOS:000811741200004 Approved
Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1553
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