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Author Yushimito, W.F.; Ban, X.G.; Holguin-Veras, J. pdf  doi
  Title (up) Correcting the Market Failure in Work Trips with Work Rescheduling: An Analysis Using Bi-level Models for the Firm-workers Interplay Type
  Year 2015 Publication Networks & Spatial Economics Abbreviated Journal Netw Spat. Econ.  
  Volume 15 Issue 3 Pages 883-915  
  Keywords Peak congestion; Rescheduling of work; Market failure; Bi-level models; Stackelberg; Dynamic traffic assignment  
  Abstract Compulsory trips (e.g., work trips) contribute with the major part of the congestion in the morning peak. It also prevents the society to reach a social optimum (the solution that maximizes welfare) because the presence of the private utility of one the agents (the firm), acting as a dominant agent, does not account for the additional costs imposed in their workers (congestion) as well as the costs imposed to the rest of the society (i.e., congestion, pollution). In this paper, a study of a strategy to influence the demand generator by relaxing the arrival constraints is presented. Bi-level programming models are used to investigate the equilibrium reached from the firm-workers interplay which helps to explain how the market failure arises. The evaluation includes the use of incentives to induce the shift to less congested periods and the case of the social system optimum in which a planner objective is incorporated as a third agent usually seeking to improve social welfare (improve productivity of the firm while at the same time reduce the total system travel time). The later is used to show that it is possible to provide a more efficient solution which better off society. A numerical example is used to (1) show the nature of the market failure, (2) evaluate the social system optimum, and (3) show how a congestion tax or an optimal incentive can help to correct the market failure. The results also corroborate that these mechanisms are more likely to be more efficient when firms face little production effects on time and workers do not high opportunity costs for starting at off peak periods.  
  Address [Yushimito, Wilfredo F.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Dept Sci & Engn, Vina Del Mar, Chile, Email:;  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1566-113x ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000364529500023 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 622  
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