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Author Alejo, L.; Atkinson, J.; Lackner, S. doi  openurl
  Title Looking deeper – exploring hidden patterns in reactor data of N-removal systems through clustering analysis Type
  Year 2020 Publication Water Science and Technology Abbreviated Journal Water Sci. Technol.  
  Volume 81 Issue 8 Pages 1569-1577  
  Keywords clustering; feature selection; k-means; partial nitritation-anammox  
  Abstract In this work, clustering analysis of two partial nitritation-anammox (PN-A) moving bed biofilm reactors (MBBR) containing different types of carrier material was explored for the identification of patterns and operational conditions that may benefit process performance. The systems ran for two years under fluctuations of temperature and organic matter. Ex situ batch activity tests were performed every other week during the operation of these reactors. These datasets and the parameters, which were monitored online and in the laboratory, were combined and analyzed applying clustering analysis to identify non-obvious information regarding the performance of the systems. The initial results were consistent with the literature and from an operational perspective, which allowed the parameters to be explored further. The new information revealed that the oxidation reduction potential (ORP) and the anaerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria (AnAOB) activity correlated well. ORP also dropped when the reactors were exposed to real wastewater (presence of organic matter). Moreover, operating conditions during nitrite accumulation were identified through clustering, and also revealed inhibition of anammox bacteria already at low nitrite concentrations.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0273-1223 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 1123  
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Author Crutchik, D.; Morales, N.; Vazquez-Padin, J.R.; Garrido, J.M. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Enhancement of struvite pellets crystallization in a fullscale plant using an industrial grade magnesium product Type
  Year 2017 Publication Water Science And Technology Abbreviated Journal Water Sci. Technol.  
  Volume 75 Issue 3 Pages 609-618  
  Keywords industrial magnesium hydroxide; municipal wastewater; phosphorus recovery; struvite pellets  
  Abstract A full-scale struvite crystallization system was operated for the treatment of the centrate obtained from the sludge anaerobic digester in a municipal wastewater treatment plant. Additionally, the feasibility of an industrial grade Mg(OH) (2) as a cheap magnesium and alkali source was also investigated. The struvite crystallization plant was operated for two different periods: period I, in which an influent with low phosphate concentration (34.0 mg P . L (-1)) was fed to the crystallization plant; and period II, in which an influent with higher phosphate concentration (68.0 mg P . L (-1)) was used. A high efficiency of phosphorus recovery by struvite crystallization was obtained, even when the effluent treated had a high level of alkalinity. Phosphorus recovery percentage was around 77%, with a phosphate concentration in the effluent between 10.0 and 30.0 mg P .L- 1. The experiments gained struvite pellets of 0.5- 5.0 mm size. Moreover, the consumption of Mg(OH) (2) was estimated at 1.5 mol Mg added . mol P recovered (-1). Thus, industrial grade Mg(OH) (2) can be an economical alternative as magnesium and alkali sources for struvite crystallization at industrial scale.  
  Address [Crutchik, D.; Garrido, J. M.] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Inst Technol, Dept Chem Engn, Santiago De Compostela 15782, Spain, Email: dafne.crutchik@gmail.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iwa Publishing Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0273-1223 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000394350100013 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 710  
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Author Crutchik, D.; Rodriguez-Valdecantos, G.; Bustos, G.; Bravo, J.; Gonzalez, B.; Pabon-Pereira, C. doi  openurl
  Title Vermiproductivity, maturation and microbiological changes derived from the use of liquid anaerobic digestate during the vermicomposting of market waste Type
  Year 2020 Publication Water Science and Technology Abbreviated Journal Water Sci. Technol.  
  Volume 82 Issue 9 Pages 1781-1794  
  Keywords anaerobic digestion; digestate; market waste; microbial community; residues valorization; vermicomposting  
  Abstract Recently, it has been suggested that the liquid fraction of anaerobic digestate, derived from the treatment of wastewater and solid wastes, could be used in vermicomposting as a solution to its disposal, and even for its valorization. Nevertheless, the literature does not provide enough information about its impact on the process of vermicomposting itself and on the final quality of the end-product. In this study, the effect of different doses of digestate in the vermicomposting process treating market waste is assessed measuring earthworm population dynamics, the bacterial community succession present in the vermibeds, as well as maturation and the end-quality of the vermicompost. Our results show that the addition of liquid digestate to the vermibeds increased the earthworms biomass, i.e. 71%, 94% and 168% in control, and vermibeds with 30% and 60% digestate, respectively. Further, the increase in the amount of N in the vermicompost decreased as the digestate addition increased, i.e. 75%, 8%, 3%. The maturity achieved was high in all treatments as shown by the C/N ratio, 7.98, 7.40 and 10.20, and the high seed germination rate, above 90%. Finally, the succession of the microbial community was not disturbed and compositional stabilization was reached after 92 days.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0273-1223 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ WOS:000595253000005 Serial 1285  
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Author del Rio, A.V.; Stachurski, A.; Mendez, R.; Campos, J.L.; Surmacz-Gorska, J.; Mosquera-Corral, A. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Short- and long-term orange dye effects on ammonium oxidizing and anammox bacteria activities Type
  Year 2017 Publication Water Science And Technology Abbreviated Journal Water Sci. Technol.  
  Volume 76 Issue 1 Pages 79-86  
  Keywords adsorption; anammox; AOB; degradation; orange dye; partial nitritation  
  Abstract The effects of orange azo dye over ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and anammox bacteria activities were tested. Performed batch tests indicated that concentrations lower than 650 mg(orange)/L stimulated AOB activity, while anammox bacteria activity was inhibited at concentrations higher than 25 mg(orange)/L. Long-term performance of a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) for the partial nitritation and a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) for the anammox process was tested in the presence of 50 mg(orange)/L. In the case of the partial nitritation process, both the biomass concentration and the specific AOB activity increased after 50 days of orange azo dye addition. Regarding the anammox process, specific activity decreased down to 58% after 12 days of operation with continuous feeding of 50 mg(orange)/L. However, the anammox activity was completely recovered only 54 days after stopping the dye addition in the feeding. Once the biomass was saturated the azo dye adsorption onto the biomass was insignificant in the CSTR for the partial nitritation process fed with 50 mg(orange)/L. However, in the SBR the absorption was determined as 6.4 mg(orange)/g volatile suspended solids. No biological decolorization was observed in both processes.  
  Address [Val del Rio, A.; Mendez, R.; Mosquera-Corral, A.] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Sch Engn, Dept Chem Engn, E-15782 Santiago De Compostela, Spain, Email: mangeles.val@usc.es  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iwa Publishing Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0273-1223 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000405591400008 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 748  
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Author Morales, N.; del Rio, A.V.; Vazquez-Padin, J.R.; Gutierrez, R.; Fernandez-Gonzalez, R.; Icaram, P.; Rogalla, F.; Campos, J.L.; Mendez, R.; Mosquera-Corral, A. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Influence of dissolved oxygen concentration on the start-up of the anammox-based process: ELAN (R) Type
  Year 2015 Publication Water Science And Technology Abbreviated Journal Water Sci. Technol.  
  Volume 72 Issue 4 Pages 520-527  
  Keywords anammox; autotrophic nitrogen removal; dissolved oxygen; granule; oxygen microprofiles  
  Abstract The anammox-based process ELAN (R) was started-up in two different sequencing batch reactor (SBR) pilot plant reactors treating municipal anaerobic digester supernatant. The main difference in the operation of both reactors was the dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration in the bulk liquid. SBR-1 was started at a DO value of 0.4 mg O-2/L whereas SBR-2 was started at DO values of 3.0 mg O-2/L. Despite both reactors working at a nitrogen removal rate of around 0.6 g N/(L d), in SBR-1, granules represented only a small fraction of the total biomass and reached a diameter of 1.1 mm after 7 months of operation, while in SBR-2 the biomass was mainly composed of granules with an average diameter of 3.2 mm after the same operational period. Oxygen microelectrode profiling revealed that granules from SBR-2 where only fully penetrated by oxygen with DO concentrations of 8 mg O2/L while granules from SBR-1 were already oxygen penetrated at DO concentrations of 1 mg O2/L. In this way granules from SBR-2 performed better due to the thick layer of ammonia oxidizing bacteria, which accounted for up to 20% of all the microbial populations, which protected the anammox bacteria from non-suitable liquid media conditions.  
  Address [Morales, N.; Vazquez-Padin, J. R.; Gutierrez, R.; Fernandez-Gonzalez, R.; Icaram, P.; Rogalla, F.] Guillarei WWTP, FCC Aqualia, E-36720 Tui, Spain, Email: nicolas.morales.pereira@fcc.es  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iwa Publishing Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0273-1223 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000359387200003 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 518  
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Author Pabon-Pereira, C.P.; Castanares, G.; van Lier, J.B. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title An OxiTop (R) protocol for screening plant material for its biochemical methane potential (BMP) Type
  Year 2012 Publication Water Science And Technology Abbreviated Journal Water Sci. Technol.  
  Volume 66 Issue 7 Pages 1416-1423  
  Keywords anaerobic biodegradability; BMP test; energy crops; NaOH pellets; pretreatments  
  Abstract A protocol was developed for determining the biochemical methane potential (BMP) of plant material using the OxiTop (R) system. NaOH pellets for CO2 absorption and different pretreatment methods were tested for their influence in the BMP test. The use of NaOH pellets in the headspace of the bottle negatively affected the stability of the test increasing the pH and inhibiting methanization. Sample comminution increased the biodegradability of plant samples. Our results clearly indicate the importance of test conditions during the assessment of anaerobic biodegradability of plant material, considering BMP differences as high as 44% were found. Guidelines and recommendations are given for screening plant material suitable for anaerobic digestion using the OxiTop (R) system.  
  Address [Pabon Pereira, C. P.] Univ Adolfo Ibanez, Fac Ingn & Ciencias, Santiago 7941169, Chile, Email: claudia.pabon@uai.cl  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iwa Publishing Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0273-1223 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000308137500006 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 239  
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Author Pedrouso, A.; del Rio, A.V.; Campos, J.L.; Mendez, R.; Mosquera-Corral, A. pdf  doi
openurl 
  Title Biomass aggregation influences NaN3 short-term effects on anammox bacteria activity Type
  Year 2017 Publication Water Science And Technology Abbreviated Journal Water Sci. Technol.  
  Volume 75 Issue 5 Pages 1007-1013  
  Keywords anammox; granules; inhibition; NOB; partial nitritation; sodium azide  
  Abstract The main bottleneck to maintain the long-term stability of the partial nitritation-anammox processes, especially those operated at low temperatures and nitrogen concentrations, is the undesirable development of nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB). When this occurs, the punctual addition of compounds with the capacity to specifically inhibit NOB without affecting the process efficiency might be of interest. Sodium azide (NaN3) is an already known NOB inhibitor which at low concentrations does not significantly affect the ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) activity. However, studies about its influence on anammox bacteria are unavailable. For this reason, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of NaN3 on the anammox activity. Three different types of anammox biomass were used: granular biomass comprising AOB and anammox bacteria (G1), anammox enriched granules (G2) and previous anammox granules disaggregated (F1). No inhibitory effect of NaN3 was measured on G1 sludge. However, the anammox activity decreased in the case of G2 and F1. Granular biomass activity was less affected (IC50 90 mg/L, G2) than flocculent one (IC50 5 mg/L, F1). Summing up, not only does the granular structure protect the anammox bacteria from the NaN3 inhibitory effect, but also the AOB act as a barrier decreasing the inhibition.  
  Address [Pedrouso, A.; Val del Rio, A.; Mendez, R.; Mosquera-Corral, A.] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Sch Engn, Dept Chem Engn, E-15705 Santiago De Compostela, Spain, Email: alba.pedrouso@usc.es  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Iwa Publishing Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0273-1223 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000395822800001 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ eduardo.moreno @ Serial 712  
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