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Author (up) Calvo, R.; Alamos, N.; Huneeus, N.; O'Ryan, R. doi  openurl
  Title Energy poverty effects on policy-based PM2.5 emissions mitigation in southern and central Chile Type
  Year 2022 Publication Energy Policy Abbreviated Journal Energy Policy  
  Volume 161 Issue Pages 112762  
  Keywords Energy poverty; Firewood consumption; Particulate matter; Thermal retrofit; Stove replacement  
  Abstract Residential firewood burning is the main source of PM2.5 emissions in southern and central Chile. In Chile, approximately 4000 premature deaths are observed each year due to air pollution. Mitigation policies aim to reduce dwellings' energy demand and foster cleaner but more expensive energy sources. Pre-existing energy poverty conditions are often overlooked in these policies, even though they can negatively affect the adoption of these measures. This article uses southern and central Chile as a case study to assess quantitatively different policy scenarios of PM2.5 emissions between 2017 and 2050, considering energy poverty-related effects. Results show that PM2.5 emissions will grow 16% over time under a business as usual scenario. If thermal improvement and stove/heater replacements are implemented, PM2.5 reductions depend on the scale of the policy: a 5%-6% reduction of total southern and central Chile PM2.5 emissions if only cities with Atmospheric Decontamination Plans are included; a 54%-56% reduction of PM2.5 emissions if these policies include other growing cities. Our study shows that the energy poverty effect potentially reduces the effectiveness of these measures in 25%. Consequently, if no anticipatory measures are taken, Chile's energy transition goals could be hindered and the effectiveness of mitigation policies to improve air quality significantly reduced.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0301-4215 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000736971100008 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1520  
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