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Author (up) Cheng, Y.C.; Nakajima, K.; Nansai, K.; Seccatore, J.; Veiga, M.M.; Takaoka, M. doi  openurl
  Title Examining the inconsistency of mercury flow in post-Minamata Convention global trade concerning artisanal and small-scale gold mining activity Type
  Year 2022 Publication Resources Conservation and Recycling Abbreviated Journal Resour. Conserv. Recycl.  
  Volume 185 Issue Pages 106461  
  Keywords Mercury; Minamata convention; Global trade; Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM)  
  Abstract In 2017, the Minamata Convention (MC) on mercury (Hg) control entered into force. However, whether the MC is effective and how it reshapes the global Hg flow remain unclear. In this study, we established a method to detect inconsistencies in data on global Hg trade, and calculated the gap between the demand and supply of Hg to the artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) sector (i.e., the largest source of Hg emissions globally) in 39 countries across four regions. According to our results, inconsistencies in statistical data concerning Hg for ASGM activities exist in both Africa and Central and South America. Asia showed a considerably lower amount of Hg applied to ASGM than apparent Hg consumption; nevertheless, the largest consumer of Hg was Asia, predomi-nantly China and India. Many countries in which ASGM is conducted are already MC parties; however, only few submitted their national action plans (NAPs) or have established/enforced specific laws to curb Hg use in ASGM. Analysis of Hg-related trade information suggests that in 2017, the trade of metallic Hg disappeared in some African and Central and South American countries, but new trade flows of goods with higher Hg content emerged. The method established in this study can support the search for countries implementing ASGM with hidden Hg use and flows, thereby contributing to the planning of further Hg control regulations. To enforce sound Hg management, the submission of NAPs should also be promoted in addition to the expansion of MC parties.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0921-3449 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000830275400006 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1621  
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