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Author (up) Melo, I.C.; Alves, P.N.; Queiroz, G.A.; Yushimito, W.; Pereira, J. doi  openurl
  Title Do We Consider Sustainability When We Measure Small and Medium Enterprises' (SMEs') Performance Passing through Digital Transformation? Type
  Year 2023 Publication Sustainability Abbreviated Journal Sustainability  
  Volume 15 Issue 6 Pages 4917  
  Keywords digitalization; small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs); Industry 4; 0; topic modeling; latent dirichlet allocation (LDA); triple bottom line of sustainability  
  Abstract Small-medium enterprises (SMEs) represent 90% of business globally. Digital Transformation (DT) affects SMEs differently from larger companies because although SMEs have more flexibility and agility for adapting to new circumstances, they also have more limited resources and specialization capabilities. Thus, it is fundamental to measure SMEs' performance considering different perspectives. Here, we describe and analyze the state-of-the-art of DT in SMEs, focusing on performance measurement. We center on whether the tools used by SMEs encompass the triple bottom line of sustainability (i.e., environmental, social, and economic aspects). To do so, in December 2021, we performed a comprehensive systematic literature review (SLR) on the Web of Science and Scopus. In addition, we also explored a novel approach for SLR: topic modeling with a machine learning technique (Latent Dirichlet Allocation). The differences and interchangeability of both methods are discussed. The findings show that sustainability is treated as a separate topic in the literature. The social and environmental aspects are the most neglected. This paper contributes to sustainable development goals (SDGs) 1, 5, 8, 9, 10, and 12. A conceptual framework and future research directions are proposed. Thus, this paper is also valuable for policymakers and SMEs switching their production paradigm toward sustainability and DT.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2071-1050 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes WOS:000958416000001 Approved  
  Call Number UAI @ alexi.delcanto @ Serial 1770  
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